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IC test using the energy consumption ratio

Wanli Jiang, Bapiraju Vinnakota
1999 Proceedings of the 36th ACM/IEEE conference on Design automation conference - DAC '99  
The energy consumption ratio (ECR) is a new metric that improves the effectiveness of dynamic current test by reducing the impact of process variations by an order of magnitude.  ...  The ECR more than doubles the effectiveness of the dynamic current test already used to test the IC. The fault coverage of the ECR is greater than that offered by any other test, including I ddq .  ...  The Energy Consumption Ratio(ECR) is the ratio of the currents(or energies) I P1 I P2 consumed on each of the two transitions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/309847.310109 dblp:conf/dac/JiangV99 fatcat:yjenk6iqjzha3k4rfopoingnby

IC test using the energy consumption ratio

Wanli Jiang, B. Vinnakota
2000 IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems  
The energy consumption ratio (ECR) is a new metric that improves the effectiveness of dynamic current test by reducing the impact of process variations by an order of magnitude.  ...  The ECR more than doubles the effectiveness of the dynamic current test already used to test the IC. The fault coverage of the ECR is greater than that offered by any other test, including I ddq .  ...  The Energy Consumption Ratio(ECR) is the ratio of the currents(or energies) I P1 I P2 consumed on each of the two transitions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/43.822625 fatcat:72royc5lpbebjnjimzm7b7n5bi

IC test using the energy consumption ratio

Wanli Jiang, B. Vinnakota
Proceedings 1999 Design Automation Conference (Cat. No. 99CH36361)  
The energy consumption ratio (ECR) is a new metric that improves the effectiveness of dynamic current test by reducing the impact of process variations by an order of magnitude.  ...  The ECR more than doubles the effectiveness of the dynamic current test already used to test the IC. The fault coverage of the ECR is greater than that offered by any other test, including I ddq .  ...  The Energy Consumption Ratio(ECR) is the ratio of the currents(or energies) I P1 I P2 consumed on each of the two transitions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/dac.1999.782238 fatcat:bjju3c32crfpjgqw63o7qvmoa4

A generalized IC engine propulsion method and corresponding transmission design for improving vehicle fuel efficiency

ShaoWei Gong
2013 European Transport Research Review  
It is known that the technology of IC engine has its advantages as compared with other energy conversion technologies used on vehicles:  ...  With this method, the ratio of the most-used speed to the mostdesired speed of an IC engine is employed to control the engine to always run at its optimal working state with an efficient single-stage gear  ...  from other indirect technologies which convert fuel in the way of heat energy → electrical energy → mechanical energy or chemical energy → electrical energy → mechanical energy, an IC engine can directly  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12544-013-0124-y fatcat:ytfw3yt6wnhevjufncgpltp7eq

Blending Cooking Oil Biodiesel with Petroleum Diesel: A Comparative Performance Test on a Variable IC Engine

Clever Ketlogetswe, Jerekias Gandure
2011 Smart Grid and Renewable Energy  
The test results indicate that the performance of the engine is comparable for all the fuel mixtures under review.  ...  Performance of internal combustion engine using this biodiesel blended with petroleum diesel in various blending ratios was performed.  ...  This paper discusses a systematic experimental study on comparative analysis of engine brake power, engine torque and specific fuel consumption on a variable com-pression ratio IC engine using different  ... 
doi:10.4236/sgre.2011.22019 fatcat:ztoxyanotffajdvie23nrdl7oy

Development of a Hybrid Electric Motorcycle that Accords Energy Efficiency and Controllability via an Inverse Differential Gear and Power Mode Switching Control

Po-Tuan Chen, Da-Jyun Shen, Cheng-Jung Yang, K. David Huang
2019 Applied Sciences  
The test results showed that the HEM consumed 41.1% less fuel and produced 58.6% less exhaust emissions compared with conventional ICE motorcycles.  ...  The fastest highest vehicle speed was 2.1 times greater than the test of the TES.  ...  Vehicle Energy Consumption and Exhaust/Pollution Emission Experiment In this experiment, the average gasoline consumption and exhaust emissions of the original GRAND DINK and the HEM were compared using  ... 
doi:10.3390/app9091787 fatcat:2v7w4xf4kvfehpj6nmcg2b3kma

Thermal Performance of Improved Charcoal Stove as A Clean Development Mechanism Project – A Case Study of Bauchi

Kafayat Adeyemi, Nasiru Lawal, Abraham Asere
2017 FUOYE Journal of Engineering and Technology  
The benchmark values for thermal efficiency, fuel use and energy use are 35%, 0.310kg and 7928kJ.This shows that the ICS offers modest improvements in fuel use and it is rated as a tier 3 ICS.  ...  This paper presents the thermal performance and achievable emission reductions by ICS for daily cooking in households aroundBauchi.It evaluatesan ICS using the International Workshop Agreement (IWA) which  ...  The energy turn down ratio is given as the ratio of the fire power for cold start to fire power for simmer test: (15) Where is the energy turn down ratio, is the fire power of charcoal in cold start test  ... 
doi:10.46792/fuoyejet.v2i1.62 fatcat:zxcmwl2mznho3piv5ksmhndady

Model-Based Optimization of a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Powertrain with Multimode Transmission

