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How much randomness is needed for statistics?

Bjørn Kjos-Hanssen, Antoine Taveneaux, Neil Thapen
2014 Annals of Pure and Applied Logic  
While the Hippocratic approach is in general much more restrictive, there are cases where the two coincide.  ...  In algorithmic randomness, when one wants to define a randomness notion with respect to some non-computable measure λ , a choice needs to be made.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Samuel Buss for his invitation to University of California, San Diego. Without his help and the university's support this paper would never exist.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apal.2014.04.014 fatcat:os3jxjd6cndq7hcntfsqyhx3wi

How Much Randomness Is Needed for Statistics? [chapter]

Bjørn Kjos-Hanssen, Antoine Taveneaux, Neil Thapen
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
While the Hippocratic approach is in general much more restrictive, there are cases where the two coincide.  ...  In algorithmic randomness, when one wants to define a randomness notion with respect to some non-computable measure λ, a choice needs to be made.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Samuel Buss for his invitation to University of California, San Diego. Without his help and the university's support this paper would never exist.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-30870-3_40 fatcat:i7ezgutmsnfnpn5m2coc7owmsq

Statistics

Ernest Nagel, John H. Smith, L. H. C. Tippett
1945 Journal of the American Statistical Association  
Sampling for public opinion is mentioned on p. 330 without an explanation of how the data are usually collected; and the calculations that are made on the poll for Roosevelt and Willkie leave the unsuspecting  ...  536 AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION Statisticians need to remind their colleagues in economics and other sci- ences that in a professional job of sampling the band of sampling error is under control.  ... 
doi:10.2307/2280228 fatcat:rokqkbezyjehzprdhpkrshbfzi

Statistical errors

1977 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
He may still need the help of a statistician later on in a piece of formal research, but if he has a grounding in the subject he will understand better when expert help is needed, how it should be sought  ...  It could be coupled with much more thorough instruction than is commonly given on how to make and record exact observations, the process showing the variability as well as the value of successive results  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.1.6053.66 fatcat:mvfba55evrcjrlxd4qus3vvfry

STATISTICAL COGNITION: TOWARDS EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE IN STATISTICS AND STATISTICS EDUCATION

RUTH BEYTH-MAROM, FIONA FIDLER, GEOFF CUMMING
2008 Statistics Education Research Journal  
SC, however, integrates the facets and provides a basis for EBP in statistical practice and education. First published November 2008 at Statistics Education Research Journal: Archives  ...  We argue that, specifically, statistical practice and statistics education should be guided by evidence, and we propose statistical cognition (SC) as an integration of theory, research, and application  ...  Similarly, the discipline of statistics provides much content for the statistics curriculum, but it is the job of statistical cognition to provide guidance for teachers on how to best achieve accurate  ... 
doi:10.52041/serj.v7i2.468 fatcat:m22l5t5o4ra7fjwgnoijswfrvq

Statistical Frontiers

Gertrude M. Cox
1957 Journal of the American Statistical Association  
is needed of how to decide whether the interaction in a two-way classification is nonrandom or random, (3) More exact methods of assigning confidence limits for the variance com- ponents need to be developed  ...  We need to learn how to educate children to think scientifically, how to select those best fitted for scientific research and how to train them. We must go into the recruiting and training frontiers.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01621459.1957.10501361 fatcat:ew7xp2x72bbjpfocb3dhacgo7a

Misconceptions About Statistics and Statistical Evidence [chapter]

Jonathan J. Koehler
2011 Handbook of Trial Consulting  
is of much greater interest to jurors. That is, jurors do not really want to know how likely a match would be if someone weren't the source of the blood stains. The more central question for ).  ...  Trial consultants need to be aware of the documented problems that jurors and others have working with statistical evidence and arguments (for reviews, see Arkes, Connolly, & Hammond, 2000; Kahneman,  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-7569-0_6 fatcat:fngn3efoaffl7as5e3zcbh4ywu

Statistical inference for statistical decisions [article]

