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Including Signed Languages in Natural Language Processing [article]

Kayo Yin, Amit Moryossef, Julie Hochgesang, Yoav Goldberg, Malihe Alikhani
2021 arXiv   pre-print
However, existing research in Sign Language Processing (SLP) seldom attempt to explore and leverage the linguistic organization of signed languages.  ...  Since signed languages exhibit all the fundamental linguistic properties of natural language, we believe that tools and theories of Natural Language Processing (NLP) are crucial towards its modeling.  ...  Towards Including Signed Languages in Natural Language Processing The limitations in the design of current SLP models often stem from the lack of exploring the linguistic possibilities of signed languages  ... 
arXiv:2105.05222v2 fatcat:cghvbb26zngtvn5eld3o4ok5pa

Including Signed Languages in Natural Language Processing

Kayo Yin, Amit Moryossef, Julie Hochgesang, Yoav Goldberg, Malihe Alikhani
2021 Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 11th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 1: Long Papers)   unpublished
However, existing research in Sign Language Processing (SLP) seldom attempt to explore and leverage the linguistic organization of signed languages.  ...  Since signed languages exhibit all the fundamental linguistic properties of natural language, we believe that tools and theories of Natural Language Processing (NLP) are crucial towards its modeling.  ...  Towards Including Signed Languages in Natural Language Processing The limitations in the design of current SLP models often stem from the lack of exploring the linguistic possibilities of signed languages  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.acl-long.570 fatcat:enysbvoxlnclvgtbtquwnllop4

A Process to Develop Sign Language Corpus using Crowdsourcing

2020 VOLUME-8 ISSUE-10, AUGUST 2019, REGULAR ISSUE  
Sign language is a general term which includes any kind of gestural language that makes use of signs and gestures to convey message.  ...  Therefore, in order to help and assist the deaf community a repository of different sign languages are essential for each sign language.  ...  There exist repositories of several sign languages of the world. These repositories include gestures of a sign language for a natural language word.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijitee.e2975.039520 fatcat:ne4srekw3bazbikyl63ujf6y74

Language as a multimodal phenomenon: implications for language learning, processing and evolution

G. Vigliocco, P. Perniss, D. Vinson
2014 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
obvious and highly salient in sign languages, namely the multimodal nature of language and the iconicity of language.  ...  The need to prove the status of sign languages as fully-fledged natural human languages meant proving the existence of structures and categories in sign languages equivalent to those in spoken languages  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2013.0292 pmid:25092660 pmcid:PMC4123671 fatcat:3oittdypzvcy7kbhhl3pck47wm

Natural Language Processing Theory, Applications and Difficulties

Mrs. Anjali Gharat, Mrs. Helina Tandel, Mr. Ketan Bagade
2019 Zenodo  
In this paper the natural language generation and Natural language understanding is discussed.  ...  Research in this field has produced remarkable results, leading to many exciting expectations and new challenges. This field is known as Natural language Processing.  ...  Natural Language Processing In this topic Natural Language Processing (NLP) fundamentals are discussed. What is NLP?  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3588159 fatcat:nmxvnclzmzej3agq4poqwbas6a

Sign Language Recognition, Generation, and Translation

Danielle Bragg, Tessa Verhoef, Christian Vogler, Meredith Ringel Morris, Oscar Koller, Mary Bellard, Larwan Berke, Patrick Boudreault, Annelies Braffort, Naomi Caselli, Matt Huenerfauth, Hernisa Kacorri
2019 The 21st International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility - ASSETS '19  
Developing successful sign language recognition, generation, and translation systems requires expertise in a wide range of felds, including computer vision, computer graphics, natural language processing  ...  Despite the need for deep interdisciplinary knowledge, existing research occurs in separate disciplinary silos, and tackles separate portions of the sign language processing pipeline.  ...  Modeling & Natural Language Processing Because sign languages are minority languages lacking data, the vast majority of work in MT and NLP focuses on spoken and written languages, not sign languages.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3308561.3353774 dblp:conf/assets/BraggKBBBBCHKVV19 fatcat:zxwydfprhze5jbry743mek7mqy

Speech-like cerebral activity in profoundly deaf people processing signed languages: Implications for the neural basis of human language

L. A. Petitto, R. J. Zatorre, K. Gauna, E. J. Nikelski, D. Dostie, A. C. Evans
2000 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Using positron emission tomography, we report cerebral blood flow activity in profoundly deaf signers processing specific aspects of sign language in key brain sites widely assumed to be unimodal speech  ...  Such neural specialization for aspects of language patterning appears to be neurally unmodifiable in so far as languages with radically different sensory modalities such as speech and sign are processed  ...  to the processing of natural signed languages.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.97.25.13961 pmid:11106400 pmcid:PMC17683 fatcat:iz7wmbvzufaave654ui7ae5nga

