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The Non-Random Brain: Efficiency, Economy, and Complex Dynamics

Olaf Sporns
2011 Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience  
several common brain disorders are associated with increased randomness in structural and functional brain networks.  ...  Disturbances of connectivity and thus of neural dynamics are thought to underlie a number of disease states of the brain, and some evidence suggests that degraded functional performance of brain networks  ...  spatiaL emBeddinG and wirinG economy The existence of non-random structural attributes of brain networks raises the question of their origin and functional significance.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fncom.2011.00005 pmid:21369354 pmcid:PMC3037776 fatcat:cc4creu7b5au7f4qk5w3xcxjj4

Neuronal Functional Diversity and Collective Behaviors

Walter G. Sannita
2008 Journal of biological physics (Print)  
interact in determining the brain functional setup and operations.  ...  Interneurons and neurotransmitter diversity, resonance phenomena due to properties of the cell, time/frequency-dependent activation of dedicated neuronal assemblies, and code-and frequency-specific oscillations  ...  of neuronal function from cell or network diversities stand as a still intractable problem.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10867-008-9097-9 pmid:19669476 pmcid:PMC2585638 fatcat:7lfqzdwfwnb3hknb33ni5jpu4i

Book Review: Networks of the Brain

Fozia Anwar, Afifa Yousafzai, Muaz A. Niazi
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
A Book Review on Networks of the Brain Olaf Sporns, (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), 2010, 424 pages.  ...  Finally, chapter 14 examines the role of the body in shaping the functioning of brain networks.  ...  Also, the optimal economy of the elements and connections of brain networks (in a spatial or metabolic sense) is examined besides some other questions.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01299 fatcat:foehqd2vbrejfmxbkpt7qxxcle

The Struggle for Human Attention: Between the Abuse of Social Media and Digital Wellbeing

Santiago Giraldo-Luque, Pedro Nicolás Aldana Afanador, Cristina Fernández-Rovira
2020 Healthcare  
Human attention has become an object of study that defines both the design of interfaces and the production of emotions in a digital economy ecosystem.  ...  In the second part, considering this general framework, the study uses categories of the three disciplines to explain the functioning of social media, with special emphasis on their interactive, attractive  ...  Funding: This research was funded by Social Observatory of La Caixa Foundation. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/healthcare8040497 pmid:33227972 fatcat:ti6pninutnh5jbipijgp2cykhq

A graph representation of functional diversity of brain regions

Dazhi Yin, Xiaoyu Chen, Kristina Zeljic, Yafeng Zhan, Xiangyu Shen, Gang Yan, Zheng Wang
2019 Brain and Behavior  
However, the graph representation of functional diversity of brain regions remains to be understood.  ...  Modern network science techniques are popularly used to characterize the functional organization of the brain.  ...  However, it remains to be understood how the topological structure of intrinsic functional networks is associated with the functional diversity of brain regions.  ... 
doi:10.1002/brb3.1358 pmid:31350830 pmcid:PMC6749480 fatcat:lzoaprdwsrco3c3ogwpzywaqae

Imaging and Genomic Classification of Brain Alteration Induced By Gustatory Bitter Stimulus, A Pilot Study

Luigi Barberini
2020 Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research  
Studies on brain networking showed a network consisting of a set of functionally interconnected brain regions whose activity decreases during goal-oriented external tasks and increases during quiet waking  ...  connections of the default mode networks and several functional areas of the brain related to different human genotype in a vital function represented by the taste.  ... 
doi:10.26717/bjstr.2020.24.004120 fatcat:bdg4gny5jvgcdjc2h57bxq64gy

G-Science Academies Statement 2016

2016 TRENDS IN THE SCIENCES  
Human culture is a dynamic concept that is created and renewed by diverse brain functions.  ...  Likewise, the integration of brain science and the behavioral and social sciences will enable better predictive models of human behavior that will be useful for individuals in areas as diverse as economic  ... 
doi:10.5363/tits.21.6_104 fatcat:5vwn57dgpfcjvdirqxkamvyf7q

BBS volume 37 issue 3 Cover and Front matter

2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Maintenance of cultural diversity: Social roles, social networks, and cognitive networks 254 Caporael, L. R. & Garvey, C. K.  ...  Groups as units of functional analysis, individuals as proximate mechanisms 279 Zefferman, M. R. & Richerson, P. J.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x14000107 fatcat:kno7xb2tfff3bi32up2xf7puza

