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POSSIBILITIES OF DEFENSE SPENDING STABILIZATION

Vladan Holcner, Aleš Olejníček
<span title="2017-09-28">2017</span> <i title="Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center"> Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues </i> &nbsp;
Mobilization, Reviewed to a Changed Resources Framework ).  ...  The whole world is in the search of solution how to deal with the constantly increasing need for the constant supply of cheap and efficient energy.  ...  The current research in the computer systems and Information technology predetermine Cloud Computing as the more effective solution in terms of effective application of BI to Enterprise (Chen, Chiang,  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.9770/jssi.2017.7.1(1)">doi:10.9770/jssi.2017.7.1(1)</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7biezjgxfraj5ipjtslc46n7fu">fatcat:7biezjgxfraj5ipjtslc46n7fu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180422123933/http://www.lka.lt/lt/moksline-veikla/leidiniai/journal-of-security-sak9/journal-of-security-krna/download.html?id=1045;pdf_id=52640" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4c/f5/4cf55ba62c15257651c4aa34bccce69da7cffdd7.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.9770/jssi.2017.7.1(1)"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

The Rise of Spending Conditionality in the EU: What Can EU Learn from the U.S. Conditional Spending Doctrine and Policies?

Viorica Vita
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/tol7woxlqjeg5bmzadeg6qrg3e" style="color: black;">Social Science Research Network</a> </i> &nbsp;
In particular, the comparative study shows that conditionality may prove an effective governance device to advance important Union-wide policy objectives at the state level.  ...  This paper seeks to explore the synergies between budget and policy through the use of what was called 'spending conditionality' in the EU and 'conditional spending' in the U.S.  ...  Conceptualizing spending conditions Spending conditions as a governance device Spending conditions are essential elements in the art of governing though budgets.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3062680">doi:10.2139/ssrn.3062680</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/oiccvvyuvrc4fecbk7me5xxa2i">fatcat:oiccvvyuvrc4fecbk7me5xxa2i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190414003718/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/131933993.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b3/3b/b33b51177eefcaa7ffb408c49a2e62e4e7268218.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3062680"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ssrn.com </button> </a>

Government Education Spending and Education Outcome in Nigeria

Charles Uchenna Obi
<span title="">2016</span> <i title="Science Publishing Group"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/bvr766sgkne5loypypyz5ip5bm" style="color: black;">International Journal of Economics Finance and Management Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
The study recommends among other things, that government should spend more on education which needs to be targeted for the desired effects to be realized.  ...  Employing Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) unit root test and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) technique, the study revealed that public education spending has a positive and significant effect on education outcome  ...  Also more people will experience social mobility.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijefm.20160404.18">doi:10.11648/j.ijefm.20160404.18</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xyhnlsytrjaezpehkxjwav5jki">fatcat:xyhnlsytrjaezpehkxjwav5jki</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180722003301/http://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijefm.20160404.18.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ff/d0/ffd060901b65e507f7adf52865fa0dadb106a82e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijefm.20160404.18"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Fiscal Incentives, Public Spending, and Productivity – County-Level Evidence from a Chinese Province

Stefan Brehm
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/yrk4o6nbqbab7evzxefv5f7w24" style="color: black;">World Development</a> </i> &nbsp;
County-level data on Zhejiang Province in China between 1995 and 2005 suggest that public spending contributes to economic efficiency significantly more when fiscal incentives are strong.  ...  Firstly, fiscal decentralization is not considered to be a source of growth in itself but rather an incentive scheme that impacts local governments' spending behaviors in response to economic needs.  ...  Thus, the mobility of consumer-voters constitutes a relatively low priority for local-government spending behavior.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.01.029">doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.01.029</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/swi4cq3uqncmxc5k5nnyt7ukum">fatcat:swi4cq3uqncmxc5k5nnyt7ukum</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200325002635/https://works.bepress.com/stefan_brehm/9/download/" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/cd/06/cd06a09a9e7f464b6612c86a21bc82b3d8845abd.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.01.029"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

College Athletics Spending: Principals and Agents v. Arms Race

Rodney Fort
<span title="2016-02-29">2016</span> <i title="The University of Kansas"> Journal of Amateur Sport </i> &nbsp;
And the interpretation of the data on spending and benefits from college sports has not been done particularly well in the past.  ...  If not, incentive compatible devices where the agent shares in specified, direct ways (e.g., profit sharing) may prove more effective.  ...  The direct evidence taken in support of an arms race is rapidly escalating spending compared either to the general increase in prices or (and especially) compared to increases in spending on college academic  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.17161/jas.v2i1.5673">doi:10.17161/jas.v2i1.5673</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mzomb5qo3zc2rg5xghfed2uonm">fatcat:mzomb5qo3zc2rg5xghfed2uonm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170922013659/https://journals.ku.edu/index.php/jams/article/viewFile/5673/5159" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e6/be/e6be2a4e84422bc88094fb6c5ff8185ee4f1a765.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.17161/jas.v2i1.5673"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A 36-Hospital Time and Motion Study: How Do Medical-Surgical Nurses Spend Their Time?