Charles F. Manski
2019 arXiv   pre-print
An SDF need not perform statistical inference; that is, it need not use data to draw conclusions about the true state of nature.  ...  This paper motivates inference-based SDFs as practical procedures for decision making that may accomplish some of what Wald envisioned.  ...  Wald's concept of a statistical decision function embraces all mappings of the form [data 6 decision]. In general, a SDF need not perform statistical inference.  ... 
arXiv:1909.06853v1 fatcat:bei6qj3g3zhglkgbeksni5kqx4

Statistics in medicine

P ARMITAGE
1960 Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England  
If you wish to make any use of the mortality statistics for a particular disease over a period of time, you need to know how the Registrar-General defines that cause of death, what the convention is about  ...  If we know this basic variability, then we can easily work out 56 STATISTICS IN MEDICINE how many observations are needed for a given degree of precision.  ...  Statistics are perhaps all the better for being treated with a little healthy disrespect.  ... 
pmid:13794298 pmcid:PMC2413865 fatcat:mwmk63jvibhfraccs7se676b5a

Statistics for HCI

Alan Dix
2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts  
Figure 1: Sample materials: (left) the job of statistics; (right) interactive web experiments. Background: Crowd on Flickr by razorray15, https://www.flickr.com/photos/36714668@N02/4598065240  ...  Wild and wide It is hard to get an instinctive feel for random things.  ...  Overview -key topics The course as arranged around three key topics: Understanding randomness -getting a gut feel for the behaviour of random phenomenon and in particular how easy it is to see structure  ... 
doi:10.1145/3491101.3503758 fatcat:p52toa45lzh3bjqlpkxyyqag4u

Statistical Blunders

Lewis G. Jacobs
1942 Radiology  
If the sampling is not random—and much medical sampling is not-—-the measures are not strictly accurate. For practical purposes they are nearly so, but may be materially in error at times.  ...  Having analyzed your data, determine how dependable the results of the analysis are. This is essential. It involves de- ‘See, for example, Pearl, Raymond G.: Medical Biometry and Statistics, W. B.  ... 
doi:10.1148/39.6.734 fatcat:on4fhfjbjnemxcjoparr6yupfu

Mathematical Statistics [chapter]

2013 Mathematical Statistics and Stochastic Processes  
Often a study include both fixed and random effects and the model fitted is then called a linear mixed model.  ...  When an effect is included as random the measurements within the same effect can not be considered independent and the correlation between measurements has to be considered in some way.  ...  random effects and how much the ordinary residual variation is within a category.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118562024.part1 fatcat:64ujgklhebfs5mzeo5z7jmntgm

UsingPerlfor Statistics: Data Processing and Statistical Computing

Giovanni Baiocchi
2004 Journal of Statistical Software  
In this paper we show how Perl, an expressive and extensible high-level programming language, with network and object-oriented programming support, can be used in processing data for statistics and statistical  ...  In Part II we show how Perl can be extended to perform statistical computations using modules and by "embedding" specialized statistical applications.  ...  Acknowledgements The author would like to thank Jan de Leeuw, Colin McClean, Jan Minx, and three anonymous referees for helpful comments and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.18637/jss.v011.i01 fatcat:mmtypgzsbrafzmn5oyjqydtyba

Mathematical Statistics [chapter]

2017 Theory of Probability  
Often a study include both fixed and random effects and the model fitted is then called a linear mixed model.  ...  When an effect is included as random the measurements within the same effect can not be considered independent and the correlation between measurements has to be considered in some way.  ...  random effects and how much the ordinary residual variation is within a category.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781119286387.ch12 fatcat:h27qjbbbgvflrfo7l7twnocg3y

Mathematical statistics

2000 ChoiceReviews  
Often a study include both fixed and random effects and the model fitted is then called a linear mixed model.  ...  When an effect is included as random the measurements within the same effect can not be considered independent and the correlation between measurements has to be considered in some way.  ...  random effects and how much the ordinary residual variation is within a category.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.38-0342 fatcat:wax2yzyew5ddrcncq6x2sbfv5m
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