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Implementation of Normative Practical Reasoning with Durative Actions [chapter]

Zohreh Shams, Marina De Vos, Julian Padget, Wamberto Vasconcelos
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We offer a formal model that allows the agents to plan for conflicting goals and norms in presence of durative actions that can be executed concurrently.  ...  Autonomous agents operating in a dynamic environment need constantly to reason about actions in pursuit of their goals, while taking into consideration possible norms imposed on those actions.  ...  A Model for Normative Practical Reasoning This section introduces a formal model and its semantics for normative practical reasoning in the presence of durative actions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-42691-4_19 fatcat:zpmgmpnopjacjal6kvuxd673mq

Practical reasoning with norms for autonomous software agents

Zohreh Shams, Marina De Vos, Julian Padget, Wamberto W. Vasconcelos
2017 Engineering applications of artificial intelligence  
We offer a formalisation to allow agents to plan for multiple goals and norms in the presence of durative actions that can be executed concurrently.  ...  Autonomous software agents operating in dynamic environments need to constantly reason about actions in pursuit of their goals, while taking into consideration norms which might be imposed on those actions  ...  Durative Actions The component A of our normative practical reasoning problem P = (FL, ∆, A, G, N ) is a set of durative actions. A durative action has pre-and post-conditions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.engappai.2017.07.021 fatcat:h47sn42bpbdcdciprnrjvclkyy

Practical Reasoning with Norms for Autonomous Software Agents (Full Edition) [article]

Zohreh Shams, Marina De Vos, Julian Padget, Wamberto W. Vasconcelos
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We offer a formalisation to allow agents to plan for multiple goals and norms in the presence of durative actions that can be executed concurrently.  ...  Autonomous software agents operating in dynamic environments need to constantly reason about actions in pursuit of their goals, while taking into consideration norms which might be imposed on those actions  ...  Durative Actions The component A of our normative practical reasoning problem P = (FL, ∆, A, G, N ) is a set of durative actions. A durative action has pre-and post-conditions.  ... 
arXiv:1701.08306v1 fatcat:v4abo3kgb5bplj7qmkq665of5q

Incorporating social practices in BDI agent systems [article]

Stephen Cranefield, Frank Dignum
2019 arXiv   pre-print
However, using social practices requires extending the traditional BDI deliberation cycle to monitor landmark states and perform expected actions by leveraging existing plans.  ...  When agents interact with humans, either through embodied agents or because they are embedded in a robot, it would be easy if they could use fixed interaction protocols as they do with other agents.  ...  Thus, durative actions are implemented by repeated execution of an action until the corresponding stop action is called. (2) Joint actions are also supported.  ... 
arXiv:1903.03189v1 fatcat:puffcqpldnc2xgvdfmzwlgocqa

Argumentation-based Normative Practical Reasoning [chapter]

Zohreh Shams, Marina De Vos, Nir Oren, Julian Padget, Ken Satoh
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Practical reasoning is reasoning about what to do in a given situation, particularly in the presence of conflicts between the agent's practical attitude such as goals, plans and norms.  ...  In this paper we: (i) introduce a formal model for normative practical reasoning that allows an agent to plan for multiple and potentially conflicting goals and norms at the same time (ii) identify the  ...  The model is implemented formally in a way that handles durative actions and time explicitly, hence enriching reasoning about conflicts.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-28460-6_14 fatcat:7g3caymsibettau3isskh27x7u

Argumentation-Based Reasoning about Plans, Maintenance Goals, and Norms

Zohreh Shams, Marina De Vos, Nir Oren, Julian Padget
2020 ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems  
We propose a solution in which a normative planning problem is the basis for practical reasoning based on argumentation.  ...  norm to comply with in face of conflict.  ...  Syntax and Semantics A normative practical reasoning problem describes the domain over which reasoning takes place. • ∆ is the initial state; • A is a finite, non-empty set of durative actions; • G is  ... 
doi:10.1145/3364220 fatcat:u447c2r655dz3ab47ogkbmhm4a

Gus Dur's Ijtihād Paradigm of Contemporary Fiqh in Indonesia

Moh. Dahlan, Zakiyuddin Baidlawy, Sugiono Sugiono
2019 Al-Ahkam  
In practical terms, the Gus Dur ijtihād paradigm has made Indonesian socio-cultural values a consideration in understanding and applying contemporary fiqh without changing existing fiqh norms.  ...  Theoretically, the Gus Dur ijtihād paradigm has characteristics promoting different socio-cultural and humanitarian values from Islamic reformers.  ...  support the implementation of these legal norms optimally.  ... 
doi:10.21580/ahkam.2019.29.2.4193 fatcat:5sqbcdkke5g6fbf75zngswugaq

