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High Performance Computing in Satellite SAR Interferometry: A Critical Perspective

Pasquale Imperatore, Antonio Pepe, Eugenio Sansosti
2021 Remote Sensing  
In this paper, a perspective on the state-of-the-art of high performance computing (HPC) methodologies applied to spaceborne SAR interferometry (InSAR) is presented, and the different parallel algorithms  ...  Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry has rapidly evolved in the last decade and can be considered today as a mature technology, which incorporates computationally intensive and data-intensive  ...  It carries a C-Band SAR sensor capable of acquiring data using different observation modes (spotlight, stripmap, and scanSAR) with swath width ranging from 20 to 500 km.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13234756 fatcat:flsy4h75gzdvzgjpfx4xwivem4

The Multiple Aperture SAR Interferometry (MAI) Technique for the Detection of Large Ground Displacement Dynamics: An Overview

Pietro Mastro, Carmine Serio, Guido Masiello, Antonio Pepe
2020 Remote Sensing  
The MAI technique relies on the spectral diversity (SD) method, which consists of splitting the azimuth (range) Synthetic Aperture RADAR (SAR) signal spectrum into separate sub-bands to get an estimate  ...  More recently, the SD methods have also been exploited for the fine co-registration of SAR data acquired with the Terrain Observation with Progressive Scans (TOPS) mode.  ...  CSK data of the California area were provided by ASI within the project (ID 699) entitled "Understanding and Predicting Coastal Sea Level Variability Around the United States due to Sea Level Rise and  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs12071189 fatcat:vdm3by6szje4darahy5tjxj534

Research advances of SAR remote sensing for agriculture applications: A review

Chang-an LIU, Zhong-xin CHEN, Yun SHAO, Jin-song CHEN, Tuya Hasi, Hai-zhu PAN
2019 Journal of Integrative Agriculture  
In the future, the joint use of optical and SAR remote sensing data, the application of multi-band multi-dimensional SAR, the precise and high efficient modeling of electromagnetic scattering and parameter  ...  SAR is sensitive to the geometrical structures and dielectric properties of the targets and has a certain penetration ability to some agricultural targets.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61661136006 and 41371396). Allain S, Ferro-Famil L, Pottier E. 2003.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s2095-3119(18)62016-7 fatcat:a4v7kcn3lvfxza7z4d4hfwdeau

The Parallel SBAS Approach for Sentinel-1 Interferometric Wide Swath Deformation Time-Series Generation: Algorithm Description and Products Quality Assessment

Michele Manunta, Claudio De Luca, Ivana Zinno, Francesco Casu, Mariarosaria Manzo, Manuela Bonano, Adele Fusco, Antonio Pepe, Giovanni Onorato, Paolo Berardino, Prospero De Martino, Riccardo Lanari
2019 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
An extensive experimental analysis, which allows us to assess the quality of the obtained interferometric products, is presented.  ...  mode used to collect S-1 IW SAR data.  ...  assessment, with a particular emphasis on novel generation satellite constellations such as COSMO-SkyMed, TerraSAR-X, and Sentinel-1.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2019.2904912 fatcat:qiksflfcmbcypfp3tj6zgzaos4

A Review of Interferometric Synthetic Aperture RADAR (InSAR) Multi-Track Approaches for the Retrieval of Earth's Surface Displacements

2017 Applied Sciences  
The increasing availability of SAR data collected by complementary illumination angles and from different RADAR instruments, which operate in various bands of the microwave spectrum (X-, L-and C-band),  ...  Abstract: Synthetic Aperture RADAR Interferometry (InSAR) provides a unique tool for the quantitative measurement of the Earth's surface deformations induced by a variety of natural (such as volcanic eruptions  ...  ALOS data we provided by JAXA within the project entitled "Advanced Interferometric SAR Techniques for Earth Observation at L-band" of the four Research Agreement for the Advanced Land Observing Satellite  ... 
doi:10.3390/app7121264 fatcat:hfanmxpd7fgxjnirzsn6xrtiw4

Concurrent Imaging for TerraSAR-X: Wide-Area Imaging paired with High-Resolution Capabilities

Thomas Kraus, Joao Pedro Turchetti Ribeiro, Markus Bachmann, Ulrich Steinbrecher, Christo Grigorov
2022 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
Such a concurrent Stripmap/Spotlight imaging technique is investigated for TerraSAR-X.  ...  The concurrent imaging technique enables parallel acquisitions with different beams or modes, e.g., a wide area Stripmap mode with a high resolution Spotlight mode.  ...  Additionally, the authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive and well-founded comments that helped to improve the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2022.3140290 fatcat:zpiyrzmwpzejzl4wele2gbnbai

Characterization of Marine Surface Slicks by Radarsat-2 Multipolarization Features

Stine Skrunes, Camilla Brekke, Torbjorn Eltoft
2014 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
X-band data from TerraSAR-X and COSMO-SkyMed are here investigated and found useful for oil spill detection in low wind conditions, except at very large incidence angles.  ...  TerraSAR-X is found preferable to COSMO-SkyMed when multipolarization techniques are used, due to the preservation of relative phase information in the former.  ...  Hence, TerraSAR-X data are found more useful for multipolarization analysis than COSMO-SkyMed data.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2013.2287916 fatcat:4ag4q5t5cvb4jjbgvrpe5w4x5u

