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A HYBRID ARCHITECTURE OF UMTS AND BLUETOOTH FOR INDOOR WIRELESS/MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS

T. KWON, R. KAPOOR, Y. LEE, M. GERLA, A. ZANELLA
2001 Wireless LANs and Home Networks  
We detail the proposed architecture in indoor environments, where UMTS-TDD is chosen for connecting Bluetooth piconets and scatternets.  ...  The key node in this architecture is a "hybrid device" equipped with both UMTS and Bluetooth interfaces.  ...  Each hybrid unit has both the Bluetooth and the UMTS interfaces and its routing layer forwards a packet on the appropriate interface.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789812799562_0025 fatcat:arq3siyodralzhrwzy5qhdcqra

A Location-Aware Routing Protocol for the Bluetooth Scatternet

Chih-Yung Chang, Prasan Kumar Sahoo, Shih-Chieh Lee
2006 Wireless personal communications  
In this paper, a novel routing protocol (LARP) for the Bluetooth scatternet is proposed, which reduces the hop counts between the source and the destination and reconstructs the routes dynamically using  ...  Besides, a hybrid location-aware routing protocol (HLARP) is proposed to construct the shortest routes among the devices with or without having the location information and degenerate the routing schemes  ...  Since Bluetooth scatternet is considered as a special type of ad-hoc network, the routing protocols for Bluetooth can be categorized into two types, such as: table driven and on-demand routing protocols  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11277-006-9105-y fatcat:hm5rkink6fdinghdicnopi67wa

A new approach to efficient Bluetooth Scatternet formation in adhoc wireless network

Hemali B. Kotak, Hiteishi M. Diwanji, Paresh P. Kotak
2011 Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Communication, Computing & Security - ICCCS '11  
The Bluetooth Scatternet formation problem can be split into three parts connection setup, Scatternet building & Scatternet optimization.  ...  The Bluetooth specification enables to form Scatternet from many devices but it does not specify a protocol for it.  ...  The characteristics of the tree and flat structures were analyzed, and the hierarchical Scatternet topology, which is hybrid of the two structures, was proposed for routing in Bluetooth Scatternet.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1947940.1947944 dblp:conf/icccs/KotakDK11 fatcat:xl6mz5lsb5anrhcgnne5pv7upm

Hybrid Congestion Sharing and Route Repairing Protocol for Bluetooth Networks

Sabeen Tahir, Ghadah Abdullah Aldabbagh, Sheikh Tahir Bakhsh, Abass Md Said
2021 WSEAS Transactions on Computers  
In this paper, Hybrid Congestion Sharing and Route Repairing protocol for Bluetooth networks" (HCSRR) is proposed.  ...  Therefore, routing in a multi-hop dynamic Bluetooth network, where a number of routing masters and routing bridges exist, sometimes create technical problems in a scatternet.  ...  In this section, the proposed "Hybrid Congestion Sharing and Route Repairing protocol for Bluetooth networks" HCSRR protocol is discussed.  ... 
doi:10.37394/23205.2021.20.6 fatcat:pksj63hnbjenlpttnagi6c34rq

A Reconfigurable Mesh-Ring Topology for Bluetooth Sensor Networks

Ben-Yi Wang, Chih-Min Yu, Yao-Huang Kao
2018 Energies  
During the formation and maintenance phases, three possible configurations (including piconet, scatternet, and hybrid) are examined to determine the optimal placement of mesh links.  ...  In this paper, a Reconfigurable Mesh-Ring (RMR) algorithm is proposed for Bluetooth sensor networks.  ...  Another important issue in a Bluetooth scatternet is routing with a formed scatternet.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en11051163 fatcat:bpgn6wlpifedxkqlgxdet4ncvy

A Reconfigurable Formation and Disjoint Hierarchical Routing for Rechargeable Bluetooth Networks

Chih-Min Yu, Yi-Hsiu Lee
2016 Energies  
hybrid ring tree).  ...  Simulation results show that the joint reconfigurable method and routing algorithm generate an efficient scatternet configuration by achieving better scatternet and routing performance than BlueHRT (bluetooth  ...  Author Contributions: Chih-Min Yu designed and developed the reconfigurable mesh-tree algorithm and the disjoint hierarchical routing algorithm.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en9050338 fatcat:trd6nesvbne3bezxsgue37vjhm

Wireless video sensor networks for sparse, resource-constrained, multi-robot teams

Richard M. Voyles, Jaewook Bae, Amy C. Larson, Mustafa A. Ayad
2009 Intelligent Service Robotics  
Instead, this work focuses on augmenting the Bluetooth protocol, which is master/slave based, with a hybrid, multi-hop routing protocol.  ...  Bluetooth has the desired low power and high bandwidth characteristics, but lacks multi-hop routing and rapid recovery.  ...  Sensor Networks, Bluetooth, Scatternet, Multi-robot networks I.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11370-009-0053-8 fatcat:pvzpygd4dfc7dniag3k3tm3otq

A Self-organizing Location and Mobility-Aware Route Optimization Protocol for Bluetooth Wireless

