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Exploring Categorical Body Mass Index Trajectories in Elementary School Children

Geraldine Moreno-Black, Shawn Boles, Deb Johnson-Shelton, Cody Evers
2016 Journal of School Health  
CONCLUSION-The finding of early emergence of stable obesity states, especially in Hispanic children confirms the need for early childhood interventions to influence BMI.  ...  METHODS-Sequences of a 4-state BMI variable RESULTS-Aggregated cluster solutions were identified consisting of either 4 clusters (normal, stepped, mixed, obese) or 3 clusters (aggregation of obese cluster  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are very grateful to the School District, the Superintendent, Director of Instruction, and District Nurses for support in this study .  ... 
doi:10.1111/josh.12402 pmid:27246674 pmcid:PMC5055398 fatcat:tjkylhcgsrg7tlwkltjsucz6cq

The Long-Term Impact of Systemic Student Support in Elementary School: Reducing High School Dropout

Terrence J. Lee-St. John, Mary E. Walsh, Anastasia E. Raczek, Caroline E. Vuilleumier, Claire Foley, Amy Heberle, Erin Sibley, Eric Dearing
2018 AERA Open  
Funding The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.  ...  , might be identified for early academic supportand who, because of the whole school review approach used in the intervention, might be identified as at risk in other domains more readily than they otherwise  ...  For each student's time series, we coded a dichotomous dropout indicator, D ti , at the repeatedmeasures level for each available time point beginning at grade 9 and concluding when the student discontinues  ... 
doi:10.1177/2332858418799085 fatcat:yjygfu6vnnfidermpft7p2ewue

Page 1887 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 82, Issue 4 [page]

1995 Psychological Abstracts  
—Assessed 486 Ist-quarter Ist-graders on their reading and phonological-processing skills and intelligence. 99 Ss were identified as being at risk for reading difficulties: 53 chil- dren at risk for reading  ...  The system models a reasoned approach to searching intervention literature.  ... 

Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Emerging Trends in Education – Part II

Phillip A. Laplante, Claudio Demartini, Fabrizio Lamberti, Colin J. Neill
2017 IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing  
In "Identifying at-risk students for early interventions: A time-series clustering approach" by Jui-Long Hung et al., the authors apply a clustering approach over disaggregated time series data from the  ...  accurate predictions about at-risk students.  ...  In "Identifying at-risk students for early interventions: A time-series clustering approach" by Jui-Long Hung et al., the authors apply a clustering approach over disaggregated time series data from the  ... 
doi:10.1109/tetc.2017.2667298 fatcat:dbxvggs2qfh5hlaqpzdqevtbzy

The School Adjustment of Rural Adolescents with and Without Disabilities: Variable and Person-Centered Approaches

Thomas W. Farmer, Cristin M. Hall, Margaret P. Weiss, Robert A. Petrin, Judith L. Meece, Michele Moohr
2010 Journal of Child and Family Studies  
In similar work, Fortin and col- leagues (Fortin et al. 2006) identified four distinct clusters of students who were at-risk for dropping out: the antiso- cial covert behavior type, the uninterested in  ...  with at-risk peers) had highly elevated levels of early school leaving (Cairns et al. 1989).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10826-010-9379-2 fatcat:jo7ige4fyvbphnohso423px5ka

A Survey of Machine Learning Approaches and Techniques for Student Dropout Prediction

Neema Mduma, Khamisi Kalegele, Dina Machuve
2019 Data Science Journal  
Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the African Development Bank (AfDB), Data for Local Impact (DLi) and Eagle Analytics company for supporting this study.  ...  Other approaches such as time series clustering (Hung et al., 2017; http://www.twaweza.org/go/uwezo-datasets.  ...  To effectively address this problem, it is crucial to ensure that all students finish their school on time through early intervention on students who might be at risk of dropping classes.  ... 
doi:10.5334/dsj-2019-014 fatcat:vimbdlr3mfhyjdzvcpmbzmapxq

Pathways through adolescent smoking: A 7-year longitudinal grouping analysis

Stephen Soldz, Xingjia Cui
2002 Health Psychology  
Six patterns (clusters) were identified: nonsmokers, quitters, experimenters, early escalators, late escalators, and continuous smokers.  ...  Results suggest that some clusters may respond to population-based antismoking interventions, whereas others (early escalators and continuous smokers) will probably require more focused interventions.  ...  Cluster differences over time. To further understand the nature of the different clusters, we conducted a series of repeated measures growth curve analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0278-6133.21.5.495 pmid:12211517 fatcat:wc2qubh73zdknhastimxmibo3m

Pathways through adolescent smoking: A 7-year longitudinal grouping analysis

Stephen Soldz, Xingjia Cui
2002 Health Psychology  
Six patterns (clusters) were identified: nonsmokers, quitters, experimenters, early escalators, late escalators, and continuous smokers.  ...  Results suggest that some clusters may respond to population-based antismoking interventions, whereas others (early escalators and continuous smokers) will probably require more focused interventions.  ...  Cluster differences over time. To further understand the nature of the different clusters, we conducted a series of repeated measures growth curve analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0278-6133.21.5.495 pmid:12211517 fatcat:kojf7razczhgxjjwcpzoelxezi

