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Divisor Methods for Sequential Portfolio Allocation in Multi-Party Executive Bodies: Evidence from Northern Ireland and Denmark

Brendan O'Leary, Bernard Grofman, Jorgen Elklit
2005 American Journal of Political Science  
Divisor rule sequencing using the d'Hondt method was recently used to determine the ten cabinet positions in the Northern Ireland Executive Committee created under the 1998 Belfast ("Good Friday") Agreement  ...  Some proportional representation (PR) rules can also be used to specify the sequence in which each party in a parliament or each member in a multiparty governing coalition is given its choice about (unique  ...  identical to the Sainte-Laguë formula for proportional representation. 2 Both the d'Hondt/Jefferson and the Sainte-Laguë/Webster rules illustrate a class of PR formulae known as divisor methods.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.0092-5853.2005.00118.x fatcat:54vtgiwsojhjfddactcj5fogve

Power-sharing in a re-united Cyprus: Centripetal coalitions vs. proportional sequential coalitions

John McGarry, Neophytos Loizides
2015 International Journal of Constitutional Law  
We argue that PS coalitions can provide a broadly inclusive and negotiable settlement in the context of a re-united Cyprus as well as in other divided polities.  ...  Likewise, the article points to the limits of classic consociational approaches in mediating power-sharing arrangements, particularly approaches that rely on corporate ethnic quotas.  ...  Thus, we ind that in Fiji in 1997, the only empirical example in the world where a centripetal electoral system has been agreed to and implemented with the purposive aim of undergirding a parliamentary  ... 
doi:10.1093/icon/mov071 fatcat:6x4csr5rgzgedl342lrlfvm3qi

Key electoral institutions and rules influencing proportionality and partisan bias in Spanish politics

Jose Pavia, Fernando Toboso
2019 Panoeconomicus  
It is well-documented that the system as a whole has traditionally favoured one or the other of the two main political parties (PP and PSOE) at the expense of proportionality and the remaining political  ...  The basic contribution of the paper is an empirical one as it provides a new example that institutions matter for results.  ...  Concerning the d'Hondt rule, popularized by Victor d'Hondt, although invented by Thomas Jefferson nearly a century ago, we must briefly acknowledge that this is a method that tends to favour the major  ... 
doi:10.2298/pan180725022p fatcat:cphprtjf3rf4jgavm3yoo4dwwq

Analysis and Design of Electoral Systems

Michel Balinski, Steven Brams, Friedrich Pukelsheim
2004 Oberwolfach Reports  
BAZI is a freely available JAVA-Program, permitting the user to experiment with various apportionment methods, and to assess their relative merits on the basis of real data rather than abstract theory.  ...  The pertinent theory is available in the seminal monograph [4] by Balinski and Young. Among all possible apportionment methods, the authors single out two  ...  and Thüringen; • D'Hondt (i.e.  ... 
doi:10.4171/owr/2004/14 fatcat:cxpmrxihfvdx7j2mryxnbbyxbe

Dividing the Indivisible: Procedures for Allocating Cabinet Ministries to Political Parties in a Parliamentary System

Steven J. Brams, Todd R. Kaplan
2002 Social Science Research Network  
Political parties in Northern Ireland recently used a divisor method of apportionment to choose, in sequence, ten cabinet ministries.  ...  We introduce a mechanism that combines sequential choices with a structured form of trading that results in sincere choices for two parties.  ...  Another well-known divisor method, proposed by Thomas Jefferson in 1792 and by Viktor d'Hondt of Belgium in 1878, uses a different rounding procedure.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.325540 fatcat:obz4prep7vfc5dkyzwcmaqbpbq

Dividing the Indivisible

Steven J. Brams, Todd R. Kaplan
2004 Journal of Theoretical Politics  
Political parties in Northern Ireland recently used a divisor method of apportionment to choose, in sequence, ten cabinet ministries.  ...  We introduce a mechanism that combines sequential choices with a structured form of trading that results in sincere choices for two parties.  ...  Another well-known divisor method, proposed by Thomas Jefferson in 1792 and by Viktor d'Hondt of Belgium in 1878, uses a different rounding procedure.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0951629804041118 fatcat:gbnn7vyi4ja6fctfzn4pjpcw3e

The Strategy and History of Electoral System Choice [chapter]

Josep M. Colomer
2004 The Handbook of Electoral System Choice  
More generally, the choice of electoral system seems to follow what could be called the 'Micro-mega rule', by which the large prefer the small and the small prefer the large: a few large parties tend to  ...  As will be argued and discussed in the following pages, political configurations in which there is a single dominant party or two rather balanced parties tend to produce choices in favour of rather restrictive  ...  Actually, Mill was still short in his insight since, by this procedure as implemented in Britain, a parliamentary majority can be given to a relative majority, so to a minority of voters of the majority  ... 
doi:10.1057/9780230522749_1 fatcat:xasaiirvr5fk5prmt7csnca2rm

Edição Completa Dossiê América do Sul

Estudos Internacionais
2015 Estudos Internacionais Revista de Relações Internacionais da PUC Minas  
Implementation of the ENP is jointly promoted and monitored through the Committees and sub-Committees established in the frame 2.  ...  by a common set of rules in their relations with one another, and share in the working of common institutions (BULL, 1977, p. 13 ).  ...  que las reformas orientadas a favor del mercado favorecieron a una serie de empresas ganadoras.  ... 
doaj:17031aa841df45fcbd2a7379931f2ac5 fatcat:5t2t4qtix5d23mcrjcjizjagai

Electoral mobilization and voter turnout in post-authoritarian countries: the case of parliamentary elections in Iraq (2005-2018)

Abbas Fadhil Mahmood Alkateshi
2019
turnout in the Iraqi parliamentary elections since the first founding national elections in October 2005.  ...  While these efforts have contributed to increasing the turnout in the early three elections, it is also a major contributory factor in dropping the voter turnout to (44.5%) in the fourth national elections  ...  the seat allocation system, and the registration rules and their implementation."  ... 
doi:10.7282/t3-mmzr-fw97 fatcat:s7hqp7fjazccdaiehtt26dgspq

Justice as Witness: Jews Facing Polish Courts During the German Occupation (1939-1942)

Marie-Dominique Racine Asselin, University, My
2021
In Poland, during the German occupation (1939-1945), the Polish courts were one of the few institutions left in the hands of the Poles.  ...  Because of the lack of involvement of Germans in this administrative sphere, the courts were a rare domain where Poles and Jews could continue to interact without any overt interference and control by  ...  parties in Poland, including the parties of national minorities. 32 parties were represented in the Sejm organized into 18 parliamentary clubs.  ... 
doi:10.20381/ruor-25931 fatcat:sezj4hhdkzdrzgivcdusgrlqpe