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Blockchain-enabled wireless communications: a new paradigm towards 6G

Jiaheng Wang, Xintong Ling, Yuwei Le, Yongming Huang, Xiaohu You
2021 National Science Review  
With the deployment of fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks worldwide, research on sixth-generation (6G) wireless communications has commenced.  ...  Importantly, we further propose a unified framework of the blockchain radio access network (B-RAN) as a trustworthy and secure paradigm for 6G networking by utilizing blockchain technologies with enhanced  ...  BLOCKCHAIN RADIO ACCESS NETWORK FOR 6G In this section, we propose B-RAN as a unified framework of blockchain-enabled wireless communications for 6G networking.  ... 
doi:10.1093/nsr/nwab069 pmid:34691739 pmcid:PMC8433085 fatcat:pz44xzyetnee7beegpy3vkkcua

6G Enabled Smart Infrastructure for Sustainable Society: Opportunities, Challenges, and Research Roadmap

Agbotiname Lucky Imoize, Oluwadara Adedeji, Nistha Tandiya, Sachin Shetty
2021 Sensors  
The 5G wireless communication network is currently faced with the challenge of limited data speed exacerbated by the proliferation of billions of data-intensive applications.  ...  Though some of the candidate technologies in the 5G standards will apply to 6G wireless networks, key disruptive technologies that will guarantee the desired quality of physical experience to achieve ubiquitous  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors acknowledge the anonymous reviewers for their review comments. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Sensors 2021, 21, 1709  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21051709 pmid:33801302 pmcid:PMC7958349 fatcat:2alvcdqlvfcq5chfkv4n3wftpu

Elevating the future of mobility: UAV-enabled Intelligent Transportation Systems [article]

Abdul Saboor, Sander Coene, Evgenii Vinogradov, Emmeric Tanghe, Wout Joseph, Sofie Pollin
2021 arXiv   pre-print
ITS will have to be integrated with Unmanned Aerial Systems Traffic Management (UTM) and rely on 3 Dimensional (3D) connectivity provided by Integrated Aerial-Terrestrial 6G networks to achieve this support  ...  We also present how UAVs can be used to enhance the performance of the currently available ITS.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This research is supported by the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO), project no. G098020N.  ... 
arXiv:2110.09934v1 fatcat:nmpejarfyfafhep75bfu6u6yd4

Explainable AI for B5G/6G: Technical Aspects, Use Cases, and Research Challenges [article]

Shen Wang, M.Atif Qureshi, Luis Miralles-Pechuaán, Thien Huynh-The, Thippa Reddy Gadekallu, Madhusanka Liyanage
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Such a 6G network will lead to an excessive number of automated decisions made every second.  ...  When 5G began its commercialisation journey around 2020, the discussion on the vision of 6G also surfaced.  ...  Another essential requirement of edge AI in 6G tomation through self-managing capabilities will improve the is personalised AI, through which the decision making of AI  ... 
arXiv:2112.04698v1 fatcat:y7ss4opmrjbsbjm3ip2vgkkgky

2021 Index IEEE Internet of Things Journal Vol. 8

2021 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
The primary entry includes the coauthors' names, the title of the paper or other item, and its location, specified by the publication abbreviation, year, month, and inclusive pagination.  ...  Note that the item title is found only under the primary entry in the Author Index.  ...  Code-Division OFDM Joint Communication and Sensing System for 6G Machine-Type Communication.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jiot.2022.3141840 fatcat:42a2qzt4jnbwxihxp6rzosha3y

V2X Support in 3GPP Specifications: from 4G to 5G and Beyond

David Garcia-Roger, Edgar E. Gonzalez, David Martin-Sacristan, Jose F. Monserrat
2020 IEEE Access  
This article offers a rigorous and detailed review of the system architecture aspects involved in the support of vehicular communications by the 3GPP fifth-generation (5G) standard, with special emphasis  ...  The connected car concept is gaining momentum from the point of view, not only of research, but also of standardization and industrial development.  ...  With regard to vehicular communications, three ML perspectives for vehicular networks are defined in [59] , which should be improved in the future 6G networks: ML for vehicular communication, ML for vehicular  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3028621 fatcat:f7frxaqgjzeqvplsy3vrvgy5qy

Enabling and Leveraging AI in the Intelligent Edge: A Review of Current Trends and Future Directions

Tom Goethals, Bruno Volckaert, Filip De Turck
2021 IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society  
The use of AI in Smart applications and in the organization of the network edge presents a rapidly advancing research field, with a great variety of challenges and opportunities.  ...  An introduction is given to the technologies required to understand the state of the art of AI in edge networks, and a taxonomy is provided with "Enabling Technology" for Edge Intelligence, "Organization  ...  The research in this paper has been funded by Vlaio by means of the FLEXNET research project.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojcoms.2021.3116437 fatcat:knvl27fcwrarjhhua7zo475lwy

Wireless AI: Enabling an AI-Governed Data Life Cycle [article]

