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Human Reaction Times: Linking Individual and Collective Behaviour Through Physics Modeling

Juan Carlos Castro-Palacio, Pedro Fernández-de-Córdoba, J. M. Isidro, Sarira Sahu, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo
2021 Symmetry  
Based on the recent evidence of correlations between the reaction time series to visual stimuli produced by different individuals within a group, we go beyond and propose a Physics-inspired model to represent  ...  the reaction time data of a coetaneous group of individuals.  ...  We sincerely acknowledge the psychologists from the Interdisciplinary Modelling Group InterTech (www.intertech.upv.es, accessed on 25 October 2020) who participated in the collection of experimental data  ... 
doi:10.3390/sym13030451 fatcat:j6ajmdwibrbrbbjaidwwsnmjca

Brain reaction times: Linking individual and collective behaviour through Physics modelling [article]

Juan Carlos Castro-Palacio, Pedro Fernández de Córdoba, J. M. Isidro, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Thus, we are able to know about the behaviour of a single individual in relation to the coetaneous group to which they belong and through the application of a physical law.  ...  We will focus on interpreting the reaction times (RTs) of a group of individuals rather than a single person's RT, which is relevant for the different contexts of social sciences.  ...  The psychologists from the Interdisciplinary Modelling Group InterTech (www.intertech.upv.es) who participated in the collection of the experimental data are acknowledged in this work.  ... 
arXiv:1910.12725v2 fatcat:tb4v4kiax5ed3d66ftbpjr5mne

Organisational wellness: Human reaction to change

Tonja Blom
2018 South African Journal of Business Management  
Thus, human reactions to change are discussed, as the organisational challenge seems to be how to find workable methods to reduce fear, anxiety and stress.  ...  These concepts depict the negative characteristics of leadership and management which invariably increase individuals' fear, anxiety and stress levels.  ...  The researcher developed Figure 2 , by applying the research findings on human reactions to change and stress and human niches, combined with literature on the brain.  ... 
doi:10.4102/sajbm.v49i1.2 fatcat:6sj6z75x2vfdbkk6daqpejxeje

Neurophysiological interpretation of human visual reaction times: effect of contrast, spatial frequency and luminance

S Plainis, I.J Murray
2000 Neuropsychologia  
Reaction Times (RTs) can be used to study supra-threshold contrast coding in humans over the same range of stimulus parameters.  ...  The slope of these functions reveals how contrast is linked to RT and can, therefore, be referred to as the RT-contrast factor with units of msec ×contrast.  ...  Acknowledgements This research is part of a LINK TIO EPSRC-sponsored programme (GR/K56957). We gratefully acknowledge the support of the Department of Transport and Urbis Lighting Ltd.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0028-3932(00)00100-7 pmid:11074078 fatcat:yxzklkedlvgvbnnabltzmyig4i

A Synergistic Approach to the Real-Time Estimation of the Feet Ground Reaction Forces and Centers of Pressure in Humans With Application to Human–Robot Collaboration

Marta Lorenzini, Wansoo Kim, Elena De Momi, Arash Ajoudani
2018 IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters  
Index Terms-Human-centered robotics, human factors and human-in-the-loop, physical human-robot interaction.  ...  This letter proposes a novel technique for the realtime estimation of the human feet ground reaction forces (GRFs) and centers of pressure (CoP) from the whole-body CoP and body configuration.  ...  The objective of the HRC task is to minimise the human overloading joint torques computed in real-time by means of the synergistic model and to achieve anticipatory optimisation of robot behaviour to promote  ... 
doi:10.1109/lra.2018.2855802 dblp:journals/ral/LorenziniKMA18 fatcat:ixombdk7x5ba3jndsbk6eiiisq

Serotonin Depletion Induces 'Waiting Impulsivity' on the Human Four-Choice Serial Reaction Time Task: Cross-Species Translational Significance

Yulia Worbe, George Savulich, Valerie Voon, Emilio Fernandez-Egea, Trevor W Robbins
2014 Neuropsychopharmacology  
We used a novel translational analog of a rodent 5-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT)-the human 4-CSRTT-and a reward delay-discounting questionnaire to measure effects on these different forms  ...  Convergent results from animal and human studies suggest that reducing serotonin neurotransmission promotes impulsive behavior.  ...  The Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute is jointly funded by the MRC and the Wellcome Trust (G00001354).  ... 
doi:10.1038/npp.2013.351 pmid:24385133 pmcid:PMC3988556 fatcat:erzzwx2ifnf47j5mvqrm4puxr4

Untangling racism: Stress reactions in response to variations of racism against Black Canadians

Kimberly Matheson, Andrena Pierre, Mindi D. Foster, Mathew Kent, Hymie Anisman
2021 Humanities and Social Sciences Communications  
Two studies were conducted to assess Black Canadians' experiences of racism, and their reactions to variations in the nature of the experience.  ...  uncertainty to interpreting behaviours as racist.  ...  Time of day at which samples were collected was not significantly related to cortisol levels at any time point, nor were there significant differences in time of day across racist cues conditions or ethnic  ... 
doi:10.1057/s41599-021-00711-2 fatcat:smccs2q2ufcercanepsr7m5uvu

Obstacles and catalysts of cooperation in humans, bonobos, and chimpanzees: behavioural reaction norms can help explain variation in sex roles, inequality, war and peace

