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THE COMPUTATIONAL LEXICON

JOSEPH EMONDS
2005 English Linguistics  
How do otherwise transitive Vs such as do and have come to be generated under I? Why doesn't exist instead of be have five suppletive finite forms?  ...  Syntacticon=Computational Lexicon The main results of this exchange have been a sharper understanding of how especially derivational morphology fits into the LAGES model of the lexicon and the syntax based  ... 
doi:10.9793/elsj1984.22.232 fatcat:bmiawdkvhvboziujwvviovhgpi

A lexicon for knowledge-based MT

Boyan Onyshkevich, Sergei Nirenburg
1995 Machine Translation  
In knowledge-based machine translation (KBMT), the lexicon can be specified and acquired only in close connection with the specification and acquisition of the world model (ontology) and the specification  ...  The latter is necessary for the formulation of the semantic zone of the lexicon entries, which can be viewed as containing the static building blocks of the text meaning representation.  ...  This paper will be devoted to the explanation of why the intimate interconnection of the meaning representation, ontology, and the lexicon is essential for KBMT and how this connection is accomplished  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00997231 fatcat:2tf7zb4qbrdqvlqsx6qocvcdj4

Extracting and Learning a Dependency-Enhanced Type Lexicon for Dutch [article]

Konstantinos Kogkalidis
2019 arXiv   pre-print
A novel application of a self-attentive sequence transduction model is proposed; contrary to established practices, it constructs types inductively by internalizing the type-formation syntax, thus exhibiting  ...  In order to overcome difficulties arising as a result of that variability, the thesis explores and expands upon a type grammar based on Multiplicative Intuitionistic Linear Logic, agnostic to word order  ...  dynamically constructing types beyond a prespecified lexicon.  ... 
arXiv:1909.02955v2 fatcat:qjdwpjelcjgdnewx5wy2xofii4

Emotional development in the educational preschool programs of Soviet and Post-Soviet Times

Ekaterina Protassova
2021 Russian Journal of Communication  
While applying these international schemes to the Russian psycholinguistic reality, scholars failed to do so in a consistent way.  ...  Classic Russian school of psychology (as represented by the work of Sergey L. Rubinstein and Pavel M. Jacobson) asserted that emotion is a specific form of the human attitude towards the objects and  ...  fostering development, such as play, drawing, constructional play (called 'construction' in the Russian tradition), listening to fairytales, doing simple chores (called 'labor' in the Russian tradition  ... 
doi:10.1080/19409419.2021.1884338 fatcat:y46givbh5rfmhlapimajobsora

Linguistics in Cognitive Science: The state of the art

Ray Jackendoff
2007 The Linguistic Review  
Much dispute in the literature concerns how linguists as well as those outside of linguistics proper should understand such a claim.  ...  Moreover, since the mind is instantiated by the nervous system, a full unification would show how knowledge of language and the combinatorial processing of language are achieved by the brain.  ...  Still, the sound system of a language is a system, because that's how learners construct it.  ... 
doi:10.1515/tlr.2007.014 fatcat:4ptxv2n6lvbcteoyuy7vlhrceu

New approaches to concepts in bilingual memory

Aneta Pavlenko
2000 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
languages or how these differences play or do not play out in bilinguals' performance (on color terms also see Green, this issue).  ...  This subset is identi®ed by a particular pattern of activation or connection weights across the entire system.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728900000110 fatcat:xspnmlmnnnggjnxirjdp64362q

Phonological network fluency identifies phonological restructuring through mental search

Karl David Neergaard, Jin Luo, Chu -Ren Huang
2019 Scientific Reports  
This inverse relationship between English and other Chinese languages/dialects provides evidence of the restructuring of the phonological mental lexicon.  ...  Post exclusion, 95 native-language Mandarin speakers produced as many items that differed by a single lexical tone as possible within one minute.  ...  Acknowledgements The funding for this study came from the University of Macau Postdoctoral Fellowship, the Excellence Initiative of Aix-Marseille University-A*MIDEX, a French "Investissements d' Avenir  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-019-52433-w pmid:31690737 pmcid:PMC6831682 fatcat:lgqle5mjvzhthipkuyxmbjhneq

Statistical and Neural Network Models for Speech Recognition [chapter]

2001 Connectionist Approaches To Clinical Problems in Speech and Language  
As a result, the child constructs representations for objects and events such as food and how it is prepared and eaten, clothing and what should be worn to conform to weather conditions, people and how  ...  CONSTRUCTING COGNITIVE, SOCIAL, AND SEMIOTIC KNOWLEDGE Component parts of any event can be viewed as emerging from four domains of knowledge that the system must construct (see Fig. 1 .2).  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781410604439-10 fatcat:smchme2yg5cthomzl4x6iob3eu

