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The first ten years of public-key cryptography

W. Diffie
1988 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Equally important is the impact of public key cryptography on the theoretical side of communication security.  ...  Although diverse systems were proposed early on, the ones that appear both practical and secure today are all very closely related and the search for new and different ones has met with little success.  ...  Rather than selecting one of the puzzles to solve, he must solve on average half of them.  ... 
doi:10.1109/5.4442 fatcat:wtyszlfs7vganeeobr54wwq5im

Privacy and authentication: An introduction to cryptography

W. Diffie, M.E. Hellman
1979 Proceedings of the IEEE  
The paper concludes with I guide to the cryptographic literature.  ...  o f the a p p t i a t i o n of uyptography to the security of timeduring systems and computer networks.  ...  In any case, the legitimate receiver must know how to locate or decipher the indicator in order to decipher the rest of the message.  ... 
doi:10.1109/proc.1979.11256 fatcat:dctzswht4jdcpprjsdvstzotmi

The Cutter incident and the development of a Swedish polio vaccine, 1952-1957

Per Axelsson
2012 Dynamis. Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientarumque Historiam Illustrandam  
Olin finished his «speech to the nation» with the words: «Consider that it is a preventive measure only. When the epidemic has broken out, it is too late.  ...  to the puzzle of polio history.  ... 
doi:10.4321/s0211-95362012000200003 fatcat:3qi5pzlpifb57g7z7sqtbnpaqu

George Joseph Popjak. 5 May 1914 -- 30 December 1998: Elected F.R.S. 1961

M. Akhtar
2000 Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society  
The experiments with the 100 000 g supernatant system for fatty acid biosynthesis gave many other cryptic signals, some of which were correctly deciphered.  ...  By 1953 he had unambiguously demonstrated that all the enzymes required for the biosynthesis of fatty acids of chain lengths of four to sixteen carbon atoms are present in the soluble 100 000 g supernatant  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0093 fatcat:z6q2f2bqgzhgpludmkzn3dgplm

A multi-layered blockchain framework for smart mobility data-markets [article]

David Lopez, Bilal Farooq
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We also demonstrate how BSMD ensures the cybersecurity and privacy of individual by safeguarding against spoofing and message interception attacks and providing information access management control.  ...  In a case study of real-time mobility data sharing, we demonstrate the performance of BSMD on a 370 nodes blockchain running on heterogeneous and geographically-separated devices communicating on a physical  ...  Acknowledgement We greatly appreciate Nikki Hera-Farooq's time and efforts in helping us improve the quality of this manuscript.  ... 
arXiv:1906.06435v2 fatcat:dawc5ji6gfckpotz4dwetnrq3y

A theory of intelligence: networked problem solving in animal societies [article]

Robert Shour
2012 arXiv   pre-print
solved problems.  ...  Economic growth is proportional to the square of the network entropy of a society's population times the network entropy of the number of the society's solved problems.  ...  A child has to decipher her caregiver's signals, and has to solve the problem of how to signal back to the caregiver. 'All life is problem solving.'  ... 
arXiv:0909.0173v8 fatcat:knlfsqlllvgolplxlc3v6klazu

Group decision making in nest-site selection by honey bees

Thomas D. Seeley, P. Kirk Visscher
2004 Apidologie  
We review the results of these new investigations by discussing how the recent work builds on the earlier descriptive studies of this decision-making process, how the decision-making abilities of swarms  ...  We conclude by discussing how the scouts in a swarm sense when their group decision making is coming to an end and so should begin stimulating their quiescent swarm-mates to prepare for the flight to their  ...  As a first step toward solving this puzzle, we repeated Lindauer's observations of the scout bees' dances and thus their deliberations, but using video equipment to get a more complete picture of the scouts  ... 
doi:10.1051/apido:2004004 fatcat:2qm5r6gmwvgplak2jx3l2o4lyi

Learning about leadership and firm growth through monthly data collection and dialogue with entrepreneurs

