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Effects of User Interfaces on Take-Over Performance: A Review of the Empirical Evidence

Soyeon Kim, René van Egmond, Riender Happee
2021 Information  
In automated driving, the user interface plays an essential role in guiding transitions between automated and manual driving.  ...  We categorized user interface (UI) factors from an automated vehicle-related information perspective.  ...  In Yang [39] , the vehicle's intention (vehicle action) and detection of a potential hazard (surrounding) were displayed using ambient light.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info12040162 fatcat:rgkpzabrnjctjaohwbralotd5e

Older Drivers' Experience With Automated Vehicle Technology: Interim Analysis of a Demonstration Study

Sherrilene Classen, Justin Mason, James Wersal, Virginia Sisiopiku, Jason Rogers
2020 Frontiers in Sustainable Cities  
In this study, older drivers' trust and perceived safety increased after being exposed to the driving simulator or automated shuttle compared to baseline.  ...  An interim analysis (N = 69) compares older drivers' perceptions before and after exposure to the automated simulator and automated shuttle.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Institute for Mobility, Activity, and Participation provided infrastructure and support for this study.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frsc.2020.00027 fatcat:zfr2mo6i4zdoxpnhxa7cy5m4n4

Automated Vehicle Handover Interface Design: Focus Groups with Learner, Intermediate and Advanced Drivers

Jediah R. Clark, Neville A. Stanton, Kirsten M. A. Revell
2020 Automotive Innovation  
Three focus groups generated detailed designs for vehicle-to-driver transitions in an 1-h and a 10-min "out-of-the-loop" scenarios and transitions from driver to vehicle.  ...  Customization was a common theme throughout, with drivers desiring the option to adjust alert timings and modalities in which information is displayed.  ...  reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42154-019-00085-x fatcat:hxzz6cnqmrb6dmfzolxwgsmmom

Older drivers' experience with automated vehicle technology

Sherrilene Classen, Justin Mason, Seung Woo Hwangbo, James Wersal, Jason Rogers, Virginia Sisiopiku
2021 Journal of Transport and Health  
Participants completed pre-and post-exposure surveys, to report their perceptions via the Automated Vehicle User Perception Survey.  ...  Methods: This study used a repeated measures crossover design, with random allocation of 104 older drivers who were exposed to an automated shuttle and a driving simulator in automated mode (Level 4, Society  ...  Therefore, increasing the user's level of knowledge, understanding, emotions and experience with AVs may reduce the potential users' anxiety, increase their trust, and demonstrate positive perceptions  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jth.2021.101107 fatcat:3ywjgckzp5fevns4jr4gfqd2vq

Improvement of autonomous vehicles trust through synesthetic-based multimodal interaction

Xiaofeng Sun, Yimin Zhang
2021 IEEE Access  
(a) and (b) show the LED lights displayed on the steering wheel during the experiment of group B, while (c) and (d) show the LED lights displayed on the steering wheel during the experiment of group A.  ...  We use red and blue ambient light in the experiment, which indicates that red ambient light is more likely to prompt the driver to take over in ETC.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3059071 fatcat:menborh3y5cgvid47oxxytehdu

Displaying the Driving State of Automated Vehicles to Other Road Users: An International, Virtual Reality-Based Study as a First Step for the Harmonized Regulations of Novel Signaling Devices

Timo Singer, Jonas Kobbert, Babak Zandi, Tran Quoc Khanh
2020 IEEE transactions on intelligent transportation systems (Print)  
Additional signaling devices for highly automated vehicles (AVs) that can communicate their driving state to other road users can simplify the integration process in existing road traffic.  ...  situations with an AV in a parking lot.  ...  On the one hand, it can be argued that a special light signal makes an automated vehicle even easier to detect, thus increasing road users' hostility towards AV's even further (especially with regard to  ... 
doi:10.1109/tits.2020.3032777 fatcat:kg4o5ocr5zdvdlnzpa4mfec4em

"What's the Robo-Driver up to?" Requirements for Screen-based Awareness and Intent Communication in Autonomous Buses

Peter Fröhlich, Raimund Schatz, Markus Buchta, Johann Schrammel, Stefan Suette, Manfred Tscheligi
2019 I-COM: A Journal of Interactive and Cooperative Media  
In order to investigate the need and requirements for information about the vehicle's awareness and intent from the perspective of first-time users, we conducted two user studies in a state-of-the-art  ...  In the first study, participants underwent a demonstration ride with the bus and were then asked about their needs for awareness and intent communication.  ...  an awareness and intent communication display for automated buses.  ... 
doi:10.1515/icom-2018-0032 fatcat:pzxjc7g555c3tddiogcrcjb7yi

Short paper

Jun Han, Yue-Hsun Lin, Adrian Perrig, Fan Bai
2014 Proceedings of the 2014 ACM conference on Security and privacy in wireless & mobile networks - WiSec '14  
We present novel security protocols and provide complete implementation and user study results.  ...  With the increasing popularity of mobile devices, drivers and passengers will naturally want to connect their devices to their cars.  ...  However, we envision that more responsive ambient sensors installed in newer phones will increase the speed. MVSec uses the ambient light sensor as a proof-of-concept.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2627393.2627400 dblp:conf/wisec/HanLPB14 fatcat:k5fbgoovqbgidi3dm636vdmdtq

