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The greenhouse effect: a closer look

Ian Strangeways
2011 Weather  
The greenhouse effect: a closer look Ian Strangeways TerraData, Wallingford, Oxfordshire Interest in carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and water vapour (WV) as greenhouse gases (GHGs) has waxed and waned over 200  ...  the greenhouse effect, and CO 2 a greenhouse gas.  ... 
doi:10.1002/wea.669 fatcat:zpx7ifomzvfknmabzmanjkexqm

Greenhouse gas masterplan and risk management

Jos Sentjens, Ian Deakin, Edwin Goudappel
2011 Energy Procedia  
EU ETS industries operate in an environment of considerable uncertainty, complicated by the looming changes that will be required to comply with greenhouse gas reduction directives.  ...  Introduction The Power, Process and Heavy Industries, partaking in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, are already under pressure to make significant cuts in greenhouse gas emissions.  ...  Industries will then be subject to auctioning of CO 2 credits, and possibly benchmarking, and are facing pressures for further reductions in Greenhouse Gas emissions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.084 fatcat:x4obbacnrjdarl6ybk6x42c5wa

Technical note: On comparing greenhouse gas emission metrics

Ian Enting, Nathan Clisby
2021 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
Many metrics for comparing greenhouse gas emissions can be expressed as an instantaneous global warming potential multiplied by the ratio of airborne fractions calculated in various ways.  ...  Introduction Anthropogenic contributions to global climate change come from a range of greenhouse gases.  ...  GWP 100 , the GWP with the time horizon H = 100 years, has become the standard for greenhouse gas equivalence in international agreements.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-21-4699-2021 fatcat:v5xvqbuo35ga5luthfc7at3lgq

The greenhouse gas balance of the oil palm industry in Colombia: a preliminary analysis. II. Greenhouse gas emissions and the carbon budget

Ian E Henson, Rodrigo Ruiz R, Hernán Mauricio Romero
2012 Agronomía Colombiana  
Here, we look at the opposing processes of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and calculate the resulting net carbon budget for the industry.  ...  In the preceding paper we examined carbon sequestration in oil palm plantations and in mill products and by-products as part of a study of the greenhouse gas balance of palm oil production in Colombia,  ...  Emisión de gases de efecto invernadero y balance de carbono Ian E.  ... 
doaj:b3cb6671020346ddb6159b703c6ccc1c fatcat:5mztehstpzdenc6b3emx5o7eii

Coal's medium-run future under atmospheric greenhouse gas stabilization

Kathryn Daenzer, Ian Sue Wing, Karen Fisher-Vanden
2014 Climatic Change  
The possible emergence of an international policy architecture in which nations undertake coordinated actions to stabilize atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations adds further influences to the  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1094-3 fatcat:fxnowzloinfghavmarmgviu3ai

Coping with Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Insights from Digital Business Services

Veronika Belousova, Oxana Bondarenko, Nikolay Chichkanov, Denis Lebedev, Ian Miles
2022 Energies  
But what are DBS business practices, in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and related topics?  ...  environmental impacts, they should be able to make more positive contributions to their clients' performance; for instance, promoting the digitalization of businesses process in ways that can reduce greenhouse  ...  More than 40 countries use carbon-pricing mechanisms-carbon tax and emission trading systems, which cover half of their Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and 13% of global emissions [2] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/en15082745 fatcat:rk63ic3rlncbxkqmeloybe3q4e

A Comprehensive Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Strategy for The Netherlands

Nicoletta Batini, Oana Luca, Ian Parry, Simon Black
2021 IMF Working Papers  
The Netherlands has ambitious greenhouse gas emission reduction targets for the future -to cut them by 49 percent below 1990 levels by 2030 and 95 percent by 2050.  ...  Making diets sustainable is key to validate a reduction in production. • Making greenhouse farms energetically net zero (sustainable).  ...  Dutch farmers have also almost completely eliminated the use of chemical pesticides on plants in greenhouses (National Geographic 2019).  ... 
doi:10.5089/9781513593388.001 fatcat:igp7gwibrfexjcfa4fa2vu6m3u

The greenhouse gas abatement potential of enterprise cloud computing

Daniel R. Williams, Peter Thomond, Ian Mackenzie
2014 Environmental Modelling & Software  
In this paper we present a dynamic, country level model and methodology to determine the energy related Green House Gas (GHG) abatement potential of cloud computing. The methodology presented includes variables for market penetration, organisation size and organisational adoption of on-premise and cloud computing. Using the current enterprise cloud service applications of email, customer relationship management (CRM) and groupware against selected global countries we have calculated that 4.5
more » ... lion tonnes of CO 2 e could be reduced with an 80% market penetration. The majority of savings were calculated to be from small and medium size organisations. A sensitivity analysis of the market penetration and current organisational cloud adoption highlights the possible large variability in overall energy and GHG reductions. An analysis of the model and data used within this study illustrates a requirement for industry and academia to work closely in order to reach the large energy reductions possible with enterprise cloud computing.
doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2013.11.012 fatcat:ignn5kox7ngzhe5q6fsuxytqey

Are the costs of reducing greenhouse gases from passenger vehicles negative?

