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Linguistic Phylogenetic Inference by PAM-like Matrices

Antonella Delmestri, Nello Cristianini
2012 Journal of Quantitative Linguistics  
We train our system and we employ the learned parameters for measuring the lexical distance between languages. We estimate phylogenetic trees using distancebased methods on an Indo-European database.  ...  Our results reproduce correctly all the established major language groups present in the dataset, are compatible with the Indo-European benchmark tree and include also some of the supported higher-level  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Quentin Atkinson for supplying and commenting the Hittite and Tocharian lists and Geoff Nicholls for providing some of his papers and datasets.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09296174.2012.659001 fatcat:xudobb7tpfg4xbrulpcbfsohd4

Mathematical approaches to comparative linguistics

T. Warnow
1997 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
The inference of the evolutionary history of a set of languages is a complex problem.  ...  These methods and the results of the analyses based on these methods were presented in November 1995 at the Symposium on the Frontiers of Science held by the National Academy of Sciences.  ...  The application of our methods to the Indo-European family of languages has indicated that the data to a great extent fit the model extremely well, and produced a robust evolutionary tree, potentially  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.94.13.6585 pmid:11607730 pmcid:PMC34482 fatcat:u5636dbypfa2hduxbccaoizdlm

A comparison of phylogenetic reconstruction methods on an Indo-European dataset

Luay Nakhleh, Tandy Warnow, Don Ringe, Steven N. Evans
2005 Transactions of the Philological Society  
, and morphological characters) for 24 Indo-European languages.  ...  Researchers interested in the history of the Indo-European family of languages have used a variety of methods to estimate the phylogeny of the family, and have obtained widely differing results.  ...  of the Indo-European family.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-968x.2005.00149.x fatcat:5krrchw7rbg7xljtpoldfm4qnu

Across language families: Genome diversity mirrors linguistic variation within Europe

Giuseppe Longobardi, Silvia Ghirotto, Cristina Guardiano, Francesca Tassi, Andrea Benazzo, Andrea Ceolin, Guido Barbujani
2015 American Journal of Physical Anthropology  
Results: We observed significant correlations between genomic and linguistic diversity, the latter inferred from data on both Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages.  ...  This article takes advantage of two new tools of comparative linguistics: a refined list of Indo-European cognate words, and a novel method of language comparison estimating linguistic diversity from a  ...  Distances inferred from: (A) lexical and (B) syntactic comparisons among 12 Indo-European-speaking European populations; (C) syntactic comparisons among 15 European languages, and (D) F ST distances among  ... 
doi:10.1002/ajpa.22758 pmid:26059462 pmcid:PMC5095809 fatcat:bcixydo3gvbf7evmpxgt5gj6ae

Quantitative methods for Phylogenetic Inference in Historical Linguistics: An experimental case study of South Central Dravidian [article]

Taraka Rama, Sudheer Kolachina, Lakshmi Bai B
2014 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper we examine the usefulness of two classes of algorithms Distance Methods, Discrete Character Methods (Felsenstein and Felsenstein 2003) widely used in genetics, for predicting the family relationships  ...  Applying these algorithms to the data on the numbers of shared cognates- with-change and changed as well as unchanged cognates for a group of six languages belonging to a Dravidian language sub-family  ...  supervision of experts so that their veracity can be better ascertained.  ... 
arXiv:1401.0708v1 fatcat:bdxmb7qv6veydfdjig5lcbc62u

The Phylogenetic Status of Pacific Coast Athabaskan: A Computational Assessment

Justin Spence
2013 Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society  
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt:The present study considers the status of the Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages, both in relation to each other and in relation to the rest of the family  ...  These methods have shed light on previously intractable problems, and in some cases sparked new controversies, in language families as diverse as Indo-European (Gray and Atkinson 2003; Atkinson and Gray  ...  The goal of the computational analysis is to infer the evolutionary tree that makes a set of observed comparative data -coded as a matrix of similarities and differences between languages according to  ... 
doi:10.3765/bls.v39i1.3885 fatcat:sz6skcva5zfrppd65sx6ovqr5y

Diversity and abundance of arthropod by-catch in semiochemical-baited traps targeting apple clearwing moth (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) in organic and conventional apple orchards in British Columbia, Canada

V. Marius Aurelian, Maya L. Evenden, Gary J.R. Judd
2014 Canadian Entomologist  
We then look at a number of recent studies that have applied phylogenetic methods to language data and outline some current problems shared by the two fields.  ...  In The Descent of Man (1871), Darwin observed "curious parallels" between the processes of biological and linguistic evolution.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Bob Blust, Lyle Campbell, Penny Gray, Roger Green, Simon Greenhill, Mark Liberman, Geoff Nicholls, Mark Pagel, and David Penny for useful advice and/or comments on the manuscript  ... 
doi:10.4039/tce.2014.47 fatcat:2coolhzqfzhupf5dsub5y7hfei

