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Incremental formalization of document annotations through ontology-based paraphrasing

Jim Blythe, Yolanda Gil
2004 Proceedings of the 13th conference on World Wide Web - WWW '04  
For the manual semantic markup of documents to become widespread, users must be able to express annotations that conform to ontologies (or schemas) that have shared meaning.  ...  In our approach, users enter a short sentence in free text to describe all or part of a document, and the system presents a set of potential paraphrases of the sentence that are generated from valid expressions  ...  The main contributions of this work are: • an implemented annotation tool that allows the user to create formal annotations incrementally by interacting with paraphrases and without having to read the  ... 
doi:10.1145/988672.988734 dblp:conf/www/BlytheG04 fatcat:gu74yvhlwrdejmxfh5u5rzz7ei

ClaimSpotter

Bertrand Sereno, Simon Buckingham Shum, Enrico Motta
2005 Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces - IUI '05  
We present these challenges and motivate an approach based on the notion of suggestions to support document annotation, hoping these suggestions would act as leads to follow for annotators, therefore reducing  ...  Aspects of its evaluation are also given, using the findings of a study involving a group of participants faced with a document annotation task.  ...  The AKT IRC comprises the Universities of Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Sheffield, Southampton and the Open University.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1040830.1040875 dblp:conf/iui/SerenoSM05 fatcat:upaicr7q25eznagkgivcfr3z5a

Micropublications: a semantic model for claims, evidence, arguments and annotations in biomedical communications

Tim Clark, Paolo N Ciccarese, Carole A Goble
2014 Journal of Biomedical Semantics  
At the same time they will add significant value to, and are intentionally compatible with, statement-based formalizations.  ...  The linear document publication format, dating from 1665, has survived transition to the Web.  ...  National Insitutes of Health (through the Neuroscience Information Framework) and anonymous donor foundations, which funded our work at the Massachusetts General Hospital.  ... 
doi:10.1186/2041-1480-5-28 pmid:26261718 pmcid:PMC4530550 fatcat:l5nugtegtndd5p5w23nfoi7sae

Conceptual and Practical Steps in Event Coreference Analysis of Large-scale Data

Fatemeh Torabi Asr, Jonathan Sonntag, Yulia Grishina, Manfred Stede
2014 Proceedings of the Second Workshop on EVENTS: Definition, Detection, Coreference, and Representation  
Results on test data from AQUAINT TimeML, which we annotated manually with coreference links, reveal how semantic conventions vs. information available in the context of event mentions affect decisions  ...  A simple conceptual model is employed to investigate events, and break the task of coreference resolution into two steps: semantic class detection and similaritybased matching.  ...  Figure 1 : 1 A three-layer ontology of events: classes, instances and mentions of Hovy et al. (2013b) on different types of identity according to lexicosyntactic similarity, synonymy and paraphrasing  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/w14-2906 dblp:conf/aclevents/AsrSGS14 fatcat:db7at6qlf5a2zdxlew5cd2wjoe

Curation Technologies for the Construction and Utilisation of Legal Knowledge Graphs

Julian Moreno Schneider, Georg Rehm
2018 Zenodo  
Under the umbrella of the European project LYNX we currently develop technologies for the construction of a legal knowledge graph and a corresponding system that makes use of this legal knowledge graph  ...  In this paper we present an overview of the current state of the art with regard to semantic technologies and natural language processing approaches applied to the legal domain.  ...  generation, ontology population and the use of ontologies for IR and semantic annotation.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4720282 fatcat:rhdz6p4cjbeebooqu3amhd2534

Micropublications: a Semantic Model for Claims, Evidence, Arguments and Annotations in Biomedical Communications [article]

Tim Clark, Paolo N. Ciccarese, Carole A. Goble
2014 arXiv   pre-print
The Micropublications semantic model for scientific claims, evidence, argumentation and annotation in biomedical publications, is a metadata model of scientific argumentation, designed to support several  ...  Micropublications allow formalizing the argument structure of scientific publications so that (a) their internal structure is semantically clear and computable; (b) citation networks can be easily constructed  ...  National Insitutes of Health (through the Neuroscience Information Framework) and anonymous donor foundations, which funded our work at the Massachusetts General Hospital.  ... 
arXiv:1305.3506v4 fatcat:5onxgwddnbf6lebmzp6r52jfxy

A Brief State of the Art for Ontology Authoring [article]

Hazem Safwat, Brian Davis
2014 arXiv   pre-print
This paper provides a snapshot of the state-of-the-art for the core CNLs for ontology authoring and reviews their respective evaluations.  ...  One of the main challenges for building the Semantic web is Ontology Authoring. Controlled Natural Languages CNLs offer a user friendly means for non-experts to author ontologies.  ...  GINO incrementally parses the input not only to warn the user as soon as possible about errors but also to offer the user (through the GUI) suggested completions of words and sentences-similarly to the  ... 
arXiv:1406.2903v2 fatcat:rekcximcp5dfndkgh65xc3usv4

Characterising Citations in Scholarly Documents: The CiTalO Framework [chapter]

