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Human Motor Cortical Activity Is Selectively Phase-Entrained on Underlying Rhythms

Kai J. Miller, Dora Hermes, Christopher J. Honey, Adam O. Hebb, Nick F. Ramsey, Robert T. Knight, Jeffrey G. Ojemann, Eberhard E. Fetz, Tim Behrens
2012 PLoS Computational Biology  
We find that the amplitude of this broadband motif is entrained on the phase of the beta rhythm, as well as rhythms at other frequencies, in peri-central cortex during fixation.  ...  Here we show that the activity of neuronal populations is phase-coupled with the beta rhythm on rapid timescales, and describe how the strength of this relation changes with movement.  ...  By documenting how broadband spectral changes vary with the phase of underlying motor beta rhythm, we show that local cortical activity has a robust entrainment on the phase of the beta rhythm, specifically  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002655 pmid:22969416 pmcid:PMC3435268 fatcat:hijmcjqsgffrlinoktqdgunbby

A New Unifying Account of the Roles of Neuronal Entrainment

Peter Lakatos, Joachim Gross, Gregor Thut
2019 Current Biology  
Rhythms are a fundamental and defining feature of neuronal activity in animals including humans.  ...  This rhythmic brain activity interacts in complex ways with rhythms in the internal and external environment through the phenomenon of 'neuronal entrainment', which is attracting increasing attention due  ...  Entrainment by Voluntary Self-produced Rhythms We use the term voluntary self-produced (active) rhythms to describe the rhythmic motor activity patterns that can entrain neuronal oscillations in sensory  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.07.075 pmid:31550478 pmcid:PMC6769420 fatcat:r25myawsarg3vito5aufipeany

The Evolution of Rhythm Processing

S.A. Kotz, A. Ravignani, W.T. Fitch
2018 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Multiple Sub-components Underlying Rhythm Cognition A crucial first step in analyzing rhythmic behavior involves recognizing that human rhythmic behavior is not monolithic but comprises several different  ...  At least four separable components underlie human rhythmic behavior.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Michael Schwartze, two anonymous reviewers, and the editor for helpful comments and suggestions on  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2018.08.002 fatcat:ylo5slonlvejtecscilx4dtkwy

Does rhythmic entrainment represent a generalized mechanism for organizing computation in the brain?

Kai J. Miller, Brett L. Foster, Christopher J. Honey
2012 Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience  
As such, this modulation reflects a macroscopic index of spike-field interaction, and provides evidence that spiking activity in widespread cortical circuits can be entrained with the phase of underlying  ...  When looking across widespread cortical areas, there are rhythm-selective changes in phase entrainment, where two rhythms appear to exhibit a "see-saw" relationship between tasks.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fncom.2012.00085 pmid:23112771 pmcid:PMC3480650 fatcat:ubswwwz3ljd4xjrzpriiaay5ce

Motor and Predictive Processes in Auditory Beat and Rhythm Perception

Shannon Proksch, Daniel C. Comstock, Butovens Médé, Alexandria Pabst, Ramesh Balasubramaniam
2020 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
In this article, we review recent advances in research on rhythm and musical beat perception, focusing on the role of predictive processes in auditory motor interactions.  ...  We discuss future experimental work necessary to further evaluate the causal neural mechanisms underlying beat and rhythm perception.  ...  Auditory melody - different tones either on beat, anti-phase, or quasi-phase with the beat.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2020.578546 pmid:33061902 pmcid:PMC7518112 fatcat:zekwgbaetvb7pkyaeuem33q4lm

The Gamma Oscillation: Master or Slave?

Charles E. Schroeder, Peter Lakatos
2009 Brain Topography  
) , which would make gamma a "slave" to lower frequency activity.  ...  However, gamma amplitude (generally taken as synchrony) is often coupled to the phase of lower frequency delta or theta oscillations (Buzsaki and Draguhn, 2004; Canolty et al., 2006; Lakatos et al., 2005  ...  Moreover, as best exemplified by human speech, motor outputs have complex rhythm structures in which higher frequencies are "nested" in lower frequencies, just as is seen in the hierarchical phase-amplitude  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10548-009-0080-y pmid:19205863 pmcid:PMC2989849 fatcat:ghnzsxtnt5ecbbmotaohzmsywa

Finding the beat: a neural perspective across humans and non-human primates

H. Merchant, J. Grahn, L. Trainor, M. Rohrmeier, W. T. Fitch
2015 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
In addition, a cortical loop between motor and auditory areas, connected through delta and beta oscillatory activity, is deeply involved in these behaviours, with motor regions providing the predictive  ...  timing needed for the perception of, and entrainment to, musical rhythms.  ...  It is clear that the human mCBGT circuit is engaged not only during motoric entrainment to a musical beat but also during the perception of simple metric rhythms.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2014.0093 pmid:25646516 pmcid:PMC4321134 fatcat:ueitxna5czd7jpcse3377phcu4

New insights into rhythmic brain activity from TMS–EEG studies

Gregor Thut, Carlo Miniussi
2009 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
There is renewed interest in the functional role of oscillatory brain activity in specific frequency bands, investigated in humans through electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG)  ...  In parallel, there is a growing body of research on noninvasive direct stimulation of the human brain via repetitive (rhythmic) transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and on those frequencies that have  ...  Extracting meaning from ongoing brain oscillations in the intact human brain and on the potential of rhythmic stimulation to selectively entrain frequencies in selected patients for restoring brain function  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2009.01.004 pmid:19286414 fatcat:vhps55j73rbmxbepzbotaoknqe

