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Image Quality Transfer Enhances Contrast and Resolution of Low-Field Brain MRI in African Paediatric Epilepsy Patients [article]

Matteo Figini, Felice D Arco, Ryutaro Tanno (1 and 6), Enrico Kaden , Helen J. Cross, Daniel C. Alexander Centre for Medical Image Computing and Department of Computer Science - University College London - UK, Department of Radiology - College of Medicine - University of Ibadan - Nigeria, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children - London - UK, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health - London - UK, Department of Biomedical Engineering - Kings College London - UK, Machine Intelligence and Perception Group - Microsoft Research Cambridge - UK, Department of Paediatrics - College of Medicine - University of Ibadan - Nigeria)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Recently the paradigm of Image Quality Transfer has been applied to enhance 0.36T structural images aiming to approximate the resolution, spatial coverage, and contrast of typical 1.5T or 3T images.  ...  Here we present qualitative results from real and simulated clinical low-field brain images showing the potential value of IQT to enhance the clinical utility of readily accessible low-field MRIs in the  ...  The clinical 1.5T data used for the evaluation of simulated images (section 3.2) were acquired at the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK.  ... 
arXiv:2003.07216v2 fatcat:qih23274ivhcbhmyjzbunrkuta

Challenges and Peculiarities of Paediatric Imaging [chapter]

Okechukwu Felix
2013 Medical Imaging in Clinical Practice  
and epilepsy and Diffusion Tensor Imaging allowing changes in the developing brain, trauma, and white matter disease.  ...  Films of high contrast and capable of yielding high resolution images are recommended. 3. Low absorption cassette or image plates, grids, tabletops should be used.  ... 
doi:10.5772/51611 fatcat:qokwpbhidfdhzohveqm3fjoycm

Poster Presentations

2020 Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology  
Following Royal College of Radiology (RCR) guidelines, MRI whole spine and repeat SS at 11 to 14 days were performed in selected cases (33 and 16 respectively).  ...  SH, SS abnormalities and RH are considered by clinicians as strong indicators of NAHI. Additional imaging recommended by the RCR is informative in a minority of cases.  ...  MRI Brain on day 18 of illness showed reduction; MRI Brain showed complete resolution of empyema and ventriculitis after 6 weeks of intravenous antibiotics.  ... 
doi:10.1111/dmcn.14749 fatcat:lbpneu45kvawhhgeytoha23rsy

Applications of Epileptic Seizures Detection in Neuroimaging Modalities Using Deep Learning Techniques: Methods, Challenges, and Future Works [article]

Afshin Shoeibi, Navid Ghassemi, Marjane Khodatars, Mahboobeh Jafari, Parisa Moridian, Roohallah Alizadehsani, Ali Khadem, Yinan Kong, Assef Zare, Juan Manuel Gorriz, Javier Ramírez, Maryam Panahiazar (+2 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Neuroimaging modalities assist specialist physicians considerably in analyzing brain tissue and the changes made in it.  ...  DL methods resolved this issue entirely by automating the feature extraction and classification process; applications of these methods in many fields of medicine, such as the diagnosis of epileptic seizures  ...  Image quality transfer enhances contrast and resolution of low-field brain mri in african paediatric epilepsy patients. arXiv preprint arXiv:2003.07216. Fisher, R. S. (2012).  ... 
arXiv:2105.14278v1 fatcat:xjtosvdyarg33etueznaylwuri


2011 Pediatric Radiology  
PCH-2 Illustrative and educational perspective of cystic lung lesion in children  ...  This highlights the need for more rigid training in interpreting CXRs for trainee paediatricians and the early reporting of CXRs by paediatric radiologists.  ...  Recent advances in MR imaging have improved the quality of diagnosis and management of pediatric epilepsy.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00247-011-2025-3 fatcat:4kgxnlpo2bes5phwdwsxu74j2y

Structural neuroimaging in psychosis: a systematic review and economic evaluation

E Albon, A Tsourapas, E Frew, C Davenport, F Oyebode, S Bayliss, T Arvanitis, C Meads
2008 Health Technology Assessment  
Non-UK purchasers will have to pay a small fee for post and packing. For European countries the cost is £2 per monograph and for the rest of the world £3 per monograph.  ...  Additionally the HTA website allows you either to pay securely by credit card or to print out your order and then post or fax it.  ...  One study allowed the comparison of plain and contrast MRI in primary and recurrent paediatric tumours; plain MRI was 100% sensitive and 100% specific.  ... 
doi:10.3310/hta12180 pmid:18462577 fatcat:zht3xwi63jd5bhbvewrllq5dty

44th Annual Meeting of International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, Kobe, Japan, Oct 23-27, 2016

