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How to read less and know more

Doug Cooper
1997 Proceedings of the 20th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR '97  
A large alphabet of similar letters and marks, wide and inconsistent variation in fonts and handwriting, and the absence of spaces between woru%all fmstrate standard methodr and applications for Thai-language  ...  Instead of trying to identi~individual~bols, we dejine an apprdmatw " n alphabet of similar shapes and clusters, targeted to the predicted lower-bound accuracy of existing OCR.  ...  To paraphrase [1], we want to know how much OCR-based IR can be tinetitiout tie Cmti~dtiti mtim Ompdble.  ... 
doi:10.1145/258525.258572 dblp:conf/sigir/Cooper97 fatcat:jxt5bsfqbzhinfe2jfjhzrqane

Constructing a Recipe Web from Historical Newspapers [chapter]

Marieke van Erp, Melvin Wevers, Hugo Huurdeman
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Historical newspapers provide a lens on customs and habits of the past. For example, recipes published in newspapers highlight what and how we ate and thought about food.  ...  Our research shows how natural language processing, machine learning, and semantic web can be combined to construct a rich dataset from heterogeneous newspapers for the historical analysis of food culture  ...  We thank Jesse de Does for the OCR quality measure, Marten Postma and Emiel van Miltenburg for querying Open Dutch WordNet, and Richard Zijdeman for fruitful discussions on the dataset concept.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-00671-6_13 fatcat:u2ttyp37uzbr5ltxbgebacczhq

Survey of Automatic Spelling Correction

Daniel Hládek, Ján Staš, Matúš Pleva
2020 Electronics  
The summary tables show the application area, language, string metrics, and context model for each system.  ...  Our survey selected papers about spelling correction indexed in Scopus and Web of Science from 1991 to 2019. The first group uses a set of rules designed in advance.  ...  It is hard to decide which correction is more useful if we do not know the surrounding sentence.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9101670 fatcat:pgf65dpwp5b2xc2hc6xxf5pplm

School Suspensions: Are They Helping Children?

Judith P. Ruchkin
1979 Educational Researcher  
The photographs in this book are for illustrative purposes only. They are meant to imply no direct relationship between any particular child and the text.  ...  In many cases, short-term disciplinary exclusions added up to a significant loss of schooling and caused youngsters to drop out of school permanently.  ...  The teachers don't know how to handle them.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1175473 fatcat:gu6dxtqyuzdx3izov25cwdghga

Strategies for Reducing and Correcting OCR Errors [chapter]

Martin Volk, Lenz Furrer, Rico Sennrich
2011 Language Technology for Cultural Heritage  
We used commercial OCR systems for the conversion from the scanned images to searchable text. This poses several challenges.  ...  We used commercial OCR systems for the conversion from the scanned images to searchable text. This poses several challenges.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Torsten Marek for his contributions to the OCR merging. Many thanks also to the many student helpers who have contributed to the Text+Berg project.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-20227-8_1 dblp:series/tanlp/0001FS11 fatcat:u3whr62lcnhybpqvkkvit27gwe

A Survey on Mathematical Software Tools for Visually Impaired Persons: A Practical Perspective

Paul Mejia, Luiz Cesar Martini, Felipe Grijalva, Julio Cesar Larco, Juan Carlos Rodriguez
2021 IEEE Access  
Knowing what software is available, its functionalities, how it interacts with other applications, and its output formats to share information, can encourage VIPs to create their own mathematical content  ...  The first to know if the user is able to recognize some common functions and the second to know if the user is able to recognize the differences that exist between similar functions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3076306 fatcat:ggzue6vqxzdtfaycbf3sp5g5lq

A crowdsourcing based mobile image translation and knowledge sharing service

Yefeng Liu, Vili Lehdonvirta, Mieke Kleppe, Todorka Alexandrova, Hiroaki Kimura, Tatsuo Nakajima
2010 Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia - MUM '10  
Compared to purely technical solutions, this human computation approach is also able to account for context and non-textual cues, and provide higher level information to the end-user.  ...  Solutions based on optical character recognition provide very limited performance in real-world situations and for complex scripts such as Chinese and Japanese.  ...  He cannot speak Japanese and of course he has no idea how to write or read Kanji (the Japanese version of Chinese characters).  ... 
doi:10.1145/1899475.1899481 dblp:conf/mum/LiuLKAKN10 fatcat:ir677k6ek5hvtmkgn4pyi72xhq

Script Recognition—A Review

D Ghosh, T Dube, A P Shivaprasad
2010 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  
It is noted that the research in this field is relatively thin and still more research is to be done, particularly in case of handwritten documents.  ...  In a multi-script, multilingual environment, it is essential to know the script used in writing a document before an appropriate character recognition and document analysis algorithm can be chosen.  ...  Consequently, Korean script is relatively less complex and less dense compared to Chinese and Japanese, containing more circles and ellipses.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tpami.2010.30 pmid:20975114 fatcat:3ysyxmflovej5f7gy2z7ogffou