Reviewing the effect of student mentoring on the academic performance of undergraduate students identified as 'at risk'

Chris Maharaj, Erik Blair, Margo Burns
2021 Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education  
Twenty-one students from a cohort of 40 who were identified as being 'at risk' participated in a three-session mentoring programme.  ...  This paper outlines an early intervention programme based upon the belief that being proactive rather than reactive increases a student's academic and social success.  ...  Table 2 . 2 GPA of students identified as 'at risk'.  ... 
doi:10.47408/jldhe.vi20.605 fatcat:ehklghhexfd3lelmzumxflxckq

Effects of Early Writing Intervention Delivered Within a Data-Based Instruction Framework

Pyung-Gang Jung, Kristen L. McMaster, Robert C. delMas
2016 Exceptional children  
Treatment students received research-based early writing intervention within a DBI framework for 30 min, 3 times per week, for 12 weeks.  ...  We examined effects of research-based early writing intervention delivered within a data-based instruction (DBI) framework for children with intensive needs.  ...  What are the effects of research-based early writing intervention delivered within a DBI framework for students in Grades 1 to 3 at risk or identified with disabilities? 2.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0014402916667586 fatcat:gc523jb4ofdlxiyvg6awg2njze

Profiles of adolescent leisure motivation and substance use in the HealthWise South Africa research trial: a person-centered approach

Elizabeth H. Weybright, Lori-Ann Palen, Linda L. Caldwell, Lisa Wegner, Joachim J. Jacobs, Edward Smith
2018 Leisure Sciences  
Profiles were fairly stable across all time points except for females in a high-training intervention school.  ...  Results illustrate the importance of identifying and understanding typologies of leisure motivation and health across time, which can be used to promote positive development in adolescents.  ...  A series of latent transition analyses were conducted comparing control students with intervention students overall, intervention students from the beginning to the end of grade 9, and then control students  ... 
doi:10.1080/01490400.2018.1499055 pmid:33487781 pmcid:PMC7821964 fatcat:fjzqbciso5bdhpfq4ht5ii2e3a

Testing the Immediate and Long-Term Efficacy of a Tier 2 Kindergarten Mathematics Intervention

Ben Clarke, Christian Doabler, Keith Smolkowski, Evangeline Kurtz Nelson, Hank Fien, Scott K. Baker, Derek Kosty
2016 Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness  
algebraic thinking for students at risk in mathematics.  ...  Implications for Tier 2 mathematics instruction in a Response to Intervention model are discussed. KEYWORDS intervention mathematics RTI  ...  Criteria for Participation The research team applied a three-step process to identify students who were at risk for mathematics difficulties and, in turn, might qualify for the ROOTS intervention.  ... 
doi:10.1080/19345747.2015.1116034 fatcat:dcayewibo5hspdxlypho4mksim

Summer school effects in a randomized field trial

Keith Zvoch, Joseph J. Stevens
2013 Early Childhood Research Quarterly  
At the time of the study, the district had a summer literacy intervention in place for students who were at high risk for reading difficulties at the end of kindergarten or first grade.  ...  Clustering adjustment If intervention assignment is made at a cluster level and the analysis is conducted at the student level, the WWC will adjust the statistical significance to account for this mismatch  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecresq.2012.05.002 fatcat:rcblkm62s5c2zpjdkmuugt4q3q

A Typology of Behavioral Adjustment in Ethnically Diverse Middle School Students

Sangwon Kim, Pamela Orpinas, Roy Martin, Arthur M. Horne, Terri N. Sullivan, Daniel B. Hall
2009 Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment  
A series of cluster analyses supported a seven-cluster solution: well-adapted, average, adaptive skills deficits, internalizing problems, mildly disruptive, disruptive behavior problems, and severe problems  ...  This study examined a typology of adaptive and maladaptive behaviors of 2,552 ethnically diverse early adolescents who attended sixth grade in public schools and lived in disadvantaged communities.  ...  [AQ: 1] Funding The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Centers for Disease  ... 
doi:10.1177/0734282909352801 fatcat:n4wfaa4azrbfjga3mvdripprka

What is the role and authority of gatekeepers in cluster randomized trials in health research?

Antonio Gallo, Charles Weijer, Angela White, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Robert Boruch, Jamie C Brehaut, Allan Donner, Martin P Eccles, Andrew D McRae, Raphael Saginur, Merrick Zwarenstein, Monica Taljaard
2012 Trials  
We considered that consent to randomization is not required when cluster members are approached for consent at the earliest opportunity and before any study interventions or data-collection procedures  ...  This article is part of a series of papers examining ethical issues in cluster randomized trials (CRTs) in health research.  ...  The funding agency had no role in the study design, collection, analysis, or interpretation of data, the writing of the manuscript or the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. AG  ... 
doi:10.1186/1745-6215-13-116 pmid:22834691 pmcid:PMC3443001 fatcat:dspkkd2tazcdjflknr3gek4z74
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