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Hybrid NEMS–CMOS integrated circuits: a novel strategy for energy-efficient designs

H.F. Dadgour, K. Banerjee
2009 IET Computers & Digital Techniques  
The feasibility of integration of NEMS switches into a CMOS process is illustrated by a practical process flow.  ...  Substantial increase in gate and sub-threshold leakage of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) devices is making it extremely challenging to achieve energy-efficient designs while continuing  ...  The concept of hybrid NEMS -CMOS circuits for lowering leakage and achieving energy-efficient designs in nano-scaled CMOS technologies and a simplified process flow for their fabrication. 2.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-cdt.2008.0148 fatcat:74wyihs6ufgcrhorwzec3ndgwu

Heterogeneous energy-sparing reconfigurable logic: spin-based storage and CNFET-based multiplexing

Mohan Krishna Gopi Krishna, Arman Roohi, Ramtin Zand, Ronald F. DeMara
2017 IET Circuits, Devices & Systems  
Finally, additional hybrid technology designs are considered to balance performance with the demands of energy consumption for near-threshold operation.  ...  In this paper, a novel Carbon/Magnet Lookup Table ( CM-LUT) is developed and evaluated by trading off a range of mixed heterogeneous technologies to balance energy, delay, and reliability attributes.  ...  MTJs with a compact footprint and low switching energy, 3) design of a novel CM-LUT, using CNFET in place of a CMOS-based logic select tree.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-cds.2016.0216 fatcat:gcqs5kbfmzbbleunduydbyaad4

Nano-tera.CH: Nano-technologies for tera-scale problems

Giovanni De Micheli
2009 2009 IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting  
The Nano-Tera.CH initiative is a broad engineering program in Switzerland for health and security of humans and the environment, currently funded by the Swiss government.  ...  These products will enable us, for example, to detect in real time different health risks and conditions through integrated bio probing, to reveal security risks through smart buildings and environments  ...  Novel fabrication and process integration technologies address the integration of nano-sized structures as functional elements in MEMS/NEMS with the goal of forming structures with predictable and controllable  ... 
doi:10.1109/bipol.2009.5314114 fatcat:fpac2amqpnef5l4iozrgavmylu

Toward ultralow-power computing at exteme with silicon carbide (SiC) nanoelectromechanical logic

Swarup Bhunia, Vaishnavi Ranganathan, Tina He, Srihari Rajgopal, Rui Yang, Mehran Mehregany, Philip X.-L. Feng
2014 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE), 2014  
We show that a device-circuitarchitecture co-design approach can provide reliable long-term operation with virtually zero leakage power.  ...  Additionally, the leakage current markedly increases at high temperature (in the range of 10 µA for a 2-input NAND gate), which induces self-heating effect and makes power delivery at high temperature  ...  Hybrid integration of SiC NEMS with SiC JFET-based circuits is a potential solution to this.  ... 
doi:10.7873/date.2014.246 dblp:conf/date/BhuniaRHRYMF14 fatcat:ezl3kf5cvje2llsi6kdc3hqm24

The impact of on-chip communication on memory technologies for neuromorphic systems

Saber Moradi, Rajit Manohar
2018 Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics  
Emergent nanoscale non-volatile memory technologies with high integration density offer a promising solution to overcome the scalability limitations of CMOS-based neural networks architectures, by efficiently  ...  We present existing approaches for on-chip neuromorphic routing networks, and discuss how new memory and integration technologies may help to alleviate the communication issues in constructing next-generation  ...  Hybrid CMOS-NEMS neuromorphic circuits, presented in [69] , implement the leaky-integrate-fire (LIF) neuron model [79] and take a step toward reducing the leakage power in a neuromorphic system.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aae641 fatcat:kw6alqj6grdlpddvrtocenxwfm

Grand Challenge in N/MEMS

Luis Guillermo Villanueva, Joan Bausells, Juergen Brugger
2016 Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering  
The rapid growth has been enabled by new fabrication methods derived from semiconductor integrated circuit manufacturing.  ...  Today, some MEMS-based products are a mature industry that delivers commodity products for our everyday life, such as integrated multi sensor modules (9 degrees-of-freedom inertial, gas, pressure, temperature  ...  CMOS technology has been the standard for integrated circuits fabrication for over half a century.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmech.2015.00015 fatcat:273vcrkugfe4bam6g5rybjzub4

Design, simulation and testing of an array of nano electro mechanical switches (NEMS)

Luay Mahdi, Qais Al-Gayem
2021 Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science  
In this article, we will design, implement, and test a matrix of nano electro mechanical switches by on line test using the superposition theory.  ...  They have many advantages over conventional semiconductor switches such as low-power digital logic applications, ability to work with very small voltage signals for low dynamic energy consumption, and  ...  CONCOLUSION AND FUTURE WORK In this paper, a novel model for nano electro mechanical switch was designed, simulated and tested.  ... 
doi:10.11591/ijeecs.v22.i1.pp113-120 fatcat:rdi3yfkn5je4jogwzza3oszg54

Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting: A Systematic Review of Reviews

Jafar Ghazanfarian, Mohammad Mostafa Mohammadi, Kenji Uchino
2021 Actuators  
design points for various applications.  ...  In the last decade, an enormous amount of attention has been paid to piezoelectric harvesters due to their flexibility in design and the increasing need for small-scale energy generation.  ...  of nanogenerators for high output power sources, the structural design for increasing the energy harvesting efficiency in different conditions, and the development of practicable integrated self-powered  ... 
doi:10.3390/act10120312 fatcat:lzisvqic4rfkpl6pgw7lye55e4

Trends on the application of emerging nonvolatile memory to processors and programmable devices

Lionel Torres, Raphael Martins Brum, Luis Vitorio Cargnini, Gilles Sassatelli
2013 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS2013)  
of hybrid MRAM/CMOS cells for reconfigurable computing," New Circuits and Systems Zhao, W.S.; Zhang, Y.; Lakys, Y.; Klein, J-O; Etiemble, D.; Revelosona, D.; Chappert, C.; Torres, L.; Cargnini, L.V.;  ...  M.; Guillemenet, Y.; Sassatelli, G., "Embedded MRAM for high-speed computing," VLSI and System-on-Chip (VLSI-SoC), 2011 IEEE/I-  ...  There are also proposals for hybrid NEMS-floating gate memory devices aiming at the improvement of write/erase characteristics.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iscas.2013.6571792 dblp:conf/iscas/TorresBCS13 fatcat:aommoaizybhufp76nxuappbxby

Science and Engineering Beyond Moore's Law

R. K. Cavin, P. Lugli, V. V. Zhirnov
2012 Proceedings of the IEEE  
and reduce switching energy for devices whose smallest features are on the order of a few nanometers.  ...  Another alternative might be to increase chip functionality by integrating devices that offer broadened chip functionality including, e.g., sensors, energy sources, oscillators, etc.  ...  Their use for hybrid CMOS imagers would allow the realization of IR imagers at a cost comparable to conventional CMOS imagers.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2012.2190155 fatcat:djic4ujcnbgd7jaecu7ibpqd6e

Table of Contents

2019 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
We reveal the impact on the power consumption of different outer circuitry and ICs for a wireless transmission and derive a design strategy for a maximal power efficiency.  ...  W1B-04 SELF-TUNABLE VIBRATION ENERGY HARVESTER We report the design, fabrication, and characterization of a novel electron impact gas ionizer for compact mass spectrometry manufactured via CMOS silicon  ...  We present a small frequency tunable vibration energy harvester with an integrated electronic circuit board.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1407/1/011002 fatcat:5ttgm2jqtfgr3jf55i22inzuq4

Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting: a Systematic Review of Reviews [article]

Jafar Ghazanfarian, Mohammad Mostafa Mohammadi, Kenji Uchino
2021 arXiv   pre-print
design points for various applications.  ...  As a result, various energy review papers have been presented by many researchers to cover different aspects of piezoelectric-based energy harvesting, including piezo-materials, modeling approaches, and  ...  Integration of nanogenerators for high output power sources, the structural design for in- creasing the energy harvesting efficiency in different conditions, and the development of practicable integrated  ... 
arXiv:2101.09312v2 fatcat:4u6kpzbjlbdo3pmcmtw7wm72ym

A Survey of Modeling and Control Techniques for Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical Systems

Antoine Ferreira, Sumeet S. Aphale
2011 IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics Part C (Applications and Reviews)  
In the current times, MEMS and NEMS form a major inter-disciplinary area of research involving science, engineering and technology.  ...  This work presents a review of the emerging advances in the modeling and control of these micro-and nanoscale devices and converges on the exciting research in onchip control, with a mechatronics and controls  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank all the past and present researchers in the field of MEMS/NEMS, control theory and modeling.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsmcc.2010.2072779 fatcat:qkg5btld4zbsdlhqtzauxqckbe

Workshops on Extreme Scale Design Automation (ESDA) Challenges and Opportunities for 2025 and Beyond [article]

R. Iris Bahar, Alex K. Jones, Srinivas Katkoori, Patrick H. Madden, Diana Marculescu, Igor L. Markov
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Integrated circuits and electronic systems, as well as design technologies, are evolving at a great rate -- both quantitatively and qualitatively.  ...  In light of these changes in electronic design contexts and given EDA's significant dependence on such context, the EDA community must adapt to these changes and focus on the opportunities for research  ...  integrated circuit designs.  ... 
arXiv:2005.01588v1 fatcat:6lpcyrobhncdvkrt6g25itw2tu

Table of Contents

2020 IEEE transactions on nanotechnology  
Wang 492 Approaching the Design of Energy Recovery Logic Circuits Using TFETs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J. Núñez and M. J.  ...  Teman 123 SiQAD: A Design and Simulation Tool for Atomic Silicon Quantum Dot Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S. S. H.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tnano.2020.3045333 fatcat:ycz44vcmbbeihl7t76fbdn2dny
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