Worldwide initiatives to advance brain research

Sten Grillner, Nancy Ip, Christof Koch, Walter Koroshetz, Hideyuki Okano, Miri Polachek, Mu-ming Poo, Terrence J Sejnowski
2016 Nature Neuroscience  
Such technologies, in association with computational tools, would enable a clearer view of brain functions to facilitate a deeper understanding of cognition and reveal the core mechanisms of brain disorders  ...  However, a remaining bottleneck is the lack of technologies to study the brain at a resolution sufficient to enable understanding of its complex neuronal network in animal models and humans.  ...  of brain cells to neural circuit development and functional mapping to brain networks and behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1038/nn.4371 pmid:27571190 pmcid:PMC6047900 fatcat:zh5q477jmndyfnymeekns3hbsu

The Wiring Economy Principle: Connectivity Determines Anatomy in the Human Brain

Ashish Raj, Yu-hsien Chen, Gonzalo García de Polavieja
2011 PLoS ONE  
This confirms the widely held but poorly tested claim that wiring economy is a driving principle of the brain.  ...  We investigate this aspect in the human brain using whole brain connectivity networks extracted from high resolution diffusion MRI data of 14 normal volunteers.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Milos Ivkovic and Amy Kuceyeski for help with network extraction. Author Contributions Conceived and designed the experiments: AR.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014832 pmid:21915250 pmcid:PMC3168442 fatcat:g5jnsyl7fnfyvdnsrtsfg76qte

Mass Customization for Individualized Life-long Learning: Needs, Design, and Implementation [chapter]

Hermann Klinger, Alexander Benz
2009 Handbook of Research in Mass Customization and Personalization  
Our proposal is to replace the paradigm of traditional education from an "economy of scarcity" with an "economy of self-generation".  ...  How can one single individual compete with millions of other people worldwide? How can one person cope with the exponentially growing resources of knowledge?  ...  However there is a frame work of communalities we humans share in our brain functions.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789814280280_0036 fatcat:orghskxb65c3bearb24urbljua

Knowledge in Motion: Highly-Skilled Migration and the Role of Regional Networks

Alexandra David, Frans Coenen
2019 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal  
This study gives insights into the performance of actor networks in the identification of human capital in form of highly-skilled immigrants and the development and implementation of human capital strategies  ...  Especially actor networks, which are not primarily created for human capital development, such as alumni networks, are here discussed as innovative actors in the development of bottom-up strategies to  ...  These actor networks, when addressing brain flow mechanisms, can influence the inclusion of immigrants with the attitude of a "welcoming culture" (door open function, job search function etc.).  ... 
doi:10.14738/assrj.64.6483 fatcat:bdaras7t3ngipn7upv7fjilonm

Integrating vocational services into Australian community mental health services

G Waghorn
2006 Acta Neuropsychiatrica  
The term functional reorganization has been used to describe a number of dynamic neural processes related to changes in brain-behaviour connectivity.  ...  a given computational task, with selection pressure at the level of metabolic economy.  ...  Methods: The linked data were of such diverse types, it was diffi cult to retrieve data for analysis based on the relationships between individuals.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0924270800030878 pmid:27397244 fatcat:2ogoamtlrfcztjdtxki35mm4sa

Degeneration vs. degeneracy: a neural systems approach to functional reorganization

M Valenzuela, P Sachdev, M Breakspear
2006 Acta Neuropsychiatrica  
The term functional reorganization has been used to describe a number of dynamic neural processes related to changes in brain-behaviour connectivity.  ...  a given computational task, with selection pressure at the level of metabolic economy.  ...  Methods: The linked data were of such diverse types, it was diffi cult to retrieve data for analysis based on the relationships between individuals.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0924270800030854 pmid:27397242 fatcat:7hmvu4twufcrnauznlh3cy4bl4

The Global Brain as a model of the future information society: An introduction to the special issue

Francis Heylighen, Marta Lenartowicz
2017 Technological forecasting & social change  
A brief history of this idea is sketched, with a focus on the developments leading to the creation of the Global Brain Group, and the Global Brain Institute (GBI) that emerged out of it.  ...  We conclude by clarifying some common misconceptions about the Global Brain paradigm, and by offering an optimistic outlook on how the "offer network" protocol inspired by this paradigm may lay the foundation  ...  Acknowledgments This work was made possible thanks to the generous funding of the Yuri Milner Foundation, with its grant "Global Brain Institute".  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2016.10.063 fatcat:ubaeexfv7bcujlqtnalmr6ojh4
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