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Crowdsourced Science: Sociotechnical Epistemology in the e-Research Paradigm

David Watson, Luciano Floridi
2016 Social Science Research Network  
These results highlight the essential role played by technologically mediated social interaction in contemporary knowledge production.  ...  Through empirical evidence, Bayesian reasoning, and conceptual analysis, we show how information and communication technologies enhance the reliability, scalability, and connectivity of crowdsourced e-research  ...  In one of the seminal works of social epistemology, Goldman (2003) sets out to evaluate various systems for making and improving judgments through different forms of testimony.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2914230 fatcat:al7r4xpohngildkmigs73pndt4

Crowdsourced science: sociotechnical epistemology in the e-research paradigm

David Watson, Luciano Floridi
2016 Synthese  
These results highlight the essential role played by technologically mediated social interaction in contemporary knowledge production.  ...  Through empirical evidence, Bayesian reasoning, and conceptual analysis, we show how information and communication technologies enhance the reliability, scalability, and connectivity of crowdsourced e-research  ...  In one of the seminal works of social epistemology, Goldman (2003) sets out to evaluate various systems for making and improving judgments through different forms of testimony.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-016-1238-2 fatcat:k6w2efojhbcmherdaod2qwe5s4

Toward a Political Theory of Social Innovation: Collective Intelligence and Co-Creation of Social Goods [chapter]

Michael A Peters
2019 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The paper begins by introducing and reviewing recent claims made for the ways in which social innovation can co-create public goods and services by utilizing forms of collection intelligence (CI) and CI  ...  This paper proposes a political theory of social innovation.  ...  The approach taken in the article to understand the study of collective intelligence seeks to generalize Condorcet's jury theorem.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-658-18005-8_22 fatcat:uubvicis7zc4xpzp6ph5hwvvnm

Independence and Interdependence: Lessons from the Hive

Adrian Vermeule, Christian List
2010 Social Science Research Network  
in the sciences.  ...  We define this class of problems and describe and apply a search-and-decision mechanism theoretically modeled in the context of honeybees and identified in earlier empirical work in biology.  ...  How pervasive is the kind of interdependence between different jurors' judgments that threatens the applicability of the jury theorem?  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1693908 fatcat:haa7hfskava2nkkw6kpvinorei

Detecting interaction links in a collaborating group using manually annotated data

Shobhit Mathur, Marshall Scott Poole, Feniosky Peña-Mora, Mark Hasegawa-Johnson, Noshir Contractor
2012 Social Networks  
Melissa Dobosh, Diana Jimeno-Ingrum, Annie Wang assisted in data collection. The icons for denoting body language of the members were developed by Joyce Thomas.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by the National Science Foundation CDI program, grant BCS 0941268 and the University of Illinois program for Critical Initiatives in Research and Scholarship  ...  If p is the average group competence in correctly coding a binary variable, Condorcet's Jury theorem states that for p > 0.5 the probability of getting correct judgment by majority vote for a group of  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.socnet.2012.04.002 fatcat:pqdbw63ic5dedbtdfzwty2kolm

The Mechanisms of Voting Efficiency

Michael C. Schouten
2010 Social Science Research Network  
In the wake of the financial crisis, shareholders are increasingly relied upon to monitor directors.  ...  But while much has been written about directors' flawed judgments, remarkably little is known about shareholders' ability to make accurate judgments.  ...  For helpful comments, I am grateful to Joe McCahery, Guido Ferrarini, Curtis Milhaupt, Mathias Siems, Randall Thomas, Adrian Vermeule, Jaap Winter and workshop participants at the Max Planck Institute in  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1658397 fatcat:4gvmuymppvfdzm6ci4234bduki

Judgment Aggregation [chapter]

Christian List
2012 Philosophy of Economics  
Adapting the Condorcet jury theorem to the case of multiple interconnected propositions, they showed that, under a broad range of assumptions, the premise-based procedure leads to more reliable decisions  ...  theorem, and in several early results on judgment aggregation, including Theorem 1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-444-51676-3.50026-9 fatcat:jfebub7vfzcl5ie2wzxzlkm2va

