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Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder. Sodium valproate is one of the commonest broad spectrum antiepileptic drugs and it is used worldwide. Weight gain is the common side effect which is known to be associated with insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to see the association of sodium valproate therapy with insulin resistance among epileptic patients. Methods: It was a cross-sectional analytical study. Total 102 patients (51 epileptic patients with valproate monotherapy for atdoi:10.3329/bjn.v33i2.57519 fatcat:m6lpvmql4bce3g5nzrrj45znra
more »... t one year and another 51 age and sex matched newly diagnosed epileptic patients without any anti-epileptic drugs) were selected in this study. The study was carried out from March 2016 to April 2017 for one year in the epilepsy clinic and outpatient Department of Neurology at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka. Participants underwent anthropometric evaluations and biochemical tests including fasting blood sugar and fasting insulin level. Insulin resistance (IR) index was calculated. Result: In this study mean duration of valproate treatment was 3.12±1.26 years and mean sodium valproate dose was 1133±440.5 mg/day (17.7±6.65 mg/kg/day). This study revealed serum fasting insulin level in valproate group and non-valproate group was 11.05±4.86 (ìU/ml) and 7.39±2.01 (ìU/ml) respectively. Fasting blood glucose was 4.71±0.79 (mmol/L) in valproate group and 4.41±0.62 (mmol/L) in non- valproate group. Calculated IR index in valproate group and non-valproate group was 2.17±0.55 and 1.46±0.39 respectively. IR index, fasting insulin and blood glucose all were significantly higher in valproate group than non- valproate group. This study also revealed mild positive correlation of IR index with dose and duration of valproate treatment. Conclusion: Sodium valproate treated patient had significantly higher IR index than control group. Bangladesh Journal of Neuroscience 2017; Vol. 33 (2): 63-69
Early detection of cancer is a significant unmet clinical need. Improved technical ability to detect circulating tumor-derived DNA (ctDNA) in the cell-free DNA (cfDNA) component of blood plasma via next-generation sequencing and established correlations between ctDNA load and tumor burden in cancer patients have spurred excitement about the possibilities of detecting cancer early by performing ctDNA mutation detection. We reanalyze published data on the expected ctDNA allele fraction indoi:10.1101/237578 fatcat:aoyk4tikbvgl3moesmbemz62li
more »... age cancer and the population statistics of cfDNA concentration to show that under conservative technical assumptions, high-sensitivity cancer detection by ctDNA mutation detection will require either more blood volume (150-300mL) than practical for a routine screen or variant filtering that may be impossible given our knowledge of cancer evolution, and will likely remain out of economic reach for routine population screening without multiple-order-of-magnitude decreases in sequencing cost. Instead, new approaches that integrate ctDNA mutations with multiple other blood-based analytes (such as exosomes, circulating tumor cells, ctDNA epigenetics, metabolites) as well as integration of these signals over time for each individual may be needed.
GPU Computing Gems Emerald Edition
In this chapter we present the design and optimization of GPU implementations of two popular chemical similarity techniques: Gaussian shape overlay (GSO) and LINGO. GSO involves a data-parallel, arithmetically intensive iterative numerical optimization; we use it to examine issues of thread parallelism, arithmetic optimization, and CPU-GPU transfer overhead minimization. LINGO is a string similarity algorithm that, in its canonical CPU implementation, is bandwidth intensive and branch heavy,doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-384988-5.00002-4 fatcat:hesijgxyjbhc7gswp7nnocpgga
more »... h limited data parallelism. We present an algorithmic redesign allowing GPU implementation of such a low arithmetic-intensity kernel and discuss techniques for memory optimization that enable large speedup. Source code for the programs described here is available online: PAPER (for Gaussian shape overlay) can be downloaded at https://simtk.org/home/paper under the GPL, and single-instruction, multiple LINGO (SIML) (for LINGO) at https://simtk.org/home/siml under a BSD license. GPU Computing Gems.
