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Leveraging volunteer fact checking to identify misinformation about COVID-19 in social media

Hyunuk Kim, Dylan Walker
2020 Harvard Kennedy School Misinformation Review  
This strategy is more efficient than keyword-based search in identifying COVID-19 misinformation about antibiotics and a cure.  ...  From this intuition, we implemented a strategy that detects emerging health misinformation by tracking replies that seem to provide accurate information.  ...  search that inspects misinformation in a set of tweets containing context-specific keywords.  ... 
doi:10.37016/mr-2020-021 fatcat:h4hasrel5vckhcamitv3d2k5ne

Infodemic, Misinformation and Disinformation in Pandemics: Scientific Landscape and the Road Ahead for Public Health Informatics Research [chapter]

Javad Pool, Farhad Fatehi, Saeed Akhlaghpour
2021 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
., an overabundance of health information, misinformation, and disinformation, impede implementing best public health policies during a public health crisis such as COVID-19.  ...  In response to epidemics and pandemics, access to authentic sources of information plays a critical role in informing public health practices.  ...  Future research can examine hot infodemic topics such as social media and misinformation (i.e. studying the effective use of social media in the context of pandemics misinformation).  ... 
doi:10.3233/shti210278 pmid:34042681 fatcat:mnq7trbyr5a5xd7ngy4qfjdpvm

Misinformation Battle Revisited: Counter Strategies from Clinics to Artificial Intelligence

Amir Ebrahimi Fard, Shajeeshan Lingeswaran
2020 Companion Proceedings of the Web Conference 2020  
This issue has been addressed in this study by a comprehensive analysis over decades of societal efforts against misinformation.  ...  Our analyses show that, despite a seemingly suitable setting for confronting misinformation, there is a major shortcoming in governance mode of current quelling strategies.  ...  MITIGATION OF MISINFORMATION In this section, we elaborate on quelling strategies against misinformation. We review strategies from organisational and state perspectives.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3366424.3384373 dblp:conf/www/FardL20 fatcat:rzlcbmc3xjaw3oetu3mrarji64

Finding Strategies Against Misinformation in Social Media: A Qualitative Study [article]

Jacqueline Urakami, Yeongdae Kim, Hiroki Oura, Katie Seaborn
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Our goal is to develop a new strategy for countering misinformation: intelligent tools that encourage social media users to foster metacognitive skills "in the wild."  ...  Misinformation spread through social media has become a fundamental challenge in modern society.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported by DLab Challenge : Laboratory for Design of Social Innovation in Global Networks (DLab) Research Grant.  ... 
arXiv:2205.00188v1 fatcat:plfxzox2frculiiz6efhc3tonu

The challenges of responding to misinformation during a pandemic: content moderation and the limitations of the concept of harm

Stephanie Alice Baker, Matthew Wade, Michael James Walsh
2020 Media International Australia: Incorporating Culture & Policy  
In this essay, we examine some of the key challenges in implementing these policies in real time and at scale, calling for more transparent and nuanced content moderation strategies to increase public  ...  Global technology companies have responded to these concerns by introducing new content moderation policies based on the concept of harm to tackle the spread of misinformation and disinformation online  ...  Misinformation of this kind could be detected via key word searches and compiled in a register that would open these claims to public audit; distinct from Facebook and Twitter's 'Transparency reports',  ... 
doi:10.1177/1329878x20951301 fatcat:enogpbwds5hprmihwaxd7wgsf4

Developing Counter Strategy for Information Warfare in Health Sector–Sifting 'Real' from 'Fake' News

Tanveer Rehman, Gayathri Surendran, Yuvaraj Krishnamoorthy
2022 International Journal of Medicine and Public Health  
We discuss here the various facets of fake news including its burden in the health sector, pathogenesis, the different psychological perspectives of its spread and strategies to counter it.  ...  Psychological operations, a type of IW, concerns majority of public as it aims to degrade their morale through infodemic and fake news.  ...  misinformation. 19 Strategies to counter fake news The various strategies to counter fake news have to be tailored based on the pathogenesis at work.  ... 
doi:10.5530/ijmedph.2022.2.10 fatcat:q7rpjy6n4jgefka2q6s2zjdpza

The press struggles for credibility in the face of info-toxification: new strategies emerge to counter decentralized hoaxes

James G. Breiner
2021 Comunicación y Hombre  
The emergence of search engines and social media networks in the past two decades created a new media ecosystem that allowed the instantaneous creation, distribution, manipulation, and sharing of content  ...  to a global audience by anyone with a smartphone and internet access.  ...  , and then propose solutions and strategies for combating this misinformation.  ... 
doi:10.32466/eufv-cyh.2021.17.655.39-51 fatcat:zrehd244w5aejpzuqxkeogpeye

COVID-19 Vaccination and the Challenge of Infodemic and Disinformation

Fareeha Farooq, Farooq Azam Rathore
2021 Journal of Korean medical science  
A MEDLINE search on "COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy" on 3 rd March 2021 resulted in 124 results with 68 publications in 2021 alone.  ...  A major milestone in efforts against this pandemic was the rapid and successful development of different vaccines against COVID-19.  ... 
doi:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e78 pmid:33724740 pmcid:PMC7961870 fatcat:3m6tvww2g5egfgkuzsebgw4lhm

