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Page 72 of SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal Vol. 121, Issue 7 [page]

2012 SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal  
[his paper initially reviews the human visual system in order to understand why stereoscopic imagery can cause eye fatigue, head aches, or even nausea.  ...  On the other hand, the left and right binocular fields of view, which are responsible for the stereoscopic depth perception, are mapped to the same side of the visual cortex Perception of Depth Depth perception  ... 

Human cortical neural correlates of visual fatigue during binocular depth perception: An fNIRS study

Tingting Cai, Huilin Zhu, Jie Xu, Shijing Wu, Xinge Li, Sailing He, Andrew Anderson
2017 PLoS ONE  
Visual fatigue is caused mainly by generating stereovision, while the amplitude of the haemodynamic response corresponding to sustaining stereovision is correlated with stereopsis.  ...  Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was adopted to investigate the cortical neural correlates of visual fatigue during binocular depth perception for different disparities (from 0.1˚to 1.5˚).  ...  By measuring blood-oxygen-level-dependent signals with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in the human brain, some studies further confirmed that stereoscopic depth perception in humans is a  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0172426 pmid:28207899 pmcid:PMC5312944 fatcat:lmaidtrdbrdrrme3a6lr2uyrfm

Visual fatigue caused by watching 3DTV: an fMRI study

Chunxiao Chen, Jing Wang, Kun Li, Yuping Liu, Xin Chen
2015 BioMedical Engineering OnLine  
The objective of this study is to observe the visual fatigue caused by watching 3DTV using the method of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).  ...  Furthermore, the front depth of field image was proven to impose a more serious impact on visual fatigue than the back one.  ...  Acknowledgements I would like to express my gratitude to Jianhai Lin who helped me during the analysis of fMRI data.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1475-925x-14-s1-s12 pmid:25603496 pmcid:PMC4306101 fatcat:q7bveuvm4bcozgjzcvkti4ejey

Causes of discomfort in stereoscopic content: a review [article]

Kasim Terzic, Miles Hansard
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Different approaches to the measurement of visual discomfort are also reviewed, in relation to the underlying physiological and psychophysical processes.  ...  This paper reviews the causes of discomfort in viewing stereoscopic content. These include objective factors, such as misaligned images, as well as subjective factors, such as excessive disparity.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by UK EPSRC grant EP/M01469X/1.  ... 
arXiv:1703.04574v1 fatcat:7zihfmbi5vdn3bgwsdpo4prxw4

Visual Discomfort and Visual Fatigue of Stereoscopic Displays: A Review

Marc Lambooij, Wijnand IJsselsteijn, Marten Fortuin, Ingrid Heynderickx
2009 Journal of Imaging Science and Technology  
When disparity values do not surpass a limit of 1°, which still provides sufficient range to allow satisfactory depth perception in stereoscopic television, classical determinants such as excessive binocular  ...  Visual discomfort has been the subject of considerable research in relation to stereoscopic and autostereoscopic displays.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The work reported here is supported by a grant from Philips Research, as well as by funding from the EC FP6 MUTED project (Multi-User 3D Television Display); Contract No. 034099.  ... 
doi:10.2352/j.imagingsci.technol.2009.53.3.030201 fatcat:j56oitjsorhcrn6kis35enaxxy

Biological-aware stereoscopic rendering in free viewpoint technology using GPU computing

Sammy Rogmans, Maarten Dumont, Gauthier Lafruit, Philippe Bekaert
2010 2010 3DTV-Conference: The True Vision - Capture, Transmission and Display of 3D Video  
By using a GPU-based control loop, we are able to provide real-time synthetic 3D perception that is experienced as being rich and natural, without loosing any visual comfort whatsoever.  ...  In this paper we present a biological-aware stereoscopic renderer that is used in a video communication system, to convincingly provide the participants with synthetic 3D perception.  ...  CONCLUSION Many cues in the human visual system contribute to natural depth perception, whereas monocular cues are often drastically underrated.  ... 
doi:10.1109/3dtv.2010.5506334 fatcat:hgmozvyilbgdtljaykszklzrxe

Human Factors for Stereoscopic Images

Kazuhiko Ukai
2006 2006 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo  
Human factors related to stereoscopic motion images, such as visual stress, are introduced.  ...  Following a survey of studies on accommodation and convergence, difficulties in fusing two images, fatigue possibly due to a discrepancy between accommodative and convergence stimuli are introduced.  ...  INTRODUCTION Depth perception in human vision relies on a number of cues that are either psychological or physiological in origin.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icme.2006.262876 dblp:conf/icmcs/Ukai06 fatcat:valbg66vuzbqlcqzckcpdgwzgi

Effects of disparity on visual discomfort caused by short-term stereoscopic viewing based on electroencephalograph analysis