Ann Hendrich
<span title="2008-06-01">2008</span> <i title="The Permanente Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/gmc25ggqqbdnzjjkocc25vlpxe" style="color: black;">The Permanente Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of nursing care is essential to hospital function and the delivery of safe patient care.  ...  Objective: We undertook a time and motion study to document how nurses spend their time. The goal was to identify drivers of inefficiency in nursing work processes and nursing unit design.  ...  Nurses traveled less distance during nighttime shifts when most activities and patient tasks change (patients are less mobile, pain often increases).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7812/tpp/08-021">doi:10.7812/tpp/08-021</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hxsbd3whs5gmvklgswx4qf45va">fatcat:hxsbd3whs5gmvklgswx4qf45va</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809124243/http://www.ihi.org/Engage/Memberships/Passport/Documents/Hendrich%20-%20Time%20and%20Motion%20Study.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ce/2f/ce2fe7dbcef3b7189abe9ae013d1c23c590537e0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7812/tpp/08-021"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Return on Advertising Spend Prediction with Task Decomposition-Based LSTM Model

Hyeonseok Moon, Taemin Lee, Jaehyung Seo, Chanjun Park, Sugyeong Eo, Imatitikua D. Aiyanyo, Jeongbae Park, Aram So, Kyoungwha Ok, Kinam Park
<span title="2022-05-11">2022</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ye33srllvnanjouxn4tmrfgjsq" style="color: black;">Mathematics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Return on advertising spend (ROAS) refers to the ratio of revenue generated by advertising projects to its expense. It is used to assess the effectiveness of advertising marketing.  ...  Through comparative experiments, we reveal that these approaches can effectively deal with the advertising data, in which the label is mainly set to zero-label.  ...  ad_program Ad program id of the data query string categorical device Device that data is collected (Mobile or PC) string categorical impr Ad dwell time of the customer integer numeric click Number of  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/math10101637">doi:10.3390/math10101637</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6ownp75iejhrrnxfh5756l7cyu">fatcat:6ownp75iejhrrnxfh5756l7cyu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220513015802/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/mathematics/mathematics-10-01637/article_deploy/mathematics-10-01637-v2.pdf?version=1652329756" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/67/d4/67d48b5a733a4deede34364bf8ce1958500014ef.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/math10101637"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

The Interbellum Constitution and the Spending Power

Alison L. LaCroix
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/tol7woxlqjeg5bmzadeg6qrg3e" style="color: black;">Social Science Research Network</a> </i> &nbsp;
Today, the mechanism of the spending power helps to drive the gears of the modern federal machine.  ...  Studying the evolution of the spending power over time, especially where the text itself remains constant, demonstrates that ideas about federal structure are not fixed.  ...  Davis, 301 U.S. 548, 590 (1937) (noting that congressional exercises of the spending power must not cross from "pressure" into "compulsion"); United States v.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2228335">doi:10.2139/ssrn.2228335</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ciehjiqmenhzhiul575kfwjxwa">fatcat:ciehjiqmenhzhiul575kfwjxwa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160608193231/http://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=11900&amp;context=journal_articles" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/46/08/460816c5c0831ba0add4cc1d8185ee3b74234ded.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2228335"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ssrn.com </button> </a>

Leaders' Impact on Public Spending Priorities: The Case of the German Laender

Bernd Hayo, Florian Neumeier
<span title="2012-10-18">2012</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/c5jxhqkjojfb5iazfiqq2v75xe" style="color: black;">Kyklos (Basel)</a> </i> &nbsp;
Applying sociological theory, we link preferences for the composition of public spending to social status.  ...  Our prime contribution is an investigation into how political leaders' socioeconomic background influences public spending priorities.  ...  They do find pre-electoral increases in spending on administration and health, but the economic effects are rather small.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/kykl.12003">doi:10.1111/kykl.12003</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cymgcxrbxzfq7f6k5u26m4cvyq">fatcat:cymgcxrbxzfq7f6k5u26m4cvyq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170923014046/https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/56501/1/68528686X.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8c/de/8cde282b4c36fe1d6a3bd03088c4199f6a8705bc.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/kykl.12003"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Explainable AI for Psychological Profiling from Digital Footprints: A Case Study of Big Five Personality Predictions from Spending Data [article]

