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Paraphrasing, textual entailment, and semantic similarity above word level [article]

Venelin Kovatchev
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In Part I: "Similarity at the Level of Words and Phrases", I study the Distributional Hypothesis (DH) and explore several different methodologies for quantifying semantic similarity at the levels of words  ...  In Part III: "Paraphrasing, Textual Entailment, and Semantic Similarity", I present a novel direction in the research on textual meaning relations, resulting from joint research carried out on on paraphrasing  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Darina Gold, Tobias Horsmann, Michael Wojatzki, and Torsten Zesch for their support and suggestions, and the anonymous reviewers for their feedback and comments.  ... 
arXiv:2208.05387v1 fatcat:bfan3d4tzfcgngfyn67jhkqbqu

The law of above averages: leveling the new genetic enhancement playing field

M J Mehlman
2000 Iowa law review  
Crossing the threshold between patients and healthy individuals introduced the possibility of manipulating the genes of normal people for non-therapeutic reasons. 6 It signaled a mqjor step toward employing  ...  volunteers. 5 Officials at NIH recognized the significance of this event.  ...  okra" to the question "What are your favorite foods?"  ... 
pmid:11769760 fatcat:c347hz5la5aoxbfolqc2o5nxbq

Above and Beyond the Concrete: The Diverse Representational Substrates of the Predictive Brain

Michael Gilead, Yaacov Trope, Nira Liberman
2019 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
We support our argument for representational diversity by explaining how the elements in our ontology are all required in order to account for humans' predictive cognition (e.g., in subserving logic-based  ...  In doing so, we provide a testable model of the neural bases of conceptual cognition, and highlight several important implications to research on self-projection, reinforcement learning, and predictive-processing  ...  IP address:, on 10 Mar 2020 at 04:00:10, subject to the Cambridge Core terms of use, available at  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x19002000 pmid:31317839 fatcat:ifuxnlv5qfgbvhykehi77eaz2e

The Real Disaster is Above Ground: A Mine Fire and Social Conflict

Richard J. Bord, J. Stephen Kroll-Smith, Stephen Robert Couch
1991 Contemporary Sociology  
The question of how to overcome the divisiveness, reduce the misunderstanding, and establish a common cause was the first task at hand.  ...  The name of your organization is appropriate. All residents of this town have a right to be concerned about your organization.  ...  For residents living on the south side of Centralia, danger appeared too real and imminent to be reduced to a minimalist interpretation. 7 .  ... 
doi:10.2307/2071820 fatcat:qtbr5ub5qresjanfvpxdvxenky

Adjacency Pairs as Influenced by Gender: a Case of Casual Conversation in the Public Figure

Jati Widya Iswara
2019 ETERNAL (English Teaching Journal)  
The objectives of this research are to find out how can gender influenced adjacency pairs in the conversation.  ...  In the end of the research, the researcher found some of adjacency which spoke and influenced of gender.  ...  Let"s see the example below: 44:05 H: Mr. Jati? As a summons J: Yeah...  Answer H: Would you please  Reason for summons tell me how you do promote your library in order to go to the public?  ... 
doi:10.26877/eternal.v10i1.3902 fatcat:raw4vrc7sbdelf4nhv5pqqhfnm

Developing Cooperative Learning in the Efl/Esl Secondary Classroom

Gertrude Tinker Sachs, Christophe N. Candlin, Kenneth R. Rose
2003 RELC Journal : A Journal of Language Teaching and Research in Southeast Asia  
To support these research outcomes, we offer additional insights into the context of the study by offering some insights into the perspectives of those teachers, learners and researchers' engaged in the  ...  ' preferences for particular modes of teaching and learning, and to assess the potential of alternative modes of classroom interaction both in terms of relative effectiveness and as challenges to traditional  ...  Acknowledgements Many thanks to research assistants, Kenneth Lee and Angela Leung Ching Kei who helped with the data collection and oral assessment.  ... 
doi:10.1177/003368820303400305 fatcat:ylryjn2vhrdcpl6f4rg3keq3ru

Shaping Clients' Answers: Departures from neutrality in care-staff interviews with people with a learning disability

Charles Antaki, Natasha Young, Mick Finlay
2002 Disability & Society  
We note that any interviewer is faced with a dilemma of choosing between literal (but potentially robotic and insensitive) and tailored (but potentially unstandardised and invalid) administration of a  ...  Of interest was the way in which the care staff, who were not formally trained in interview skills, delivered the 42-item questionnaire that formed the basis for the interview.  ...  literal question (in part) [2] Derek and Jim 321 1 J .hh Right food. (0.4) who chooses what you're going to eat. 5 literal question 2 D 5 Me. 3 (0.4) 4 J Mm 5 (0.4) 6 D Eh: 5 7 J 5 1 L  ... 
doi:10.1080/09687590220140368 fatcat:ymivmcsd25bxhkuzzeeatwbpzi