Ian W.H. Parry
2007 Journal of Urban Economics  
Introduction U.S. policymakers face growing domestic and international pressure to control greenhouse gas emissions in light of solidifying scientific consensus that global warming is occurring, various  ...  Even though the case for taxation of auto fuel or use seems fairly robust to these broader considerations, the scope for reducing greenhouse gases given current automobile technologies is limited, Burtraw  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jue.2006.12.003 fatcat:t3ogicpwxnc3bdmkl6uyp7f5qe

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Contributions Made by Football Clubs in England

Adekunle Dosumu, Ian Colbeck, Rachel Bragg
2014 Atmospheric and Climate Sciences  
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission from waste is a major environmental problem. Globally, the waste management sector contributes an estimated 5% of the total anthropogenic GHG emissions.  ...  Extrapolated Result Extrapolated Greenhouse Gas Emissions at Football Tiers The extrapolated greenhouse gas emissions from waste sent to landfill for tiers 3 to 10 was 2,149,529 (kg CO 2 e).  ...  Greenhouse gas emissions are categorized into three scopes by the most widely used international accounting tool, the GHG Protocol [3] [38] .  ... 
doi:10.4236/acs.2014.44057 fatcat:kedszvlsz5f5znindgsshblb5a

Greenhouse gas emissions as a result of spectators travelling to football in England

Adekunle Dosumu, Ian Colbeck, Rachel Bragg
2017 Scientific Reports  
Transport remains a critical avenue in the attempt to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and any significant effort to reduce travel GHG emissions will need to encourage a movement towards more fuel-efficient  ...  The GHG emissions were calculated using the distance travelled to and from games, mode of travel and Defra's greenhouse gas conversion factors 20 .  ...  The 2014 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report notes that greenhouse gas emissions have increased over the last decade and are now growing at almost twice the previous rate 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-06141-y pmid:28765597 pmcid:PMC5539281 fatcat:jbf6dnzmbjgc3djnkivrjylhpa

Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: household energy

Paul Wilkinson, Kirk R Smith, Michael Davies, Heather Adair, Ben G Armstrong, Mark Barrett, Nigel Bruce, Andy Haines, Ian Hamilton, Tadj Oreszczyn, Ian Ridley, Cathryn Tonne (+1 others)
2009 The Lancet  
UK case study, the avoided burden of these outcomes was estimated to be 12 500 fewer DALYs and a saving of 0·1-0·2 megatonnes CO 2 -equivalent per million population in 1 year, mostly in short-lived greenhouse  ...  We employ the widely used term greenhouse gases, although since some anthropogenic climate-active atmospheric species are aerosols, greenhouse pollutants is a more accurate term.  ...  Ozone is not only a greenhouse gas but is also damaging to health and ecosystems.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(09)61713-x pmid:19942273 fatcat:zn42i4wxzbffjkdaaxmrtm26eu

Visualizing the Greenhouse Effect: Restructuring Mental Models of Climate Change Through a Guided Online Simulation

Ian Thacker, Gale Sinatra
2019 Education Sciences  
Twenty undergraduate students were interviewed as they engaged with an online visualization for the learning of the greenhouse effect.  ...  The purpose of this design based research study was to better understand and build from students' perceptual experiences of visual representations of the greenhouse effect.  ...  Figure 1 . 1 Textbook graphic perpetuating a common misconception about the greenhouse effect: Greenhouse gas layer and pollutants as greenhouse gasses.  ... 
doi:10.3390/educsci9010014 fatcat:bxpzms7zx5d2xgkle7bhzxgfqq

Greenhouse gas emission factors for recycling of source-segregated waste materials

David A. Turner, Ian D. Williams, Simon Kemp
2015 Resources, Conservation and Recycling  
A key challenge for the waste management sector is to maximise resource efficiency whilst simultaneously reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.  ...  Introduction Solid waste management contributes less than 5% to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Bogner et al., 2007) .  ...  Fig. 1 . 1 Contribution analysis of the net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from recycling of source-segregated materials.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.10.026 fatcat:rrtvly33orbshhtrvnz5aamzde

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative: Emission Leakage and the Effectiveness of Interstate Border Adjustments

Marek Kolodziej, Ian Sue Wing
2009 Social Science Research Network  
We use theoretical and numerical general equilibrium models to analyze the Regional Greenhouse Gas Emission Initiative (RGGI), a cap-and-trade scheme to limit carbon dioxide emissions from electricity  ...  In this paper we focus on the latter policy, known as the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI).  ...  Introduction In the context of climate change mitigation, the phenomenon of emission "leakage" arises where there are multiple sources of greenhouse gases (GHGs), and limits on the GHGs emitted by a subset  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1448748 fatcat:uzhwtlxg35dxnb577hbl7aarke
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