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How to Certify Machine Learning Based Safety-critical Systems? A Systematic Literature Review [article]

Florian Tambon, Gabriel Laberge, Le An, Amin Nikanjam, Paulina Stevia Nouwou Mindom, Yann Pequignot, Foutse Khomh, Giulio Antoniol, Ettore Merlo, François Laviolette
2021 arXiv   pre-print
the question 'How to Certify Machine Learning Based Safety-critical Systems?'.  ...  Method: We conduct a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) of research papers published between 2015 to 2020, covering topics related to the certification of ML systems.  ...  Many thanks also goes to Freddy Lécué from Thalès, who provided us feedback on an early version of this manuscript. They all contributed to improving this SLR.  ... 
arXiv:2107.12045v3 fatcat:43vqxywawbeflhs6ehzovvsevm

Safety Cases and Their Role in ISO 26262 Functional Safety Assessment [chapter]

John Birch, Roger Rivett, Ibrahim Habli, Ben Bradshaw, John Botham, Dave Higham, Peter Jesty, Helen Monkhouse, Robert Palin
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Compliance with the automotive standard ISO 26262 requires the development of a safety case for electrical and/or electronic (E/E) systems whose malfunction has the potential to lead to an unreasonable  ...  with ISO 26262.  ...  In order to provide a product-specific justification, compliance with the ISO 26262 standard requires the development and evaluation of a safety case for the safety-related items.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-40793-2_15 fatcat:563zbhfedfgphkjiwxeo5fbiky

The Automotive Standard ISO 26262, the Innovative Driver for Enhanced Safety Assessment & Technology for Motor Cars

Peter Kafka
2012 Procedia Engineering  
The inaugurated international Standard ISO-26262 as an adaptation of the generic Standard IEC 61508: "Functional safety of electrical / electronic / programmable electronic safety-related systems" for  ...  In view of the evidence of about 1,3 million victims / year worldwide [1] caused by road traffic, the automotive industry is under pressure to provide new and improved vehicle safety systems, ranging from  ...  For further development or alterations based on systems and their components released for production prior to the publication of ISO 26262, only the modifications will be developed in accordance with ISO  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2012.08.112 fatcat:gtaj325rxjfizie4aqgrbflboq

A structured and model-based hazard analysis and risk assessment method for automotive systems

Kristian Beckers, Maritta Heisel, Thomas Frese, Denis Hatebur
2013 2013 IEEE 24th International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering (ISSRE)  
The released ISO 26262 standard requires a hazard analysis and risk assessment for automotive systems to determine the necessary safety measures to be implemented for a certain feature.  ...  The hazard analysis and risk assessment are based on a requirements engineering process using problem frames. Their elements are represented by a UML notation extended with stereotypes.  ...  According to ISO 26262, the item is a set of functions realized by the system to be built.  ... 
doi:10.1109/issre.2013.6698923 dblp:conf/issre/BeckersHFH13 fatcat:4obp2eg5wzauvgdevg5zgbbkxu

Standard Compliant Hazard and Threat Analysis for the Automotive Domain

Kristian Beckers, Jürgen Dürrwang, Dominik Holling
2016 Information  
We show how ISO 26262 documentation can be re-used and enhanced to satisfy the analysis and documentation demands of the ISO 27001 standard.  ...  The standard describes in detail how to conduct hazard analysis and risk assessments to determine the necessary safety measures for each feature.  ...  Problem: Security is a new concern in the area of safety-critical automotive systems developed according to ISO 26262.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info7030036 fatcat:x4l3y5lpcjddbhkpmvxoyw3c4u

Evaluation of Open Source Operating Systems for Safety-Critical Applications [chapter]

Petter Sainio Berntsson, Lars Strandén, Fredrik Warg
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
for functional safety, such as the ISO 26262 standard for the automotive industry.  ...  The most suitable candidate is then assessed in order to see to what degree it can adhere with the requirements put forth in the widely used functional safety standards IEC 61508 and ISO 26262.  ...  Figure 2 Overview of the ISO 26262 standard ISO 26262 provides three methods for using (or reusing) a software component to satisfy a safety requirement, these are: Adherent to ISO 26262: a) The component  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-65948-0_8 fatcat:kc7i3p7jzvdszejzl7p2ka2mku

Auto recalls and software quality in the automotive sector

J. Pancik, A. Vemola, R. Kledus, M. Semela, A. Bradac
2018 EAI Endorsed Transactions on Scalable Information Systems  
The contribution defines the term software quality assurance strategy, explains the role of standards such as ISO 26262 (Road vehicles -Functional safety), ISO 15504 (Automotive SPICE 3.0)  ...  The contribution is devoted to the management of safety and reliability of the software development for embedded systems designed for electromechanical (mechatronic) systems through quality assurance of  ...  It might seem that ASILs are like SILs and that anyone familiar with building a safety case for a system requiring certification to an IEC 61508 SIL should be able to transfer those methods to an ISO 26262  ... 
doi:10.4108/eai.29-5-2018.154808 fatcat:6xshw4fefna65htpmcciejj454