Xiao Wang, Liuye Yao, Yuemei Zhao, Lidong Xing, Zhiyu Qian, Weitao Li, Yamin Yang
2018 BioMedical Engineering OnLine  
The topographies of information flow were constructed to compare responses stimulated by different stereoscopic depth, and to determine the difference in comfort and discomfort situations upon stimulation  ...  Discomfort evoked by stereoscopic depth has been widely concerned.  ...  Acknowledgements We are thankful to those helped with the experiment and gave suggestions during the research. We also thank Prof.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12938-018-0595-0 fatcat:h54gymyexvhdhdclvhrzp25smu

Pulfrich autostereo display with micro-prism array

Chien-Yue Chen, Ming-Da Ke, Qing-Long Deng, Jhih-Kai Siao
2013 Optics Express  
When both eyes separately receive the bright region and the dark region of an image, interocular delay would appear to generate a stereo perception.  ...  delay so that the viewer generates the stereo perception.  ...  Acknowledgments This work is supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan under contract (NSC 101-2628-E-224-002-MY3 and NSC-101-2221-E-492-009).  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.21.021264 pmid:24104000 fatcat:nm6ynmow2vcqdjsmy6n4fmlbmy

MRI stereoscope: a miniature stereoscope for human neuroimaging

I. Betina Ip, Ivan Alvarez, Mike Tacon, Andrew J. Parker, Holly Bridge
2022 eNeuro  
Stereoscopic vision enables the perception of depth.  ...  These results are the proof-of-concept that the MRI stereoscope can deliver dichoptic images that produce the perception of stereoscopic depth during acquisition of MR responses.  ...  The discrepancy causes well documented instances of visual discomfort and fatigue 14 .  ... 
doi:10.1523/eneuro.0382-21.2021 pmid:35045974 pmcid:PMC8856700 fatcat:rctanohsdfbj3bxrnvzzhsqtcu

The Avoidance of Visual Discomfort and Basic Rules for Producing "Good 3D" Pictures

S. Knorr, K. Ide, M. Kunter, T. Sikora
2012 SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal  
On the other hand, the left and right binocular fields of view, which are responsible for the stereoscopic depth perception, are mapped to the same side of the visual cortex Perception of Depth Depth perception  ...  [his paper initially reviews the human visual system in order to understand why stereoscopic imagery can cause eye fatigue, head aches, or even nausea.  ... 
doi:10.5594/j18236xy fatcat:le6vd66t3neevdk3wm7kxolagy

Depth cues in human visual perception and their realization in 3D displays

Stephan Reichelt, Ralf Häussler, Gerald Fütterer, Norbert Leister, Bahram Javidi, Jung-Young Son, John T. Thomas, Daniel D. Desjardins
2010 Three-Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display 2010 and Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics IV  
This paper discusses the depth cues in the human visual perception for both image quality and visual comfort of direct-view 3D displays.  ...  This mismatch requires the viewer to override the physiologically coupled oculomotor processes of vergence and eye focus that may cause visual discomfort and fatigue.  ...  As pointed out above, all human visual acuity and perception is limited by the capabilities of the eye and its subsequent image processing in the brain.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.850094 fatcat:ixf3cgxwuvhfzdgvrhax26cfdm

Empirical Evaluation of Visual Fatigue from Display Alignment Errors Using Cerebral Hemodynamic Responses

Hanniebey D. Wiyor, Celestine A. Ntuen
2013 Journal of Medical Engineering  
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of stereoscopic display alignment errors on visual fatigue and prefrontal cortical tissue hemodynamic responses.  ...  We collected hemodynamic data and perceptual ratings of visual fatigue while participants performed visual display tasks on 8 ft × 6 ft NEC LT silver screen with NEC LT 245 DLP projectors.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was sponsored by Army Research Office (ARO) at North Carolina, USA, with the Grant no. W911NF-07-R-0003-03 to Dr. Celestine Ntuen as the PI.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2013/521579 pmid:27006917 pmcid:PMC4782623 fatcat:vx3bwegtsvavxl7ihwcgcfquo4

Evaluation Studies of Motion Sickness Visually Induced by Stereoscopic Films

Yasuyuki Matsuura, Hiroki Takada
2021 Advances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems  
Stereoscopic images that utilize binocular stereopsis can frequently cause viewers to experience unpleasant symptoms including visual fatigue.  ...  Knowledge of stereopsis dates back to approximately 300 B.C., when Euclid first recognized the concept of depth perception in human vision.  ...  Acknowledgment This research has been supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP17K00715, JP18K11417, and JP26870490.  ... 
doi:10.25046/aj060428 fatcat:hxp772kj75c3vakn77epnkd65q

Can the perception of depth in stereoscopic images be influenced by 3D sound?

Amy Turner, Jonathan Berry, Nick Holliman, Andrew J. Woods, Nicolas S. Holliman, Neil A. Dodgson
2011 Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXII  
Second does the addition of auditory depth information influence the visual perception of depth in a stereoscopic image?  ...  a stereoscopic image by using 3D sound, providing a controlled way to compensate for the depth budget limits on 3D displays.  ...  paper, "Can the perception of depth in stereoscopic images be influenced by 3D sound?"  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.871960 fatcat:rimerzdb6zg5xpuisac6t32pta
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