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A Review of Norms and Normative Multiagent Systems

Moamin A. Mahmoud, Mohd Sharifuddin Ahmad, Mohd Zaliman Mohd Yusoff, Aida Mustapha
2014 The Scientific World Journal  
The concept of normative multiagent systems is used to facilitate collaboration and coordination among social groups of agents.  ...  Such interest is caused by the need for agents to exploit the norms in enhancing their performance in a community. The term norm is used to characterize the behaviours of community members.  ...  social sanctions such as frowning or giving silent gestures if they do not comply (injunctive norms) [24] .  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/684587 pmid:25110739 pmcid:PMC4119705 fatcat:zdth4ziwzvgfhbhr7hlvvjvfga

Monitoring norms: a multi-disciplinary perspective

Mehdi Dastani, Paolo Torroni, Neil Yorke-Smith
2018 Knowledge engineering review (Print)  
If a norm is an expected behaviour in a social setting, then this article considers how it can be determined whether an individual is adhering to this expected behaviour.  ...  The concept is studied with different terminology and perspectives, including individual, social, legal and philosophical.  ...  , for instance (Chapman, 1996) : '"progressive realization," the current standard used to assess implementation [hence, "evaluating compliance with the norms"], renders economic, social, and cultural  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0269888918000267 fatcat:yquw5xwfv5hexkeyljdo6lyhai

Punishment the Easy Way

Christopher Nathan
2020 Criminal Law and Philosophy  
this does not itself give us a reason to oppose them.  ...  Focusing on the case of civil preventive injunctions, I clear the ground and provide reasons for a third logical possibility: that coercive preventive measures are relevantly similar to punishment, but  ...  This way of setting up the debate encourages us to put more normative weight on the term 'punishment' than it can rightly bear.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11572-020-09549-2 fatcat:67pa3offdrbzzdzast5hdmvy3a

Evaluating Inferences: the Nature and Role of Warrants

Robert C. Pinto
2008 Informal Logic  
It attempts to capture what gives warrants their normative force by elaborating a concept of reliability tailored to its account of the form such rules should take.  ...  It offers an account of the form such rules should take that is designed (a) to implement the idea that an argument/inference is valid only if it is entitlement preserving and (b) to support a qualitative  ...  epistemic norms take the form of "instrumental" reasons.  ... 
doi:10.22329/il.v26i3.455 fatcat:opydyeywuvdrnflvk5vhgcviim

Global Justice and Poverty Relief in Nonideal Circumstances

Pablo Gilabert
2008 Social Theory and Practice  
The domains of practical feasibility can be shaped historically, and moral reasons may spur action to move social history beyond the 8 bounds of current injustices.  ...  General compliance under favorable circumstances can be seen as relative to the norms of a perfectly just society or as relative to the norms of a less than perfectly just society.  ...  It certainly cannot be used to justify claims about the existence of duties of distributive justice. This would be to conflate normative reasons with motivating reasons.  ... 
doi:10.5840/soctheorpract200834324 fatcat:iqshk2seczbarcm26w72d37c3q

Contemporary Ethical Theories and Jurisprudence

G. Nakhnikian
1957 The American Journal of Jurisprudence  
Moreover, those justifying grounds must entitle us to say truly that the principles they justify are criteria for criticizing the ethical validity of a given moral code.  ...  But there are laws intended to implement Nazi values and laws intended to implement humane values.  ...  They are injunctions as to how to live. This is the fundamental reason why it is proper to classify the Oxford analysts as non-cognitivists.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ajj/2.1.4 fatcat:q4rry5qc5fc67gwwgfmq4tj35u

Intergenerational Communities

Gregory S. Alexander
2014 The Law & Ethics of Human Rights  
I think it does, although the obligation that it creates must be one that is defeasible, for reasons that I shall explain.  ...  That obligation should apply to the extent that such background conditions are reasonably necessary or facilitative for the implementation of the relevant projects.  ...  There is no obvious reason to think that this pattern will not continue, allowing us not merely to avoid passing on to remote future generations a greatly degraded and depleted environment but to transmit  ... 
doi:10.1515/lehr-2014-0001 fatcat:uaeo43zsifalnlcwrym2arkwgi

Our Own Private Sustainable Community: Are Green Covenants, Conditions, and Restrictions a Viable Alternative to a More Environmentally Sustainable Future for Homeowners?