Synchronization and temporal processing

John Rehner Iversen, Ramesh Balasubramaniam
2016 Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences  
The study of SMS also provides insight into how the brain actively shapes our perception, general cognitive functions and our cultural social identity as humans.  ...  Humans have the ability to flexibly synchronize motor output with sensory input, such as when dancing, performing, walking in step with a partner, or just tapping a foot along with music.  ...  The middle box encompasses elaborations on sensory and motor representations that enable humans to flexibly select among more complex forms of synchronization.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2016.02.027 fatcat:knrl2b6y4jatxjwduzak5yoene

Temporal Processing in Audition: Insights from Music

Vani G. Rajendran, Sundeep Teki, Jan W.H. Schnupp
2017 Neuroscience  
Perception of musical rhythms relies on an ability to form temporal predictions, a general feature of temporal processing that is equally relevant to auditory scene analysis, pattern detection, and speech  ...  is shaped in important ways by temporal processing mechanisms in the brain.  ...  Underlying both are oscillatory processes that are capable of entraining to the beat, but are also coordinated across sensory, frontal, parietal, and motor-related areas both cortically and subcortically  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2017.10.041 pmid:29108832 fatcat:3disqjnvgneltoxqlatskkg3xa

Tuning of the Human Neocortex to the Temporal Dynamics of Attended Events

J. Besle, C. A. Schevon, A. D. Mehta, P. Lakatos, R. R. Goodman, G. M. McKhann, R. G. Emerson, C. E. Schroeder
2011 Journal of Neuroscience  
with classical attentional effects observed on phase-locked evoked activity in sensory-specific areas but seems to operate on entrained low-frequency oscillations that cannot be explained by sensory activity  ...  To evaluate this hypothesis, we recorded intracranial electrocortical activity in human epilepsy patients while they performed an audiovisual stream selection task.  ...  This fits with recent findings from intracortical recordings in humans (Saleh et al., 2010) suggesting that attentional entrainment of motor cortex to sensory stimulation rhythms is critical to effective  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.4518-10.2011 pmid:21368029 pmcid:PMC3081726 fatcat:od45olegxvfdtii6zh5o3idsce

Pulse and Meter as Neural Resonance

Edward W. Large, Joel S. Snyder
2009 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences  
High-frequency bursts of activity may enable communication between neural areas, such as auditory and motor cortices, during rhythm perception and production. in high-frequency brain activity.  ...  Thus, understanding the brain processes that underlie rhythm perception is fundamental to explaining musical behavior.  ...  to motor cortex. 83 We propose that anticipatory rhythmic bursts of beta activity may enable communication between auditory and motor cortices in rhythm perception and motor coordination.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04550.x pmid:19673754 fatcat:kzotwm6eg5fsropgqvkwgocg4a

Thalamocortical mechanisms for integrating musical tone and rhythm

Gabriella Musacchia, Edward W. Large, Charles E. Schroeder
2014 Hearing Research  
Studies over several decades have identified many of the neuronal substrates of music perception by pursuing pitch and rhythm perception separately.  ...  We then examine the hypothesis that these specialized inputs integrate acoustic content within rhythm context in auditory cortex using classical types of "driving" and "modulatory" mechanisms.  ...  phase of ongoing cortical rhythms, so that the cortical rhythms themselves synchronize with the rhythmic "contextual" pattern of the music.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.heares.2013.09.017 pmid:24103509 pmcid:PMC4217521 fatcat:wddip4m3abh4ndoss3ehnqlfd4

Neural Networks for Beat Perception in Musical Rhythm

Edward W. Large, Jorge A. Herrera, Marc J. Velasco
2015 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
Entrainment of cortical rhythms to acoustic rhythms has been hypothesized to be the neural correlate of pulse and meter perception in music.  ...  Synchronized neural activity has been observed in auditory and motor networks, and has been linked with attentional allocation and movement coordination.  ...  on entrainment of active, endogenous neural oscillations.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2015.00159 pmid:26635549 pmcid:PMC4658578 fatcat:qheaoezqm5h5lc7nfym7sfsct4

Gamma Oscillations in the Hyperkinetic State Detected with Chronic Human Brain Recordings in Parkinson's Disease

Nicole C. Swann, Coralie de Hemptinne, Svjetlana Miocinovic, Salman Qasim, Sarah S. Wang, Nathan Ziman, Jill L. Ostrem, Marta San Luciano, Nicholas B. Galifianakis, Philip A. Starr
2016 Journal of Neuroscience  
We show that dyskinesia is associated with a narrowband gamma oscillation in motor cortex between 60 and 90 Hz, a similar, though weaker, oscillation in subthalamic nucleus, and strong phase coherence  ...  One such condition is dyskinesia, a serious adverse effect of medical and surgical treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD).  ...  However, it is likely that gamma oscillations exert a strong effect on neuronal discharge by entrainment to a preferred phase of the gamma rhythm A, B , Example of broadband gamma increase during movement  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1128-16.2016 pmid:27307233 pmcid:PMC5015781 fatcat:2hscvj2wlvd5zhljhcp54sx4zq
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