Stefan Geng, Andreas Meier, Thomas Schulte
2018 World Electric Vehicle Journal  
For improving the fuel and energy consumption, model-based optimizations of multimode transmissions are performed.  ...  In the first step of the optimization, the optimal number of gears and transmission ratios, as well as the corresponding fuel and energy savings, are estimated.  ...  Acknowledgments: This contribution is accomplished within the project PHEVplus (FKZ: 01MY13004B), funded by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy (BMWi) and in cooperation with GKN Driveline International  ... 
doi:10.3390/wevj9010012 fatcat:sqm42zimnzcupokss6sez77vem

A comparative study of hybrid electric vehicle fuel consumption over diverse driving cycles

Amin Paykani, Mohammad Taghi Shervani-Tabar
2011 Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters  
cycle moves towards higher hybridization factors when the average load of the test cycle is reduced.  ...  Then, the fuel consumption of the parallel hybrid electric vehicles are compared considering various driven cycles and hybridization factors.  ...  Q LHV , (7) η eff = W ICE m f Q LHV . (8) The mechanical efficiency of the ICE is defined as the ratio of the energy delivered by the ICE to the indicated work performed during the test cycle η mech =  ... 
doi:10.1063/2.1105205 fatcat:c7tljfa63fd5jktx252l5tvyfq

The Measured Impact of Vehicle Mass on Road Load Forces and Energy Consumption for a BEV, HEV, and ICE Vehicle

Richard 'Barney' Carlson, Henning Lohse-Busch, Jeremy Diez, Jerry Gibbs
2013 SAE International Journal of Alternative Powertrains  
Chassis dynamometer testing was conducted over standard drive cycles on each vehicle at multiple test weights to determine the fuel consumption or electrical energy consumption impact caused by change  ...  Chassis dynamometer testing of fuel consumption or electrical energy consumption showed for the Highway Fuel Economy Test drive cycle there was little impact due to change in mass for all three vehicles  ...  Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy for their support, funding, and guidance that enabled the study and its high quality results.  ... 
doi:10.4271/2013-01-1457 fatcat:mvnxqz3lnjdgrj7az26bcqesea

Real Drive Well-to-Wheel Energy Analysis of Conventional and Electrified Car Powertrains

Fabio Orecchini, Adriano Santiangeli, Fabrizio Zuccari
2020 Energies  
Furthermore, a supplementary and very interesting comparison analysis was made between the values of energy consumptions measured during the tests in real driving conditions and the values deriving from  ...  Non-renewable primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions are calculated for each powertrain considered.  ...  In this case the difference between the energy consumption in the tests and in the homologation Based on the above, the specific consumption obtained in the tests under real conditions of use of the five  ... 
doi:10.3390/en13184788 fatcat:45k3nju6zrbh7ij7vi3ubp4jkm

Ultrasonic wave promoting ice melt in ice storage tank based on polynomial fitting calculation model

Chengjun Li, Huan Zhang, Tianyu Wang, Jianming Zhang, Chengchun Li, Dong Yu
2021 Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences  
Ultrasonic wave is used to solve the floating ice problem of ice storage tank in the operation of ice storage, and the effects of ultrasonic power density, ice-water ratio, ice size, initial ice amount  ...  The greater the power, the smaller the ice–water ratio and the smaller the ice size, the faster the melting speed will be.  ...  and fan energy consumption.  ... 
doi:10.2478/amns.2021.1.00103 fatcat:65wn33o5hje2tgldotrn2doiva

Sizing and fuel consumption evaluation methodology for hybrid light duty vehicles

Nicolas Marc, Eric Prada, Antonio Sciarretta, Shadab Anwer, Franck Vangraefschepe, François Badin, Alain Charlet, Pascal Higelin
2010 World Electric Vehicle Journal  
As hybrid fuel consumption is highly dependant on vehicle type of use, the hybrid vehicles will be evaluated on different actual use driving patterns as well as on missions representing the daily usage  ...  To ensure a systematic approach, with no bias for any of the cases considered, the energy management of the hybrid drivetrain will be carried out thanks to an optimization based on the Pontryagin's Minimum  ...  This model is used in our procedure to test different pack architectures for three main P/E ratios and point out preferred ones as far as power, energy and mass constraints are concerned.  ... 
doi:10.3390/wevj4020249 fatcat:daeh4pzwmfh7xky3k5wf5dvdkm

A Causal and Real-Time Capable Power Management Algorithm for Off-Highway Hybrid Propulsion Systems

Johannes Schalk, Harald Aschemann
2016 Energies  
The algorithm optimizes the power split to achieve the maximum power supply efficiency and, thereby, considers the energy cost for maintaining the battery charge.  ...  In a simulation case study, the potential and the benefits of the proposed power management for the hybrid powertrain-aiming at a reduction of the fuel consumption of a DMU (diesel multiple unit train)  ...  The computation of the power supply efficiency uses an energy-cost-equivalent charge factor, which accounts for the energy consumption to charge the battery.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en10010010 fatcat:zdosojemxney5ghkkpi27hfyci

Optimization of Office Building Façades in a Warm Summer Continental Climate

Allan Hani, Teet-Andrus Koiv
2012 Smart Grid and Renewable Energy  
The objective function of optimization task described in this article is the minimization of cooling and heating energy consumption.  ...  The office building façades optimization was carried out using a combination of IDA Indoor Climate and Energy 4.5 and GenOpt. The process is described in detail so that the approach may be emulated.  ...  Energy consumption is directly related to window/wall ratio and window glass parameters.  ... 
doi:10.4236/sgre.2012.33031 fatcat:4ad3ejomnjh5dahk3ewnpthmnm
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