Dynamic Modeling for Development and Education: From Concepts to Numbers

Paul Van Geert
2014 Mind, Brain, and Education  
Finally, a concrete tutorial will be given on how dynamic models can be constructed by means of standard spreadsheet software (Microsoft Excel).  ...  It proceeds with a simple dynamic model to give the reader a general idea, and continues with an explanation of the extended logistic model, which can be conceived of as a building block of more complex  ...  By means of a specific example-the emergence of color preference in children-we have demonstrated how models of concrete developmental or learning phenomena may be constructed.  ... 
doi:10.1111/mbe.12046 fatcat:ir2bghfxoffotgof54gjw5no5i

From Linguistic Relativity to Script Relativity [chapter]

Hye K. Pae
2020 Literacy Studies  
This chapter reviews the evolution of the linguistic relativity hypothesis and how it was dismissed. The opponents of linguistic relativity misinterpreted the hypothesis itself and research results.  ...  Empirical evidence for linguistic relativity is reviewed from the perspectives of first language influences on cognition, including color, motion, number, time, objects, and nonlinguistic representations  ...  The domain-centered approach involves the domains of experienced reality as well as the way in which a language encodes and construes semantic categories (e.g., color, time, space).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-55152-0_3 fatcat:jcxgik3qyzenxjawyeeuylwndy

NOTES AND DISCUSSION

1995 International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching  
anälytic matters, äs in the work of Olshtain and Weinback (1986) on complaints by native a,nd ^non-native Speakers of Hebrew.  ...  Differences in the use of explicit and elliptical utterances are interpreted äs reflecting that, in certain types of interactions, Ecuadorians favour a style which could be characterized äs fast and deferential  ...  Sometimes the addition of even one new word can cause the reorganization of a semantic domain, äs Bartlett (1978) and Carey (1978) observed when they taught new color terms to three-year-old children  ... 
doi:10.1515/iral.1995.33.2.129 fatcat:xwbng3wjrzde7h2palvb3zl6h4

Lexical restructuring in preliterate children: Evidence from novel measures of phonological representation

STEPHANIE AINSWORTH, STEPHEN WELBOURNE, ANNE HESKETH
2015 Applied Psycholinguistics  
Although infant studies have shown children's representations to contain fine phonetic detail, a consensus is yet to be reached about how and when phonemic categories emerge.  ...  The results provide evidence in support of vocabulary driven restructuring, with PR segmentation found to be related to vocabulary when controlling for age.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the children, parents, and teachers who were involved in this study. This work was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (ES/J500094/1).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0142716415000338 fatcat:2223v2e4jndhrcxtwqxnfso2jq

Executive Functions and Language: Their Differential Influence on Mono- vs. Multilingual Spelling in Primary School

Sophia Czapka, Annegret Klassert, Julia Festman
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
We aimed at unveiling the role of executive functions (EFs) and language-related skills in spelling for mono- versus multilingual primary school children.  ...  There is evidence for (a) a bilingual advantage in EF due to constant high cognitive demands through language control, (b) a smaller mental lexicon in German and (c) possibly better PA.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank all members of the Research Group: Diversity and Inclusion for their help preparing the study, collecting and processing the data and discussing results in group meetings.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00097 pmid:30792671 pmcid:PMC6374619 fatcat:grfve3y35zdtho5vlwm25o6yiy

No Cognition Without Communication

Jacques Coulardeau
2018 Journal of Psychology Research  
The author will present work on the central role of two virtual human constructs of man's nervous system and brain confronted to their real environment, both natural and social.  ...  Can a processing framework guarantee true cognition or at least as little false cognition as possible?  ...  child will have a slight deficit in lexicon in each language as compared with monolingual children.  ... 
doi:10.17265/2159-5542/2018.09.003 fatcat:hxybcpwswjbcfk5mitmhbhk5ni

Gendered and Racial Injustices in American Food Systems and Cultures

Sally Kitch, Joan McGregor, G. Mauricio Mejía, Sara El-Sayed, Christy Spackman, Juliann Vitullo
2021 Humanities  
benefits of considering the American food system and all of its parts as designed artifacts that can be redesigned.  ...  The article concludes by discussing how achieving food justice can simultaneously promote sustainable food production and consumption practices—A process that, like the article itself, invites scholars  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors are grateful to Meredith Clark for her assistance. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Humanities 2021, 10, 66  ... 
doi:10.3390/h10020066 fatcat:twyiu6zdjjhstl66gz4jjdoezi
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