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Human Factors in Model Interpretability: Industry Practices, Challenges, and Needs [article]

Sungsoo Ray Hong, Jessica Hullman, Enrico Bertini
2020 pre-print
We present implications for design that discuss gaps between the interpretability challenges that practitioners face in their practice and approaches proposed in the literature, highlighting possible research  ...  This lack of understanding of interpretability as practiced may prevent interpretability research from addressing important needs, or lead to unrealistic solutions.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We wish to express our deepest gratitude to our participants who were willing to share their experience and insights about their model interpretability practice and challenges.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3392878 arXiv:2004.11440v1 fatcat:nmuvjiyufjc4rkm5cumhxrvj2u

In Silico Modeling: the Human Factor

Marta Bertolaso, Miles MacLeod
2016 Humana.Mente: Journal of Philosophical Studies  
challenges and practical advantages of reformulating biological knowledge in computationally  ...  Statistical inferences and models provide an important means for data fitting and discovery; mechanistic knowledge can be reached and used in unprecedented ways; agent-based models enable modeling of cancer  ...  Emanuele Serrelli for his editorial assistance in realizing this monographic issue.  ... 
doaj:fa6b18db22ca433b934cd33bbb82c0dc fatcat:bufst73xezcrrd5t2oofurkm34

Enhancing the Conventional Information Security Management Maturity Model (ISM3) in Resolving Human Factors in Organization Information Sharing [article]

Oyelami Julius Olusegun, Norafida Binti Ithnin
2013 arXiv   pre-print
human practice, distribution of information and coordination is not effective.  ...  This paper reviews the previous information sharing research, outlines the factors affecting information sharing and the different practices needed to improve the management of information security by  ...  DATA ANALYSIS In this session, there is a need to analyzed and interpret the dataset from the data entry.  ... 
arXiv:1309.0189v1 fatcat:sq2m4wwbcrezlcyrqt4cwuvhri

Mental models, team mental models, and performance: Process, development, and future directions

Janice Langan-Fox, Jeromy Anglim, John R. Wilson
2004 Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing  
need investigation.  ...  Once captured, finding an appropriate analytic procedure to analyze team mental models has challenged researchers for a long time.  ...  The term team mental model embraces two notions of great theoretical and practical interest and also some controversy in human factors and occupational psychology: mental models and teamworking.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hfm.20004 fatcat:cxpu3u4vpfcptjutm6h3uke53q

Project Schedule Simulation: Incorporating Human Factors' Uncertainty and Features' Priority in Task Modeling

Rabeb Mizouni
2015 Journal of Software  
Our case study findings show clearly the ability of the EPS model to anticipate delays due to human factors and to predict remedial scenarios to adjust to such delays.  ...  To improve the quality of initial project plans, we show in this paper the importance of (1) reflecting features' priorities/risk in task schedules and (2) considering uncertainties related to human factors  ...  Uncertainty in human resource allocation and availability is typically one of the factors that is frequently over-simplified and overlooked.  ... 
doi:10.17706//jsw.10.8.939-960 fatcat:zviob6o6o5h5fghcyh3hv2yydy

Incorporating human factors in emergency evacuation – An overview of behavioral factors and models

Yi Wang, Miltos Kyriakidis, Vinh N. Dang
2021 International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction  
This paper aims to lay the foundations for a more realistic representation of human factors in evacuation models, which is needed to ensure the adequacy of the infrastructure, decision processes and safety  ...  The consensus perspective on key behaviors that emerges is then used to review and consolidate the recent advances in evacuation modelling, in particular with respect to the formulations and techniques  ...  (FI 370074011) under its Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise programme.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102254 fatcat:icbude22hzhctprnkfef4lcr2a

Human-automation interaction strategies and models for life science applications

David B. Kaber, Norbert Stoll, Kerstin Thurow, Rebecca S. Green, Sang-Hwan Kim, Prithima Mosaly
2009 Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing  
We provide background on the life sciences domain and established theories of types and levels of automation (LOAs) in complex human-machine systems.  ...  Finally, we identify the need for additional empirical research on human performance consequences of LSA and remedial measures, including enhanced supervisory control interface design. C  ...  The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hfm.20156 fatcat:fwvehl2arjhefkjz4x4l3lu4ay

Evaluating data-centric process approaches: Does the human factor factor in?