Indo-European and Computational Cladistics

Don Ringe, Tandy Warnow, Ann Taylor
2002 Transactions of the Philological Society  
This paper reports the results of an attempt to recover the ®rstorder subgrouping of the Indo-European family using a new computational method devised by the authors and based on à perfect phylogeny' algorithm  ...  The methodology is also brie¯y described, and points of theory and methodology are addressed in connection with the experiment whose results are here reported.  ...  for linguistic evolutionary trees found by the analysis of character data.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-968x.00091 fatcat:nqf3gfivtbcabic2geb6sitmai

Tutorial on Computational Linguistic Phylogeny

Johanna Nichols, Tandy Warnow
2008 Language and Linguistics Compass  
Over the last 10 or more years, there has been a tremendous increase in the use of computational techniques (many of which come directly from biology) for estimating evolutionary histories (i.e., phylogenies  ...  ) of languages.  ...  Her research interests include Russian and Slavic languages, languages of the Caucasus, typology, language spreads, and reconstructing ancient linguistic prehistory.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1749-818x.2008.00082.x fatcat:n6dkjfv7fza6zeog6xe3pjsbra

Areal pressure in grammatical evolution

Chundra Cathcart, Gerd Carling, Filip Larsson, Niklas Johansson, Erich Round
2018 Diachronica  
This article investigates the evolutionary and spatial dynamics of typological characters in 117 Indo-European languages.  ...  are due purely to drift and are largely independent of intercultural contact.  ...  This research was supported by the Crafoord Foundation (grant no. 20120794, 2012 [Språk-och kulturatlas for Sydamerika]) and the Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation (grant no.  ... 
doi:10.1075/dia.16035.cat fatcat:nejck7pni5dgzeejratpm4vie4

A comparison of worldwide phonemic and genetic variation in human populations

Nicole Creanza, Merritt Ruhlen, Trevor J. Pemberton, Noah A. Rosenberg, Marcus W. Feldman, Sohini Ramachandran
2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
We analyze, jointly and in parallel, phoneme inventories from 2,082 worldwide languages and microsatellite polymorphisms from 246 worldwide populations.  ...  Within a language family, phoneme evolution along genetic, geographic, or cognate-based linguistic trees predicts similar ancestral phoneme states to those predicted from ancient sources.  ...  For an Indo-European linguistic tree (47) , a genetic tree of Indo-European-speaking populations, and a neighbor-joining tree of the geographic distances between language locations, we estimated the probability  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1424033112 pmid:25605893 pmcid:PMC4321277 fatcat:vwggkgh2fba4xdgcot346w64cm

Page 3632 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 99e [page]

1999 Mathematical Reviews  
evolutionary trees from polymorphic characters, and an analysis of the Indo-European family of languages.  ...  We also discuss the result of applying our techniques to studying the evolution of the Indo-European family of languages.”  ... 

Page 6724 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 2000i [page]

2000 Mathematical Reviews  
The methods are applied to help construct an evolutionary tree in the Indo-European family of languages.  ...  The authors also con- sider the problem of inferring evolutionary trees from polymorphic data when a perfect phylogeny is an unlikely outcome. Stephen J.  ... 

Using ancestral state reconstruction methods for onomasiological reconstruction in multilingual word lists

Gerhard Jäger, Johann-Mattis List
2018 Language Dynamics and Change  
used to infer how the words evolved along a given phylogeny, and reconstruct which cognate classes were used to express a given meaning in the ancestral languages.  ...  Comparing three different methods, Maximum Parsimony, Minimal Lateral Networks, and Maximum Likelihood on three different test sets (Indo-European, Austronesian, Chinese) using binary and multi-state coding  ...  These instances of incomplete lineage sorting became quite evident in our qualitative analysis of the Chinese and Indo-European data.  ... 
doi:10.1163/22105832-00801002 fatcat:zyeeltkijfbljf6in5simneazu

More Rule than Exception: Parallel Evidence of Ancient Migrations in Grammars and Genomes of Finno-Ugric Speakers

Patrícia Santos, Gloria Gonzàlez-Fortes, Emiliano Trucchi, Andrea Ceolin, Guido Cordoni, Cristina Guardiano, Giuseppe Longobardi, Guido Barbujani
2020 Genes  
Relying on a linguistic comparative method based on syntactic data, here we focus on the non-straightforward relation of genes and languages among Finno-Ugric (FU) speakers, in comparison to their Indo-European  ...  Syntactic analysis, in agreement with the indications of more traditional linguistic levels, supports at least three distinct clusters, corresponding to these three Eurasian families; yet, the outliers  ...  and Biological Trajectories of the Human Past", at the University of Tübingen.  ... 
doi:10.3390/genes11121491 pmid:33322364 fatcat:f2jq2tnyurfsvlggetle2fj52u
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