2016 Child's Nervous System  
The image resolution of this endoscope is astonishing, especially in combination with full HD cameras. However, already slight bleeding degrades the image quality.  ...  After a median FU of 5 years, 3 deaths occurred, 1/3 was in complete remission, 1/3 had no more contrast enhancing part but a stable hyperT2 lesion and the remaining had still a contrast enhancing part  ...  for epilepsy surgery.Bristol Children's Hospital were the first to implant the Aspire SR in a paediatric patient in the UK in July 2014.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00381-016-3209-9 pmid:27659838 fatcat:dus6h2yatfeftlsnggrrtu5siy

SPR 2020

2020 Pediatric Radiology  
, Brain MRI with contrast enhancement(BMCE), and liver mass MRI with contrast enhancement(LMCE).  ...  Blurry images can be a result of low resolution and can be improved by decreasing the FOV (at expense of SNR) or increasing the field strength.  ...  Methods & Materials: Cases of IHA seen on brain MRIs at a single tertiary paediatric centre on 1.5T and 3T performed from September 2001 and September 2019 were compiled from a search of MRI reports on  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00247-020-04679-0 pmid:32435980 fatcat:y6da6d4blvaxlkus6w6zahpwlu

Monday July 3, 2006 15:00-17:00 Hall 3A Discussion Group Session Cognitive dysfunction in children with temporal lobe epilepsy

2006 Epilepsia  
Purpose: To compare lamotrigine (LTG) and slow-release carbamazepine (CBZ) in the treatment of newly diagnosed epilepsy in the elderly.  ...  Purpose: This study was designed to compare monotherapy with sodium valproate (VPA) and lamotrigine (LTG) in patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy.  ...  Purpose: Mn 2+ -enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) can reveal functional, structural and connectional alterations in high spatial resolution.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1528-1167.2006.00715_55.x fatcat:as6vr3saobh2noqiutoquvfmni

Saturday, December 5, 2009�Poster Session 1�1:00 p.m.-8:00 p.m

2009 Epilepsia  
Methods: 3 adult and 2 paediatric neurology departments participated in an audit of all calls received over a four week period.  ...  T score below )1.0 but above )2.5. femoral neck osteopenia was found in 66 of 152 patients(43%) and lumbar spine osteopenia was found in 51 of 148 patients (34%).  ...  occur below the resolution of detection with 1.5 T brain MRI.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1528-1167.2009.02377_1.x pmid:19817824 fatcat:75g2b4qnwrbrnpmcvebgz24dvq

Poster Session 2, Monday 27 September

2010 European Journal of Neurology  
This extra information provides improved imaging of tissue and contrast agents. Discussion: In vitro studies suggest that SURF imaging improves image quality.  ...  low quality of life.  ...  Structural brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is typically normal in most patients after MTBI.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2010.03233.x fatcat:lsellp2xyvc77c7gr7qbzu6coi

The 9th International Child Neurology Congress The 7th Asian and Oceanian Congress of Child Neurology

2002 Brain & development (Tokyo. 1979)  
contrast enhancement was present and in four additional patients deep venous abnormality was detected.  ...  The last-mentioned lesion showed contrast enhancement that disappeared in 2 years.  ...  The results of operation were satisfactory. Conclusions: MRI examination is the best method for diagnosis and follow-up of cerebral cavernomas. Operation is the first choice for paediatric lesions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0387-7604(02)00091-8 fatcat:oq3u62bpkfewhjytujmpwqqgiu

Oral & Poster Presentations

2012 Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology  
The SFA provides information for discharge planning and provision of future services in a school environment.  ...  Objective: To describe the characteristics and epidemiology of neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) in Switzerland.  ...  Brain MRI showed more than three lesions in all patients; spinal cord MRI was performed in eight patients (25% %), and two had servical spinal lesions.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2012.04297.x fatcat:fzqoj6tqpvbzlb6prprwxguqdy

Anosognosia for hemiplegia after a brainstem haematoma: a pathological case

1997 Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry  
upper midpart of the pons.  ...  Anosognosia for hemiplegia after a brainstem haematoma: a pathological case Serial cuts of the brainstem showing a haematoma extending from the right ventrolateral part of the caudal midbrain to the right  ...  Each patient underwent CT and/or MRI imaging of the brain. Four patients had unilateral infarction in the territory of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA).  ... 
doi:10.1136/jnnp.63.5.686 pmid:9408117 pmcid:PMC2169812 fatcat:wi7tgrsbqzcrdfb3pkinnnvll4

Abstracts Presented at the Thirty–Third Annual International Neuropsychological Society Conference, February 2–5, 2005, St. Louis, Missouri, USA

2005 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
FA data were compared to high resolution structural MRI imaging of white matter.  ...  This study evaluated brain structure in AIDS as a function of age. 33 AIDS patients and 17 HIV-seronegative controls underwent a T1-weighted high resolution anatomical MRI study of the brain.  ...  Structural brain imaging with MRI is independent of any cognitive task so results correlating individual differences in brain structure to test performance may be more interpretable.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617705059916 fatcat:qu62kn3sqfgnlhda5oxtruv5wq
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