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SSAG-Net: Syntactic and Semantic Attention-Guided Machine Reading Comprehension

Chenxi Yu, Xin Li
2022 Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing  
In order to better understand syntactic and semantic information and improve machine reading comprehension, our study uses syntactic and semantic attention to conduct text modeling for tasks.  ...  And it can make answer predictions based on different types of data. Thus, a syntactic and semantic attention-guided machine reading comprehension (SSAG-Net) is formed.  ...  Acknowledgement: We would like to thank teachers Yuan Deyu and Sun Haichun for their helpful discussion and feedback, as well as the team's technical support.  ... 
doi:10.32604/iasc.2022.029447 fatcat:cqlk33emwzfalcvojf3h4hwun4

The Leap of Mind of Linguistic Humans over Animals

Zi-Jian Cai
2018 OALib  
logic thinking, comprehensive integration, and so on.  ...  linguistic functions into robots through the three semantic/syntactic/episodic components.  ...  Funding The author declares no financial support for this work.  ... 
doi:10.4236/oalib.1104771 fatcat:sdm4y2bh4vaqbit5pz3eb62ozy

The Universal Parser Architecture for Knowledge-based Machine Translation

Masaru Tomita, Jaime G. Carbonell
1987 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
run-time grammars for parsing and generation.  ...  Thus, the universal parser provides principled run-time integration of syntax and semantics, while preserving the generality of domain-independent syntactic grammars, and language-independent domain knowledge  ...  The semantic aquations check samantic constraints and bulld samantic representations rather than syntactic f-structures.  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/TomitaC87 fatcat:duq7t2zp4jb6zax2f2bwa6l5da

Cognitive Learning for Sentence Understanding [chapter]

Yi Guo, Zhiqing Shao
2010 New Advances in Machine Learning  
Moreover, within natural language comprehension and production studies, there is clear evidence that prior experience of a given syntactic structure affects (1) comprehension of similar structures and  ...  The extent and type of interaction of ERPs are taken as evidence for the interplay occurring between syntactic and semantic analyses during sentence comprehension.  ... 
doi:10.5772/9384 fatcat:nqqgjmlviza2npcjexlk7crw3a

A Decade of Using Hybrid Inference Systems in NLP (2005-2015) : A Survey

Ali Almiman
2016 International Journal of Artificial Intelligence & Applications  
This paper tries to make a survey of various text entailment methods proposed giving a comparative picture based on certain criteria like robustness and semantic precision.  ...  These are potential mines of knowledge and could give deep insights about the trends of both social and scientific value.  ...  This also opens up a new framework for integrating semantic inferences syntactic level.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijaia.2016.7405 fatcat:j7ng6dxzfre5bi6ptdxy4ti254

Machine Comprehension Based on Learning to Rank [article]

Tian Tian, Yuezhang Li
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We therefore try feature-engineered approach with semantics on the new dataset to see how traditional machine learning technique and semantics can help with machine comprehension.  ...  machine comprehension.  ...  Features from these parsers have been shown to be useful for machine comprehension task (Wang and McAllester, 2015) .  ... 
arXiv:1605.03284v2 fatcat:txeeazhr6bagpbfwqycdmpqwum

Page 991 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 27, Issue 2 [page]

1993 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
repetition; production/comprehension tasks; native French speakers; 9302635 sentence/text comprehension cognitive processes, inference type/ processes, W.  ...  , grammatical functions/semantic a Huang’s phrase structure condition counterevidence; composition, Romanian language, N.  ... 

Chinese textual entailment with Wordnet semantic and dependency syntactic analysis

Chun Tu, Min-Yuh Day
2013 2013 IEEE 14th International Conference on Information Reuse & Integration (IRI)  
In this paper, we proposed a Chinese textual entailment system using Wordnet semantic and dependency syntactic approaches in Recognizing Inference in Text (RITE) using the NTCIR-10 RITE-2 subtask datasets  ...  Dependency syntactic approach is a tree edit distance algorithm applied on the dependency trees of both the text and the hypothesis.  ...  SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE We developed a textual entailment system using a hybrid approach that integrates syntactic features, semantic features and machine learning techniques for recognizing inference in text  ... 
doi:10.1109/iri.2013.6642455 dblp:conf/iri/TuD13 fatcat:c3a66md7kfesrjpl4yz2vl3pty

Page 194 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 25, Issue 1 [page]

1991 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
A Montague semantics for contrastive phrasal com- paratives is outlined, directly linking interpretation rules to the surface syntactic structure.  ...  for Comparative Constructions, Computational Linguistics, sei 16, 2, June, 86-112. ‘| A comprehensive treatment of the syntax & semantics of | com- parative constructions is outlined, based on theoretical  ... 

