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Abductive reasoning in multiple fault diagnosis

T. Finin, G. Morris
1989 Artificial Intelligence Review  
In exploring this topic, we will review and compare several different approaches, including Binary Choice Bayesian, Sequential Bayesian, Causal Model Based Abduction, Parsimonious Set Covering, and the  ...  In exploring this topic, we will review and compare several different approaches, including Binary Choice Bayesian, Sequential Bayesian, Causal Model Based Abduction, Parsimonious Set Covering, and the  ...  is in manifs(d) for some disorder d in the hypothesis, and a question generated concerning that symptom.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00128779 fatcat:qtnx5l7qyvffjiksz7smf34ehm

Issues in practical model-based diagnosis

R.R Bakker, P.C.A van den Bempt, N.J.I Mars, D.-J Out, D.C van Soest
1993 Future generations computer systems  
We have built a prototype diagnostic system which shows the technical feasibility of model-based diagnosis in a computer system.  ...  The model-based diagnosis project at the University of Twente has been directed at improving the practical usefulness of model-based diagnosis.  ...  The general concept of model-based diagnosis based on conflicts is shown in Fig. 2 . PDE uses probe advice based on a limited set of minimal conflicts.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0167-739x(93)90035-n fatcat:wvebac7lozdqrlypignkoplbri

Determinants of diagnostic hypothesis generation: Effects of information, base rates, and experience

Elke U. Weber, Ulf Böckenholt, Denis J. Hilton, Brian Wallace
1993 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
Availability of a hypothesis, made possible by diagnosis of a similar case before, also made doctors generate this diagnosis earlier and more frequently.  ...  of base rate neglect.  ...  This mechanism allows the population base rate of diagnostic categories to have an effect on hypothesis generation that is absent from associative network models in which hypothesis generation is driven  ... 
doi:10.1037//0278-7393.19.5.1151 pmid:8409853 fatcat:rabdj6x5qjamjh2qjjjddvekya

Diagnostic accuracy of primary care asthma/COPD working hypotheses, a real life study

Annelies E. Lucas, Frank J. Smeenk, Ivo J. Smeele, Onno P. van Schayck
2012 Respiratory Medicine  
Results: 49% of the working hypothesis were only based on clinical information, 21% were also based on office spirometry.  ...  Misdiagnoses are inevitable when working hypotheses of asthma/COPD of General Practitioners (GPs) are not checked by spirometry.  ...  Conclusion Working hypotheses of General Practitioners offer limited certainty about the correct diagnosis of respiratory problems, independent from the justifications that they are based on.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rmed.2012.03.002 pmid:22682550 fatcat:4olu3wttmzf23puokznezf2u3a

The Role of Family Functioning in Bipolar Disorder in Families

Tina D. Du Rocher Schudlich, Eric A. Youngstrom, Joseph R. Calabrese, Robert L. Findling
2008 Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology  
Investigated the association between family functioning and conflict and their links with mood disorder in parents and with children's risk for bipolar disorder.  ...  Results revealed a small but significant indirect pathway from parental diagnosis of mood disorder to child bipolar disorder through impaired family functioning, via increased family conflict.  ...  Acknowledgement This work was supported in part by a Stanley Medical Research Institute clinical research center grant as well as NIMH R01 MH066647. Disclosures Robert L.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10802-008-9217-9 pmid:18270810 fatcat:wg6ol6ruunhzfmijk5ve5tcfa4

Analytic Redundancy, Possible Conflicts, and TCG-based Fault Signature Diagnosis applied to Nonlinear Dynamic Systems

Gautam Biswas, Anibal Bregon, Xenofon Koutsoukos, Belarmino Pulido
2009 IFAC Proceedings Volumes  
steps in fault detection and isolation in dynamic systems.  ...  The FDI and DX communities have developed complementary approaches that exploit structural relations in the system model to find efficient solutions for the residual generation and residual evaluation  ...  conflicts methods is related to consistency based diagnosis approaches commonly employed in the DX community [Reiter, 1987] .  ... 
doi:10.3182/20090630-4-es-2003.00242 fatcat:gnjdvnyqafbjpis4awo3u2ajn4

Probability matching, accuracy maximization, and a test of the optimal classifier's independence assumption in perceptual categorization

W. Todd Maddox, Corey J. Bohil
2004 Perception & Psychophysics  
conditions than in simultaneous base-rate/payoff conditions.  ...  later in learning.  ...  declined across blocks, and a weight applied to the conflicting simultaneous base-rate/payoff conditions that generally increased across blocks.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03194865 pmid:15095944 fatcat:cgdgzifnj5btnkv7upwphna7g4

Page 259 of Journal of Family Psychology Vol. 14, Issue 2 [page]

2000 Journal of Family Psychology  
In addition, partners did not differ in passive coping, nor did patient’s FRI Cohe- sion + Expression or Conflict differ based on living situation.  ...  Mood disturbance in the patients was not significantly correlated with age, education, time since diagnosis, or disease-free interval.  ... 

