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Learning classification rules using lattices (Extended abstract) [chapter]

Mehran Sahami
1995 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The Ruleamer system is also capable of learning both decision lists and unordered rule sets allowing for comparisons of these different learning paradigms within the same algorithmic framework.  ...  This paper presents a novel induction algorithm, Rulearner, which induces classification rules using a Galois lattice as an explicit map through the search space of rules.  ...  The author is supported by a Fred Gellert Foundation ARCS fellowship.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-59286-5_83 fatcat:yrrtpop4efajtmufl4afd6b7dm

Generalized clustering, supervised learning, and data assignment

Annaka Kalton, Pat Langley, Kiri Wagstaff, Jungsoon Yoo
2001 Proceedings of the seventh ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining - KDD '01  
In contrast, we have developed a generalized framework that accommodates diverse clustering algorithms in a systematic way.  ...  This framework views clustering as a general process of iterative optimization that includes modules for supervised learning and instance assignment.  ...  the data assignment paradigms by demonstrating better performance in that paradigm across different data sets.  ... 
doi:10.1145/502512.502555 fatcat:bss7tia42rfxlput6tfzsux65u

Learning Which Features Matter: RoBERTa Acquires a Preference for Linguistic Generalizations (Eventually) [article]

Alex Warstadt, Yian Zhang, Haau-Sing Li, Haokun Liu, Samuel R. Bowman
2020 arXiv   pre-print
With this goal in mind, we introduce a new English-language diagnostic set called MSGS (the Mixed Signals Generalization Set), which consists of 20 ambiguous binary classification tasks that we use to  ...  We conclude that while self-supervised pretraining is an effective way to learn helpful inductive biases, there is likely room to improve the rate at which models learn which features matter.  ...  using Latent Structure), by Intuit, Inc., and in-kind support by the NYU High-Performance Computing Center and by NVIDIA Corporation (with the donation of a Titan V GPU).  ... 
arXiv:2010.05358v1 fatcat:ijwvxsrhq5elnfkwys2qgz5ooe

The effects of group composition and evaluation on task performance

John J. Seta, Paul B. Paulus, Hal T. Risner
1977 Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society  
In the audience paradigm, individuals perform a task in the presence of observers, while in the coaction paradigm a group of individuals concurrently and individ· ually perform an identical -task.  ...  Subjects were run under either high-or low-evaluative conditions and in either a mixed group (half worked on a maze task while half worked on a multiplication task) or in a homogeneous group (all subjects  ...  In the audience paradigm, individuals perform a task in the presence of observers, while in the coaction paradigm a group of individuals concurrently and individ· ually perform an identical -task.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03336947 fatcat:py23aaj4u5afvjm5bgjnpaqksm

The role of a pragmatist paradigm when adopting mixed methods in behavioural accounting research

John A. Brierley
2017 International Journal of Behavioural Accounting and Finance  
This paper argues that a flexible approach should be adopted in the application of mixed methods research in behavioural accounting research by conducting it within the pragmatic paradigm, especially when  ...  a paradigm is defined as shared beliefs among members of a speciality area.  ...  In other words, what is key is the extent to which we can apply what we learn using one research method in a specific setting and use that knowledge in other circumstances.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijbaf.2017.10007499 fatcat:oqalhg7gsngm3lvqhrcxnbv74m

The role of a pragmatist paradigm when adopting mixed methods in behavioural accounting research

John A. Brierley
2017 International Journal of Behavioural Accounting and Finance  
This paper argues that a flexible approach should be adopted in the application of mixed methods research in behavioural accounting research by conducting it within the pragmatic paradigm, especially when  ...  a paradigm is defined as shared beliefs among members of a speciality area.  ...  In other words, what is key is the extent to which we can apply what we learn using one research method in a specific setting and use that knowledge in other circumstances.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijbaf.2017.086432 fatcat:dscmkcckmjf7fdlamggc7o3lm4

A Plea for a Focus on the Contrasts between Two Paradigms and Their Implications for Problem Statement

Mohammed BOUKEZZOULA
2019 Arab World English Journal  
To adequately tackle a research problem, master students of applied linguistics should learn that the selection of (a) data elicitation technique (s) should be made in consistence with choices at three  ...  use of mixed methodologies.  ...  In other words, following the claims set by a paradigm, methodology defines the relationship between the researcher and his research.  ... 
doi:10.24093/awej/vol10no3.32 fatcat:xxdi3ydyprf3fn2tnspbueth4u

Selecting a classification method by cross-validation

Cullen Schaffer
1993 Machine Learning  
In fact, cross-validation may be seen as a way of applying partial information about the applicability of alternative classification strategies.  ...  On the other hand, cross-validation is no more or less a form of bias than simpler strategies, and applying it appropriately ultimately depends in the same way on prior knowledge.  ...  The learning rate was set at 1.1 and the momentum at .5.'  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00993106 fatcat:4rsgymqeerhxfg2i3ss3sgwvpq