Multidimensional Waveform Encoding: A New Digital Beamforming Technique for Synthetic Aperture Radar Remote Sensing

Gerhard Krieger, Nicolas Gebert, Alberto Moreira
2008 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
hybrid SAR imaging modes that are well suited to satisfy hitherto incompatible user requirements.  ...  Examples are high-resolution wide-swath radar imaging with compact antennas, enhanced sensitivity for applications like alongtrack interferometry and moving object indication, and the implementation of  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions to improve the readability of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2007.905974 fatcat:ovmmog5dkngtjjoefu6ljc4psu

Heritage Recording and 3D Modeling with Photogrammetry and 3D Scanning

Fabio Remondino
2011 Remote Sensing  
The continuous development of new sensors, data capture methodologies and multi-resolution 3D representations, contributes significantly to the digital 3D documentation, mapping, conservation and representation  ...  of landscapes and heritages and to the growth of research in this field.  ...  Acknowledgements The author would like to acknowledge the valuable support and feedbacks of Dario Conforti (Optech Inc.), Gabriele Guidi (Politecnico of Milano, Italy), Armin Gruen (ETH Zurich, Switzerland  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs3061104 fatcat:ukg4hx3zrfguzox3hukdskoepa

Active SAR Antennas: Design, Development, and Current Programs

P. Capece
2009 International Journal of Antennas and Propagation  
The paper presents the design guidelines for Active SAR Antennas followed for the development of COSMO Sky Med SAR Antenna Subsystem.  ...  They have brought to define the antenna architecture, the RF, and electrical requirements for all the antenna RF, digital and power units, taking into account the available technologies and achievable  ...  Acknowledgments The Author wishes to thank the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and the Minister Of Dsefence for the support given by during the whole development of COSMO Sky Med program, and the whole Thales  ... 
doi:10.1155/2009/796064 fatcat:xtww7hlaxjhepcwzwkplytthb4

MIMO-SAR: Opportunities and Pitfalls

Gerhard Krieger
2014 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
Further insights can be gained by considering the data acquisition of a side-looking imaging radar in a 3-D information cube.  ...  Considerable confusion arose, however, with regard to the selection of suitable waveforms for the simultaneous transmission via multiple channels.  ...  of COSMO-Skymed which employs a deramping technique to decrease the data rate and volume of the large bandwidth received signal.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2013.2263934 fatcat:fx6772qapncala4mbwsptg7moy

Remote Sensing-Derived Water Extent and Level to Constrain Hydraulic Flood Forecasting Models: Opportunities and Challenges

Stefania Grimaldi, Yuan Li, Valentijn R. N. Pauwels, Jeffrey P. Walker
2016 Surveys in geophysics  
to the original source of publication and a link is inserted to the published article on Springer's website.  ...  However, the discrete spatial distribution of field data impedes the testing of the model skill at the two-dimensional scale.  ...  The authors would like to acknowledge the Australian Bureau of Meteorology and Geoscience Australia for their valuable comments and support.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10712-016-9378-y fatcat:rmceq6a5h5a6do6qpyhzo62zve

Deep Learning Meets SAR [article]

Xiao Xiang Zhu, Sina Montazeri, Mohsin Ali, Yuansheng Hua, Yuanyuan Wang, Lichao Mou, Yilei Shi, Feng Xu, Richard Bamler
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Deep learning in remote sensing has become an international hype, but it is mostly limited to the evaluation of optical data.  ...  In this paper, we provide an introduction to the most relevant deep learning models and concepts, point out possible pitfalls by analyzing special characteristics of SAR data, review the state-of-the-art  ...  algorithm introduced [52] , and CNN-NLM applied to a small strip of COSMO-SkyMed data over Caserta, Italy, where the reference clean image has been obtained by temporal multi-looking applied to a stack  ... 
arXiv:2006.10027v2 fatcat:s3tiroz4qve6nbhavtz77fbis4

Multipe-Input Multiple-Output Synthetic Aperture Radar for Multimodal Operation

Jung-Hyo Kim
This work deals with the MIMO SAR system operation principles and verifies the OFDM waveform by laboratory measurements.  ...  Demodulation combined with digital beamforming makes it possible that the OFDM waveform is used for a traditional spaceborne SAR scenario.  ...  Recent spaceborne SAR missions, such as TerraSAR-X, COSMO-SkyMed, and Radarsat-2, also adopt the fully polarimetric data acquisition mode for a wide scope of applications.  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000028740 fatcat:uc7kvgd6a5fdfp3f5r55duqtnu

Multichannel Staggered SAR for High-Resolution Wide-Swath Imaging

Felipe Queiroz De Almeida
TABLE I OVERVIEW I OF CURRENT AND PLANNED HIGH-RESOLUTION WIDE-SWATH SAR MISSIONS Mission Agency Mode Azimuth resolution Swath width Ratio / RF Band Orbit height ℎ COSMO- SkyMed 2nd  ...  This chapter adresses a proof of concept of multichannel staggered SAR using data in X-band acquired from an example scene.  ...  Appendix A: Elevation Beamforming Techniques The main topic of this Thesis is azimuth beamforming, specifically with the aim of the resampling Multichannel Staggered SAR data.  ... 
doi:10.5445/ir/1000080475 fatcat:7szceyfnfvdcdkcb2omai7lrfa
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