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Douglas Walton's Contributions in Education

Chrysi Rapanta
2022 Informal Logic  
His contributions in the field of educational research, in particular in the field of argumentation and education, are less known.  ...  Douglas Walton, perhaps the most prolific author in Argumentation theory, has been of a great influence in the fields of Informal logic, Artificial intelligence, and Law.  ...  ), PTDC/FER-FIL/29906/2017 (Project P4C-AIM: Philosophy for children and the dawn of moral intuition: Values and reasons in rationality and reasonability), and PTDC/FER-FIL/28278/2017 (Project METACARE  ... 
doi:10.22329/il.v42i1.7222 fatcat:77qq3o67infxzmslyoujuw3lfa

Argument Schemes and Dialogue for Explainable Planning [article]

Quratul-ain Mahesar, Simon Parsons
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Furthermore, we present a novel dialogue system using the argument schemes and critical questions for providing interactive dialectical explanations.  ...  In this paper, we propose an argument scheme-based approach to provide explanations in the domain of AI planning.  ...  DIALOGUE SYSTEM USING ARGUMENT SCHEMES AND CRITICAL QUESTIONS In this section, we present a system for a formal dialogue between planner and user that allows the user to explore the plan explanation arguments  ... 
arXiv:2101.02648v2 fatcat:ttnog633hjf6jascuntpuuwhzm

Argumentation Without Arguments

Henry Prakken
2011 Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning  
A well-known ambiguity in the term 'argument' is that of argument as an inferential structure and argument as a kind of dialogue.  ...  Usually, formal accounts of argumentation dialogues in logic and artificial intelligence presuppose an argument-based logic.  ...  , and links without arrows are inferences, in this case applications of argument schemes).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10503-011-9208-9 fatcat:lwbj7losvbfhlfo5t5azog6byq

In memoriam Douglas N. Walton: the influence of Doug Walton on AI and law

Katie Atkinson, Trevor Bench-Capon, Floris Bex, Thomas F. Gordon, Henry Prakken, Giovanni Sartor, Bart Verheij
2020 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
Doug Walton, who died in January 2020, was a prolific author whose work in informal logic and argumentation had a profound influence on Artificial Intelligence, including Artificial Intelligence and Law  ...  He was also very interested in interdisciplinary work, and a frequent and generous collaborator.  ...  Argumentation and explanation in dialogue During my visit to Windsor, Doug and I also started talking about the differences, similarities and interplay between argumentation and explanation 8 .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-020-09272-2 fatcat:ct4cx6hgsnal3imcie7s7xypcm

Argumentation schemes in AI and Law

Katie Atkinson, Trevor Bench-Capon
2021 Argument & Computation  
We will discuss developments in argumentation in AI and Law before Walton's schemes became known in that community, and the issues that were current in that work.  ...  In this paper we describe the impact that Walton's conception of argumentation schemes had on AI and Law research.  ...  Atkinson and T. Bench-Capon / Argumentation schemes in AI and Law 7 Dialogue Also in the 1990s interest in dialogue began to develop.  ... 
doi:10.3233/aac-200543 fatcat:6lsejnj2wnbtphvtar6oz6emqm

Argument Schemes from the Point of View of Hamblin's Dialectic

Jan A. Van Laar
2011 Informal Logic  
This paper aims at a normative account of non-deductive argumentation schemes in the spirit of Hamblin's dialectical philosophy.  ...  Second, argumentation schemes, which have hardly been examined in Hamblin's book Fallacies, shall be dealt with by applying these principles, taking an argumentation scheme from authority as the leading  ...  Acknowledgments: I thank Erik Krabbe and an anonymous referee for very helpful comments.  ... 
doi:10.22329/il.v31i4.3363 fatcat:zogch5gtrzh4harbeoxjbkbrpu

Towards mining scientific discourse using argumentation schemes

Nancy L. Green, Floriana Grasso, Nancy L. Green
2018 Argument & Computation  
Argumentation schemes implemented as logic programs are formulated in terms of semantic predicates that could be obtained from a text by use of biomedical/biological natural language processing tools.  ...  The logic programs can be used to extract the underlying scheme name, premises, and implicit or explicit conclusion of an argument.  ...  Acknowledgements The checking of argument analyses was done with the help of graduate students, Michael Branon and Bishwa Giri, who were supported by a University of North Carolina Greenboro 2016 Summer  ... 
doi:10.3233/aac-180038 fatcat:b5ebbabwhnacbobwcqwj5plly4

Towards a Formal and Implemented Model of Argumentation Schemes in Agent Communication