Oman Medical Journal
Serajul Haque Faizi, Ashanul Haque, Necmi Dege, Syed Imran Hasan, Mustafa Dege and Valentina A. ...doi:10.1107/s205698901700408x pmid:28435718 pmcid:PMC5382619 fatcat:y3bipaalmvc3ndkv6ci2wfx6g4
Molecule Runtime PAPER-Accelerating Parallel Evaluations of ROCS Haque and Pande • Vol. 00, No. 00 • Journal of Computational Chemistry ...doi:10.1002/jcc.21307 pmid:19421991 fatcat:q4ish6x5dva5nmyoa2rdvc7kwq
The SCISSORS method described by Haque and Pande 14, 15 uses similarity relative to a fixed basis set to generate vector representations for molecules that can be used for rapid pairwise comparisons. ... Haque 24 noted that small values are more difficult to approximate at low rank due to vector space considerations, which suggests an explanation for the observation that optimal color Tanimoto predictions ...doi:10.1021/ci400264f pmid:24289274 pmcid:PMC4207653 fatcat:mgq5q6encfh6dkangfkbog7s2e
Genetics in Medicine
Lazarin, MS 1 , Imran S. Haque, PhD 1 , Shivani Nazareth, MS 1 and Eric A. Evans, PhD 1 1 Counsyl, South San Francisco, California, USA. Correspondence: Eric A. ...doi:10.1038/gim.2013.19 pmid:23552454 pmcid:PMC3835141 fatcat:hhev7ojwqbfsbjiyuncgjt7ity
The automobile industry has significantly contributed towards China's economy. After producing approximately 24.5 million vehicles in 2015, China's automobile industry has achieved its greatest height by emerging worldwide as the top automobile producer. However, China's automobile industry could not sustain this achievement and it witnessed a sudden growth rate decrease in 2016–2017, reflecting their poor export performance. To address this problem, the prime objective of this research is todoi:10.3390/su10114078 fatcat:q5kre57fb5hllh34bmigul3dai
more »... plore the roles of total quality management (TQM), entrepreneurial orientation (EO), export market orientation (EMO), brand orientation (BO) and cleaner production (CP) in firm export performance (FEP). For this reason, a quantitative research approach with cross-sectional research design was adopted by gathering the data from 347 respondents working as export managers at Chinese automobile companies via simple random technique. Partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) through software smartPLS-3.2.7 employed to analyze data. Results revealed that the TQM, EO, EMO, BO, and CP has a significant association with FEP. Additionally, findings confirmed CP as a moderating variable that contributes positively to FEP. The research has eminently contributed to the export performance of the automobile industry, specifically in China. It is very beneficial to practitioners in the Chinese automobile industry as it will assist them in regaining and exceeding their record export performance while also contributes to resource-based-view theory.
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effects of increasing levels of meta bolizable protein (MP) on lactation performance and nitrogen (N) efficiencies in lactating dairy cows. Methods : Nine multiparous cows in mid lactation [113±25 days in milk] received three treat ments in a 3×3 Latin square design with a period length of 21 days. The treatments were three diets, designed to provide similar energy and increasing supply of MP (g/d) (2,371 [low], 2,561 [medium], anddoi:10.5713/ajas.16.0564 pmid:28002937 pmcid:PMC5411825 fatcat:n5rczfwi3nfpbh4f6labjndc74
more »... [high] with corresponding crude protein levels [%]) 15.2, 18.4, and 20.9, respectively. Results: Increasing MP supplies did not modify dry matter intake, however, it increased milk protein, fat, and lactose yield linearly. Similarly, fat corrected milk increased linearly (9.3%) due to an increase in both milk yield (5.2%) and milk fat content (7.8%). No effects were observed on milk protein and lactose contents across the treatments. Milk nitrogen efficiency (MNE) decreased from 0.26 to 0.20; whereas, the metabolic efficiency of MP decreased from 0.70 to 0.60 in low to high MP supplies, respectively. The concentration of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) increased linearly in response to increasing MP supplies. Conclusion: Increasing MP supplies resulted in increased milk protein yield; however, a higher BUN and low MNE indicated an efficient utilization of dietary protein at low MP supplies.