Pluralism as Multi-Method Scholarship in Qualitative Social Science Research: A Panacea for Methodological Tribalism

Dr. M.N. Mohamedunni Alias Musthafa
2014 IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSRJRME)  
Now-a-days qualitative research has been flourishing in many fields of the social sciences.  ...  This thought has led to the proliferation of pluralism or multi-method research in which the researcher synthesizes multiple research methodologies in order to study social problems in a holistic way.  ...  In the same way, deductive researchers setting out to test a hypothesis would have drawn on a body of theory which in turn has been inductively derived from previous observations.  ... 
doi:10.9790/7388-04540514 fatcat:ubzpv3awdrbshhdbkf4vol7nw4

Quantitative, Qualitative or Mixed Research: Which Research Paradigm to Use?

Kamel Khaldi
2017 Journal of Educational and Social Research  
Research students usually encounter great difficulties in setting up a viable research project mainly because, on the one hand they lack familiarity with the philosophical underpinnings of major paradigms  ...  used in educational research: quantitative, qualitative or mixed, and on the other hand , they do not associate the corresponding research types with these paradigms : experimental, non experimental for  ...  b) Do teachers' teaching styles play a role in students' motivation for learning?  ... 
doi:10.5901/jesr.2017.v7n2p15 fatcat:mcybvwnz7neudo2xqgvno2k3wa

Are we ready for a new paradigm shift? A Survey on Visual Deep MLP [article]

Ruiyang Liu, Yinghui Li, Linmi Tao, Dun Liang, Hai-Tao Zheng
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Recently, the proposed deep MLP models have stirred up a lot of interest in the vision community.  ...  This review paper provides detailed discussions on whether MLP can be a new paradigm for computer vision.  ...  And within these paradigm shifts, there is a gradual reduction in human intervention, i.e., removing hand-crafted inductive biases and allowing the model to further freely learn from the raw data [15]  ... 
arXiv:2111.04060v6 fatcat:xgqbdicbl5fjxh52ouopyhmayq

Structural selection in implicit learning of artificial grammars

Esther den Bos, Fenna H. Poletiek
2009 Psychological Research  
In the contextual cueing paradigm, Endo and Takeda (in Percept Psychophys 66:293-302, 2004) provided evidence that implicit learning involves selection of the aspect of a structure that is most useful  ...  The present study attempted to replicate this Wnding in artiWcial grammar learning to investigate whether or not implicit learning commonly involves such a selection.  ...  Acknowledgments During part of this research Esther van den Bos was supported by a grant from the Niels Stensen Stichting. We thank Christianne Engelse for creating a pilot version of the experiment.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00426-009-0227-1 pmid:19212781 pmcid:PMC2808520 fatcat:q2u6p43hqrfoxhnrouanseyloe

Induction of Similarity Measures for Case Based Reasoning Through Separable Data Transformations [chapter]

L. Bobrowski, M. Topczewska
2008 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
Such functions give possibility for flexible and efficient designing separable transformations of data sets.  ...  Separable linear transformations are based both on solutions of eignevalue problems used in the principal componet analysis or in the discriminant analysis as well as on minimization of the convex and  ...  Such a paradigm is also used in the nearest neighbours (K-NN) technique developed in the framework of the pattern recognition [2, 3] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-73180-1_4 fatcat:sfnzg23hdnc5rnxglaztbcskxa

A biophysically-based neuromorphic model of spike rate- and timing-dependent plasticity

G. Rachmuth, H. Z. Shouval, M. F. Bear, C.-S. Poon
2011 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
The circuits allow tremendous flexibility in emulating synapses from various brain structures by simply tuning a small (1-4) set of parameters.  ...  All simulations were in real biological time. We tested the learning synapse circuit by using several well known induction protocols to draw direct comparisons with biological preparations.  ...  The circuits allow tremendous flexibility in emulating synapses from various brain structures by simply tuning a small (1-4) set of parameters.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1106161108 pmid:22089232 pmcid:PMC3241759 fatcat:gut4s6gm6zeejjuewo34vgpz2y

Using the Pragmatic Approach with Special Education and Universal Design for Learning (UDL)

2019 Journal of Education and Practice  
Additionally, the paper will add to the research in the field of special education to help people with disabilities in learning academic and professional skills in special education.  ...  This paper seeks to find the related between pragmatic approach and understand the effect of using UDL to improve the quality of learning for students with special education needs in schools.  ...  In the first step of setting goals, it is imperative that educators have a clear understanding of what the students should learn.  ... 
doi:10.7176/jep/10-35-16 fatcat:pqlhqbommrbelb5amvas2ufoma
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