Chris Reed, Doug Walton
2005 Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems  
By focusing on models of natural language argumentation schemes, and then building formal systems from them, direct implementation becomes possible that not only has advantages in flexibility and scope  ...  Argumentation schemes are patterns of non-deductive reasoning that have long been studied in argumentation theory, and have more recently been identified in computational domains including multi-agent  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to acknowledge grant support from the Leverhulme Trust in the UK, and SSHRC in Canada, for supporting their collaborative work in the area.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10458-005-1729-x fatcat:fsiuo5emwrhcxdtwkqsswt6cki

Towards a Formal and Implemented Model of Argumentation Schemes in Agent Communication [chapter]

Chris Reed, Doug Walton
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
By focusing on models of natural language argumentation schemes, and then building formal systems from them, direct implementation becomes possible that not only has advantages in flexibility and scope  ...  Argumentation schemes are patterns of non-deductive reasoning that have long been studied in argumentation theory, and have more recently been identified in computational domains including multi-agent  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to acknowledge grant support from the Leverhulme Trust in the UK, and SSHRC in Canada, for supporting their collaborative work in the area.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-32261-0_2 fatcat:yfx76efzc5fm7apt4lo5z2xqkm

A computational model of argumentation schemes for multi-agent systems

Alison R. Panisson, Peter McBurney, Rafael H. Bordini
2021 Argument & Computation  
This paper formally defines such a framework and experimentally evaluates its implementation for both argumentation-based reasoning and dialogues.  ...  When developing multi-agent applications in which argumentation will be used to improve agent communication and reasoning, argumentation schemes (reasoning patterns for argumentation) are useful in addressing  ...  schemes was "elegant".  ... 
doi:10.3233/aac-210555 fatcat:3gyvj7jaajhopmzjw3pnldfase

Effects of interactivity and presentation on review-based explanations for recommendations [article]

Diana C. Hernandez-Bocanegra, Juergen Ziegler
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We investigate the potential of interactive explanations in review-based RS in the domain of hotels, and propose an explanation scheme inspired by dialog models and formal argument structures.  ...  Our results show that providing more interactive explanations in review-based RS has a significant positive influence on the perception of explanation quality, effectiveness and trust in the system by  ...  Conclusions and future work In this paper, we have presented a scheme for explanations as interactive argumentation in review-based RS, inspired by dialogue explanation models and formal argument schemes  ... 
arXiv:2105.11794v1 fatcat:q7sz6gzn4jf4vov42g24wfrs6a

Guest Editorial: Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems

Iyad Rahwan
2005 Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems  
Acknowledgements The author is grateful to the members of the Steering Committee and Programme Committee of the International Workshop on Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems (ArgMAS) for their support  ...  and advice.  ...  In this issue, the paper ''Towards a Formal and Implemented Model of Argumentation Schemes in Agent Communication'' by Chris Reed and Doug Walton presents a formalised and implemented framework for specifying  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10458-005-3079-0 fatcat:uh6c67kqybb3fpwtq7cdjkb7ia

Developing and evaluating dialogue games for collaborative e-learning

A. Ravenscroft, M.P. Matheson
2002 Journal of Computer Assisted Learning  
The implications this study has for the role of collaborative dialogue in learning and designing computerbased and computer-mediated collaborative interaction are discussed.  ...  This paper argues that developments in collaborative e-learning dialogue should be based on pedagogically sound principles of discourse, and therefore, by implication, there is a need to develop methodologies  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are especially grateful to the staff and students at the Lord Grey School in Bletchley, Milton Keynes, UK -who generously offered their time and interest in the project.  ... 
doi:10.1046/j.0266-4909.2001.00215.x fatcat:b3sant3wvbfqrazq7qransssly

Criticism in Need of Clarification

Jan Albert van Laar
2014 Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning  
I elaborate on the opponent's "burden of criticism" by using argumentation schemes. For example, the critic may challenge a thesis by saying "Why? Says who?  ...  What are fair dialogue rules for dealing with unspecific criticism?  ...  for implementing this is to consider (at least temporarily) the opponent to have adopted the argumentation scheme (if any) that underlies the proponent's argument in response to the opponent's challenge  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10503-013-9309-8 fatcat:ooaflcdp2vfsvbpo2tjx3ve5pq

Argumentation Theoretical Frameworks for Explainable Artificial Intelligence

Martijn Demollin, Qurat-Ul-Ain Shaheen, Katarzyna Budzynska, Carles Sierra
2020 Zenodo  
This paper discusses four major argumentation theoretical frameworks with respect to their use in support of explainable artificial intelligence (XAI).  ...  The former is concerned with the generation of explanations for decisions taken by AI systems, while the latter is concerned with the way explanations are given to users and received by them.  ...  Acknowledgements This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 860621.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5886640 fatcat:sjjkale7snejng7fzwuizuloyu
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