Speech Understanding System for Emotional Companion Robots

Artemiy Kotov, Nikita Arinkin, Liudmila Zaidelman, Anna Zinina
2020 Procedia Computer Science  
It is aimed at the construction of semantic representation and the selection of "scripts" -units for inference modelling and the selection of emotional reactions for the robot.  ...  It is aimed at the construction of semantic representation and the selection of "scripts" -units for inference modelling and the selection of emotional reactions for the robot.  ...  This method suggests a balanced approach to homonymy: on one side, all the cases of lexical and syntactic homonymy are processed, on the other side, only stacks with the best syntactic structures are preferred  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2020.02.115 fatcat:iz432fbtp5hwrgliad6dkddjkm

Towards a semantics for XML markup

Allen Renear, David Dubin, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen
2002 Proceedings of the 2002 ACM symposium on Document engineering - DocEng '02  
Although XML Document Type Definitions provide a mechanism for specifying, in machine-readable form, the syntax of an XML markup language, there is no comparable mechanism for specifying the semantics  ...  This has serious practical and theoretical consequences. On the positive side, XML constructs can be assigned arbitrary semantics and used in application areas not foreseen by the original designers.  ...  However obvious inferences may be to a human reader, they cannot be drawn from the data structure emerging from a syntactic parse of the fragment.  ... 
doi:10.1145/585080.585081 fatcat:uggffwk5jnaf7jb7gk4eviec2e

Towards a semantics for XML markup

Allen Renear, David Dubin, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen
2002 Proceedings of the 2002 ACM symposium on Document engineering - DocEng '02  
Although XML Document Type Definitions provide a mechanism for specifying, in machine-readable form, the syntax of an XML markup language, there is no comparable mechanism for specifying the semantics  ...  This has serious practical and theoretical consequences. On the positive side, XML constructs can be assigned arbitrary semantics and used in application areas not foreseen by the original designers.  ...  However obvious inferences may be to a human reader, they cannot be drawn from the data structure emerging from a syntactic parse of the fragment.  ... 
doi:10.1145/585058.585081 dblp:conf/doceng/RenearDS02 fatcat:jg53rgmvrvbqnf4excxbwojnby

Predicting Garden Path Sentences Based on Natural Language Understanding System

DU Jia-li, YU Ping-fang
2012 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
On the basis of example-based analysis, we reach the conclusion that syntaxbased machine comprehension is technically feasible and semantically acceptable, and that N-S flowchart and CFG can help NLU system  ...  On the one hand, by means of showing Octav Popescu's model of NLU system, we argue that the emphasis on the integration of syntactic, semantic and cognitive backgrounds in system is necessary.  ...  of Education and Science Planning Project.  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2012.031101 fatcat:x2ysc2uawnh5lfwqaorpw3ja4i

Structured Knowledge and Kernel-based Learning: the case of Grounded Spoken Language Learning in Interactive Robotics

Roberto Basili, Danilo Croce
2016 International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence  
The idea that representation of structured knowledge is essential to reliable and accurate semantic inferences seems to be implicitly denied.  ...  The idea that representation of structured knowledge is essential to reliable and accurate semantic inferences seems to be implicitly denied.  ...  ILP is useful for logically encoding background knowledge and extensions to standard ILP algorithms have been proposed for encoding syntactic and semantic relational information of a knowledge base in  ... 
dblp:conf/aiia/BasiliC16 fatcat:wqihvuh53fduxhr2uxpnudnj4i

Text mining and ontologies in biomedicine: Making sense of raw text

I. Spasic, S. Ananiadou, J. McNaught, A. Kumar
2005 Briefings in Bioinformatics  
Ontologies, as conceptual models, provide the necessary framework for semantic representation of textual information.  ...  This paper summarises different approaches in which ontologies have been used for text-mining applications in biomedicine.  ...  Acknowledgments The National Centre for Text Mining (NaCTeM), UK is sponsored by the JISC. AK expresses his gratitude to Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1093/bib/6.3.239 pmid:16212772 fatcat:ehw3jx2imze2xd2vfe4nuaqcgy
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