Early acquisition of sign language: What neuroimaging data tell us

Evie Malaia, Ronnie B. Wilbur
2010 Sign Language and Linguistics  
Comparing the function of each brain region with regards to the processing of spoken and sign languages, we attempt to clarify the role each region plays in language processing in general, and to outline  ...  Early acquisition of a natural language, signed or spoken, has been shown to fundamentally impact both one's ability to use the first language, and the ability to learn subsequent languages later in life  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by the National Institutes of Health grant DC00524 and the National Science Foundation Linguistics Program grant #0345314.  ... 
doi:10.1075/sll.13.2.03mal pmid:21847357 pmcid:PMC3155772 fatcat:pu4shnbg25az5mjksgaejaf2f4

A Crowdsourcing Based Framework for the Development and Validation of Machine Readable Parallel Corpus for Sign Languages

Uzma Farooq, Mohd Shafry Mohd Rahim, Nabeel Sabir Khan, Saim Rasheed, Adnan Abid
2021 IEEE Access  
There are hundreds of different sign languages in the world. Furthermore, like natural languages, there exist different dialects for many sign languages.  ...  This sentence-level corpus can be used in developing and evaluating machine translation models for natural to sign language translation and vice-versa.  ...  His current research interests include human-computer interaction, gamification, and natural language processing.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3091433 fatcat:d2hsnbgr5je75i7ego4zva24zm

Adapting Tests of Sign Language Assessment for Other Sign Languages--A Review of Linguistic, Cultural, and Psychometric Problems

T. Haug, W. Mann
2007 Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education  
instrument to measure the sign language used by deaf people in their country.  ...  This article discusses factors that may influence the adaptation of assessment tests from one natural sign language to another.  ...  In this respect, comparisons of natural sign languages make no exception.  ... 
doi:10.1093/deafed/enm027 pmid:17569751 fatcat:4lpdbvmwnjhvziczu6oe7yrvlu

Talking Fingers - Sign Language Translator

2020 International journal for research in engineering application & management  
There are over 135 different sign languages all around the world including American Sign Language (ASL), Indian Sign Language (ISL) and British Sign Language (BSL).  ...  in Sign Language Images (GIF Format).  ...  computers and human (natural) languages, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of natural language data.  ... 
doi:10.35291/2454-9150.2020.0250 fatcat:iptnzyvdzjb7hevk4wx2mtwtxa

The Influence of the Visual Modality on Language Structure and Conventionalization: Insights From Sign Language and Gesture

Pamela Perniss, Asli Özyürek, Gary Morgan
2015 Topics in Cognitive Science  
in nature through processes of conventionalization.  ...  Sign languages, the natural languages of Deaf communities, use systematic and conventionalized movements of the hands, face, and body for linguistic expression.  ...  Sign languages, the natural languages of Deaf Since the linguistic study of sign languages began in earnest about half a century ago, a primary concern has been to show that sign languages, while exploiting  ... 
doi:10.1111/tops.12127 pmid:25565249 fatcat:lkptfcs2n5ayjavdltmn2bzae4

Special issue: Sign language translation and avatar technology

Rosalee Wolfe
2021 Machine Translation  
Utilizing higher-level language structures to support the production of lower-level structures results in more natural, smoothly flowing motion.  ...  Next, Natural synthesis of productive forms from structured descriptions of sign language, by McDonald and Filhol, proposes an expanded representation to facilitate signed discourse via avatar.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10590-021-09270-4 fatcat:db2wl2lj5vexhbeiwj2a23buwe

Neural systems supporting linguistic structure, linguistic experience, and symbolic communication in sign language and gesture

Aaron J. Newman, Ted Supalla, Nina Fernandez, Elissa L. Newport, Daphne Bavelier
2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
an influence of experience on the perception of nonlinguistic stimuli. brain | American Sign Language | fMRI | deafness | neuroplasticity S ign languages such as American Sign Language (ASL) are natural  ...  In the present study, we had three goals: to investigate the neural processing of linguistic structure in American Sign Language (using verbs of motion classifier constructions, which may lie at the boundary  ...  ., both gesture and ASL, in signers and nonsigners) would activate areas typically seen in both sign language and meaningful gesture processing, including the left IFG and the SMG and STSp bilaterally.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1510527112 pmid:26283352 pmcid:PMC4577150 fatcat:ix6av3yntrgdjiclfuc532pdsu

Automatic Technologies for Processing Spoken Sign Languages

Alexey Karpov, Irina Kipyatkova, Milos Zelezny
2016 Procedia Computer Science  
In this paper, we present a computer system for text-to-sign language synthesis for the Russian and Czech Sign Languages.  ...  Sign languages are known as a natural means for verbal communication of the deaf and hard of hearing people.  ...  processing, including sign language analysis and synthesis.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2016.04.050 fatcat:bn7zmnnlvzg6zkpj7itl3km2x4
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