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Implications of high energy proportional servers on cluster-wide energy proportionality

Daniel Wong, Murali Annavaram
2014 2014 IEEE 20th International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA)  
With the emergence of high energy proportional servers, we revisit whether cluster-level packing techniques are still the most effective way to achieve high cluster-wide energy proportionality.  ...  Cluster-level packing techniques have long been used to improve the energy proportionality of server clusters by masking the poor energy proportionality of individual servers.  ...  Furthermore, we found that clusterlevel packing techniques may now hinder cluster-wide energy proportionality with the emergence of high energy proportional servers.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hpca.2014.6835925 dblp:conf/hpca/0001A14 fatcat:juh3xn2qerep5hzf2zdrtr5xvu

Peak efficiency aware scheduling for highly energy proportional servers

Daniel Wong
2016 SIGARCH Computer Architecture News  
Energy proportionality of data center severs have improved drastically over the past decade to the point where near ideal energy proportional servers are now common.  ...  In this paper, we explore the implications of this property on data center scheduling.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The author would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable feedback and Murali Annavaram for his guidance on preliminary versions of this work.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3007787.3001188 fatcat:6gvl4badxfemlpwetqdfuilfm4

Peak Efficiency Aware Scheduling for Highly Energy Proportional Servers

Daniel Wong
2016 2016 ACM/IEEE 43rd Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (ISCA)  
Energy proportionality of data center severs have improved drastically over the past decade to the point where near ideal energy proportional servers are now common.  ...  In this paper, we explore the implications of this property on data center scheduling.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The author would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable feedback and Murali Annavaram for his guidance on preliminary versions of this work.  ... 
doi:10.1109/isca.2016.49 dblp:conf/isca/Wong16 fatcat:wtu6fvlyozax7io54rl3242fnq

Energy Aware Virtual Machine Scheduling in Data Centers

Yeliang Qiu, Congfeng Jiang, Yumei Wang, Dongyang Ou, Youhuizi Li, Jian Wan
2019 Energies  
The experimental results on real clusters show that EASE can save servers' power consumption as much as 37.07%–49.98% in both homogeneous and heterogeneous clusters, while the average completion time of  ...  Due to varying in workload types and intensities, different servers may have a different energy efficiency (EE) and energy proportionality (EP) even while having the same hardware configuration (i.e.,  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en12040646 fatcat:pyeilens7rbj3bes4zklp5f75u

Unobtrusive power proportionality for HPC frameworks

Arka Bhattacharya, David Culler
2014 Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Future energy systems - e-Energy '14  
The proliferation of large High-Performance Computing clusters executing computation-intensive jobs on large data sets has made cluster power proportionality very important [13] .  ...  We deployed Hypnos on a 57-server production cluster. From a 21-day run, we obtained a 36% energy saving in spite of multiple server and network failures.  ...  The implication is that a lot of servers do no work, but consume energy in their idle state.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2602044.2602085 dblp:conf/eenergy/BhattacharyaC14 fatcat:cwez4x6emrcefopovilbbfjxxm

Towards energy proportionality for large-scale latency-critical workloads

David Lo, Liqun Cheng, Rama Govindaraju, Luiz Andre Barroso, Christos Kozyrakis
2014 2014 ACM/IEEE 41st International Symposium on Computer Architecture (ISCA)  
The lack of energy proportionality of typical WSC hardware and the fact that important workloads (such as search) require all servers to remain up regardless of traffic intensity renders existing power  ...  We present PEGASUS, a feedback-based controller that significantly improves the energy proportionality of WSC systems, as demonstrated by a real implementation in a Google search cluster.  ...  We also thank Caroline Suen and the anonymous reviewers for their useful feedback on earlier versions of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1109/isca.2014.6853237 dblp:conf/isca/LoCGBK14 fatcat:mjgy72jjznbevezcewx5cxglai

Towards energy proportionality for large-scale latency-critical workloads

David Lo, Liqun Cheng, Rama Govindaraju, Luiz André Barroso, Christos Kozyrakis
2014 SIGARCH Computer Architecture News  
The lack of energy proportionality of typical WSC hardware and the fact that important workloads (such as search) require all servers to remain up regardless of traffic intensity renders existing power  ...  We present PEGASUS, a feedback-based controller that significantly improves the energy proportionality of WSC systems, as demonstrated by a real implementation in a Google search cluster.  ...  We also thank Caroline Suen and the anonymous reviewers for their useful feedback on earlier versions of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2678373.2665718 fatcat:b5gkv6fqynhilokj7xkc3omxnm

Energy-efficient content delivery networks using cluster shutdown

Vimal Mathew, Ramesh K. Sitaraman, Prashant Shenoy
2015 Sustainable Computing: Informatics and Systems  
Since energy costs are a significant component of the total operating expense of a CDN, we propose and explore a novel technique called cluster shutdown that turns off an entire cluster of servers of a  ...  A commercial CDN could comprise hundreds of thousands of servers deployed in over thousand clusters across the globe and incurs significant energy costs for powering and cooling their servers.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to acknowledge the support of NSF awards CNS-1117221, CNS-0916972 and CNS-0855128.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.suscom.2014.05.004 fatcat:wqjpbxg6vrfchcbzougteniqni

