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The burden of dengue, source reduction measures, and serotype patterns in Myanmar, 2011 to 2015–R2

Pwint Mon Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Anthony D. Harries, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Zaw Lin
2017 Tropical Medicine and Health  
The distribution of dengue deaths each year mirrored the distribution of cases. Most cases (84%) occurred in the wet season and 54% occurred in the delta/lowlands.  ...  In the 2013 outbreak, dengue virus serotype 1 predominated, while in the 2015 outbreak, serotypes 1, 2, and 4 were those mainly in circulation.  ...  the notification systems must just report the discharge diagnosis.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41182-017-0074-5 pmid:29118655 pmcid:PMC5667489 fatcat:vjiskqrpt5cunizpszv5wzgq6a

Ontogeny of the Immune System: Fetal Lamb as a Model

Rukmani Raghunathan, Michael E Miller, Carla Wuest, Judy Faust
1984 Pediatric Research  
The fetal lamb has been shown to be an excellent animal model for a variety of maturing biologic systems, including the immune system.  ...  'HAN ET AL. insults on the developing immune system.  ...  6:OO-7:00 PM (18) .  ... 
doi:10.1203/00006450-198405000-00012 pmid:6233530 fatcat:qf4f32cnu5bovcdmgmu4e7bcwu

Immune system. Introduction

T Rajan
1983 New York state journal of medicine  
These studies have increased our awareness of this model biologic system and has provided important insight as to how an organism must evolve at the molecular level to survive in a immune System* Introduction  ...  .: The immune system: a model for a in higher organisms, Advances Immunol. 14: 291 (1971). Poljak, R. J.: X-ray diffraction studies of immunoglobulins, ibid. 21: 1 (1975). Roitt, I.  ... 
pmid:6402735 fatcat:erwjs3pts5fwhotndklargx6hm

An interdisciplinary perspective on artificial immune systems

J. Timmis, P. Andrews, N. Owens, E. Clark
2008 Evolutionary Intelligence  
Keywords artificial immune systems, immunological modelling, mathematical modelling, computational modelling, applications of artificial immune systems, immune inspired computing, immunocomputing, computational  ...  We argue that Artificial Immune Systems are much more than engineered systems inspired by the immune system and that there is a great deal for both immunology and engineering to learn from each other through  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank many people in the AIS community who have engaged in many interesting discussions over the years, and in particular at the recent 2007 ICARIS conference  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12065-007-0004-2 fatcat:t5rhv3cs2vgs5l6kadacswfp54

Nasal immunity is an ancient arm of the mucosal immune system of vertebrates

Luca Tacchi, Rami Musharrafieh, Erin T. Larragoite, Kyle Crossey, Erik B. Erhardt, Samuel A. M. Martin, Scott E. LaPatra, Irene Salinas
2014 Nature Communications  
Here we propose that NALT is an ancient arm of the mucosal immune system not restricted to terrestrial vertebrates.  ...  In terrestrial vertebrates such as birds and mammals, the nasopharynxassociated lymphoid tissue (NALT) represents a first line of immune defence.  ...  A final model for the mortality dependence pattern observed for each experiment was chosen using backward selection starting with a full first-order model up to three-way interactions.  ... 
doi:10.1038/ncomms6205 pmid:25335508 pmcid:PMC4321879 fatcat:e5skxf2h35g7pfows2dhaqpcj4

Analysis of a periodic bacteria-immunity system with delayed quorum sensing

Zhonghua Zhang, Juan Zhang, Jigeng Peng
2007 Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society  
Based on the work of Fergola, Zhang and Cerasuolo, a bacteria-immunity model with the mechanism of periodic quorum sensing is formulated, which describes the competition between bacteria and immune cells  ...  In this paper, we focus on a subsystem of the bacteria-immunity model and investigate the existence of a positively periodic solution, and then study its global stability.  ...  In fact, some pathogens may possess ways to overcome the innate immunity and successfully colonise and infect the host.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0004972700039733 fatcat:wxnduchvg5btxmkfe3ce7jov2a

The Rejuvenation of the Immune System: Physiological, Cellular, and Molecular Mechanisms [chapter]

Iryna Pishel, Gennadij Butenko
2016 Molecular Mechanisms of the Aging Process and Rejuvenation  
These findings suggest that age-related changes in the immune system are multifactor process, and whole-system environment of the organism plays a crucial role in the occurrence of age-related immune system  ...  It was shown that the old HSCs equally effectively restore the immune system of young animals and their own. But, the young hematopoietic cells behaved like old in the old organism.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to the Institute of Biology of Aging (Moscow, Russia) for supporting this work.  ... 
doi:10.5772/64046 fatcat:cxptybcgtzfl3fqk6bqeh5y3qe