Yanou Ramon, Sandra C. Matz, R.A. Farrokhnia, David Martens
<span title="2021-11-12">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
First, we demonstrate how global rule extraction sheds light on the spending patterns identified by the model as most predictive for personality, and discuss how these rules can be used to explain, validate  ...  for why they are seeing a given ad.  ...  For example, visualizations of feature effects are mentioned in [16] as a way to increase interpretability in personality computing applications, by tracing how the outcome variable changes as the value  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2111.06908v1">arXiv:2111.06908v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wkyt7zwuhff2nn4inuby5tiq7q">fatcat:wkyt7zwuhff2nn4inuby5tiq7q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211123024024/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2111.06908v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0a/f4/0af4802b3cd144b8ca533a4437812cfbe616c16e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2111.06908v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

A 36-hospital time and motion study: how do medical-surgical nurses spend their time?

Ann Hendrich, Marilyn P Chow, Boguslaw A Skierczynski, Zhenqiang Lu
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="The Permanente Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/gmc25ggqqbdnzjjkocc25vlpxe" style="color: black;">The Permanente Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of nursing care is essential to hospital function and the delivery of safe patient care.  ...  We undertook a time and motion study to document how nurses spend their time. The goal was to identify drivers of inefficiency in nursing work processes and nursing unit design.  ...  Nurses traveled less distance during nighttime shifts when most activities and patient tasks change (patients are less mobile, pain often increases).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21331207">pmid:21331207</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3037121/">pmcid:PMC3037121</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/z7ab4cqpafd7bn6yortncml6pu">fatcat:z7ab4cqpafd7bn6yortncml6pu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200501123340/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC3037121&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/20/34/2034faff6328925f73b87e6c7f0f7113d27002b6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3037121" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Leaders' Impact on Public Spending Priorities: The Case of the German Laender

Bernd Hayo, Florian Neumeier
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/tol7woxlqjeg5bmzadeg6qrg3e" style="color: black;">Social Science Research Network</a> </i> &nbsp;
Applying sociological theory, we link preferences for the composition of public spending to social status.  ...  Our prime contribution is an investigation into how political leaders' socioeconomic background influences public spending priorities.  ...  They do find pre-electoral increases in spending on administration and health, but the economic effects are rather small.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2005020">doi:10.2139/ssrn.2005020</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hs3ihv7glnfuxezp3fizmswkwy">fatcat:hs3ihv7glnfuxezp3fizmswkwy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170923014046/https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/56501/1/68528686X.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8c/de/8cde282b4c36fe1d6a3bd03088c4199f6a8705bc.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2005020"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ssrn.com </button> </a>

Spending on Pharmaceuticals in Italy: Macro Constraints with Local Autonomy

Vittorio Mapelli, Carlo Lucioni
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/tos277qsl5cxhplp2mhsa6h5p4" style="color: black;">Value in Health</a> </i> &nbsp;
Drug policy and spending decisions are both influenced by central government and local authorities.  ...  Italy has no centralized office for health technology assessment and this hinders the search for an efficient use of drugs. At the "micro" level, however, the LHEs are showing  ...  Algebraic addition of compensation funds for regional cross-boundaries flows of patients, so-called "health mobility," that accounts for approximately 1.5% of total budget.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1524-4733.6.s1.4.x">doi:10.1046/j.1524-4733.6.s1.4.x</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12846924">pmid:12846924</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bfeflrmjsjcddkneg5ynw5rxlu">fatcat:bfeflrmjsjcddkneg5ynw5rxlu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130928063314/http://ispor.org/workpaper/DrugBudgetSilo/SpendingonPharmaceuticalsinItalyMacroConstraintswithLocalAutonomy.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1a/5b/1a5be09c15011397f5bc4bd20ef7ba9e6a0f3592.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1524-4733.6.s1.4.x"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

From 'Make do and Mend' to 'Your Country Needs You to Spend': Constructing the Consumer in Late-Modernity [chapter]

