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Applying Artificial Intelligence to Clinical Guidelines: The GLARE Approach [chapter]

Paolo Terenziani, Stefania Montani, Alessio Bottrighi, Mauro Torchio, Gianpaolo Molino, Luca Anselma, Gianluca Correndo
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Moreover, advanced and extended AI techniques for temporal reasoning and temporal consistency checking are used both in the acquisition and in the execution phase.  ...  The execution module provides a hypothetical reasoning facility, to support physicians in the comparison of alternative diagnostic and/or therapeutic strategies.  ...  Hypothetical Reasoning Facility GLARE's execution tool also incorporates a decision support facility (called hypothetical reasoning), able to assist physicians in choosing among different therapeutic or  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-39853-0_44 fatcat:rezrosjtoradvivzbf3r5gtqoi

Page 6501 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 98J [page]

1998 Mathematical Reviews  
Hypothet- ical reasoning is supported by testing the success or failure of an update. The procedural semantics offers efficient goal-oriented tabled evaluation of database updates.  ...  This fact remains true even when we consider query evaluation in relational databases with indefinite information vs. query evaluation in indef- inite temporal constraint databases.  ... 

Page 667 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 29, Issue 4 [page]

2003 Computational Linguistics  
is implemented for a hypothetical airport database using ALE and Prolog.  ...  for reason- ing about time and events and instead re- lies on the underlying database system for evaluation.  ... 

Temporal discounting and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in childhood: reasons for devising different tasks

Daniel Augusto Utsumi, Mônica Carolina Miranda
2018 Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy  
Introduction: Temporal discounting (TD) describes how a certain reward is seen as less valuable the more its delivery is postponed.  ...  There are two main types of TD tasks, hypothetical and real, both of which use monetary rewards.  ...  Another study used three types of tasks with toys as rewards: hypothetical, real, and a new type entitled as hypothetical with temporal expectation, in which toys were not delivered but delays could be  ... 
doi:10.1590/2237-6089-2017-0094 pmid:30234887 fatcat:2t52ylvuxzda3fqznzhrseggwy

Advanced treatment of temporal phenomena in clinical guidelines

Paolo Terenziani, Luca Anselma, Alessio Bottrighi, Stefania Montani
2006 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings  
Temporal constraints play a fundamental role in clinical guidelines.  ...  We sketch a computer-based temporal framework to represent temporal information in the guidelines, and to support different forms of inference and query-answering (which, e.g., might help in physician  ...  Recently, we have also devised advanced Temporal Databases techniques to both store and query properly temporal data in a relational framework [3] . Conclusions .  ... 
pmid:17238736 pmcid:PMC1839253 fatcat:sbbfbnnaf5aancu7fenw6xgwqq

A semantic-based platform for the digital analysis of architectural heritage

Livio De Luca, Chawee Busayarat, Chiara Stefani, Philippe Véron, Michel Florenzano
2011 Computers & graphics  
This is an author-deposited version published in: http://sam.ensam.eu Handle ID: .http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8323 To cite this version : Livio DE LUCA, Chawee BUSAYARAT, Chiara STEFANI, Philippe VERON  ...  of an information system at the scale of architecture, taking into account the relationships that can be established between the representation of buildings (shape, dimension, state of conservation, hypothetical  ...  reasoning.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cag.2010.11.009 fatcat:uzj7rkzkdjaupl7sn5h7pmic5q

GLARE: a domain-independent system for acquiring, representing and executing clinical guidelines

Gianpaolo Molino, Paolo Terenziani, Stefania Montani, Alessio Bottrighi, Mauro Torchio
2006 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings  
Giovanni Battista in Turin, one of the largest hospitals in Italy. A demo of the (prototypical) system is also available.  ...  We briefly describe GLARE, a domain-independent system to acquire, represent and execute clinical guidelines, which as been developed since 1997 in a joint cooperation between Computer Sciences Departments  ...  In particular, extended AI temporal reasoning techniques are used to check the consistency of temporal constraints [2].  ... 
pmid:17238656 pmcid:PMC1839541 fatcat:nkn56bzcbfbkbihlmqathlcn3u

From 3D Acquisition to Augmented Reality: the case of the Charterhouse of Villeneuve-lès-Avignon (Gard, France) [article]

