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Notions of Sameness by Default and their Application to Anaphora, Vagueness, and Uncertain Reasoning

Ariel Cohen, Michael Kaminski, Johann A. Makowsky
2008 Journal of Logic, Language and Information  
We consider two formalizations of this notion, both of which are based on Reiter's Default Logic. The first formalization is a new relation of indistinguishability that is introduced by default.  ...  We motivate and formalize the idea of sameness by default: two objects are considered the same if they cannot be proved to be different.  ...  Thus, ϕ ∈ T h L (W b 2 ), which completes the proof. 2 Comments on indistinguishability by default Indistinguishability by default has several desirable properties.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10849-008-9057-6 fatcat:2keui3whmnf7pmp4w56eiukac4

CoDef

Soo Bum Lee, Min Suk Kang, Virgil D. Gligor
2013 Proceedings of the ninth ACM conference on Emerging networking experiments and technologies - CoNEXT '13  
Identify the indistinguishable attack flows? -force the adversary's untenable choice by conformance tests II. Avoid collateral damage to legitimate flows?  ...  Target AS Has no way to distinguish attack flows by itself Has limited control over the incoming traffic e.g., end-to-end AS-paths, traffic rate Source AS Has no idea about the flooding at the remote  ...  Identify the indistinguishable attack flows? -force the adversary's untenable choice by conformance tests II. Avoid collateral damage to legitimate flows?  ... 
doi:10.1145/2535372.2535398 dblp:conf/conext/LeeKG13 fatcat:kphnlgidvzhu3avjlw3chh77z4

Page 7151 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 95m [page]

1995 Mathematical Reviews  
The authors present a logical system that permits the concepts of identity and indistinguishability to be treated as non-equivalent concepts.  ...  Physicists usually use the concept “identity” to mean “indistinguishability”, as in “identical particles”, i.e. agreement with respect to attributes, and not to mean that the particles are in fact one  ... 

Distributed agreement in participial sandwiched configurations [chapter]

Franc Lanko Marušič, Andrew Nevins
2019 Zenodo  
This research is partially funded by Leverhulme Trust Grant 512900 (to Nevins) and by Slovenian Research Agency Grant P6-0382 (to Marušič). 196  ...  Thus, postverbal default is statistically indistinguishable from DEF+DEF ( = 0.009) and postverbal default is also indistinguishable from DEF+CCA: ( > 0.5); all three are shown in Figure 4 . 5 The difference  ...  This prediction is indeed borne out, as both are not only rated low, but also are statistically indistinguishable from postverbal Default in a non-sandwiched configuration, a result already found to be  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3541752 fatcat:wjgqadgnlbeitif4wl3h34dhd4

Page 99 of Journal of Financial Services Research Vol. 15, Issue 2 [page]

1999 Journal of Financial Services Research  
The explanation is given by the well-understood principle that the borrower rationally waits to default because of the opportunity instead to terminate the mortgage in the future.  ...  Indeed, as may be seen, at low enough magnitudes of “‘catastrophe,’’ ordinary and catastrophic loss liabilities begin to merge and become indistinguishable.  ... 

Editor's Letter

Stanley J. Kon
2010 Journal of Fixed Income  
They provide an alternative approach that measures the minimum amount of compensation for risk required by the protection seller to break even for expected default.  ...  Then, Patrick Trutwein, Sanjay Ramchander, and Dirk Schiereck study the relationship between severe changes in default risk (as measured by CDS spreads) and equity prices.  ... 
doi:10.3905/jfi.2011.20.3.001 fatcat:fznsicyydba7hnzuxohtvkqafi

Page 1092 of Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law Vol. 39, Issue 5 [page]

2014 Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law  
In the meantime, the state is using auto-assignments to further its aim of building a more competitive insurance market by defaulting enrollees into health plans issued by carriers with low market shares  ...  Once a default assignment is made, private option enrollees have thirty days to visit insureark.org and override the assignment by making their own selection of a QHP.  ... 