Pro-Social Missions and Worker Motivation: An Experimental Study

Sebastian Fehrler, Michael Kosfeld
2012 Social Science Research Network  
Pro-Social Missions and Worker Motivation: An Experimental Study Do employees work harder if their job has the right mission?  ...  A subgroup of agents (roughly one third) is willing to do so even if this option is more costly than choosing the alternative job.  ...  Suppose you offer your employee a fix wage of 10 and a bonus factor of 7. He chooses an effort level of 0. -How high is your income in this period?  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2031818 fatcat:hywzag3o4bbf7ear55v66mokku

SIENNA D2.3: Survey of REC approaches and codes for genomics

Heidi Howard, Emilia Niemiec, Lisa Tambornino, Dirk Lanzerath
2019 Zenodo  
how to write research ethics protocols in different EU countries and internationally.  ...  These will be used to help inform work for task 2.7 (ethical frameworks) and work for WP5 (normative proposals by the consortium).  ...  (any researcher who helped you to complete this task) Acknowledgements (any researcher who helped you to complete this task) Acknowledgements (any researcher who helped you to complete this task) NA  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4066865 fatcat:kkbxamp2u5ff7loosshprjzec4

Effect of Adding Emotion Recognition to Film Teaching—Impact of Emotion Feedback on Learning through Puzzle Films

Shang-Chin Tsai, Hao-Chiang Koong Lin
2021 Sustainability  
levels, for when the subjects answered the questions incorrectly at different levels and their emotions were detected at the same time.  ...  of the subjects at the moment.  ...  The actors performed the above plot film. (Captioned film) Please choose the right answer from I, J, K, and L.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su131911107 fatcat:33aceadstvgp7axs37qwfqp4ey


Nejat Al-Juboury
2022 Al-Adab Journal  
Reliability coefficient of the grid questions is 0.847 and that of the current ones is 0.775. In the light of the findings, grid questions are recommended for testing grammar ‫البحث‬ ‫ملخص‬  ...  choice and short-answer questions.  ...  7 These ---Mr. and Mrs. Brown. 8 They--not speak English 9 He ---never late. 10 ----not sit on the floor? 11 How-----you? 12 1. Which boxes need 'do'? 2, 4, 7, 9, 11, 2. Which boxes need 'is'?  ... 
doaj:ff2e0b9b0f2c4840b266568585d8324a fatcat:ysnb5d4wuzctre53bbwhqczgea

2000 Annual Meeting Highlights

2001 Journal of Emergency Nursing  
Normal and reverse contrast shown at the locations mentioned above.  ...  Clinically relevant and research MR scans were performed on a 3.0 T General Electric Signa VH/i MRI scanner (3T/90cm, whole body gradient inset 40mT/m, slew rate 150 T/m/s) utilizing a transmit/receive  ...  Remember to check the website often for updates and features ISMRM T his pocket sized text is offered by the authors to provide CT and MR technologists with explanations of common pathologic findings  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0099-1767(01)70069-4 fatcat:qbbu3pmcybdgrbtuqyb4etohsa

Chelsea Bank: Scans and Workplace Knowledge

Larry Mikulecky, Paul Lloyd, Jennifer M. Conner
1997 Journal of educational computing research  
In the first study, researchers analyzed samples of nonsystematically gathered videotapes of 13 groups of 3 high school and middle school students using the simulations.  ...  Evidence for transfer of skills and information has not yet been analyzed completely but the presence of transfer has been supported. (Contains three references.) ( SLD)  ...  Each minute of the video sequences was scored for every category of SCANS competency and basic skill (described above).  ... 
doi:10.2190/anne-m1yv-pl89-2y05 fatcat:ixblhu3rlbhqhj6hbm6ilsdsdi


Sumarni Sumarni, Nita Novita, Mohamad Riyadi
2022 M A T H L I N E : Jurnal Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika  
This research was carried out at MTs Pertiwi Kuningan for the academic year 2020/2021 in class VIII A as many as 16 students and a mathematics teacher.  ...  The data sources for this research are the results of written tests and interviews.  ...  Nita Aryanti, S.Pd who have validated the written test instrument of concept understanding ability and interview questions to students and teachers and all parties who have helped this research.  ... 
doi:10.31943/mathline.v7i1.241 fatcat:pqg6swshsvbudl2jfccy5dkcie

Developing A scrambled book and measuring its effectiveness as an aid to learning natural science

Chester A. Lawson, Mary Alice Burmester, Clarence H. Nelsox
1960 Science Education  
The method we evolved to handle this difficulty was to use white paper for the normal sequence of questions and yellow paper for explanation of erroneous responses.  ...  This is contradictory to the assumption which you made previously, namely that Individual II-5 has at least one gene for albino. Choose another answer. Go back and reread the list.  ... 
doi:10.1002/sce.3730440505 fatcat:gssu4kurjrev7onfkomknzqksa
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