Human–Machine Interface in Transport Systems: An Industrial Overview for More Extended Rail Applications

Simon Enjalbert, Livia Maria Gandini, Alexandre Pereda Baños, Stefano Ricci, Frederic Vanderhaegen
2021 Machines  
It presents and comments on different HMIs from the perspective of vehicle automation equipment and simulators of different application domains.  ...  Considering the fields of cognition and automation, this investigation highlights human factors and the experiences of different industries according to industrial and literature reviews.  ...  Studies on the user experience aboard autonomous or semi-autonomous vehicles are important as they provide insight on the question of trust in Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs).  ... 
doi:10.3390/machines9020036 fatcat:4bbgblanebcwxna4lpq4s4epzi

Adaptive Transitions for Automation in Cars, Trucks, Busses and Motorcycles

Frederik Diederichs, Alessia Knauss, Marc Willbrink, Yannis Lilis, Evangelia Chrysochoou, Anna Anund, Evangelos Bekiaris, Stella Nikolaou, Nikos Dimokas, Svitlana Finer, Hamid Sanatnama, Luca Zanovello (+13 others)
2020 IET Intelligent Transport Systems  
Automated vehicles are entering the roads and automation is applied to cars, trucks, buses, and even motorcycles today. High automation foresees transitions during driving in both directions.  ...  The HMI framework is applied in the target vehicles: passenger car, truck, bus, and motorcycle, and in seven different use cases.  ...  For this module, drivers will connect to a specific vehicle (e.g. via Wi-Fi) and the driver display preferences (defined during user profile creation) will be uploaded.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-its.2018.5342 fatcat:efs55kambvhazkm6oeda4eu7kq

Taming the eHMI jungle: A classification taxonomy to guide, compare, and assess the design principles of automated vehicles' external human-machine interfaces

Debargha Dey, Azra Habibovic, Andreas Löcken, Philipp Wintersberger, Bastian Pfleging, Andreas Riener, Marieke Martens, Jacques Terken
2020 Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives  
Psychology working in the domain of user-centered design and the user experience of interactions between automated vehicles and other road users.  ...  In each of these cases, the evaluation involved only one automated vehicle and one other road user.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trip.2020.100174 fatcat:yfrfuilf4ne75kbmermr7fmlry

Take-over requests in highly automated driving: A crowdsourcing survey on auditory, vibrotactile, and visual displays

P. Bazilinskyy, S.M. Petermeijer, V. Petrovych, D. Dodou, J.C.F. de Winter
2018 Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour  
An important research question in the domain of highly automated driving is how to aid drivers in transitions between manual and automated control.  ...  Until highly automated cars are available, knowledge on this topic has to be obtained via simulators and self-report questionnaires.  ...  The research presented in this paper is being conducted in the project HFAuto -Human Factors of Automated Driving (PITN-GA-2013-605817).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trf.2018.04.001 fatcat:fikm2qv2f5hwticz4zxu35mkje

A Case Study of Trust on Autonomous Driving [article]

Shili Sheng, Erfan Pakdamanian, Kyungtae Han, BaekGyu Kim, Prashant Tiwari, Inki Kim, Lu Feng
2019 arXiv   pre-print
., automation alarms, weather conditions) on trust, and the individual variability in human reaction time and trust change.  ...  Each participant was asked to enter their trust level in a Likert scale in real-time during experiments on a driving simulator.  ...  to simulate the experience of being in a vehicle.  ... 
arXiv:1904.11007v2 fatcat:qr3k66y6kfgi5lju7c3gc2niy4

Displays for Productive Non-Driving Related Tasks: Visual Behavior and Its Impact in Conditionally Automated Driving

Clemens Schartmüller, Klemens Weigl, Andreas Löcken, Philipp Wintersberger, Marco Steinhauser, Andreas Riener
2021 Multimodal Technologies and Interaction  
In SAE L3 automation, vehicles can require the driver-passenger to take over driving controls, though.  ...  (1) Background: Primary driving tasks are increasingly being handled by vehicle automation so that support for non-driving related tasks (NDRTs) is becoming more and more important.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results  ... 
doi:10.3390/mti5040021 fatcat:l2c6wcmenvgfhb4oghiuljpvby

Automated Driving: A Literature Review of the Take over Request in Conditional Automation

Walter Morales-Alvarez, Oscar Sipele, Régis Léberon, Hadj Hamma Tadjine, Cristina Olaverri-Monreal
2020 Electronics  
In this case, the driver's state plays a fundamental role, as a low attention level might increase driver reaction time to take over control of the vehicle.  ...  This paper summarizes and analyzes previously published works in the field of conditional automation and the TOR process.  ...  inspired by [82] ); (e) ambient lights installed on the driver's periphery [38]; (f) matrix of tactors installed in the driver's seat [83] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9122087 fatcat:x2d42oex7fayxoegi3mjyrvuzu
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