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Implicit Trustworthiness Decisions: Automatic Coding of Face Properties in the Human Amygdala

Andrew D. Engell, James V. Haxby, Alexander Todorov
2007 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to show that the amygdala is involved in implicit evaluations of trustworthiness of faces, consistent with prior findings.  ...  & Deciding whether an unfamiliar person is trustworthy is one of the most important decisions in social environments.  ...  Reprint requests should be sent to Alexander Todorov, Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, or via e-mail: atodorov@princeton.edu.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2007.19.9.1508 pmid:17714012 fatcat:qk2jgwwjmrcpbicgicuhz2bpae

Implicit race attitudes modulate visual information extraction for trustworthiness judgments

Isabelle Charbonneau, Karolann Robinson, Caroline Blais, Daniel Fiset, Gaëtan Merlhiot
2020 PLoS ONE  
The present study showed that although similar facial features are used to judge the trustworthiness of White and Black faces, own-race faces are processed in lower SF (i.e. coarse information such as  ...  However, it is unknown if implicit racial bias could modulate even low-level perceptual mechanisms such as spatial frequency (SF) extraction when judging the level of trustworthiness of other-race faces  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to all the participants who collaborated on these experiments. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0239305 pmid:32970725 fatcat:udtvhgf4i5bcnp6zgqbodn2use

Page 1508 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 19, Issue 9 [page]

2007 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Implicit Trustworthiness Decisions: Automatic Coding of Face Properties in the Human Amygdala Andrew D. Engell, James V.  ...  key role in decisions of trustworthiness.  ... 

Page 527 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 21, Issue 3 [page]

2009 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Implicit trustworthiness decisions: Automatic coding of face properties in the human amygdala. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 1508-1519. Hamann, S. B., Ely, T. D., Grafton, S. T., & Kilts, C.  ...  The human amygdala in social judgment. Nature, 393, 470-474.  ... 

Trust and valence processing in the amygdala

Patrik Vuilleumier, David Sander
2008 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS D.S. and P.V. are supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (FNRS grant No 105314-118267) and by the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) in Affective Sciences  ...  In this issue of SCAN, Todorov and Engell report a new study showing not only that human amygdala activation to faces is most strongly modulated by the perceived (un)trustworthiness of faces among a series  ...  decisions about others may well capture several of the most essential ingredients of the human amygdala contribution to social processing: this may include not only the detection of potential threat,  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsn045 pmid:19074955 pmcid:PMC2607055 fatcat:hhtm3nwxbvbdbhaikuuaxpazpy

Emotion and reasoning in human decision-making

Edmund T. Rolls
2019 Economics : the Open-Access, Open-Assessment e-Journal  
These factors underlying the neuroscience of human decision-making need to be taken into account in building and utilizing macroeconomic theories.  ...  Given the neuroscience of decision-making, the situation is more complex.  ...  https://www.oxcns.org Many of the papers referred to are available in .pdf form at this website, and so is a pdf of Emotion and Decision-Making Explained (Rolls, 2014) .  ... 
doi:10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2019-39 fatcat:immba3wnenadfa5xpto5xzoilu

Understanding evaluation of faces on social dimensions

Alexander Todorov, Chris P. Said, Andrew D. Engell, Nikolaas N. Oosterhof
2008 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
We conclude with a discussion of the potential role of the amygdala in face evaluation.  ...  We advocate an alternative, data-driven approach to identify and model the structure of face evaluation.  ...  of implicit face evaluation [17] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2008.10.001 pmid:18951830 fatcat:ieyqh3sdfjfidkscdgdngabdm4

Behavioral and Neural Adaptation in Approach Behavior

Shuo Wang, Virginia Falvello, Jenny Porter, Christopher P. Said, Alexander Todorov
2018 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
The right amygdala showed both linear response and quadratic response to trustworthiness level, as observed in prior studies.  ...  However, it remains unclear how people learn trustworthiness from a population of faces and whether this learning influences their approachability decisions.  ...  T. wrote the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01243 pmid:29393719 fatcat:i72zliz5rjh2bpche2ygdvonym

The social evaluation of faces: a meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging studies

