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Human-in-the-Loop Parsing

Luheng He, Julian Michael, Mike Lewis, Luke Zettlemoyer
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing  
Our human-in-the-loop parser improves on the state of the art with less than 2 questions per sentence on average, with a gain of 1.7 F1 on the 10% of sentences whose parses are changed.  ...  This paper demonstrates that it is possible for a parser to improve its performance with a human in the loop, by posing simple questions to non-experts.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the NSF (IIS-1252835, IIS-1562364), DARPA under the DEFT program through the AFRL (FA8750-13-2-0019), an Allen Distinguished Investigator Award, and a gift from  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/d16-1258 dblp:conf/emnlp/HeMLZ16 fatcat:rxlrvp5carb67jjax4ytzd4vci

Pat-in-the-Loop: Declarative Knowledge for Controlling Neural Networks

Dario Onorati, Pierfrancesco Tommasino, Leonardo Ranaldi, Francesca Fallucchi, Fabio Massimo Zanzotto
2020 Future Internet  
In Pat-in-the-Loop, distributed tree encoders allow to exploit parse trees in neural networks, heat parse trees visualize activation of parse trees, and parse subtrees are used as declarative rules in  ...  Hence, Pat-in-the-Loop is a model to include human control in specific natural language processing (NLP)-neural network (NN) systems that exploit syntactic information, which we will generically call Pat  ...  Then, we may better keep Human-in-the-loop of an Artificial Intelligence system [41] . Figure 1 . 1 A heat parse tree. Figure 2 . 2 Pat-in-the-Loop: the overall system.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi12120218 fatcat:wpf6ym3nwze4blbofb3x2qsqy4

A parser that converts a boundary representation into a features representation †

1989 International journal of computer integrated manufacturing (Print)  
The loop list may go in either direction around the loop.  ...  APPROACH TO PARSING USED IN STAGE 3 Introduction In stage three of the overall approach, the VWS2 B-rep is parsed into features. The parsing is based on faces.  ...  The general approach to parsing is to expect that the part is parsable and look for arrangements of faces which are the signatures of features.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09511928908944395 fatcat:wkrkt6nlz5ga7o4llybkbuyv2i

Retrieving scientific abstracts iteratively: MedIER at TREC 2018 Precision Medicine Track

Jinghui Liu, Clair A. Kronk, Wu-Chen Su, Danny T. Y. Wu, V. G. Vinod Vydiswaran
2018 Text Retrieval Conference  
Our experiments show that the iterative re-retrieval approach is effective in retrieving higher number of relevant scientific abstracts.  ...  This paper describes the approach developed by the MedIER team -a collaboration between the University of Michigan and the University of Cincinnati -for the TREC 2018 Precision Medicine Track.  ...  For example, for Topic 19 in Table 1 , the parsed "genes" are "tumor" and "lymphocytes", and the parsed "variants" are "extensive" and "infiltrating".  ... 
dblp:conf/trec/LiuVKSWV18 fatcat:wo6rm5qcqnh2nfzkrcva66rl4a

Inferring Input Grammars from Dynamic Control Flow [article]

Rahul Gopinath, Björn Mathis, Andreas Zeller
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present a general algorithm that takes a program and a small set of sample inputs and automatically infers a readable context-free grammar capturing the input language of the program.  ...  While there exist algorithms that can mine the syntactical structure of program inputs, they either produce unwieldy and incomprehensible grammars, or require heuristics that target specific parsing patterns  ...  The complete code of our approach, including the subjects and experimental data, is available as a self-contained Jupyter notebook, which can be applied to arbitrary Python programs.  ... 
arXiv:1912.05937v1 fatcat:g6cnkoijtjatbcsa2t3i63psba

Grammatically Modeling and Predicting RNA Secondary Structures

1995 Genome Informatics Series  
The proposed grammar is used to find candidate sequences for (-1) frameshift in Human spumaretrovirus gag and pol genes.  ...  An efficient parsing algorithm for this grammar is developed, and applied to some computational problems concerning RNA secondary structures.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research No.07780310 and No.07249201 from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, Japan.  ... 
doi:10.11234/gi1990.6.67 fatcat:b5vsp5g2andlfi4zohevbpzjby

Natural Language Question Answering with Goal-directed Answer Set Programming

Kinjal Basu, Gopal Gupta
2021 International Conference on Logic Programming  
In contrast to existing purely machine learning-based methods for the same tasks, we have shown, our applications not only maintain high accuracy but also provides explanation for the answer it computes  ...  Ideally, for any realistic (human like) NLU system, commonsense reasoning must be an integral part of it and goal directed answer-setprogramming (ASP) is indispensable to do commonsense reasoning.  ...  Thus, CASPR has an outer conversation loop to hold the conversation at the topmost level and an inner loop in which it moves from attribute to attribute of a topic.  ... 
dblp:conf/iclp/0002G21 fatcat:lrvytk3lyff6rekw7utm6vfy4i

A Survey of Human-in-the-loop for Machine Learning [article]