Aurélie Favre-Brun, Livio De Luca, M. Florenzano
2011 Eurographics Workshop on Graphics and Cultural Heritage  
A database which contained documentation, related to the 3D objects, was created. The development of 3D digital mock-up led us to think about the reliability of documentary sources.  ...  The goal was, in first, to reconstruct the current state of the building, then to propose a restitution of its post revolutionary state.  ...  Thus, the semantic database integrated in the NUBES platform associates, for each 3D model of the hypothetical information, from documentary sources argue that the scientific reasoning for the restitution  ... 
doi:10.2312/pe/vast/vast11s/029-032 dblp:conf/vast/Favre-BrunLF11 fatcat:hqi3leaixzczbos56rgnp7xrn4

Linguistic variation in the subjuntivo imperfecto in Spanish America in the 16th century

2005 Linguistics in the Netherlands  
Linguistics in the Netherlands 2005, 25-36. issn 0929-7332 / e-issn 1569-9919 © Algemene Vereniging voor Taalwetenschap  ...  Database 5 Every verb form in the Cartas ending on -ra or -se was extracted from its context and entered as a record in the database.  ...  and entered in a database of meta-information on the Cartas.  ... 
doi:10.1075/avt.22.05bra fatcat:phcijrgeivbfzl2by55vjtabjy

ContextD: an algorithm to identify contextual properties of medical terms in a Dutch clinical corpus

Zubair Afzal, Ewoud Pons, Ning Kang, Miriam CJM Sturkenboom, Martijn J Schuemie, Jan A Kors
2014 BMC Bioinformatics  
For the historical and hypothetical values of the temporality property, F-scores ranged from 26% to 54% and from 13% to 44%, respectively.  ...  identified information: negation, temporality, and experiencer.  ...  Each entry in the IPCI database pertains to a patient visit to the GP.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12859-014-0373-3 pmid:25432799 pmcid:PMC4264258 fatcat:4v6q64qipza5rprtgpi6crvjjq

Hypothetical Answers to Continuous Queries over Data Streams

Luís Cruz-Filipe, Isabel Nunes, Graça Gaspar
2020 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
In this paper we present a semantics for queries and corresponding answers that covers such hypothetical answers, together with an online algorithm for updating the set of facts that are consistent with  ...  Therefore, it can be useful to provide hypothetical answers – "given the current information, it is possible that X will become true at time t" – instead of no information at all.  ...  We make no such assumption in this work. also consider a notion of temporal stratification for stream reasoning.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v34i03.5668 fatcat:rpxcnzperzfrrpe2fd2pf7uwgy

A foundational model of time for heterogeneous clinical databases

A K Das, M A Musen
1997 Proceedings : a conference of the American Medical Informatics Association. AMIA Fall Symposium  
In this paper, we present an analysis of the types of temporal mismatches that exist in databases. To formalize these various approaches to timestamping, we provide a foundational model of time.  ...  This model gives us the semantics necessary to encode the temporal dimensions of clinical data in legacy databases and to transform such heterogeneous data into a uniform temporal representation suitable  ...  Acknowledgments This work has been supported in part by grant HS06330 from the Agency for Health Policy and Research, and by grants LM05208, LM05708, and LM07033 from the National Library of Medicine.  ... 
pmid:9357598 pmcid:PMC2233542 fatcat:prcrjdx4pbhx7c5m5n3sopn56y

DBrev: Dreaming of a Database Revolution

Gjergji Kasneci, Jurgen Van Gael, Thore Graepel
2011 Conference on Innovative Data Systems Research  
This paper presents DBrev, a hypothetical, intelligent database system for managing large quantities of data that involves uncertainty.  ...  However, in recent years, many important applications have emerged that need to manage noisy, corrupted, or incomplete data.  ...  In this case the corroboration process exploits temporal reasoning to decrease the truth value of the latter triple and the trust in www. michaeljacksonsightings.com.  ... 
dblp:conf/cidr/KasneciGG11 fatcat:jfplj5lngzf5zop27k7z5qnghq

Open-Domain Question Answering from Large Text Collections

Marius Paşca
2003 Computational Linguistics  
for reason- ing about time and events and instead re- lies on the underlying database system for evaluation.  ...  information from a temporal database.  ... 
doi:10.1162/089120103322753383 fatcat:rerf725iwfdm5c2xci7j4k6gau

PROPOLIS

Daniel Deutch, Yuval Moskovitch, Val Tannen
2013 Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment  
In particular they want to interactively test and explore the effect on analysis results of different hypothetical modifications applied to the application's transition system and to the underlying database  ...  We consider in this demonstration the (static) analysis of data-centric process-based applications, namely applications that depend on an underlying database and whose control is guided by a finite state  ...  The complementary problem of automatic optimization based on hypothetical reasoning was studied in [13] for database queries, but not for process analysis.  ... 
doi:10.14778/2536274.2536301 fatcat:n7xnja23a5h7zba33ub6o72lrm
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