<span title="2016-03-09">2016</span> <i title="Routledge"> Consumerism on TV </i> &nbsp;
Dedicated to a renewed engagement with culture, this series fosters critical, contextual analyses and cross-disciplinary examinations of popular culture as a site of cultural politics.  ...  He added, "The Listerine people, of course, were not so lucky.  ...  Materialism became an intrinsic component of the American Dream, and was soon to cross borders.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315573724-6">doi:10.4324/9781315573724-6</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/j2mbq5rpnvdftkhqh5ckiwtaje">fatcat:j2mbq5rpnvdftkhqh5ckiwtaje</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229042051/https://s3-euw1-ap-pe-ws4-capi2-distribution-p.s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/books/9781315573724/HUBPMP/9781315573724_googleScholarPDF.pdf?response-content-disposition=attachment%3B%20filename%3D%229781315573724_googlepreview.pdf%22&amp;response-content-type=application%2Fpdf&amp;x-amz-security-token=IQoJb3JpZ2luX2VjEJz%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2FwEaCWV1LXdlc3QtMSJGMEQCIAsZGrGJxZY26zMVN%2FAn4AL2PGbCx1KYozdGZd8szaUpAiAolnh4CnUSZM1GptYVcFknsir2anyUPNP3ZV77DfFssyq0AwhVEAIaDDAxMjE3NzI2NDUxMSIMY%2F3TwIp7DBbcInqjKpEDNclTPlmcHrpFPZuQ0aBgnUTHtKbC7RQIq%2Bg2tmeoGEWOpsHDHDpqgvtom%2FXidFW%2Bt%2FVd9sQV%2FpKWG0JVBqgNWs5eCfDnga5nDz%2FMVWfH2UK3gbJ7ixFUspBCQ5%2Fi0AuZzilWtVuYqbt4WZzCYW2T4Fi9dZ3Sh3Lh45E8Byl57jbLFy%2BAjdWA0hJzl0vRJtFt8YzFUa%2BuL9d02bPZ6kv2ShjQQMTZhKAzhBZDVkEbAnxnXjNW7mQi24Gjy8S%2F%2BDEv%2FAfJ2dbAMjNSfffczlfA5%2BheLWhrIVYRBt4Kz1E4%2FRZJcYX43c0vmy0v4YX%2B4gj7Eq6%2BtcnBB61RrNjNevLujzpmOuXJWxdxZptLn6M8Of475zJLPbepCDW%2B5ZPutXQ%2BKI%2B%2Bvr4ulyDIj5b%2BWEV9COjZSVpQwqGk%2Fi0aq13dRrCF9iO3HYmieucuXY%2FC8VYsbBU3IK2a7XqgJKSoYWZWB4B19mcmvC5cFjs5PTQCIyc0S5qVnesuTpH3vCTD9CoEU2JhCpRzOhaWxoC2KS0RPNsw8MOq%2FwU67AGwCE7KVwo0d%2Fvi9PWxQJmdPxhqwLK4SaXAH1u4%2F5tPO7zFurOmJIsl697pQsI6X37ahyk9tWu1AD0QIVOGdWS3nL%2Fb%2F0DTAK%2B9wHVmyGfYGFApp%2F%2BrxY9drOAsLzRY5ab1aUV6oqa3C72Pg4HXXuG9lwh75%2FgH2CygdDi3d7OdCoZQ10N4N%2B8iFBKL4gRtAhiJo1qWGlDVvItrKfCKm03pdHDj1d3isO4jtSR%2FpkIDunXGhjeN68HWpgs6egc%2B6VZ61IY4jSZWgcj%2F2GE7VL0500UyczY%2BjgTGAkvSmUmpHNtrGshq02TD8%2BIL%2FQ%3D%3D&amp;AWSAccessKeyId=ASIAQFVOSJ5745ABUPOJ&amp;Expires=1609820448&amp;Signature=1pSmggZY7NW27xJFulCJ7hwRRP0%3D" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bb/3c/bb3c00260d8c2a5bbd41a0b2766ed04acb31a8b4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315573724-6"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Blockchain System Defensive Overview for Double-Spend and Selfish Mining Attacks: A Systematic Approach

Kervins Nicolas, Yi Wang, George C. Giakos, Bingyang Wei, Hongda Shen
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
INDEX TERMS Blockchain, double-spend attack, selfish mining attack, systematic review.  ...  We took the initiative to present a systematic study which sheds light on what defensive strategies are used to secure the blockchain system effectively.  ...  search strategies.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.3047365">doi:10.1109/access.2020.3047365</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6ofb6os2mfea7alfc3l4hnbqly">fatcat:6ofb6os2mfea7alfc3l4hnbqly</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210429092610/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/6287639/9312710/09308934.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ec/31/ec31d91b4ccae49f84fd74ad04509bb0b6709961.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.3047365"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>
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