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Inferring neighbourhood quality with property transaction records by using a locally adaptive spatial multi-level model

Guanpeng Dong, Levi Wolf, Alekos Alexiou, Dani Arribas-Bel
2019 Computers, Environment and Urban Systems  
The developed methodology is applied to infer neighbourhood quality using property transaction data, and to examine potential correlates of neighbourhood quality in Liverpool.  ...  It develops a Bayesian locally adaptive spatial multi-level model that takes into account horizontal global spatial dependence and local step changes, as well as a vertical group dependency effect imposed  ...  Funding This work was supported by the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) under Grants ES/P009301/1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2018.09.003 fatcat:agrxv732sffmpk3wtpksy6mqma

Healthy Cities of Tomorrow: the Case for Large Scale Built Environment–Health Studies

Chinmoy Sarkar, Chris Webster
2017 Journal of urban health  
Compliance with Ethical Standards The UK Biobank study described here has received ethical approvals from the North West Multi-centre Research Ethics Committee (MREC), the Community Health Index Advisory  ...  Acknowledgements The work has been funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council under its Transformative Research scheme (grant number ES/L003201/1); the UK Biobank seed grant; and HKUrbanLab,  ...  multi-layered modelling strategies that aim towards causal inference.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11524-016-0122-1 pmid:28116584 pmcid:PMC5359177 fatcat:rxawjatvabbelg3g2tcgq4qj5u

Do institutions matter in neighbourhood commons governance? A two-stage relationship between diverse property-rights structure and residential public open space (POS) quality: Kota Kinabalu and Penampang, Sabah, Malaysia

2016 International Journal of the Commons  
295 transfer and POS site handing-over period to local government -with quality of residential POS.  ...  Thus, these may provide policy insights by encouraging public officials to consider reengineering the POS market via an adaptive property-rights re-alignment paradigm in the interest of addressing POS  ...  That is, there are some neighbourhoods engaged in such cooperation with local authority.  ... 
doi:10.18352/ijc.618 fatcat:uo55leochbgb3juyinlw64kkte

Spatial data analytics of mobility with consumer data

Mark Birkin
2018 Journal of Transport Geography  
of personal data; and it is contingent on the emergence of effective strategies for the amelioration of selection bias which impairs the quality of many consumer data sources.  ...  These data are appealing for research because they are frequently collected and quickly released; they cover a wide variety of attitudes, lifestyles and behavioural characteristics; and they are often  ...  Acknowledgement This research has been supported by the Consumer Data Research Centre, an ESRC Investment, ES/L011840/1; ES/L011891/1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2018.04.012 fatcat:oiut7u7idzcaxf4lcqb4clpc7y

Overview of the model types available for ecological modelling [chapter]

S. E. Jørgensen, T.-S. Chon
2009 Handbook of Ecological Modelling and Informatics  
Spatial presentation: In accordance with development of computational techniques and improvement in data collection in ecology, spatial distribution of the variables has drawn a strong attention from the  ...  In this period, ecological models were increasingly used as a computation tool for ecosystem managements, while the journal Ecological Modelling was timely published to meet various requirements of model  ...  By integrating information from lower levels, IBMs are effi cient in addressing collective and emerging properties at higher levels on a lattice space (Chon et al., Chapter 7) .  ... 
doi:10.2495/978-1-84564-207-5/02 fatcat:hn6jkjqt7jhq5erhkuwtraq6zm

Panel Data in Research on Mobility and Migration: A Review of Recent Advances

Sergi Vidal, Philipp M. Lersch
2021 Comparative Population Studies  
We illustrate this by providing a succinct overview of recent progress in spatial mobility research, drawing on panel data.  ...  The article concludes with a set of critical issues for future research. * This article belongs to a special issue on "Identification of causal mechanisms in demographic research: The contribution of panel  ...  Moving from a regional to a local scale, a large body of literature is concerned with spatial mobility and neighbourhoods.  ... 
doi:10.12765/cpos-2021-07 fatcat:jpcado36orgm5kxxibbjrj3ds4

Planning for green infrastructure: The spatial effects of parks, forests, and fields on Helsinki's apartment prices

Athanasios Votsis
2017 Ecological Economics  
This paper focuses on the spatial marginal effects of forests, parks, and fields and estimates spatial hedonic models on a sample of apartment transactions in Helsinki, Finland.  ...  From an urban planning and economics perspective, this represents a spatial task: if more land is allocated to various types of green, how do the economic effects propagate throughout urban space?  ...  Well-trained inference algorithms-using, for instance fuzzy logic, neural networks, or hybrid approaches-have the capacity to infer price levels and other difficult-to-collect quantities from sparse or  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.09.029 fatcat:7gy6qkprwfhb3eyp573c43sidi

Effects of Diverse Property Rights on Rural Neighbourhood Public Open Space (POS) Governance: Evidence from Sabah, Malaysia

Gabriel Hoh Teck Ling, Pau Chung Leng, Chin Siong Ho
2019 Economies  
The findings further inferred that the local diverse property rights issues and POS dilemmas caused, and are associated with, other rights issues and dilemmas, forming a rights-dilemmas nexus.  ...  However, few studies have been conducted on the property rights structure and its impacts on rural commons governance, specifically concerning local neighbourhood residential POS quality and sustainability  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions to improve the quality of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.3390/economies7020061 fatcat:6lvuhhosoneohn4be4o4xkyjae