A distributed intelligent maintenance system based on artificial immune approach and multi-agent systems

Luca Fasanotti
2014 2014 12th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN)  
of the way biological immunity systems work.  ...  based interaction model between the agents and other similar model to implement, in an efficient way, optimization process.  ... 
doi:10.1109/indin.2014.6945613 dblp:conf/indin/Fasanotti14 fatcat:frqio3kckjgkxhae4el6qjwkra

Human African trypanosomes: challenges posed to the human immune system

WA Oyibo, C Agomo, O Oladosu, OO Teslim, OA Sanyaolu, J Ajuluchuckwu, AF Fagbenro-Beyioku, I Otigbuo
2009 International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences  
As the parasite devices ways to evade the human immune system, and in the absence of a suitable vaccine, surveillance, prompt diagnosis and treatment with available drugs and vector control efforts will  ...  go along way in reducing the incidence of HAT.  ...  As the parasite devices ways to evade the human immune system in the light of the current burden of HAT, this review highlights the challenges posed by human African trypanosomes to the host immune system  ... 
doi:10.4314/ijbcs.v3i1.42747 fatcat:px73c4lyazhwxfbjyb2sv4gvqa

Artificial-Immune-System-Based Aircraft Failure Evaluation over Extended Flight Envelope

Hever Moncayo, Mario G. Perhinschi, Jennifer Davis
2011 Journal of Guidance Control and Dynamics  
This is consistent with the way the control derivatives are defined within the model.  ...  artificial immune system (AIS) paradigm.  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.52748 fatcat:v7ujntq7vzdyddbry25o5d76uq

Recognition of bacterial peptidoglycan by the innate immune system

R. Dziarski
2003 Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences (CMLS)  
innate immune system R.  ...  The innate im- mune system is also required for the initiation of efficient adaptive immune responses [3, 4].  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00018-003-3019-6 pmid:14523544 fatcat:zzgy3euclfdenjumm526xdzqpu

The Artificial Immune System Approach for Smart Air-Conditioning Control

Zenon Chaczko, Shahrzad Aslanzadeh, Jonathan Kuleff
2012 International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications  
The Human Immune System with its complex structure and the capability of performing pattern recognition, self-learning, immune-memory, generation of diversity, noise tolerance, variability, distributed  ...  An air conditioning system is one example where immune principles can be applied.  ...  Object Relational Model (Fig. 10 ) is used to access the tables rather than SQL. This allows a better use of OO principles and mappings between the objects and tables. V.  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10177-012-0027-1 fatcat:r4pqazf6mbbvbao7whw7htmevm

New Artificial Immune System Approach Based on Monoclonal Principle for Job Recommendation

Shaha Al-Otaibi, Mourad Ykhlef
2016 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
The proposed algorithm recommends ranked list of best applicants for a certain job. We discussed the design issues, as well as the immune system processes that should be applied to the problem.  ...  For example, the Artificial Immune System which is a novel computational intelligence paradigm achieving diversification and exploration of the search space as well as exploitation of the good solutions  ...  All antigens in the system will be exposed to the MCAIS-JRS algorithm steps in the same way.  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2016.070415 fatcat:yvhkx4iudfhd7k5zo5wp4awvze

Hybridizing Evolutionary Testing with Artificial Immune Systems and Local Search

Konstantinos Liaskos, Marc Roper
2008 2008 IEEE International Conference on Software Testing Verification and Validation Workshop  
Several local and global search approaches have been proposed, but the investigation of Artificial Immune System (AIS) algorithms has been extremely limited.  ...  Our findings suggest that the hybridized approaches usually outperform the GA, and there are scenarios for which the hybridization with LS is more suited than the more sophisticated AIS algorithm.  ...  AIS were defined as computational systems inspired by theoretical immunology and observed immune functions, principles and models, applied to solve problems.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icstw.2008.21 dblp:conf/icst/LiaskosR08 fatcat:ni3gxz5bzvhs7eryx5iaia3eom

Modulation of the Gut Microbiota by Olive Oil Phenolic Compounds: Implications for Lipid Metabolism, Immune System, and Obesity

Marta Farràs, Laura Martinez-Gili, Kevin Portune, Sara Arranz, Gary Frost, Mireia Tondo, Francisco Blanco-Vaca
2020 Nutrients  
The aim of this review is to present updated data on the effects of olive oil (OO) PCs on the gut microbiota, lipid metabolism, immune system, and obesity, as well as on the crosstalk among them.  ...  Specifically, OOPCs modulate short-chain fatty-acids produced by gut-microbiota, which can affect cholesterol metabolism and the immune system, and may play a role in weight gain through promoting satiety  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nu12082200 pmid:32718098 fatcat:qsdilocjpbberhuu3opygy7jdu
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