Xingjiao Wu, Luwei Xiao, Yixuan Sun, Junhang Zhang, Tianlong Ma, Liang He
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This survey intends to provide a high-level summarization for human-in-the-loop and motivates interested readers to consider approaches for designing effective human-in-the-loop solutions.  ...  Human-in-the-loop aims to train an accurate prediction model with minimum cost by integrating human knowledge and experience.  ...  This work was supported in part by the 2020 East China Normal University Outstanding Doctoral Students Academic Innovation Ability Improvement Project (YBNLTS2020-042), the Science and Technology Commission  ... 
arXiv:2108.00941v3 fatcat:kwz65h3fezbohpyixlar55v25e

Learning Social Affordance for Human-Robot Interaction [article]

Tianmin Shu, M. S. Ryoo, Song-Chun Zhu
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We consider the problem in the context of human-robot interaction: Our approach learns structural representations of human-human (and human-object-human) interactions, describing how body-parts of each  ...  This enables the robot to infer its own movement in reaction to the human body motion, allowing it to naturally replicate such interactions.  ...  Acknowledgments This research has been sponsored in part by grants DARPA SIMPLEX project N66001-15-C-4035 and ONR MURI project N00014-16-1-2007.  ... 
arXiv:1604.03692v2 fatcat:fopemhfln5dt7ndztjo3puppbe

Biochemical patterns of antibody polyreactivity revealed through a bioinformatics-based analysis of CDR loops

Christopher T Boughter, Marta T Borowska, Jenna J Guthmiller, Albert Bendelac, Patrick C Wilson, Benoit Roux, Erin J Adams
2020 eLife  
While polyreactivity has been observed in antibodies isolated from various immunological niches, the biophysical properties that allow for promiscuity in a protein selected for high affinity binding to  ...  These determinants, which include an increase in inter-loop crosstalk and a propensity for a neutral binding surface, are sufficient to generate a classifier able to identify polyreactive antibodies with  ...  We especially want to thank Cyril Planchais, Hugo Mouquet, and Michel Nussenzweig, for their assistance in procuring many of the antibody sequences used in this work.  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.61393 pmid:33169668 pmcid:PMC7755423 fatcat:rqgzmbagn5ft7ipwhwv376lafi

Capture Dense: Markerless Motion Capture Meets Dense Pose Estimation [article]

Xiu Li, Yebin Liu, Hanbyul Joo, Qionghai Dai, Yaser Sheikh
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Thanks to the introduced dense human parsing ability, our method is demonstrated much more efficient, and accurate compared with the available state-of-the-art markerless motion capture approach.  ...  Specifically, we first introduce a novel markerless motion capture method that can take advantage of dense parsing capability provided by the dense pose detector.  ...  Overall, our paper distincts with all the former works by introducing dense human parsing technique into multiview markerless shape and motion capture, and make them in a loop.  ... 
arXiv:1812.01783v2 fatcat:uilaqtnpifgslh5jsyrhfxryie

Approaching the largest 'API': extracting information from the Internet with Python

Jonathan E. Germann
2018 Code4Lib Journal  
Libraries can assist in creating meaning through the datafication of information on the world wide web.  ...  Because most information is created for human consumption, some programming is required for automated extraction.  ...  a human.  ... 
doaj:eba6e6e099634674b83aca73e6630f33 fatcat:zoixj7teijcwlpg4dqyhg4sjlq

Detection of Control Structures in Spoken Utterances

Sebastian Weigelt, Tobias Hey, Vanessa Steurer
2018 International Journal of Semantic Computing (IJSC)  
In the second the prototypes for loop and concurrency detection also proved useful.  ...  Our approach models if-then-else, loop, and concurrency constructs in spoken utterances explicitly. The model bridges the gap between linguistic and programmatic semantics.  ...  We have presented an approach to detection of control structures in spoken utterances. It is part of the research project PARSE . PARSE aims at end-user programming in natural language.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s1793351x18400159 fatcat:ilpl5d4vyvewxnl727f3h4b5le

Generative Grading: Near Human-level Accuracy for Automated Feedback on Richly Structured Problems [article]

Ali Malik, Mike Wu, Vrinda Vasavada, Jinpeng Song, Madison Coots, John Mitchell, Noah Goodman, Chris Piech
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In block-based coding, we achieve a 50% improvement upon the previous best results for feedback, achieving super-human accuracy.  ...  In two other widely different domains -- graphical tasks and short text answers -- we achieve major improvement over the previous state of the art by about 4x and 1.5x respectively, approaching human accuracy  ...  In contrast, we learn to infer the entire decision trajectory of a student solution, allowing us to do things like dense feedback and human-in-the-loop grading.  ... 
arXiv:1905.09916v5 fatcat:n6fu4xtt2nb4fpa4s3xrf5ezje

Loop Shaping for Transparency and Stability Robustness in Bilateral Telemanipulation

K.B. Fite, L. Shao, M. Goldfarb
2004 IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation  
The approach is based upon a previously published method that structures the human-manipulators-environment system in a manner that enables the application of frequency-domain loop-shaping methods.  ...  Experimental measurements indicate significant improvements offered by the method in both the stability robustness and transparency of the human-manipulators-environment system.  ...  Fig. 2 . 2 Model of master/human dynamics.Fig. 3. Parsing the master/human dynamics. (a) Schematic of closed-loop force-controlled master manipulator interacting with human.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tra.2004.825474 fatcat:gnsjqtonejbxvl4ugkfbpve7r4
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