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Improving the Identification of the Discourse Function of News Article Paragraphs

Deya Banisakher, W. Victor Yarlott, Mohammed Aldawsari, Naphtali Rishe, Mark Finlayson
2020 Proceedings of the First Joint Workshop on Narrative Understanding, Storylines, and Events  
Building on prior work, we demonstrate an improved approach to automatically identifying the discourse function of paragraphs in news articles.  ...  We start with the hierarchical theory of news discourse developed by van Dijk (1988) which proposes how paragraphs function within news articles.  ...  s (2018) approach, we demonstrate an improved approach to automatically labeling news article paragraphs with the van Dijk discourse functions Yarlott et al. (2018) applied in their study.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2020.nuse-1.3 dblp:conf/acl/BanisakherYARF20 fatcat:odb2iqqcyzbevdalteyuoazkdq

Parsing Argumentation Structures in Persuasive Essays [article]

Christian Stab, Iryna Gurevych
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We show that our model considerably improves the performance of base classifiers and significantly outperforms challenging heuristic baselines.  ...  We identify argument components using sequence labeling at the token level and apply a new joint model for detecting argumentation structures.  ...  They found that the function (support or attack) and the role (opponent and proponent) of argument components are the most useful dimensions for improving the identification of argumentative relations.  ... 
arXiv:1604.07370v2 fatcat:k3pqi4f6ufcyjlnumbwnvfttga

Parsing Argumentation Structures in Persuasive Essays

Christian Stab, Iryna Gurevych
2017 Computational Linguistics  
We show that our model significantly outperforms challenging heuristic baselines on two different types of discourse.  ...  We identify argument components using sequence labeling at the token level and apply a new joint model for detecting argumentation structures.  ...  I/82806 and by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) as a part of the Software Campus project AWS under grant no. 01-S12054.  ... 
doi:10.1162/coli_a_00295 fatcat:5xb36doqrjfcth7t7jo4ofpe6m

An Application of Temporal Frame in Translating Chinese News into English

Da Hui Dong
2009 Translation and Interpreting : the International Journal of Translation and Interpreting Research  
The present study reports the outcome of an experiment in which native Chinese speaking learners have shown significant improvement in choosing correct tense when translating Chinese news articles into  ...  English after being introduced to the concept of "temporal frame" (Matthiessen, 1996; Smith, 2003) in their News English classes over eight weeks.  ...  Acknowledging the limitations mentioned above, we propose a context temporal frame analytical method (CTFAM) for news stories based on the identification of foreground and background paragraphs.  ... 
doaj:44a795540e6d4177bd0b1eed9b986cff fatcat:xtmsmlqj75gflaibbjpcifvnv4

Genre-based Reference Chains Identification for French

Laurence Longo, Amalia Todirascu
2010 Investigationes Linguisticae  
We evaluate the results obtained by RefGen from a public reports corpus and we discuss the importance of the genre-dependent parameters to improve the reference chains identification.  ...  RefGen algorithm uses genre specific properties of reference chains and an accessibility measure to find the mentions of the referred entity.  ...  For example, some of the antecedent-anaphora pairs were selected because they satisfy the same number of constraints (number, gender, syntactic function).  ... 
doi:10.14746/il.2010.21.4 fatcat:cek6olfwejglzkvcf2ledwrwgq

Comprehending the topic of a paragraph: a functional imaging study of a complex language process

Lêda Maria Braga Tomitch, Sharlene D. Newman, Patricia A. Carpenter, Marcel Adam Just
2008 DELTA: Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada  
This study uses fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) to investigate the brain activity in a set of cortical areas in the task of main idea identification, when the topic sentence was presented  ...  The major finding of the current study is the differential response observed in the left and right hemispheres as to the location of the topic sentence within the paragraph.  ...  It is hoped that based on this study and others the methodology used for fMRI studies of discourse will be greatly improved.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0102-44502008000200002 fatcat:keaylg6agzautc2ll3lb6v4kky

Study on the Discourse Analysis in the Application of English Reading Teaching

YUJIE CHANG
2018 DEStech Transactions on Social Science Education and Human Science  
And it puts forward the application of discourse analysis theory in English reading to improve students' reading ability and the effects of English reading teaching.  ...  So, there is no doubt that reading is an important content of English Teaching. How to do it better and improve the savvy of students are the topics English teachers are discussing all the time.  ...  The new teaching method offers students new views to understand the articles, improves their reading interest and cultivates their abilities of thinking independently.  ... 
doi:10.12783/dtssehs/adess2017/17933 fatcat:7pv77yityfalfaw26p4fnyqgua

Improving Implicit Discourse Relation Classification by Modeling Inter-dependencies of Discourse Units in a Paragraph [article]

Zeyu Dai, Ruihong Huang
2018 arXiv   pre-print
With the goal of improving implicit discourse relation classification, we introduce a paragraph-level neural networks that model inter-dependencies between discourse units as well as discourse relation  ...  We argue that semantic meanings of a sentence or clause can not be interpreted independently from the rest of a paragraph, or independently from all discourse relations and the overall paragraph-level  ...  Acknowledgments We acknowledge the support of NVIDIA Corporation for their donation of one GeForce GTX TI-TAN X GPU used for this research.  ... 
arXiv:1804.05918v1 fatcat:dssi7ffg5re5nktcoay3fbq3wa