Energy-efficient content delivery networks using cluster shutdown

Vimal Mathew, Ramesh K. Sitaraman, Prashant Shenoy
2013 2013 International Green Computing Conference Proceedings  
Since energy costs are a significant component of the total operating expense of a CDN, we propose and explore a novel technique called cluster shutdown that turns off an entire cluster of servers of a  ...  A commercial CDN could comprise hundreds of thousands of servers deployed in over thousand clusters across the globe and incurs significant energy costs for powering and cooling their servers.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to acknowledge the support of NSF awards CNS-1117221, CNS-0916972 and CNS-0855128.  ... 
doi:10.1109/igcc.2013.6604510 dblp:conf/green/MathewSS13 fatcat:kjcdggbskrbwha7bh6lnfbtmfy

Power management of online data-intensive services

David Meisner, Christopher M. Sadler, Luiz André Barroso, Wolf-Dietrich Weber, Thomas F. Wenisch
2011 SIGARCH Computer Architecture News  
Although the load in OLDI services can vary widely during the day, their energy consumption sees little variance due to the lack of energy proportionality of the underlying machinery.  ...  Using Web search as a representative example of this workload class, we first characterize a production Web search workload at cluster-wide scale.  ...  Fundamentally, the architecture of OLDI services demands that power be conserved on a per-server basis; each server must exhibit energy-proportionality for the cluster to be energy-efficient, and the latency  ... 
doi:10.1145/2024723.2000103 fatcat:f3qcgkapwfecnoeqfqyexznb5a

Power management of online data-intensive services

David Meisner, Christopher M. Sadler, Luiz André Barroso, Wolf-Dietrich Weber, Thomas F. Wenisch
2011 Proceeding of the 38th annual international symposium on Computer architecture - ISCA '11  
Although the load in OLDI services can vary widely during the day, their energy consumption sees little variance due to the lack of energy proportionality of the underlying machinery.  ...  Using Web search as a representative example of this workload class, we first characterize a production Web search workload at cluster-wide scale.  ...  Fundamentally, the architecture of OLDI services demands that power be conserved on a per-server basis; each server must exhibit energy-proportionality for the cluster to be energy-efficient, and the latency  ... 
doi:10.1145/2000064.2000103 dblp:conf/isca/MeisnerSBWW11 fatcat:ei4ngxvitvgkjlscecexkbqgya

Analyzing the energy efficiency of a database server

Dimitris Tsirogiannis, Stavros Harizopoulos, Mehul A. Shah
2010 Proceedings of the 2010 international conference on Management of data - SIGMOD '10  
In this paper, we focus on the role of database software in affecting, and, ultimately, improving the energy efficiency of a server.  ...  performing one.  ...  In general, energy inefficiency stems from systems' poor energy proportionality, i.e., power use does not increase in proportion with performance, which is due to the poor proportionality of individual  ... 
doi:10.1145/1807167.1807194 dblp:conf/sigmod/TsirogiannisHS10 fatcat:ddermari6nhezaxawigt7lkf4a

DIMMer

Dongli Zhang, Moussa Ehsan, Michael Ferdman, Radu Sion
2014 Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Cloud Computing - SOCC '14  
Lack of energy proportionality in server systems results in significant waste of energy when operating at low utilization, a common scenario in today's data centers.  ...  Using a Google cluster trace as well as in-house experiments, we estimate up to 50% savings on DRAM and 18.8% on CPU background energy.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank our shepherd, Dan Tsafrir, and the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments on earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2670979.2670990 dblp:conf/cloud/ZhangEFS14 fatcat:obfhgj566jhzlnld3w247mfx5m

On Energy Security of Server Systems

Zhenyu Wu, Mengjun Xie, Haining Wang
2012 IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing  
Index Terms-Energy attack, server security, energy-aware programming Ç WU ET AL.: ON ENERGY SECURITY OF SERVER SYSTEMS 865 . Z. Wu is with  ...  However, the security perspective of server power management has not yet been studied. In this paper, we investigate energy attacks, a new type of malicious exploits on server systems.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their detailed and insightful comments, which have helped to greatly improve the quality of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tdsc.2012.70 fatcat:crus6l3rzrhkfelr7b5kzc3mce

Does low-power design imply energy efficiency for data centers?

David Meisner, Thomas F. Wenisch
2011 IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design  
We analyze the energy efficiency design space of past commercial server designs and find that high-power servers are generally more energy efficient than low-power ones.  ...  Furthermore, we evaluate building low-or high-power server clusters and find that the small increase in the cost of cooling high-powered servers is easily outweighed by their greater efficiency.  ...  DATA CENTER-LEVEL EFFICIENCY We turn, now, to the second half of our study, where we investigate the implications of high-power servers on data-center-level energy This figure shows the trend in PUE as  ... 
doi:10.1109/islped.2011.5993621 fatcat:cajgury6wzcsxalu5a3dw7egdy
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