Hajo A. Reijers, Irene Vanderfeesten, Marijn G. A. Plomp, Pieter Van Gorp, Dirk Fahland, Wim L. M. van der Crommert, H. Daniel Diaz Garcia
2016 Journal of Software and Systems Modeling  
In doing so, we argue that it focuses more on developing modeling notations and process design approaches than on the needs and preferences of the individual who is modeling (i.e., the user).  ...  In that sense, our research can be seen as a wake-up call for process modeling notation designers to consider the usability side-and as such, the interest of the human modeler-more than is currently the  ...  reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10270-015-0491-z fatcat:jqcr3kev2vghti5jvgdg2h4e5a

Project Schedule Simulation: Incorporating Human Factors' Uncertainty and Features' Priority in Task Modeling

Rabeb Mizouni, Sanja Lazarova-Molnar
2015 Journal of Software  
Uncertainty in human resource allocation and availability is typically one of the factors that is frequently over-simplified and overlooked.  ...  As a result, an activity in a real-life industrial project can take more than its original duration estimate, leading to a delay in the rest of the activities due to human-resources' unavailability and  ... 
doi:10.17706/jsw.10.8.939-960 fatcat:nzxb7e2gozfszmgxcima5mzary

A Lightweight Approach for Human Factor Assessment in Virtual Assembly Designs: An Evaluation Model for Postural Risk and Metabolic Workload

Bugra Alkan, Daniel Vera, Mussawar Ahmad, Bilal Ahmad, Robert Harrison
2016 Procedia CIRP  
The proposed research focuses on the integration of virtual process planning, ergonomic and metabolic analysis tools, and on automating human factor assessment to enable optimisation of assembly operations  ...  The assessment and optimisation of postural stress and physical fatigue can be challenging and is typically conducted only after the design of manual operations has been finalised.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors gratefully acknowledge the support for this work from UK EPSRC, through the Knowledge-Driven Configurable Manufacturing (KDCM) research project under the Flexible and Reconfigurable  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2016.02.115 fatcat:isy4o3zqsbf6nb5zrmjnacstua

Human Factors Approaches and Models in LOC-I Accident Analysis and Prevention: Flight Crew Resource Management Techniques as a Risk Mitigation Tool

Ivan Sikora, Benjamin L. Hari, Moritz Hanusch
2020 International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering  
ACKNOWLEDGMENT This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.  ...  The main challenge was to narrow down a large amount of information obtained from the aforementioned accident reports, official publications and from human factor researches.  ...  HUMAN FACTORS APPROACHES AND MODELS Flight path management in routine flight operation The flight deck environment of a modern jet transport aircraft features a fly-by-wire flight control system and  ... 
doi:10.18280/ijsse.100301 fatcat:2tnszzuuandyvjag5ut4a4gt44

Investigation and Prioritizing the Effective Factors on Increasing the Human Resources Productivity in Agriculture Bank Using Multi-Attribute Decision Making Model

Amir Abachi
2016 Modern Applied Science  
This study aims to prioritize the effective factors on productivity of human resources in the Agriculture Bank.  ...  Effective factors on increasing the human resources productivity were prioritized using Multi- Attribute Decision Making (MADM).  ...  are the most important factor in increasing the productivity of human resources based on the multi attitude decision making model and paired comparison and it can be concluded that this factor plays great  ... 
doi:10.5539/mas.v10n5p21 fatcat:v3szgn6yabatbl25tbxj2gawmm

Levels of Automation in Human Factors Models for Automation Design: Why We Might Consider Throwing the Baby Out With the Bathwater

Greg A. Jamieson, Gyrd Skraaning
2017 Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making  
We question why human factors design guidance seems wedded to a model of questionable predictive value.  ...  We challenge the belief that LOA frameworks offer useful input to the design and operation of highly automated systems.  ...  Acknowledgement Professor Kaber shared many of the ideas expressed in his paper as a speaker in a Distinguished Seminar Series at the University of Toronto in December of 2016.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1555343417732856 fatcat:3nstja7lfndotbt7o4f27axtbq

A stage-based model of personal informatics systems

Ian Li, Anind Dey, Jodi Forlizzi
2010 Proceedings of the 28th international conference on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '10  
We derived a stage-based model of personal informatics systems composed of five stages (preparation, collection, integration, reflection, and action) and identified barriers in each of the stages.  ...  From these properties, we recommend that personal informatics systems should 1) be designed in a holistic manner across the stages; 2) allow iteration between stages; 3) apply an appropriate balance of  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank our survey and interview participants and the websites that helped our recruitment.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1753326.1753409 dblp:conf/chi/LiDF10 fatcat:xxk2ldw7z5c5hf2h6lqnqlu7ju

Interpretive research

Jessica L. Darby, Brian S. Fugate, Jeff B. Murray
2019 International Journal of Logistics Management  
Purpose -Scholars have called for diversity in methods and multi-method research to enhance relevance to practice.  ...  theory and propose workable solutions to today's supply chain challenges.  ...  This challenge has prompted attempts to adapt existing models and practices to the farm-level.  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijlm-07-2018-0187 fatcat:jncfbbtaqngynf76w4aqcnqyim
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