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Incremental Program Obfuscation [chapter]

Sanjam Garg, Omkant Pandey
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="Springer International Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
We initiate a thorough investigation of incremental program obfuscation.  ...  Finally, we present constructions for incremental program obfuscation satisfying both our security notions.  ...  If we want to obfuscate large programs that are frequently updated, then it is crucial to have incremental program obfuscation.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63715-0_7">doi:10.1007/978-3-319-63715-0_7</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/sgo2yetklnayhg6knq3e3cbf4u">fatcat:sgo2yetklnayhg6knq3e3cbf4u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170716095014/https://eprint.iacr.org/2015/997.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ed/6d/ed6d1f925bfde41d2713eeb13e87aa54bc5db334.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63715-0_7"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Weaknesses in Defenses against Web-Borne Malware [chapter]

Gen Lu, Saumya Debray
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
These approaches generally fall into two categories: lightweight techniques focusing on syntactic features such as string obfuscation and dynamic code generation; and heavier-weight approaches that look  ...  programs obfuscated by the same obfuscator.  ...  Next we created two sets of obfuscated programs from these.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39235-1_8">doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39235-1_8</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jj7onacq6fbm7etbg6fakx4byy">fatcat:jj7onacq6fbm7etbg6fakx4byy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150927075244/http://www.cs.arizona.edu:80/people/debray/Publications/dimva2013.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e4/b8/e4b81194751b86b63e6fb70dfe5dae14491efbc2.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39235-1_8"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Towards Static Analysis of Virtualization-Obfuscated Binaries

Johannes Kinder
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qjdq73uwobgdxnahtgyqdrsouu" style="color: black;">2012 19th Working Conference on Reverse Engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
Virtualization-obfuscation protects a program from manual or automated analysis by compiling it into bytecode for a randomized virtual architecture and attaching a corresponding interpreter.  ...  We lift an existing analysis implemented in the JAKSTAB static analyzer and present preliminary results for processing a virtualization-obfuscated binary.  ...  The author would like to thank Christian Collberg and Sam Martin for generously providing the obfuscated code sample.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/wcre.2012.16">doi:10.1109/wcre.2012.16</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/wcre/Kinder12.html">dblp:conf/wcre/Kinder12</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/vqk6zufdgrfhtgbmenb5dilrqm">fatcat:vqk6zufdgrfhtgbmenb5dilrqm</a> </span>
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DeepObfusCode: Source Code Obfuscation Through Sequence-to-Sequence Networks [article]

Siddhartha Datta
<span title="2021-02-25">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
yield positive results regarding its character variation, dissimilarity to the original codebase, and consistent length of obfuscated code.  ...  Sequence-to-sequence models are incorporated into the model architecture to generate obfuscated code, generate the deobfuscation key, and live execution.  ...  (iv) Execution cost: This metric measures (i) the incremental time required to perform the obfuscation, and (ii) the incremental time required to execute the obfuscated code.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1909.01837v3">arXiv:1909.01837v3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lxhdu42cindrtloh4wptgkbyny">fatcat:lxhdu42cindrtloh4wptgkbyny</a> </span>
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DeepObfuscation: Securing the Structure of Convolutional Neural Networks via Knowledge Distillation [article]

Hui Xu, Yuxin Su, Zirui Zhao, Yangfan Zhou, Michael R. Lyu, Irwin King
<span title="2018-06-27">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Moreover, it can also thwart attackers from pirating the model with transfer learning or incremental learning techniques because the shallow simulation network bears poor learning ability.  ...  The obfuscated models are even more efficient than the original models.  ...  Our incremental learning program empowers the model to support a new dataset (i.e., CIFAR-100) with 100 classes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.10313v1">arXiv:1806.10313v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/juzxi4y27rhvvmdesie2zfnbwq">fatcat:juzxi4y27rhvvmdesie2zfnbwq</a> </span>
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Hybrid Obfuscation Technique to Protect Source Code From Prohibited Software Reverse Engineering

Asmara Al-Hakimi, Abu Bakar Md Sultan, Abdulazim Abd Ghani, Norhayati Mohd Ali, Novia Admodisastro
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
Even the revealed code did not perform as well as original and obfuscated code.  ...  An experiment was conducted to evaluate the proposed Hybrid Obfuscation Technique.  ...  According to the above conditions, if the value of Y increments by 1 value then the value of Z must increment by 1 value as well.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.3028428">doi:10.1109/access.2020.3028428</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/l6xwclafnfghxj2ketiybx4mwi">fatcat:l6xwclafnfghxj2ketiybx4mwi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201003074632/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/6287639/6514899/09211395.pdf?tp=&amp;arnumber=9211395&amp;isnumber=6514899&amp;ref=" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fe/9d/fe9d30603f3681fd86dad0fb402276cf3909dd64.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.3028428"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Patchable Indistinguishability Obfuscation: $$i\mathcal {O}$$ for Evolving Software [chapter]