Persuasive Dialogues in an Intelligent Tutoring System for Medical Diagnosis [chapter]

Amin Rahati, Froduald Kabanza
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We illustrate this framework with a tutoring system for medical diagnosis using a normative expert model.  ...  In this paper we present an argumentation framework for implementing persuasive tutoring dialogues. The entire interaction between the student and the tutoring system is seen as an argumentation.  ...  The queries and the differential diagnosis generation are the student's diagnosis (problem solving) actions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-13437-1_6 fatcat:bhnvloqjgzewdjtijf57pcifdq

Page 17 of Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology Vol. 17, Issue 1 [page]

1985 Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology  
Those generally regarded as most attractive are those founded in probability manipulation.  ...  In the first case, there is strong conflicting evidence which results in a small Certainty Factor.  ... 

A Diagnosis Method for Rotation Machinery Faults Based on Dimensionless Indexes Combined withK-Nearest Neighbor Algorithm

Jianbin Xiong, Qinghua Zhang, Zhiping Peng, Guoxi Sun, Weichao Xu, Qi Wang
2015 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
When the conflict of evidence is too big, it will result in uncertainty of diagnosis.  ...  This paper presents a diagnosis method for rotation machinery fault based on dimensionless indexes combined withK-nearest neighbor (KNN) algorithm.  ...  the subset, in what proportion should the conflict be allocated. (2) Based on Modification Evidence Source Modification [17] .  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/563954 fatcat:5noqsgg3ybeatlf3wrqa3jex5q

Fault diagnosis of machines based on D–S evidence theory. Part 1: D–S evidence theory and its improvement

Xianfeng Fan, Ming J. Zuo
2006 Pattern Recognition Letters  
, evidence importance, and conflicting evidences in the practical application of D-S evidence theory.  ...  In this paper, conventional D-S evidence theory is improved through the introduction of fuzzy membership function, importance index, and conflict factor in order to address the issues of evidence sufficiency  ...  In fault diagnosis, we have a set of failure hypotheses, H = {F i ji = 1,2,. . . , N}, where F i is the hypothesis of ''Fault F i is present''.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.patrec.2005.08.025 fatcat:h3wsehb5cjabxavmud2toanpku

Model-based diagnostics and probabilistic assumption-based reasoning

J. Kohlas, B. Anrig, R. Haenni, P.A. Monney
1998 Artificial Intelligence  
The mathematical foundations of model-based diagnostics or diagnosis from first principles have been laid by Reiter (1987) .  ...  We show how it is possible to determine arguments in favor of the hypothesis that a certain group of components is not working correctly.  ...  In other words, it is a possible "diagnosis" of the system. On the other hand, a system state x E NC is in conflict with the observations and hence is called a "conflict".  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(98)00060-5 fatcat:yk6e6uvfsfeadd3rvgp46qrfmu

Lower risk of prostate cancer in schizophrenia: fact or artifact?

Gilad Gal, Hanan Munitz, Itzhak Levav
2014 European Journal of Psychiatry  
Conclusions: In line with our hypothesis, lower rates of PSA screening tests were conducted among service users with schizophrenia.  ...  However, the relatively low rate of this test prior to prostate cancer diagnosis ought to be noted.  ...  Acknowledgements The data used in this report were made available by Inna Pugachova MPH, from the PCR, and Shachar Merling from CHS.  ... 
doi:10.4321/s0213-61632014000400002 fatcat:4mk3bznltrhljjm3v4e5bgeyiy

Work–family conflict and employee psychiatric disorders: The national comorbidity survey

Michael R. Frone
2000 Journal of Applied Psychology  
work-family conflict to experience a clinically significant mental health problem.  ...  Depending on the type of work-family conflict and type of disorder, employees who reported experiencing work-family conflict often were 1.99-29.66 times more likely than were employees who reported no  ...  Not only is work-family conflict related to elevations in general psychological distress, as documented in past research, the present study shows that work-family conflict is positively related to having  ... 
doi:10.1037/0021-9010.85.6.888 pmid:11155895 fatcat:coglkas3uneh3b63mviyiko4lu
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