Dinh C. Nguyen, Peng Cheng, Ming Ding, David Lopez-Perez, Pubudu N. Pathirana, Jun Li, Aruna Seneviratne, Yonghui Li, H. Vincent Poor
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Recent years have seen rapid deployment of mobile computing and Internet of Things (IoT) networks, which can be mostly attributed to the increasing communication and sensing capabilities of wireless systems  ...  In this context, a novel paradigm of merging AI and wireless communications, called Wireless AI that pushes AI frontiers to the network edge, is widely regarded as a key enabler for future intelligent  ...  Error correcting codes for channel coding are utilized to achieve reliable communications at rates of the Shannon channel capability.  ... 
arXiv:2003.00866v1 fatcat:dofctwtag5ewhhzaseeukhtxbe

Ultrareliable and Low-Latency Wireless Communication: Tail, Risk, and Scale

Mehdi Bennis, Merouane Debbah, H. Vincent Poor
2018 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Subsequently, we focus our attention on a plethora of techniques and methodologies pertaining to the requirements of ultra-reliable and low-latency communication, as well as their applications through  ...  These results provide crisp insights for the design of lowlatency and high-reliable wireless networks.  ...  Up until now, human-centric communication networks have been engineered with a focus on improving network capacity with little attention to latency or reliability, while assuming few users.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2018.2867029 fatcat:lhhsj2vsj5hzlmficezqatwgcm

Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Wireless Communication: Tail, Risk and Scale [article]

Mehdi Bennis, Mérouane Debbah, H. Vincent Poor
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Subsequently, we focus our attention on a plethora of techniques and methodologies pertaining to the requirements of ultra-reliable and low-latency communication, as well as their applications through  ...  These results provide crisp insights for the design of low-latency and high-reliable wireless networks.  ...  Up until now, human-centric communication networks have been engineered with a focus on improving network capacity with little attention to latency or reliability, while assuming few users.  ... 
arXiv:1801.01270v2 fatcat:jyo3krjbgvecncigq6bj3cxlb4

MoTH: Mobile Terminal Handover Security Protocol for HUB Switching based on 5G and Beyond (5GB) P2MP Backhaul Environment

Jiyoon Kim, Philip Virgil Astillo, Vishal Sharma, Nadra Guizani, Ilsun You
2021 IEEE Internet of Things Journal  
reliability of the network.  ...  The authors used the vehicular setup as the end device and proposed a subdivision of the keys to bring security anchor functions near to the user to improve the overall performance of the network.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jiot.2021.3082277 fatcat:7p7s5lks45gh5lqj77dfjr65yu

Adaptive Software Defined Equalization Techniques for Indoor Visible Light Communication

Radek Martinek, Lukas Danys, Rene Jaros
2020 Sensors  
The whole platform manages to improve measured data simply by making changes to the software side of the testing prototype.  ...  This paper focuses on a channel feed-forward software defined equalization (FSDE) of visible light communication (VLC) multistate quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM) based system, implemented in the  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20061618 pmid:32183264 fatcat:bvhnihe5znanvhchpmqrsdydou

Asynchronous Federated Learning on Heterogeneous Devices: A Survey [article]

Chenhao Xu, Youyang Qu, Yong Xiang, Longxiang Gao
2022 arXiv   pre-print
With the increased computing and communication capabilities of edge and IoT devices, applying FL on heterogeneous devices to train machine learning models becomes a trend.  ...  the collection of sensitive information.  ...  Similarly, in [81] , an intelligent content caching system in UAV networks based on AFL is proposed to extend the service coverage and reduce the communication delay of the 6G network.  ... 
arXiv:2109.04269v3 fatcat:bcix56mg7zev7hzav4rahkycai

Going Beyond RF: How AI-enabled Multimodal Beamforming will Shape the NextG Standard [article]

Debashri Roy, Batool Salehi, Stella Banou, Subhramoy Mohanti, Guillem Reus-Muns, Mauro Belgiovine, Prashant Ganesh, Carlos Bocanegra, Chris Dick, Kaushik Chowdhury
2022 arXiv   pre-print
, lists open challenges that the community should tackle to realize this transformative vision of the future of beamforming.  ...  hundreds-to-thousands in number, and (ii) inclusion of AI/ML in the critical path of the network reconfiguration process that can access sensor feeds from a variety of RF and non-RF sources.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This material is based upon the research sponsored by the Nvidia Inc.  ... 
arXiv:2203.16706v1 fatcat:44pger2flveondbtachzhcdgam

Enabling Multi-Functional 5G and Beyond User Equipment: A Survey and Tutorial

Yiming Huo, Xiaodai Dong, Wei Xu, Marvin Yuen
2019 IEEE Access  
communications.  ...  design, followed by an investigation of state-of-the-art hardware development from the systems and circuits standpoint.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors would like to acknowledge Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, National Natural Science Foundation of China for the support of this project, and valuable  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2936291 fatcat:wxssot7455etxmxnokgsdkobbu
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