Prabhanjan Ananth, Abhishek Jain, Amit Sahai
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="Springer International Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
We consider both single-program and multi-program patchable indistinguishability obfuscation in a setting where there are an unbounded number of patches that can be adaptively chosen by an adversary.  ...  DDH, LWE.) imply single-program patchable indistinguishability obfuscation; and we show that sub-exponentially secure iO for circuits and sub-exponentially secure DDH imply multi-program patchable indistinguishability  ...  In incremental obfuscation, individual bits of an existing obfuscated program can be updated one-by-one.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56617-7_5">doi:10.1007/978-3-319-56617-7_5</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jl267kwoq5bndl3eepdi7nx6xm">fatcat:jl267kwoq5bndl3eepdi7nx6xm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190218105415/https://static.aminer.org/pdf/20170130/pdfs/eurocrypt/ledsmjjg85xi0ttfpgsvhkcfnuz7mkq3.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a9/1f/a91f9a48c21e7736570da3fb5b3b29684ee7f9ce.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56617-7_5"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Defense against the dark arts

Mark W. Bailey, Clark L. Coleman, Jack W. Davidson
<span title="2008-02-29">2008</span> <i title="Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qzoq6upx4ndyrd7qaolzbaeuca" style="color: black;">ACM SIGCSE Bulletin</a> </i> &nbsp;
Furthermore, student surveys indicate that the course raises students' awareness of computer security while introducing students to important program translation and analysis concepts.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Microsoft Research External Research and Programs for their support of this work.  ...  Any reverse obfuscation program that could verify that an obfuscated program is equivalent to another program could solve the halting problem, which is undecidable.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1352322.1352245">doi:10.1145/1352322.1352245</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7xodw57h6rh6ra4g4c4vx4ma7q">fatcat:7xodw57h6rh6ra4g4c4vx4ma7q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20141216004752/http://download.adamas.ai/dlbase/ebooks/VX_related/Defense%20Against%20the%20Dark%20Arts.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/aa/b7/aab7eda7219d02aea9440ab1db011d2c5515dbb9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1352322.1352245"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Defense against the dark arts

Mark W. Bailey, Clark L. Coleman, Jack W. Davidson
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/42mrbbmjbfdtbbepad2fzixmum" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 39th SIGCSE technical symposium on Computer science education - SIGCSE &#39;08</a> </i> &nbsp;
Furthermore, student surveys indicate that the course raises students' awareness of computer security while introducing students to important program translation and analysis concepts.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Microsoft Research External Research and Programs for their support of this work.  ...  Any reverse obfuscation program that could verify that an obfuscated program is equivalent to another program could solve the halting problem, which is undecidable.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1352135.1352245">doi:10.1145/1352135.1352245</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/sigcse/BaileyCD08.html">dblp:conf/sigcse/BaileyCD08</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/oxqy7inrszgujp3vz3rjqd7ax4">fatcat:oxqy7inrszgujp3vz3rjqd7ax4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20141216004752/http://download.adamas.ai/dlbase/ebooks/VX_related/Defense%20Against%20the%20Dark%20Arts.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/aa/b7/aab7eda7219d02aea9440ab1db011d2c5515dbb9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1352135.1352245"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Defense against the dark arts

Yusuf Chisti
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wn2ukcecovde3oyzkntwi2ziay" style="color: black;">Biotechnology Advances</a> </i> &nbsp;
Furthermore, student surveys indicate that the course raises students' awareness of computer security while introducing students to important program translation and analysis concepts.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Microsoft Research External Research and Programs for their support of this work.  ...  Any reverse obfuscation program that could verify that an obfuscated program is equivalent to another program could solve the halting problem, which is undecidable.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2006.07.005">doi:10.1016/j.biotechadv.2006.07.005</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3lykxs4qb5cj7ppg3vspsu3gxy">fatcat:3lykxs4qb5cj7ppg3vspsu3gxy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20141216004752/http://download.adamas.ai/dlbase/ebooks/VX_related/Defense%20Against%20the%20Dark%20Arts.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/aa/b7/aab7eda7219d02aea9440ab1db011d2c5515dbb9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2006.07.005"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Defense against the Dark Arts