Application of the Canadian land surface scheme to a full canopy crop during a drying cycle

W.G. Bailey, I.R. Saunders, J.D. Bowers, D.L. Verseghy
2000 ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN  
A detailed description of CLASS is given by Verseghy (1991), Verseghy et al. (1993 and Verseghy (2000).  ...  Further, only modest improvements in model performance were achieved using more stringent initializations when compared to CLASS default specifications.  ...  The field measurement program was supported by grants from the National Research Council of Canada. The success of the field program and subsequent research is due in part to Dr. J. A.  ... 
doi:10.1080/07055900.2000.9649640 fatcat:tmvrqg3ea5b6npczh4flyiebzq

Page 243 of Gunton's Magazine Vol. 7, Issue [page]

1894 Gunton's Magazine  
How can this be known if the counterfeit issues and the government issues are indistinguishable.  ...  BIMETALLISM—Declaration of the Bimetallist Members of the German Silver Commission, by Drs. Arendt, Von Kardoff- Wabnitz, Leuschner, Von Schalska and Wiilfing, trans- lated by E.  ... 

On the `Semantics' of Differential Privacy: A Bayesian Formulation [article]

Shiva Prasad Kasiviswanathan, Adam Smith
2015 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we provide a precise formulation of these guarantees in terms of the inferences drawn by a Bayesian adversary.  ...  We show that this formulation is satisfied by both "vanilla" differential privacy as well as a relaxation known as (epsilon,delta)-differential privacy.  ...  For a database x, define x −i to be the same vector except position i has been replaced by some fixed, default value D. Any valid value in D will do for the default value.  ... 
arXiv:0803.3946v3 fatcat:tqbxogz3zbfuxkrppapzq5xlcm

Page 542 of Economic Development and Cultural Change Vol. 60, Issue 3 [page]

2012 Economic Development and Cultural Change  
Because the set of indistinguishable migrants includes those who are likely to default and move repeatedly, lenders may reduce their loan ex- posure to all migrants, including those who plan to stay and  ...  An equilibrium is reached when these lending decisions are rationalized by entrepreneur behavior.  ... 

Page 1976 of The Journal of Business Vol. 79, Issue 4 [page]

2006 The Journal of Business  
default-free process.  ...  the distance-to-default model.  ... 

On the 'Semantics' of Differential Privacy: A Bayesian Formulation

Shiva P. Kasiviswanathan, Adam Smith
2014 Journal of Privacy and Confidentiality  
In this paper, we provide a precise formulation of these guarantees in terms of the inferences drawn by a Bayesian adversary.  ...  We show that this formulation is satisfied by both epsilon-differential privacy as well as a relaxation known as (epsilon,delta)-differential privacy.  ...  A.S. was supported by NSF awards TF-0729171, CDI-0941553, PECASE CCF-0747294 and a Google Faculty Award.  ... 
doi:10.29012/jpc.v6i1.634 fatcat:63waj7igubalfmhoys2mjrioxm

Judgments. Collateral Attack: In General. Default Judgment Entered after Answer without Notice or Jury Trial Held Subject to Collateral Attack

1949 Harvard Law Review  
Defendant attacked the prior judgment, alleging that for the following reasons it was void: (1) when defendant failed to appear at the time set for trial the judg- ment was entered against him by default  ...  How- ever, a dismissal for lack of equity jurisdiction may foreclose a season- able determination of constitutionality and is sometimes indistinguish- able from a decision on the merits.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1336479 fatcat:z2nvbdwtvneundui4xs6mtx3my

CIGAN: A Python Package for Handling Class Imbalance using Generative Adversarial Networks [article]

Yuxiao Huang, Yan Ma
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Applying the CIGAN class for data augmentation by using its default parameter settings. CIGAN: A Python Package 16. n_jobs=1.  ...  Specifically, in section 3.1 we show the simplest way to use CIGAN for data augmentation, by using the default parameter settings of the class.  ... 
arXiv:2208.02931v1 fatcat:p52j7ovrsfd3tl2v6hypnuyskq
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