Angelo Di Iorio, Andrea Giovanni Nuzzolese, Silvio Peroni
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper we propose an algorithm, called CiTalO, to infer automatically the function of citations by means of Semantic Web technologies and NLP techniques.  ...  The reasons why an author cites other publications are varied: an author can cite previous works to gain assistance of some sort in the form of background information, ideas, methods, or to review, critique  ...  She maps cue verbs to classes of citation functions according to the classification provided by Moravcsik et al. [10] and makes the bases to the development of a formal citation ontology.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-41242-4_6 fatcat:4q7il5iuljfbvg4zmja25hn4nu

Exploring manuscripts

Anna Jordanous, K. Faith Lawrence, Mark Hedges, Charlotte Tupman
2012 Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Web Intelligence, Mining and Semantics - WIMS '12  
Focussing on Greek and Arabic collections of ancient wise sayings, which are often related to each other, we use RDF to annotate and extract semantic information from the TEI documents as RDF triples.  ...  The benefits of semantic web techniques are underexplored in such research, however, with a lack of sharing and communication of research information.  ...  The vocabulary has been defined formally and shared as an ontology (see Section 4.3) to maintain consistency across annotation whilst keeping the vocabulary extensible and refinable.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2254129.2254184 dblp:conf/wims/JordanousLHT12 fatcat:4qlfrmb2djhqxhtiuzi4yacoda

Contested Collective Intelligence: Rationale, Technologies, and a Human-Machine Annotation Study

Anna De Liddo, Ágnes Sándor, Simon Buckingham Shum
2011 Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)  
tool (Xerox Incremental Parser: XIP).  ...  Since working with contested knowledge is at the heart of CCI, the evidence that automatic detection of contrasting ideas in texts is possible through rhetorical discourse analysis is progress towards  ...  Acknowledgements Cohere is being developed as part of the OLnet Project (http://olnet.org) funded by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10606-011-9155-x fatcat:jr75byqg55apdbdkrhrzfgzdyu

Interlingual annotation of parallel text corpora: a new framework for annotation and evaluation

BONNIE J. DORR, REBECCA J. PASSONNEAU, DAVID FARWELL, REBECCA GREEN, NIZAR HABASH, STEPHEN HELMREICH, EDUARD HOVY, LORI LEVIN, KEITH J. MILLER, TERUKO MITAMURA, OWEN RAMBOW, ADVAITH SIDDHARTHAN
2010 Natural Language Engineering  
, and paraphrase (IL2).  ...  The work described below constitutes the first effort of any kind to annotate multiple translations of foreign-language texts with interlingual content.  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsor.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1351324910000070 fatcat:nepwusm6rjdqdglutqntk6fnyq

Is Question Answering fit for the Semantic Web?: A survey

Vanessa Lopez, Victoria Uren, Marta Sabou, Enrico Motta
2011 Semantic Web Journal  
We present a survey on ontology-based Question Answering (QA), which has emerged in recent years to exploit the opportunities offered by structured semantic information on the Web.  ...  developed in the 70s and later decades, through open domain QA stimulated by the QA track in TREC since 1999, to the latest commercial semantic QA solutions, before tacking the current state of the art  ...  However, this approach is limited by the single-ontology assumption and it is based on the assumption that documents in the Web are annotated.  ... 
doi:10.3233/sw-2011-0041 fatcat:ub7ja3qgzvcjrgeqdfk3g7huwa

Reusing ontologies on the Semantic Web: A feasibility study

Elena Simperl
2009 Data & Knowledge Engineering  
Furthermore, it potentially improves the quality of the reused ontologies, as these are continuously revised and evaluated by various parties through reuse.  ...  Paraphrasing the general understanding of reuse in related engineering disciplines (cf., for instance, [33]), ontology reuse can be defined as the process in which existing ontological knowledge is used  ...  The evaluation of the suitability of the two ontologies to semantically annotating medical documents confirmed the results of the resource-based evaluation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.datak.2009.02.002 fatcat:l2mi27fkyvfarkrcksihy6newi

Noun2Verb: Probabilistic frame semantics for word class conversion [article]

Lei Yu, Yang Xu
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We evaluate an incremental set of probabilistic models that learn to interpret and generate novel denominal verb usages via paraphrasing.  ...  We present a formal framework, Noun2Verb, that simulates the production and comprehension of novel denominal verb usages by modeling shared knowledge of speaker and listener in semantic frames.  ...  We thank Lana El Sanyoura, Bai Li, and Suzanne Stevenson for constructive comments on an earlier draft of our work.  ... 
arXiv:2205.06321v1 fatcat:hk4uhpuqtberhkg2yakzyipibq

Noun2Verb: Probabilistic frame semantics for word class conversion

Lei Yu, Yang Xu
2022 Computational Linguistics  
We evaluate an incremental set of probabilistic models that learn to interpret and generate novel denominal verb usages via paraphrasing.  ...  We present a formal framework, Noun2Verb, that simulates the production and comprehension of novel denominal verb usages by modeling shared knowledge of speaker and listener in semantic frames.  ...  We thank Lana El Sanyoura, Bai Li, and Suzanne Stevenson for constructive comments on an earlier draft of our work.  ... 
doi:10.1162/coli_a_00447 fatcat:mfzt4hqd5rhaxf5g3ae5j63id4
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