Vinton G. Cerf
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2h6c7f443bcifjjexhfn5p65om" style="color: black;">IEEE Internet Computing</a> </i> &nbsp;
Furthermore, student surveys indicate that the course raises students' awareness of computer security while introducing students to important program translation and analysis concepts.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Microsoft Research External Research and Programs for their support of this work.  ...  Any reverse obfuscation program that could verify that an obfuscated program is equivalent to another program could solve the halting problem, which is undecidable.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/mic.2012.5">doi:10.1109/mic.2012.5</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ssj2odc65fandasle5mizuewxy">fatcat:ssj2odc65fandasle5mizuewxy</a> </span>
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Slicing obfuscations

Anirban Majumdar, Stephen J. Drape, Clark D. Thomborson
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xwfzgnzll5fwnl5h2m226tjuoa" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 2007 ACM workshop on Digital Rights Management - DRM &#39;07</a> </i> &nbsp;
Thus, slicing could be used as a way of attacking obfuscated programs. It is challenging to manufacture obfuscating transforms that are provably resilient to slicing attacks.  ...  The goal of obfuscation is to transform a program, without affecting its functionality, such that some secret information within the program can be hidden for as long as possible from an adversary armed  ...  We thank them for suggesting interesting open problems and future research directions for slicing obfuscations.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1314276.1314290">doi:10.1145/1314276.1314290</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/drm/MajumdarDT07.html">dblp:conf/drm/MajumdarDT07</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/abllmbi4ajhqvgcoeswcjqxqgu">fatcat:abllmbi4ajhqvgcoeswcjqxqgu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170705085515/http://profs.sci.univr.it/~giaco/download/Watermarking-Obfuscation/slicing-obfuscation.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/07/5a/075a194f7d9daa8fe469bbf28b9b772d673002ee.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1314276.1314290"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Understanding misunderstandings in source code

Dan Gopstein, Jake Iannacone, Yu Yan, Lois DeLong, Yanyan Zhuang, Martin K.-C. Yeh, Justin Cappos
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/dj7g645z6zfl5lut4iwy5walyu" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 2017 11th Joint Meeting on Foundations of Software Engineering - ESEC/FSE 2017</a> </i> &nbsp;
We then go on to take larger confusing programs and measure (in an experiment with 43 participants) the impact, in terms of programmer confusion, of removing these confusing patterns.  ...  Looking at all obfuscated programs compared against all clariied programs, we can see that participants had (statistically signiicant) higher error rates on the obfuscated programs.  ...  These low control errors happened roughly 3 times as often in obfuscated programs.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/3106237.3106264">doi:10.1145/3106237.3106264</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/sigsoft/GopsteinIYDZYC17.html">dblp:conf/sigsoft/GopsteinIYDZYC17</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hum5765jofgfxcdhhlzob7qf6q">fatcat:hum5765jofgfxcdhhlzob7qf6q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190218144846/https://static.aminer.org/pdf/20170130/pdfs/sigsoft/yzqk8xu40oelvjhpgt36vcmubwmkg9cf.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e7/23/e7231f1b144537a069b570e82c09bcc8e1dbb7f2.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/3106237.3106264"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

An Adaptive Behavioral-Based Incremental Batch Learning Malware Variants Detection Model using Concept Drift Detection and Sequential Deep Learning

Abdulbasit A. Darem, Fuad A. Ghaleb, Asma A. Al-Hashmi, Jemal H. Abawajy, Sultan M. Alanazi, Afrah Y. AL-Rezami
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
Dynamic analysis methods are effective for detecting obfuscated malware because it is difficult for malware authors to hide the actual intent of the program.  ...  Traditional anti-virus programs maintain a database that contains signatures of all known malware.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2021.3093366">doi:10.1109/access.2021.3093366</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/avowmx2fc5dylbnncainoq535u">fatcat:avowmx2fc5dylbnncainoq535u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210701072107/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/6287639/6514899/09467300.pdf?tp=&amp;arnumber=9467300&amp;isnumber=6514899&amp;ref=" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4e/65/4e6532a3d98d3fcb15e8208514f14efdeb724eaa.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2021.3093366"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Benchmarking Obfuscators of Functionality [article]

Clark Thomborson
<span title="2015-01-13">2015</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We propose a set of benchmarks for evaluating the practicality of software obfuscators which rely on provably-secure methods for functional obfuscation.  ...  obfuscators, or semantic obfuscators (in which portions of the program are expressed in a programming language that is initially unknown to the adversary).  ...  After every COPY, this register is incremented: PI += 1 mod w. Initially PI = 0.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1501.02885v1">arXiv:1501.02885v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wfylymx6jvarbdcwgxz73m55dy">fatcat:wfylymx6jvarbdcwgxz73m55dy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200829232653/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1501.02885v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/55/e6/55e6f257651dd92aca444d268e63e8a45c091746.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1501.02885v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>
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