A Framework to Model Norm Dynamics in Answer Set Programming

Sofia Panagiotidi, Juan Carlos Nieves, Javier Vázquez-Salceda
2009 Multi-Agent Logics, Languages, and Organisations Federated Workshops  
The framework uses as basis an existing action language and enriches it with a formal definition of norms (implementing standard deontic operators such as obligations and permissions).  ...  This paper presents ongoing work in the formal definition and implementation of a normative framework in Answer Set Programming.  ...  Javier Vázquez-Salceda's work has been also partially funded by the "Ramón y Cajal" program of the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science.  ... 
dblp:conf/mallow/PanagiotidiNV09 fatcat:qd5idzolcrd7vciq6wetdoamly

The moral basis for conservation - reflections on Dickmanet al

Douglas Sheil, Jane Cohen, Carol J Pierce Colfer, David Price, Rajindra Puri, Manuel Ruiz-Perez, Yulia Sugandi, Paul Vedeld, Eva Wollenberg, Yurdi Yasmi
2016 Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment  
They favor a world in which conservation scientists armed with universal norms will more readily implement their solutions without the consent of local stakeholders.  ...  The benefits of maintaining good relations with local people and accessing local knowledge to implement any solution seem adequate reason to avoid a rush to confrontation.  ... 
doi:10.1002/fee.1224 fatcat:qjvlk7fod5b7tccmr4ejfthwn4

Humanistic Education in Abdurrahman Wahid's

Supriyanto Supriyanto
2018 Edugama  
For Gus Dur, appreciation of human values is at the core of the teachings of Islam. The emphasis on understanding humanity provides a basis for the humanistic attitude that Gus Dur wanted to build.  ...  Humanistic education in the concept of Gus Dur is a discussion of human values voiced by Gus Dur which includes universal humanity, human rights and justice.  ...  The size group above acts as a quasi norm (not the norm, but its role is the same as the norm). If the development of the era or culture does not match that size, it must be stopped.  ... 
doi:10.32923/edugama.v4i2.688 fatcat:rqzvunrf7je37mclpqwf75yrre

Social Practices: a Complete Formalization [article]

Frank Dignum
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We argue that social practices facilitate the practical reasoning of agents in standard social interactions.  ...  The main goal of this paper is to give a formalization of social practices that can be used as a basis for implementations and defining precise structures within which social learning can take place.  ...  We can conclude that we have now a solid basis for the implementation of social practices in many different application areas.  ... 
arXiv:2206.06088v1 fatcat:6zmrl3og6fhzlcmpq65g5rhcgm

Action Programs for Ethnic Minorities

Astrid Podsiadlowski, Astrid Reichel
2013 Business & Society  
Our results indicate that issues of fairness and social responsibilities, above and beyond normative and economic issues, are major reasons for organizations to implement action programs for ethnic minorities  ...  Overall, eco- nomically oriented reasons do not seem to have an influence on the implementation of action programs for ethnic minorities.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0007650313476665 fatcat:ikzoygw6ife6vh4lpe23fapgge

Abdurrahman Wahid Structural Da'wah Activities

Awaludin Pimay, Agus Riyadi
2021 Ilmu Dakwah Academic Journal for Homiletic Studies  
This study aims to see how Gus Dur's da'wah activities with the position of President and what da'wah policies he made.  ...  Gus Dur used his power to preach democracy and humanity as the direction of his struggle.  ...  Here, the da'wah technique means the implementation steps or how to implement Gus Dur's structural da'wah method. A technique is a practical explanation of a concept called a method.  ... 
doi:10.15575/idajhs.v15i2.14787 fatcat:er3wy3eyynhdpe527gwxai4zya

Page 2599 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 77, Issue 10 [page]

1990 Psychological Abstracts  
—Examined the personal and normative influences on breast self-examination (BSE) behavior in older women, using the the- ory of reasoned action (TRA) of M. Fishbein and I.  ...  (U Washington, Seattle) Predict- ing breast self-examination the of Reasoned Action. Nursing Research, 1990(Mar-Apr), Vol 39(2), 97-101.  ... 

A conceptual control system description of Cooperative and Automated Driving in mixed urban traffic with Meaningful Human Control for design and evaluation

Simeon C. Calvert, Giulio Mecacci
2020 IEEE Open Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems  
This paper is one of the first to operationalise MHC to such a level of detail and opens the door to further development of the concept for technological implementation.  ...  An approach with mathematical elaboration has been developed that offers a first quantifiable operationalisation of MHC for the traffic domain and for use with automated vehicles.  ...  The second is a strategic reason: the intention of the human driver to traverse their route with a minimal duration: 𝑅 𝑑𝑢𝑟 𝑆 (𝑡).  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojits.2020.3021461 fatcat:ehgjgfymubhote7b36wws3jizy
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