Using linked consumer registers to estimate residential moves in the United Kingdom

Justin T. van Dijk, Guy Lansley, Paul A. Longley
2021 Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society)  
We use a unique digital corpus of linked individual and household-level consumer registers compiled by the UK Consumer Data Research Centre, comprising over 143 million unique address records pertaining  ...  We describe how records pertaining to individuals vacating a property can be assigned to their most probable residential destination, based on novel methods of matching names, assessing household composition  ...  ORCID Justin T. van Dijk Guy Lansley Paul A. Longley  ... 
doi:10.1111/rssa.12713 fatcat:acfv3ebf4jbylggkvsi5ktb2me

Uncovering inequality through multifractality of land prices: 1912 and contemporary Kyoto

Hadrien Salat, Roberto Murcio, Keiji Yano, Elsa Arcaute, Francois G. Schmitt
2018 PLoS ONE  
We use two datasets describing Kyoto land prices in 1912 and 2012 and derive city models from this data to show that multifractal analysis is suitable to describe the heterogeneity of land prices.  ...  Multifractal analysis offers a number of advantages to measure spatial economic segregation and inequality, as it is free of categories and boundaries definition problems and is insensitive to some shape-preserving  ...  Clementine Cottineau for her guidance in the comparison with classical inequality and segregation indicators. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Hadrien Salat, Roberto Murcio, Elsa Arcaute.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0196737 pmid:29709024 pmcid:PMC5927455 fatcat:shfqhj4dz5aohn6tktpdd3lh3i

Speckle Noise Reduction and Segmentation Techniques in Ultrasound for Detection of Fetal Abnormality - A Survey

K Priya Dharshini, K Srinivasan, R Ramya
2018 DJ Journal of Advances in Electronics and Communication Engineering  
It is a granular noise that degrades the quality of images, and it affects image interpretation. This can be overcome by using various filtering techniques.  ...  Ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic medical tool used by the healthcare practitioner to evaluate, diagnose and treat medical conditions.  ...  [15] V.S.Frost, J.A.Stiles, K.S.Shanmugam and J.C.Holtzman, A Model for Radar Images and its Application for Adaptive Digital Filtering of Multiplicative Noise, IEEE Transactions on Pattern  ... 
doi:10.18831/ fatcat:ut3mvg3s5fcttlvdvpg5gy6xhu

A Generative Probabilistic Model and Discriminative Extensions for Brain Lesion Segmentation— With Application to Tumor and Stroke

Bjoern H. Menze, Koen Van Leemput, Danial Lashkari, Tammy Riklin-Raviv, Ezequiel Geremia, Esther Alberts, Philipp Gruber, Susanne Wegener, Marc-Andre Weber, Gabor Szekely, Nicholas Ayache, Polina Golland
2016 IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging  
We introduce a generative probabilistic model for segmentation of brain lesions in multi-dimensional images that generalizes the EM segmenter, a common approach for modelling brain images using Gaussian  ...  without a one-to-one correspondence to the hypo-or hyper-intense lesion areas identified by the generative model.  ...  Inference is done by introducing a transition process-with 'latent' prior ( Fig. 1 )which is assumed to have induced the channel-specific tissue changes implied by in the tumor label vector . using a  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmi.2015.2502596 pmid:26599702 pmcid:PMC4854961 fatcat:zprch6zw6nfrvp7gk62vyn2mni

Volume 19 : 2021 Issue 3

MIP Malaysia
This journal is a refereed journal. All articles were reviewed by two or three unanimous referees identified by the Institute (MIP).  ...  associated with omitted neighbourhood variables as indicated by significant lambda (λ) value of 0.0850.  ...  Zhang et al. (2015) estimated commercial property prices for mass appraisal in Shenzhen, China using Spatial Error Model (SEM) and found significant spatial heterogeneity in the commercial property market  ... 
doi:10.21837/pm.v19i17.981 fatcat:ls4filhnlvbmnp37y7kvmbtoci

Map as a Service: A Framework for Visualising and Maximising Information Return from Multi-ModalWireless Sensor Networks

Mohammad Hammoudeh, Robert Newman, Christopher Dennett, Sarah Mount, Omar Aldabbas
2015 Sensors  
visualisation performance by continuously updating the application domain model in a distributed manner.  ...  Finally, a distributed self-adaptation function is proposed with the goal of saving more power and generating more accurate data visualisation.  ...  The local accuracy model is defined such that a node is able to estimate its own reading using other observation points within some level of tolerance.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s150922970 pmid:26378539 pmcid:PMC4610589 fatcat:mz4h3zhghrd6vjp77ddgincage

Architecture of Future Data Base Systems

Michael Stonebraker
1990 IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin  
Transaction Processing 4. Query Optimization 5.  ...  Research into the interoperability of heterogenous database systems plays an important role in the development of high level open systems.  ...  Acknowledgements We gratefully acknowledge interesting discussions with Renato Barrera, Frank Manola, Jack Orenstein, and Peter Widmayer.  ... 
dblp:journals/debu/Stonebraker90 fatcat:wnywepen35fkjdvc4ac7oz5zoy
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