Improving Implicit Discourse Relation Classification by Modeling Inter-dependencies of Discourse Units in a Paragraph

Zeyu Dai, Ruihong Huang
2018 Proceedings of the 2018 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies, Volume 1 (Long Papers)  
With the goal of improving implicit discourse relation classification, we introduce a paragraph-level neural networks that model inter-dependencies between discourse units as well as discourse relation  ...  We argue that semantic meanings of a sentence or clause can not be interpreted independently from the rest of a paragraph, or independently from all discourse relations and the overall paragraph-level  ...  Acknowledgments We acknowledge the support of NVIDIA Corporation for their donation of one GeForce GTX TI-TAN X GPU used for this research.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/n18-1013 dblp:conf/naacl/DaiH18 fatcat:bgltndzrfzdjjcz2glxepp47pi

Kernel Based Discourse Relation Recognition with Temporal Ordering Information

Wenting Wang, Jian Su, Chew Lim Tan
2010 Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
Besides, we further propose to leverage on temporal ordering information to constrain the interpretation of discourse relation, which also demonstrate statistical significant improvements for discourse  ...  In this paper we propose using tree kernel based approach to automatically mine the syntactic information from the parse trees for discourse analysis, applying kernel function to the tree structures directly  ...  Penn Discourse Tree Bank The Penn Discourse Treebank (PDTB) is the largest available annotated corpora of discourse relations (Prasad et al., 2008) over 2,312 Wall Street Journal articles.  ... 
dblp:conf/acl/WangST10 fatcat:sby3miut7zcwhdwwwyzlefoobe

Foucault's archeological discourse analysis with digital methodology—Discourse on women prior to the first wave women's movement

Heidi Karlsen
2022 Digital Scholarship in the Humanities  
In L'archéologie du savoir (1969), Foucault specifies the method of discourse analysis as the identification of statements.  ...  As an example, the article shows how discourse on women prior to the first wave women's movement in Western countries has been identified in almost 7,000 books digitized by the Norwegian National Library  ...  Acknowledgements The help I have got from computational linguist Lars G. Johnsen, who also works as a programmer at the Norwegian National Library, has been an indispensable.  ... 
doi:10.1093/llc/fqac022 fatcat:omtfnntfqzfn3hw4b76cwoa64e

Unsupervised Learning of Discourse-Aware Text Representation for Essay Scoring

Farjana Sultana Mim, Naoya Inoue, Paul Reisert, Hiroki Ouchi, Kentaro Inui
2019 Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Student Research Workshop  
Extrinsic evaluation results show that the document representation obtained from our approach improves the performance of essay Organization scoring and Argument Strength scoring.  ...  However, some document classification and regression tasks such as essay scoring need to consider discourse structure of documents.  ...  We would like to thank the anonymous ACL reviewers for their insightful comments. We also thank Ekaterina Kochmar for her profound and useful feedback.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/p19-2053 dblp:conf/acl/MimIROI19 fatcat:bjjzko3cvncorp6j6c5qtwpigu

A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Campaign Speech of a Ghanaian Opposition Leader

Joshua Addy, Emmanuel Amo Ofori
2020 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
Drawing on Fairclough's three-dimensional model of critical discourse analysis (CDA), the study revealed that Nana Addo utilised the pronouns I, you, our and we and repetition to create a positive bond  ...  In this study, we examine the campaign speech of a Ghanaian opposition leader, Nana Akufo-Addo, at the manifesto launch of his party.  ...  This practice of analysing a text is in sync with Halliday's (1970) Systematic Functional Grammar, which talks about textual structure in terms of analysing the whole structure of the discourse.  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.1010.14 fatcat:4w5ebb446zhj3b7sslakmyyvbe

Analysing the Integration of Semantic Web Features for Document Planning across Genres

Marta Vicente, Elena Lloret
2016 Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Natural Language Generation and the Semantic Web (WebNLG 2016)  
When a discourse is created, its production is related to some textual genre, usually connected with some pragmatic features, like the intention of the writer or the audience to whom is addressed, both  ...  conditioning the use of language.  ...  Acknowledgments This research work has been supported by the Generalitat Valenciana by the grant ACIF/2016/501.It has also funded by the University of Alicante, Spanish Government and the European Commission  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w16-3513 dblp:conf/acl-workshops/VicenteL16 fatcat:kkm653sgyrgc3myhb6bpmfqc3u

The Rhetorical Parsing of Unrestricted Texts: A Surface-based Approach

Daniel Marcu
2000 Computational Linguistics  
These algorithms identify discourse usages of cue phrases and break sentences into clauses, hypothesize rhetorical relations that hold among textual units, and produce valid rhetorical structure trees  ...  The algorithms are empirically grounded in a corpus analysis of cue phrases and rely on a first-order formalization of rhetorical structure trees.  ...  The type NORMAL determines the identification of a new clause-like unit boundary just before the marker under scrutiny. Line 13 concerns the case in which the type of the marker is COMMA.  ... 
doi:10.1162/089120100561755 fatcat:eb7nhr3g4rfabnr23feacfhbbm
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