Towards a risk-based approach for the design of highly resilient future vehicles

Alastair R. Ruddle
2018 Zenodo  
Thus, the electronic systems of future vehicles, as well as the intelligent transport systems that they interact with, will need to be designed to ensure a high degree of resilience to a wide range of  ...  levels of functional safety, safety of the intended functionality, cyber security and mission-critical functionality.  ...  Acknowledgements Part of the research leading to these results was carried out in connection with the ICENITE project, which received funding from the UK Government's innovation agency Innovate UK (project  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1485144 fatcat:v3dhv2qutzaynjcb76njp7o5ii

An Overview of the Approaches for Automotive Safety Integrity Levels Allocation

Youcef Gheraibia, Sohag Kabir, Khaoula Djafri, Habiba Krimou
2018 Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention  
ISO 26262, titled Road Vehicles-Functional Safety, is the new automotive functional safety standard for passenger vehicle industry.  ...  In order to accomplish the goal of designing and developing dependable automotive systems, ISO 26262 uses the concept of Automotive Safety Integrity Levels (ASILs), the adaptation of Safety Integrity Levels  ...  the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11668-018-0466-9 fatcat:3buvlles5vafnbmrennjscxjgq

A Systematic Review on Security and Safety of Self-adaptive Systems (Supplementary Materials) [article]

Irdin Pekaric, Raffaela Groner, Thomas Witte, Jubril Adigun, Alexander Raschke, Michael Felderer, Matthias Tichy
2021 Zenodo  
This repository contains supplementary materials that were created or generated while conducting "A Systematic Review on Security and Safety of Self-adaptive Systems".  ...  This includes MAXQDA data, spreadsheets, and pdfs that present how the review was executed. "Codebook" contains list of categories and codes which were used to classify the identified papers.  ...  Standards >> Safety >> ISO 26262 ISO 26262 is intended to be applied to safety-related systems that include one or more electrical and/or electronic (E/E) systems and that are installed in series production  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5799781 fatcat:m2lfvcap75cntd3vuylx66x2ru

Proposal for an Integrated Framework for Electronic Control Unit Design in the Automotive Industry

Aleksander Buczacki, Piotr Piątek
2021 Energies  
A dedicated process entity will be proposed to an engineering division to manage cybersecurity processes.  ...  In respect of the engineering process, it is challenging to incorporate functional safety, safety of the intended functionality, and cybersecurity requirements into electrical vehicles.  ...  All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Energies 2021, 14, 3816  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14133816 fatcat:fep4nwgkyvfyvh32x3nohm5gmu

Strategy for Safer Agricultural Robots

Eleftheria Mitka
2018 Economics World  
Given the prediction that in 2050 agriculture will be doubled due to increasing earth population, the noticeable research question that arises is how do we incorporate safety in agricultural robots?  ...  The upper goal is to establish a safety assessment improving the compliance with standards and taking account of the public trustworthiness in these emerging applications worldwide.  ...  ISO 26262 is component-level in address human hazards and risks in electronics (ISO 26262, 2011) .  ... 
doi:10.17265/2328-7144/2018.06.006 fatcat:6pmxwm7vnnafnnmpxcv7h2uhaa

Survey on Fault-Tolerant Vehicle Design

Daniel Wanner, Annika Trigell, Lars Drugge, Jenny Jerrelind
2012 World Electric Vehicle Journal  
It aims to provide a holistic view on the fault-tolerant aspects of a vehicular system.  ...  The goal of fault-tolerant systems is to handle occuring faults under operational condition and enable the driver to get to a safe stop.  ...  An application example for a reliability analysis of a by-wire braking system according to ISO 26262 was conducted by [19] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/wevj5020598 fatcat:hwmbmoxupvgmpk5bibs25knfxi

Risk-Based Decision-Making Fallacies: Why Present Functional Safety Standards are Not Enough

Andreas Johnsen, Gordana Dodig Crnkovic, Kristina Lundqvist, Kaj Hanninen, Paul Pettersson
2017 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Architecture Workshops (ICSAW)  
As a functional safety reference model, we use the functional safety standard ISO 26262, addressing potential hazards caused by malfunctions of hardware and software systems within road vehicles, and defines  ...  Functional safety of a system is the part of its overall safety, understood as freedom from unacceptable/unreasonable risks that depends on a system operating correctly in response to its inputs.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research is supported by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic research (SSF) project SYNOPSIS -Safety Analysis for Predictable Software Intensive Systems -and the knowledge foundation  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsaw.2017.50 dblp:conf/icsa/JohnsenCLHP17 fatcat:tgy42tjtf5gjtjrd4jbllxruya

Corrections [chapter]

Nathan Jacobson
1989 Nathan Jacobson Collected Mathematical Papers  
Exiting a highway, avoiding an obstacle, and braking on a partially ice-covered road surface are examples of traffic scenarios related to stability. Deliverable D3.2 eVALUE 2  ...  It describes principles, inspection protocols and testing protocols for performance testing of ICT-based safety systems.  ...  A.4.2 References [26262] ISO/DIS 26262 Road vehicles -Functional Safety, Rev.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4612-3694-8_36 fatcat:hqvs3blbzzbsjmp5ieijai2pfm
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