Theresa M. Welbourne
2006 The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal  
Although the research study topic is how firms grow, the focus of this paper is on the research method used to understand the subject.  ...  The paper will lay out the logic for the monthly research process, explain the outcomes of the system, and provide the reader with some early and tentative findings from the ongoing work on how firms grow  ...  Acknowledgment I want to thank the team at eePulse, Inc. for donating their time to this project.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11365-006-7088-5 fatcat:x4caucagwrgahpvw6zfqwo6b7i

The Economics of Science [chapter]

Paula E. Stephan
2010 Handbook of The Economics of Innovation, Vol. 1  
Warren Hagstrom (1965, p. 16) , an early sociologist of science, noted this when he said "Research is in many ways a kind of game, a puzzle-solving operation in which the solution of the puzzle is its  ...  The addition of puzzle solving to the objective function produces the result that research activity is greater at any time, the greater is the satisfaction derived from puzzle solving; it also produces  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0169-7218(10)01005-1 fatcat:s6rjrqcmvre6dgxuc4d2vabh5m

Asteroseismology across the HR diagram [article]

Donald Kurtz
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This phenomenal growth has been enabled by space photometry with precision 10-100 times better than ground-based observations, with nearly continuous light curves for durations of weeks to years, and by  ...  luminous tracers of the universe.  ...  T eff of 75, 000100 000 K; periods of 300 − 2600 s. Planetary Nebulae Nuclei Variables (PNNV); g mode pulsators. T eff of 100 000 − 200 000 K; periods of 400 − 6000 s. B.4.  ... 
arXiv:2201.11629v2 fatcat:xfk5pdsud5buhcrzeeuav5em2a

Alexander George Ogston. 30 January 1911-29 June 1996: Elected F.R.S. 1955

O. Smithies
1999 Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society  
It is a life that a diversity of people lead together, in the closest proximity, a school for social living. We are members one of another.  ...  For science is more than the search for truth, more than a challenging game, more than a profession.  ...  Holidays in Norfolk when he was 16 and 17 taught him how to progress upwind in narrow waters.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0024 fatcat:bmrsjagnzjcyhflbevxocarrta

(A)phantasia and severely deficient autobiographical memory: Scientific and personal perspectives

Nicholas W. Watkins
2018 Cortex  
I then recount the story of how I became aware of my own lack of mental imagery, and the accompanying deficit in my episodic memory, how I have sought scientific understanding of these conditions, and  ...  how they have affected my life.  ...  galactic punchline but we can still laugh at the set up.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2017.10.010 pmid:29137716 fatcat:j37tjiaj7nhpvi6u7zr4juctua

Nobel Lecture: Passion for precision

Theodor W. Hänsch
2006 Reviews of Modern Physics  
A tricky puzzle had to be solved to reach the desired final frequency with the help of several auxiliary oscillators.  ...  Therefore, we did not know how to measure absolute optical frequencies with our laser frequency combs in the late 1970s.  ... 
doi:10.1103/revmodphys.78.1297 fatcat:663mwhdpbff4ni5szkyrfzdbly

Journal of the Society of Arts, Vol. 3, no. 117

1855 The Journal of the Society of Arts  
The Chairman said, at the very late hour to which the discussion had extended, he would only offer two or three brief observations by way of summing up.  ...  Here is a If the change in France to the systeme metrique has been a success, how little difficulty need we anticipate.  ... 

8. Scenes of secrecy [chapter]

2018 Real Life Cryptology  
In grand-scale politics the raison d'état was the cause for the diverse usage of dissimulation as the absolutist states were being established.  ...  In the big game of dissimulation at court the real emotions and thoughts were hidden behind the rituals of power, etiquette and conversation rules.  ...  Having too many 155 See also: Benedek Láng, "Why don't we decipher an outdated cipher system?  ... 
doi:10.1515/9789048536696-011 fatcat:iktifykhubcftly4hriq2fgxga
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