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GMPLS-based hybrid optical Ethernet for carrier-grade transport services

Yong-kee Yeo, Luying Zhou, Xu Shao, Weifeng Rong, Chin Yi Liaw, Teck-Yoong Chai, Xiaofei Cheng, Yixin Wang
2010 2010 IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems  
This paper describes the fault recovery functionalities in optical, Carrier Ethernet and GMPLS networks, considering the role of GMPLS in each scenario.  ...  Carrier Ethernet (for the packet layer), optical networks (for the circuit layer) and GMPLS, are dominant enablers in this scenario.  ...  Segment Recovery is another defined type of local GMPLS recovery [49] ; Fast Reroute Object, Detour Object: Used to control the characteristics of the local backup path used for fast protection [56,  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccs.2010.5686660 fatcat:vtkh6omdlfgazcp5q6tjfy6db4

Benefits of GMPLS for multilayer recovery

B. Puype, J.-P. Vasseur, A. Groebbens, S. De Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester
2005 IEEE Communications Magazine  
Recovery mechanisms at both network layers will be crucial to reach the high availability requirements of critical services.  ...  In such a model, the GMPLS protocol suite can provide a distributed control plane that can be used to deliver rapid and dynamic circuit provisioning of end-to-end optical lightpaths.  ...  Recovery time here includes the holdoff time plus any additional time required in rerouting the LSPs.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2005.1470813 fatcat:bb6gi47qgbcshm4q6ggyfq4srm

Low-cost resilience schemes for the Optical Ethernet

Filippo Cugini, Luca Valcarenghi, Piero Castoldi, Michele Guglielmucci
2005 Journal of Optical Networking  
Experimental results show that recovery times in the millisecond range are achieved.  ...  Optical Ethernet (OE) architectures transport IP packets directly over the optical layer by providing a specific Layer 2 framing.  ...  RSTP improves this mechanism, and its recovery time is between 10 ms and a few hundred milliseconds.  ... 
doi:10.1364/jon.4.000829 fatcat:44uj7fiubrfm5dtlkwomwqnjt4

The evolution of carrier ethernet services-requirements and deployment case studies [next-generation carrier ethernet]

Luyuan Fang, Nabil Bitar, Raymond Zhang, Michael Taylor
2008 IEEE Communications Magazine  
This article provides a brief overview of the Ethernet technologies and requirements from the perspective of the service provider.  ...  Carrier Ethernet is one of the fastest growing areas in the data communication field in recent years.  ...  If Resource Reservation Protocol with Traffic Engineering Extensions (RSVP-TE) is enabled in the MPLS core, reroute may take place faster using fast reroute (FRR) mechanisms.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2008.4463774 fatcat:x2kjgq3xjbhohjtwvijkzuhnj4

A Survey of Fast-Recovery Mechanisms in Packet-Switched Networks

Marco Chiesa, Andrzej Kamisinski, Jacek Rak, Gabor Retvari, Stefan Schmid
2021 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
We examine the evolution of fast-recovery standards and mechanisms over time, and identify and discuss the fundamental principles and algorithms underlying different mechanisms.  ...  This survey presents a systematic, tutorial-like overview of packet-based fast-recovery mechanisms in the data plane, focusing on concepts but structured around different networking technologies, from  ...  What distinguishes this fast-recovery mechanism from the widely-used Ethernet is that all network links can be used to forward packets, instead of using only a subset of links forming a spanning tree.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2021.3063980 fatcat:t6z3ph7d6vhvjerxhgx2kh762u

Optical Ethernet: making Ethernet carrier class for professional services

Jiyang Wang
2004 Proceedings of the IEEE  
The paper provides the technical details on how the limitations of traditional Ethernet are overcome and how Ethernet becomes carrier class.  ...  It also introduces the new services enabled by carrier-class Ethernet and analyzes the impact of it on Internet evolution.  ...  Fast Reroute-based protection must be used together with end-to-end protection to retain the SLA.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2004.832953 fatcat:2ra4simyc5fonbrny7lsi5ouei

Value-added services in next-generation SONET/SDH networks

Nasir Ghani, Qing Liu, Ashwin Gumaste, John Lankford, Abdallah Shami, Chadi Assi, Ahmad Khalil, Driss Benhaddou
2008 IEEE Communications Magazine  
Furthermore, post-fault restoration also can be used to reroute failed, non-protected VCG members, possibly yielding full (100 percent) bandwidth recovery (Fig. 4) .  ...  Essentially such restoration allows carriers to offer lowercost services with improved recovery without having to price in full protection guarantees.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2008.4689247 fatcat:5cv5tjmomvelhiawybax6wrw6u