Asian Social Science
<p><strong>Purpose: </strong>How to survive<strong> </strong>in dynamic and uncertain business environment?, is one of the biggest<strong> </strong>challenge for corporations today. To answer this question, current study<strong> </strong>examines the role of organizational innovation for improving performance in today's competitive, dynamic and uncertain business environment.<strong></strong></p><p><strong>Design:</strong> The study used structured closed-ended survey questionnaire and data isdoi:10.5539/ass.v12n9p124 fatcat:gr7djhbqavfclhlw3njicgbgiq
more »... ollected through self-administered technique to increase the response rate. The unit of analysis is the employees working in cellular industry in Pakistan. The analysis techniques includes, validity analysis through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) reliability analysis through Cronbach alpha, correlation analysis, hypotheses testing utilizing structure equation modeling (SEM) in AMOS software whereas, mediation through method of Baron and Kenny (1986).</p><p><strong>Findings:</strong> Results show that organizational innovation plays the mediating role between uncertain environment and organizational performance. <strong></strong></p><p><strong>Practical implications: </strong>The study proposes<strong> </strong>that organizational innovation is inevitable<strong> </strong>for maintaining organizational performance in uncertain business environment particularly in dynamic industries.</p><p><strong>Originality:</strong> The current study proposed and tested an important conceptual model that explains the mediating role of organizational innovation to enhance the organizational performance in uncertain business environment.</p>
The bottleneck for the rapid calculation of the root-mean-square deviation in atomic coordinates (RMSD) between pairs of protein structures for large numbers of conformations is the evaluation of a (3xN) x (Nx3) matrix product over conformation pairs. Here we describe two matrix multiply routines specialized for the 3xN case that are able to significantly outperform (by up to 3X) off- the-shelf high-performance linear algebra libraries for this computation, reaching machine limits ondoi:10.1101/008631 fatcat:ihxoepv6fnbevi4ofmvhcsq4fq
more »... . The routines are implemented in C and Python libraries, and are available at https://github.com/simtk/IRMSD.
The advent of cost-effective DNA sequencing has provided clinics with high-resolution information about patients' genetic variants, which has resulted in the need for efficient interpretation of this genomic data. Traditionally, variant interpretation has been dominated by many manual, time-consuming processes due to the disparate forms of relevant information in clinical databases and literature. Computational techniques promise to automate much of this, and while they currently play only adoi:10.1101/021527 fatcat:lbdroo5q6fb2tgl7sbiy7haj6y
more »... porting role, their continued improvement for variant interpretation is necessary to tackle the problem of scaling genetic sequencing to ever larger populations. Here, we present SSCM-Pathogenic, a genome-wide, allele-specific score for predicting variant pathogenicity. The score, generated by a semi-supervised clustering algorithm, shows predictive power on clinically relevant mutations, while also displaying predictive ability in noncoding regions of the genome.
Objective: In this study anti-tubercular (Anti-TB) drugs (isoniazid [INH] and rifampicin [RMP]) induced liver toxicity has been studied for the hepatoprotective effect of hydroethanolic extract of Calotropis procera (CP) fl owers in rats. Materials and Methods: Animals were divided into four groups, group A was given normal saline (1 ml/kg), group B received INH (50 mg/kg) and RMP (100 mg/kg) group C received INH (50 mg/kg), RMP (100 mg/kg) and CP (150 mg/kg) orally for 14 days. Results:doi:10.5530/pj.2014.5.3 fatcat:g3yn57g26raq5d7fdk7c22zubi
more »... ical markers of liver toxicity such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and bilirubin and tissue histology were done inall groups. Anti-TB drugs (INH 50 mg/kg and RMP 100 mg/kg) have enhanced the ALT, AST, ALP, bilirubin and histological changes in liver, whereas co-administration of anti-TB drugs with CP has reduced these levels within the normal range. Conclusion: Findings of this study showed the hepatoprotective effect of CP against INH and RMP administration to reduce the liver damage for chronic treatment.
Objective: To tabulate individual allele frequencies and total carrier frequency for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) and compare expected versus observed birth incidences. Design: Retrospective analysis of patients from the general population who have undergone carrier screening for SLOS. Setting: Individuals were offered and elected carrier screening in their respective physician's offices. Patients: 262,399 individuals with no indication of family or personal history of Smith-Lemli-Opitzdoi:10.1101/085084 fatcat:qfrt5heasvehjcdlszr76lyyhq
more »... drome, primarily US-based, screened for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome mutations as part of an expanded carrier screening panel. Intervention(s): Data on mutations in the DHCR7 gene causing SLOS were analyzed to estimate carrier frequencies in multiple ethnic groups. SLOS birth incidences obtained from existing literature are then compared to our data to estimate the effect of SLOS on fetal survival. Main Outcome Measure(s): Individual and cumulative allele frequencies stratified by self-reported patient ethnicity. Results: SLOS carrier frequency is highest in individuals of Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry (1 in 43) and Northern Europeans (1 in 54). Comparing predicted birth incidence to that observed in published literature suggests that approximately 42% to 88% of affected conceptuses experience fetal demise. Conclusion: SLOS is relatively frequent in certain populations and, due to its impact on fetal survival, merits preconception screening.
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