Sheikh Tahir
2016 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
In this paper, a new Self-organizing Location and Mobility-aware Route Optimization (LMRO) protocol is proposed for Bluetooth scatternet, which is based on node mobility and location.  ...  Bluetooth allows multi-hop ad-hoc networks that contain multiple interconnected piconets in a common area to form a scatternet.  ...  A Hybrid Indoor Position Estimation [32] technique is proposed to find node location in Bluetooth network.  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2016.070631 fatcat:m54nncwegzdfbiage54hxeephu

Bluetooth: an enabler for personal area networking

P. Johansson, M. Kazantzidis, R. Kapoor, M. Gerla
2001 IEEE Network  
A maior technical step is taken when the Bluetooth piconet network architecture, a strict star topology, is extended into a scatternet architecture, where piconets are interconnected.  ...  The strongest candidate to provide the cheap short-range radio links necessary to enable such networks is the Bluetooth wireless technology.  ...  This means that results from research on ad hoc routing protocols may also be used for scatternet routing.  ... 
doi:10.1109/65.953231 fatcat:erguuiikk5fjtkqvmuqeau6gzm

An empirical study on the performance of bluetooth scatternets

J.M. Cano-Garcia, E. Casilari, E. Gonzalez-Parada
2013 2013 9th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC)  
Bluetooth scatternet technology was conceived to provide support for ad hoc multihop networking applications.  ...  Many theoretical works in the literature have been dedicated to optimize the formation and operation of Bluetooth scatternets.  ...  Thus, since the apparition of Bluetooth much research efforts have been devoted to a wide set of topics regarding the configuration, routing and formation of BT scatternets.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iwcmc.2013.6583696 dblp:conf/iwcmc/Cano-GarciaCG13 fatcat:ij23wwhiebemxgs4hedc3g2tqi

Energy-aware On-demand Scatternet Formation and Routing

Tomas Johansson, Lenka Carr-Motyckova
2007 2007 IEEE Internatonal Conference on Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems  
Routing in a Bluetooth network involves creating a scatternet structure in order to facilitate the communication between nodes in different piconets.  ...  In this paper we investigate power-aware routing in Bluetooth networks.  ...  On-demand algorithms In Reference [2] , a hybrid solution is presented.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mobhoc.2007.4428711 dblp:conf/mass/JohanssonC07 fatcat:3wqzu4zeufg73pn6teqsh5hzaa

Bluetooth scatternet formation: A survey

Roger M. Whitaker, Leigh Hodge, Imrich Chlamtac
2005 Ad hoc networks  
While the Bluetooth specification permits piconet interconnection, the creation, operation and maintenance of scatternets remains open.  ...  Processes for network formation, routing and intra-and inter-piconet scheduling, are explained and classified. Finally, the research issues arising are outlined.  ...  Using a hybrid approach allows Bluetooth masters to store smaller routing tables that provide routing information for nodes within a maximum number of hops (denoted MAXHOPS).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.adhoc.2004.02.002 fatcat:lbxpiv5vnfa5rnyw4x7wtdifni

Distributed Self-Healing and Variable Topology Optimization Algorithms for QoS Provisioning in Scatternets

F. Cuomo, T. Melodia, I.F. Akyildiz
2004 IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  
Bluetooth is an enabling technology for Personal Area Networks. A scatternet is an ad hoc network created by interconnecting several Bluetooth piconets, each with at most eight devices.  ...  Index Terms-Bluetooth, multihop ad hoc networks, scatternet formation, topology optimization.  ...  Scatternet topology optimization is related to the selected scheduling policies and routing schemes.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jsac.2004.829341 fatcat:aaere4gdnvca7csmw4dyptnhea

DCP: a new data collection protocol for Bluetooth-based sensor networks

M. Handy, F. Grassert, D. Timmermann
2004 Euromicro Symposium on Digital System Design, 2004. DSD 2004.  
DCP is scalable, robust, and not limited to piconet or scatternet structures.  ...  DCP is tailored to Bluetooth-based sensor nodes and therefore enables sensor network applications based on inexpensive hardware.  ...  LEACH cannot be adopted for Bluetooth-based sensor nodes since it requires a broadcast mechanism and a hybrid MAC layer (a combination of CSMA, TDMA, and CDMA).  ... 
doi:10.1109/dsd.2004.1333326 dblp:conf/dsd/HandyGT04 fatcat:e2v3e5iqnja5jakt7kolmivsim

Determining the Optimal Configuration of the Multi-Ring Tree for Bluetooth Multi-Hop Networks

Chih-Min Yu, Ting-Wei Hsu
2017 Energies  
Computer simulations show that the optimal multi-ring subnet can be determined; the optimal multi-ring tree outperforms conventional dual ring-tree (DRT) and Bluetooth hybrid ring-tree (BlueHRT) in terms  ...  To achieve the least route discovery overhead, a multi-hop self-routing protocol is developed to efficiently deliver packets.  ...  Author Contributions: Chih-Min Yu designed and developed the multi-ring tree topology with the self-routing protocol.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en10091339 fatcat:hosg6r4pgzf4beaxpnah6fvjba
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