A fast and scalable inter-domain MPLS protection mechanism

Changcheng Huang, Donald Messier
2004 Journal of Communications and Networks  
Finally, simulation results using OPNET are presented showing recovery times of a few milliseconds.  ...  For this reason, a recovery mechanism at the MPLS layer capable of recovering from failed paths in 10's of milliseconds has been sought.  ...  The Fast Reroute method will be referred to as Local Fast Reroute (LFR) in this paper. In the Local Fast Reroute, one-to-one backup LSPs can be established to locally bypass a point of failure.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jcn.2004.6596988 fatcat:6qkxre6dxradrokyevv7cfw7ka

Structural Overview of ISP Networks [chapter]

Robert D. Doverspike, K. K. Ramakrishnan, Chris Chase
2010 Computer Communications and Networks  
This chapter is principally motivated by the observation that in large carrier networks, the IP backbone is not a self-contained entity; it co-exists with numerous access and transport networks operated  ...  Therefore, one of our first tasks is to define the nomenclature we will use, classifying the network into layers and segments.  ...  MPLS Fast Reroute MPLS Fast Reroute (FRR) was designed to improve restoration performance using the additional protocol layer provided by MPLS LSPs [17] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-84882-828-5_2 fatcat:s7uk64c2xbgpxj2k2vqmg2h3ae

Software defined networking: Meeting carrier grade requirements

Dimitri Staessens, Sachin Sharma, Didier Colle, Mario Pickavet, Piet Demeester
2011 2011 18th IEEE Workshop on Local & Metropolitan Area Networks (LANMAN)  
In order to achieve 50 ms recovery, protection will be required in carrier grade networks.  ...  Software Defined Networking is a networking paradigm which allows network operators to manage networking elements using software running on an external server.  ...  The recovery mechanism depends on Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) session to declare the fault in path. BFD is a network protocol used to detect faults between two end-points.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lanman.2011.6076935 dblp:conf/lanman/StaessensSCPD11 fatcat:btiu5627mba7nbefq56btx5flq

Automatic fault detection and recovery in real time switched Ethernet networks

S. Varadarajan, T. Chiueh
1999 IEEE INFOCOM '99. Conference on Computer Communications. Proceedings. Eighteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. The Future is Now (Cat. No.99CH36320)  
The heart of EtheReal's fault detection and recovery mechanism is a fast spanning tree reconfiguration algorithm to reduce the total fault recovery time, and a delayed link inactivation scheme that allows  ...  EtheReal is a real-time Fast Ethernet switch architecture that provides bandwidth guarantees to distributed multimedia applications without OS or hardware modifications on the host machines.  ...  The fault recovery mechanism has to be fast, so that the affected connections can be reestablished with minimal interruption in service.  ... 
doi:10.1109/infcom.1999.749264 dblp:conf/infocom/VaradarajanC99 fatcat:tpelognxb5hblg7dhmyhjwom6i

Resilience technologies in Ethernet

Minh Huynh, Stuart Goose, Prasant Mohapatra
2010 Computer Networks  
In this article, a full spectrum of applications are studied, ranging from the minimal constraints of home networks to the rigorous demands of Industrial Ethernet Networks.  ...  This is followed by a thorough examination of Ethernet layer resilience technologies. This paper provides the resilience characteristics that are key for each class of application Ó  ...  Using Ethernet, a local area network (LAN) can be built and configured in a short amount of time.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2009.08.012 fatcat:5ffl6lay7jcrvp34f6d5s36fei

SPIDER: Fault Resilient SDN Pipeline with Recovery Delay Guarantees [article]

Carmelo Cascone, Luca Pollini, Davide Sanvito, Antonio Capone, Brunilde Sansò
2015 arXiv   pre-print
We propose SPIDER, an OpenFlow-like pipeline design that provides i) a detection mechanism based on switches' periodic link probing and ii) fast reroute of traffic flows even in case of distant failures  ...  SPIDER can be implemented using stateful data plane abstractions such as OpenState or Open vSwitch, and it offers guaranteed short (i.e. ms) failure detection and recovery delays, with a configurable trade  ...  Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Fast Reroute, are commonly considered for carrier networks more reliable.  ... 
arXiv:1511.05490v2 fatcat:k2u4syf5v5chhoskxxfgytrvem

Converged services over MPLS

A.G. Malis
2006 IEEE Communications Magazine  
PW rather than being global across the entire Ethernet network; and MPLS fast reroute, which restores service within 50 ms, is used for outage recovery rather than the Ethernet STP.  ...  as MPLS fast reroute).  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2006.1705992 fatcat:5yi7s5o6cfdibbaiv7qj7quwby

Segment Routing for Effective Recovery and Multi-domain Traffic Engineering

A. Giorgetti, A. Sgambelluri, F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, P. Castoldi
2017 Journal of Optical Communications and Networking  
Thus, control plane scalability is greatly improved. Several segment routing use cases have recently been proposed.  ...  This work is focused on two relevant segment routing use cases: dynamic traffic recovery and traffic engineering in multi-domain networks.  ...  In any case, the SR controller is not involved in the recovery mechanism so that recovery time is minimized.  ... 
doi:10.1364/jocn.9.00a223 fatcat:dne73x6z3jfajjeem3dm3jdsxu
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