Darren A. Prum, Robert J. Aalberts
2012 Social Science Research Network  
It will promote the reasonable use and enjoyment of land in a manner suitable to the 1980's.  ...  See supra note 18 for discussion of cases using defeasible fees. See also, AAL-BERTS, supra note 18, at 137-39. 21.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2043640 fatcat:iy3waaubgngh5itpfividuwhoa

Thou shalt not kill as a defeasible heuristic: law and economics and the debate over physician-assisted suicide

Daniel Gilman
2004 Oregon law review  
Eric Posner, for example, has suggested reason to be chary of, e.g., attempted government engineering of social norms, as "social norms are complex, poorly understood, and sensitive to factors that are  ...  As such, the criteria for the defeasibility of such norms-the grounds on which we might reasonably consider suspending or revising them-ought to be especially demanding.  ... 
pmid:17063605 fatcat:kcqopeeklbbmjbqypl25untam4

Virtue Ethics and Natural Law Responses to Human Rights Quandaries in Business

Alejo José G SISON
2018 Business and Human Rights Journal  
in the proper interpretation and implementation of human rights claims on corporations, taking into account relevant contingencies.  ...  The blending of BHR discourse with the VENL tradition is best captured in modern Catholic Social Teaching (CST).  ...  (legal injunctions), as something constitutive of human rights and dignity.  ... 
doi:10.1017/bhj.2018.5 fatcat:yyqmhy4xmfenxdzc2i4iahvece

Rejecting Property Rules-Liability Rules for Boomer's Nuisance Remedy: The Last Tour You Need of Calabresi and Melamed's Cathedral

Doug Rendleman
2013 Social Science Research Network  
Analysis of the trespass and nuisance injunction should study structural litigation's injunctions and emphasize flexibility and equitable discretion, in short a broadened Rule 1).  ...  Rule 2)'s preference for damages over an injunction should be a rare remedy.  ...  , but in the case of highly disproportionate harm to the defendant or the public, the injunction can be made defeasible by a damage payment." 87 Psychology of Ownership, 51 Vand.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2212384 fatcat:s6ngcghe7rffjogdypppxckmie

On the Loss of Rights

Grégoire Webber
2013 Social Science Research Network  
In an effort to reclaim rights from the position of inconsequence to which they have been relegated by the received approach to human rights law, the chapter draws attention to the equivocation in the use  ...  In reasoning towards the states of affairs and sets of interpersonal actions, forbearances, and omissions that realise rights in community, one merely begs the question by affirming as conclusive that  ...  I aim to highlight how, no matter the strength of those reasons, they do not translate a defeasible claim of right into a defeasible right.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2272978 fatcat:umn2aevrunhp5n673hbmbcsxxa

Rehabilitating the Nuisance Injunction to Protect the Environment

Doug Rendleman
2018 Social Science Research Network  
An injunction is the superior remedy in most successful environmental litigation because it orders correction and improvement. Two anachronistic barriers to an environmental * E.  ...  [T]he plaintiff is always prima facie entitled to an injunction, but in the case of highly disproportionate harm to the defendant or the public, the injunction can be made defeasible or conditional by  ...  It will delve into normative matters of policy and principle, actual court decisions as positive law, and vocabulary.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3140473 fatcat:ik7nbytzpfcezlv7v4dcultpxu

The Normative Case Study

David Thacher
2006 American Journal of Sociology  
reasons are typically defeasible, and a person can always just act irrationally).  ...  By contrast, Burawoy seems to treat the normative aspect of his "public sociology" as disconnected from social science practice: "Empirical science can only take us so far: it can help us understand the  ... 
doi:10.1086/499913 fatcat:rftui6yynnfelj5gz7gthhdsny
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