RWTH OCR: A Large Vocabulary Optical Character Recognition System for Arabic Scripts [chapter]

Philippe Dreuw, David Rybach, Georg Heigold, Hermann Ney
2012 Guide to OCR for Arabic Scripts  
SIEMENS [70] showed how to convert a Latin 2 OCR system to Arabic handwritings.  ...  BBN's Glyph HMM system "Byblos" [46, 51, 67], has been extended 39 RWTH OCR: A Large Vocabulary OCR System for Arabic Scripts 3 to "PLATO" [52] within the MADCAT [57] project, and is used for handwriting  ...  More details are presented in r[13].We discussed an approach how to modify existing training criteria for handwriting recognition like for example MMI and MPE to include a margin term.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-4072-6_9 fatcat:haxdzanqlffztfxvjdbz6x737i

Interpreting in pediatric therapy settings during the COVID-19 pandemic: benefits and limitations of remote communication technologies and their effect on turn-taking and role boundary

Indira Sultanic
2022 FITISPos international journal. Public service interpreting and translation  
to ensure minimal disruption and continuity of care and service provision.  ...  More specifically, it examines both the benefits and the challenges of remote interpreting in speech, physical, and occupational therapy settings.  ...  know how to use the technology prior to their scheduled session × Offering more training and education for interpreters on how to work in this modality × Developing more wireless options and devices for  ... 
doi:10.37536/fitispos-ij.2023.1.9.313 fatcat:6nvztrc6nfe4djbahxaptho4k4

The role of elaborations in learning a skill from an instructional text

Lynne M. Reder, Davida H. Charney, Kim I. Morgan
1986 Memory & Cognition  
In the latter condition, subjects were given advance information about the tasks they were to perform so that they would generate more specific task-related elaborations while reading.  ...  Elaborations provide multiple retrieval routes to the essential information by creating more connections to the learner's prior knowledge.  ...  Indeed, educators and laymen alike often assert that it is much less important to know a set of facts than to know how to use these facts.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03209230 pmid:3713509 fatcat:dw66rd2wczcujn57xkgbj2sq3u

Evidence and circularity in multimodal discourse analysis

Martin Thomas
2014 Visual Communication  
The selection of texts for inclusion in the corpus reflects my intention to ensure an approximate balance between TW and UK packs representing popular brands from each locale.  ...  A metaphorical reading of the presentation in terms of Given and New information might be plausible: messages in English are presented on the left and adaptations in new, additional languages (here, Thai  ...  Sadek, G. and Zhukov, M. (eds) (1997) . # ! , New York: Association Typographique Internationale and the Cooper Union. Schriver, K.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1470357213516725 fatcat:ga73oeud25czfoos3uhqnbb7ei

Bacteriophage T3 and bacteriophage T7 virus-host cell interactions

D H Krüger, C Schroeder
1981 Microbiological reviews  
But how can the ocr+ function ensure instantaneous protection of the phage DNA when gp0.3 only becomes detectable at 2 min (37°C) in postinfection (168, 177) ?  ...  These structures are shorter and mutually more homologous than promoters for bacterial polymerases (see Table 2 ).  ... 
pmid:6261110 pmcid:PMC281497 fatcat:sbeyzll5unhqlpfh5gsohklabi

An analysis of the smartphone dictionary app market

Christopher Winestock, Young-kuk Jeong
2014 Lexicography  
In both the Apple App Store and Google Play, dictionaries account for 0.22-1.21 % of the app store income, depending on the country.  ...  By studying the features of top grossing apps, an attempt is made to identify the characteristics of top selling dictionary apps.  ...  The publisher may not have the human resources and know-how to design dictionary apps and so leaves all decisions completely up to the software developer.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40607-014-0004-1 fatcat:qdyjskahmjgqrn3fk3gq6dr3xq

Lexikos 22

Lexikos Lexikos
2012 Lexikos  
Acknowledgements I wish to thank my student assistant Ewelina Łukasik for help with data collection, Adam Kilgarriff for suggestions regarding the presentation of results, and Paul Meara for his thoughts  ...  I would also like to thank all the respondents of the survey for their participation, my research assistant for her administrative help, and the consultants in the City University Statistical Consulting  ...  An attempt to uncover how students use PEDs can be found in Nesi and Boonmoh (2009) . In their study, Nesi and Boonmoh investigate how Thai students use their PEDs for reading.  ... 
doi:10.5788/22-1-1017 fatcat:xf6tumoegvdbtc6m4wtnavvuhy
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