Adrian V. Jaeggi, Michael Gurven, Frances J. White, Klaree J. Boose
2016 Behaviour  
In the logic of behavioural ecology, individuals have been selected to adjust their behaviour along evolved reaction norms that maximize fitness given current socio-ecological conditions.  ...  These socio-ecological conditions therefore constitute key catalysts and obstacles of cooperation. We conclude that human nature should be seen as consisting of evolved reaction norms.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Peter Verbeek and Douglas Fry for the invitation to the workshop on "catalysts and obstacles of peaceful behaviour" and the opportunity to contribute to this special issue.  ... 
doi:10.1163/1568539x-00003347 fatcat:lel55zfdl5drxaz5ymfzyiwgru

Exercise and Time Perception: An Exploration of the Impact of High Intensity Cardio Exercise (Zumba) on Human Timing

2016 Timing & Time Perception  
The current study aims to investigate human interval timing after completion of one of two tasks: listening to an audiobook, or engaging in a Zumba workout.  ...  It was hypothesised that individuals in the Zumba condition would experience a distortion in their timing post workout consistent with an increase in pacemaker speed.  ...  Many stimuli have been linked to distortions in accuracy of timing and some specific features of stimuli have also been shown to impact on human time perception.  ... 
doi:10.1163/22134468-00002073 fatcat:cf3xhg5kvfaz5lzwetrygddshi

A review of safety, side-effects and subjective reactions to intranasal oxytocin in human research

Elayne MacDonald, Mark R. Dadds, John L. Brennan, Katrina Williams, Florence Levy, Avril J. Cauchi
2011 Psychoneuroendocrinology  
., A review of safety, side-effects and subjective reactions to intranasal oxytocin in human research. Psychoneuroendocrinology (2011),  ...  The authors did not receive funding for this project and so there is no role to report.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the researchers who kindly provided additional information regarding the monitoring and reporting of side-effects from their studies.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2011.02.015 pmid:21429671 fatcat:evmzkhaokzeqbagovenqcyl6iu

Neural activity patterns evoked by a spouse's incongruent emotional reactions when recalling marriage-relevant experiences

Raluca Petrican, Rachel Shayna Rosenbaum, Cheryl Grady
2015 Human Brain Mapping  
The spouse's positive (rather than negative) nonverbal behaviour evoked greater activity in putative mirror neuron areas, such as the bilateral IPL.  ...  Nevertheless, sensitivity to potential incongruities between one's own and an intimate partner's subjective experience is reportedly also important for close relationship quality.  ...  This work was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (MOP14036), the Canada Research Chairs program, the Ontario Research Fund, the Canadian Foundation for Innovation, and the Heart and  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.22909 pmid:26219536 pmcid:PMC4898962 fatcat:nxa6u2lttjaxhmdgdeofxxjdma

Temporality in restorative justice: On time, timing and time-consciousness

Adam Crawford
2015 Theoretical criminology  
This article explores a number of dimensions in which questions of time, timing and time-consciousness are implicated in conceptions and practices of restorative justice.  ...  It highlights the social, plural and contested nature of time and temporalisations with relevance to restorative justice.  ...  It embeds and accords time and space to the manifest centrality of human emotions and affect in managing and responding to how individuals, groups and societies govern and experience crime, conflict and  ... 
doi:10.1177/1362480615575804 fatcat:ourrs6zhabgntfn4mejwathyv4

Welcome to postnormal times

Ziauddin Sardar
2010 Futures : The journal of policy, planning and futures studies  
These forces propel and sustain postnormal times leading to uncertainty and different types of ignorance that make decision-making problematic and increase risks to individuals, society and the planet.  ...  We will have to imagine ourselves out of postnormal times and into a new age of normalcy-with an ethical compass and a broad spectrum of imaginations from the rich diversity of human cultures. ß In the  ...  There is no single model of behaviour, mode of thought, or method that can provide an answer to all our interconnected, complex ills.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.futures.2009.11.028 fatcat:au55zmkk6bavfcsu32hdhmws3q

Physical attraction to reliable, low variability nervous systems: Reaction time variability predicts attractiveness

Emily E. Butler, Christopher W.N. Saville, Robert Ward, Richard Ramsey
2017 Cognition  
Physical attraction to reliable, low variability nervous systems: Reaction time variability predicts attractiveness. Cognition, 158, 81-89. https://doi.  ...  unlikely without reference to reaction time variability.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (grant number: ES/K001884/1 to R.R.).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2016.10.012 pmid:27815988 fatcat:x42sgbdhgncufortedvsja4hsi

Pathophysiological distortions in time perception and timed performance

Melissa J. Allman, Warren H. Meck
2011 Brain  
Distortions in time perception and timed performance are presented by a number of different neurological and psychiatric conditions (e.g.  ...  These findings are used to evaluate the Striatal Beat Frequency Theory, which is a neurobiological model of interval timing based upon the coincidence detection of oscillatory processes in corticostriatal  ...  Funding This work was supported in part by a Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development career development award (Pathway to Independence) (K99 HD058698 to M.J.A.).  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awr210 pmid:21921020 pmcid:PMC3491636 fatcat:myikskg565h5zge2apulcwqlh4
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