COVID-19 and 'immune boosting' on the internet: a content analysis of Google search results

Christen Rachul, Alessandro R Marcon, Benjamin Collins, Timothy Caulfield
2020 BMJ Open  
This study explores how immune boosting is portrayed on the internet during the COVID-19 pandemic.DesignContent analysis.MethodsWe compiled a dataset of 227 webpages from Google searches in Canada and  ...  immune boosting and strategies lacking in evidence may inadvertently help to legitimise the concept, making it a powerful marketing tool.  ...  to the pandemic in Canada and the USA warrant further exploration of how misinformation may impact on perceptions of how to prevent and protect against COVID-19. 16 17 This study, therefore, focuses  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040989 pmid:33109677 fatcat:v3gatpjnxba3hn7dcmll5zblpe

COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptability and Hesitancy in Africa: Implications for Addressing Vaccine Hesitancy

Steward Mudenda
2021 Journal of Biomedical Research & Environmental Sciences  
Therefore, there is a need to develop strategies that will address hesitancy against the COVID-19 vaccines across countries and populations in Africa and the entire globe.  ...  Results: The few studies were done in Africa so far are among healthcare workers and medical students. Acceptance of vaccination against COVID-19 in Africa ranged from 15.4% to 55.9%.  ...  Acknowledgements I am grateful to the University of Zambia e-library which continues to provide access to many articles and other materials used in the writing of articles like this one.  ... 
doi:10.37871/jbres1342 fatcat:j6zloa27wnddhhw6ixkx3vbpka

Evaluating the Impact of Attempts to Correct Health Misinformation on Social Media: A Meta-Analysis

Nathan Walter, John J. Brooks, Camille J. Saucier, Sapna Suresh
2020 Health Communication  
Social media poses a threat to public health by facilitating the spread of misinformation.  ...  To address this gap, the current study uses a meta-analysis to evaluate the relative impact of social media interventions designed to correct health-related misinformation (k = 24; N = 6,086).  ...  This search strategy generated 110 (after removal of duplicates) research reports, which were then assessed for eligibility against the following inclusion criteria: (a) Studies had to include an attempt  ... 
doi:10.1080/10410236.2020.1794553 pmid:32762260 fatcat:bjupiusoqvaspchdioxxt7vzfy

Surfing the Waves of Infodemics: Building a Cohesive Philippine Framework against Misinformation

Joseph Rem Dela Cruz
2021 Journal of Asian Medical Students Association  
individual passivity in searching for legitimate sources puts people at higher risk; (4) current legal frameworks insufficiently characterize and delineate misinformation and disinformation, leading to  ...  Clear roles and responsibilities, along with active stakeholder engagement, are needed to build individual resilience against misinformation and strengthen veritable institutions that aid the country in  ...  Linking digital literacy and online information searching strategies of Philippine university students: The moderating role of mindfulness.  ... 
doi:10.52629/jamsa.v9i1.251 fatcat:g2jsrhjz5fez3bg7o3ky4mrfqa

Critical Thinking: Tools for Internet Information Evaluation

Mary Ann Fitzgerald
2021 IASL Annual Conference Proceedings  
Evaluative strategies from these verbalizations were extracted and analyzed. Findings include a list of strategies and a description of three evaluative "styles."  ...  Finally, suggestions for the use and teaching of these strategies in elementary school through middle school are made.  ...  and balance against topic  ... 
doi:10.29173/iasl8180 fatcat:optjruafmbeshgugylqb7hvbzy

Mistrust and misinformation: A two-component, socio-epistemic model of belief in conspiracy theories

Joseph M. Pierre
2020 Journal of Social and Political Psychology  
The two-component, socio-epistemic model of BCT argues for mitigation strategies that address both mistrust and misinformation processing, with interventions for individuals, institutions of authority,  ...  Consequently, psychological research to date has focused on determining whether there are traits that account for belief in conspiracy theories (BCT) within a deficit model.  ...  To date, the few studies of mitigation strategies against other types of BCT suggest that "inoculation strategies" that offer pre-emptive warnings about exposure to misinformation and conspiracy theories  ... 
doi:10.5964/jspp.v8i2.1362 fatcat:jmpakzgs6fe53icl5xqh337upm

Rising Above Misinformation or Fake News in Africa: Another Strategy to Control COVID-19 Spread

Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, John Elvis Hagan, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Thomas Schack
2020 Frontiers in Communication  
This paper provides a clear understanding on some COVID-19 misinformation, the inherent implications this poses to public health in Africa and highlights the potential strategies to curb this trend.  ...  Misinformation related to the COVID-19 pandemic is gradually gaining much popularity and amplifying the threat facing humanity about the continuous spread of the virus regardless of one's location.  ...  TAKING THE RIGHT MESSAGES AND STRATEGIES TO CONTROL COVID-19 SPREAD Given that misinformation moves rapidly and more widely through different channels, the effective strategy against heightening public  ... 
doi:10.3389/fcomm.2020.00045 fatcat:xera6vyyvvgvto2vyao2k2fya4
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