Peter Mende-Siedlecki, Christopher P. Said, Alexander Todorov
2012 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
Across negative face evaluations, we observed the most consistent activations in bilateral amygdala.  ...  Finally, we argue that some of the differences between studies are attributable to differences in the typicality of face stimuli.  ...  This dissociation of linear and non-linear responses in the human amygdala parallels the findings of a Social evaluation of faces SCAN (2013) high-resolution fMRI study on non-human primates (Hoffman  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsr090 pmid:22287188 pmcid:PMC3594716 fatcat:tcbvk2znmvcy7h7m5y3mq6n4te

Evaluating Faces on Social Dimensions [chapter]

Alexander Todorov
2011 Social Neuroscience  
of the amygdala in valence evaluation of faces.  ...  As argued in section IV, valence evaluation of faces may be in the service of approach/ avoidance decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0004 fatcat:jzaxdvvsijho7kurrbxsfcqaua

Brain systems for assessing the affective value of faces

C. P. Said, J. V. Haxby, A. Todorov
2011 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
coded in terms of their typicality.  ...  In §4, we describe the current understanding of how the brain responds to emotionally neutral faces.  ...  [63] replicated the findings that the activation in the amygdala decreased with face trustworthiness, using only an implicit task to rule out the possibility that performance on implicit trials was  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2010.0351 pmid:21536552 pmcid:PMC3130375 fatcat:7wmd2ljzpvekpoti4eh5zkjzt4

A Tiger and a President: Imperceptible Celebrity Facial Cues Influence Trust and Preference

Robin J. Tanner, Ahreum Maeng
2012 Journal of Consumer Research  
Despite a complete lack of conscious recognition, trustworthiness ratings of the composite faces are clearly influenced by the celebrities in question.  ...  However, little research in marketing has considered the consequences of how facial imagery is automatically processed.  ...  involves implicit recognition of the celebrities' facial properties sufficient for the perceiver to access a valence judgment of that specific individual in particular.  ... 
doi:10.1086/665412 fatcat:uothjxjqirhvfczf22twavw2gu

Faces in Context: A Review and Systematization of Contextual Influences on Affective Face Processing

Matthias J. Wieser, Tobias Brosch
2012 Frontiers in Psychology  
According to the predominant "basic emotion" approach, the perception of emotion in faces is based on the rapid, automatic categorization of prototypical, universal expressions.  ...  presented together with the face as well as knowledge or processing biases already present in the observer.  ...  At the behavioral level, the mental templates of out-group faces possess less trustworthy features in participants with high implicit bias (Dotsch et al., 2008) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00471 pmid:23130011 pmcid:PMC3487423 fatcat:nyl3wxbjcvhbrl753aepzmvez4

The amygdala and the relevance detection theory of autism: an evolutionary perspective

Tiziana Zalla, Marco Sperduti
2013 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
As posited by the Relevance Detector theory (Sander et al., 2003) , the human amygdala is a critical component of a brain circuit involved in the appraisal of self-relevant events that include, but are  ...  In the last few decades there has been increasing interest in the role of the amygdala in psychiatric disorders and, in particular, in its contribution to the socio-emotional impairments in autism spectrum  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful and constructive comments that greatly contributed to improving the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00894 pmid:24416006 pmcid:PMC3874476 fatcat:okfgu2t3nngllk4d7x3btnjwkm

Implicit Bias, Reinforcement Learning, and Scaffolded Moral Cognition [chapter]

Bryce Huebner
2016 Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1  
My primary aim in this paper is to sketch a computational framework of implicit biases, which can explain both their emergence and their stability in the face of egalitarian ideals; I then use this framework  ...  Recent data from the cognitive and behavioral sciences suggest that irrelevant features of our environment can often play a role in shaping our morally significant decisions.  ...  Acknowledgments The argument in this paper has greatly from a number of conversations with Cassie Herbert, Dan Kelly, Rebecca Kukla, Nabina Liebow, Eric Mandelbaum, and Susanne Sreedhar; I am also grateful  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.003.0003 fatcat:iulagcxojfhhffhyl3cunef7ca
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