Aggregating disparate estimates of chance

Daniel Osherson, Moshe Y. Vardi
2006 Games and Economic Behavior  
The union of all the judgments will likely be probabilistic incoherent.  ...  It might also be possible to understand the improvement in terms of some variant of Condorcet's Jury Theorem (Grofman, Owen & Feld, 1983) .  ...  Unfortunately, we cannot adapt FINETTI to a method that provides uniform improvement in slope for absolute judgments. That is, there is no analogue to Theorem (12) for slope.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.geb.2006.04.001 fatcat:77tkhcty7zg2xntievdozqb754

The role of decision confidence in advice-taking and trust formation [article]

Niccolo Pescetelli, Nick Yeung
2019 arXiv   pre-print
However, when observers' judgments (and judgment errors) are correlated - as is the case in many social contexts - predictable distortions can be observed between feedback and feedback-free scenarios.  ...  A simple model of advice reliability estimation, endowed with metacognitive insight, is able to explain key patterns of results observed in the human data.  ...  biases in trust and influence that may be evident in the behavior of individuals and in the social networks they inhabit.  ... 
arXiv:1809.10453v2 fatcat:ffxzc2huqbc5hihgrp7g72q2hu

Due Process Traditionalism

Cass R. Sunstein
2007 Social Science Research Network  
Due process traditionalism might be defended in several distinctive ways.  ...  In important cases, the Supreme Court has limited the scope of "substantive due process" by reference to tradition, but it has yet to explain why it has done so.  ...  We can readily see how the Jury Theorem might support a great deal of faith in traditions.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.975538 fatcat:adatmarjg5gr5lg2mv7iwygj5m

The Jury Trial Reinvented

Christopher Robertson, Michael Elias Shammas
2021 Texas A&M Law Review  
A reinvented, modernized jury institution can better serve its purposes by increasing citizen engagement, better fostering civic education and democratic deliberation, improving accuracy in sorting truth  ...  As an institution, the jury trial is purpose-built to engage citizens in the process of deliberative, participatory democracy with ground rules.  ...  deliberations in their view) that cannot be constitutionally, practically, or confidentially completed via videoconferencing should be conducted inside courthouses with social-distancing safeguards like  ... 
doi:10.37419/lr.v9.i1.3 fatcat:vmypbyzcafb4pjpuahpqk3ydnu

Reliability and the Admissibility of Experts

Dale A. Nance
2003 Social Science Research Network  
There are limits to the amount of social resources that should be allocated to improving accuracy of decision.  ...  the new technique on juries, presumably as indicated by the social science of similar or related techniques, if any exist.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.463200 fatcat:xg5uqjzrare7vm63dn2w5gzf5i

Dynamic elicited priors for updating covert networks

JEFF GILL, JOHN R. FREEMAN
2013 Network Science  
In fact, researchers have found that "strategic behavior" on the part of people may undermine the validity of the Condorcet Jury Theorem (Austen-Smith and Banks 1996) .  ...  judgment.  ... 
doi:10.1017/nws.2012.6 fatcat:pxbib4ccfbff3otd6qfreftlbe

Social network structure and the achievement of consensus

Kevin JS. Zollman
2011 Politics, Philosophy and Economics  
Beyond these individual recommendations for improving the reliability of social groups, the conclusions of this paper show how dangerous limited analysis could be.  ...  The models in this paper better represents political opinions, probability judgments, or any judgment that can be represented by a point on a continuous spectrum.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1470594x11416766 fatcat:hdsszzq53vfhdipzrpu72xqbvu

Opinion Dynamics and Learning in Social Networks

Daron Acemoglu, Asuman E. Ozdaglar
2010 Social Science Research Network  
We provide an overview of recent research on belief and opinion dynamics in social networks.  ...  vs. communication), and the structure of social networks in which individuals are situated on three key questions: (1) whether social learning will lead to consensus, i.e., to agreement among individuals  ...  This discussion also gives the intuition for Theorem 9 since the constant δ in that result is closely linked to the mixing properties of the social network matrix and the social network graph.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1682248 fatcat:rlmbmuou2vaqnozm47nfqfwj2q
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