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Do you need a blockchain in construction? Use case categories and decision framework for DLT design options [article]

Jens J. Hunhevicz, Daniel M. Hall
2020 arXiv   pre-print
One potential reason for this is a knowledge gap between use-case ideas and the DLT technical system implementation.  ...  Blockchain and other forms of distributed ledger technology (DLT) provide an opportunity to integrate digital information, management, and contracts to increase trust and collaboration within the construction  ...  It seems that a better answer to "Do you need a blockchain (or another type of DLT) in construction?"  ... 
arXiv:2004.04626v1 fatcat:5jhjsflgorcclf5bzebprn7mni

Do you need a blockchain in construction? Use case categories and decision framework for DLT design options

Jens J. Hunhevicz, Daniel M. Hall
2020 Advanced Engineering Informatics  
A B S T R A C T Blockchain and other forms of Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) provide an opportunity to integrate digital information, management, and contracts to increase trust and collaboration  ...  One potential reason for this is a knowledge gap between use-case ideas and the DLT technical system implementation.  ...  It seems that an answer to "Do you need a blockchain (or another type of DLT) in construction?"  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.aei.2020.101094 fatcat:5b2jswkxybhknlrmpekb7gfp6a

ABCDE – Agile Block Chain Dapp Engineering [article]

Lodovica Marchesi, Michele Marchesi, Roberto Tonelli
2019 arXiv   pre-print
As a result, all software development revolving around the Blockchain technology is growing at a staggering rate.  ...  The method is described in good detail, and an example is given to show how it works.  ...  We believe that our work can be really valuable to blockchain firms, including ICO startups, that could develop a competitive advantage using SE (BOSE) practices since the beginning.  ... 
arXiv:1912.09074v1 fatcat:sgcoayc65zeqde2rxlvk6sjdsq

Blockchain of Carbon Trading for UN Sustainable Development Goals

Seong-Kyu Kim, Jun-Ho Huh
2020 Sustainability  
In order for these carbon credits to be traded between individuals, however, a corresponding exchange of carbon credits is needed.  ...  The market for carbon credits will become a critical issue from 2021, and carbon credits will be applied to systems where individuals can trade.  ...  For Protocol Design for Hybrid Governance, blockchain talks about how to use and verify IT governance.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12104021 fatcat:6h66q3c2b5dkxahuc65bozhula

The Blockchain Consensus Algorithm for Viable Management of New and Renewable Energies

Jun-Ho Huh, Seong-Kyu Kim
2019 Sustainability  
This study also attempts to design an efficient but secure peer-to-peer (P2P) transaction service model for these energies for the future where blockchain-based systems will hold a key position in the  ...  This study introduces a viable consensus algorithm (Hyper Delegation Proof of Randomness, or HDPoR algorithm) for blockchain and attempts to validate its parallel computing capability through simulations  ...  You can also choose the type of renewable energy you need.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su11113184 fatcat:xpkloj7npnanjb2xhdzx3riwlu

Secure Modular Smart Contract Platform for Multi-tenant 5G Applications

Matevz Pustisek, Jan Turk, Andrej Kos
2020 IEEE Access  
Finally, we propose an architecture for the integration of the secure multicontract platform into a 5G architecture.  ...  The integration proposal utilizes hybrid private-public blockchain networks for possible security, scalability, performance, and transaction cost optimization.  ...  In the BC, the interface is the de facto method for encoding/decoding data into/out of the SC, i.e., how you call functions in a contract or pass and get data back.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3013402 fatcat:rve5ruuqibc7njgleqrmic6b5i

BLOCKCHAIN, LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT: BUSINESS AS USUAL OR RADICAL DISRUPTION?

Theodore C. Chartier-Rueg, Thomas D. Zweifel
2017 EUREKA Social and Humanities  
This could, in turn, render managers obsolete, as a blockchain infrastructure will automate most of the tasks.  ...  Indeed, the blockchain technology seems to be able to remedy to those issues, for this distributed and immutable ledger provides security, decentralisation and transparency.  ...  Moreover, the blackbox concept has implications towards the reputation system offered by a blockchain-based directory.  ... 
doi:10.21303/2504-5571.2017.00370 fatcat:qpau3vc45namnmokb4fleuxdlq

Safe Artificial General Intelligence via Distributed Ledger Technology

Kristen W. Carlson
2019 Big Data and Cognitive Computing  
Distributed ledger technology (DLT, "blockchain") is integral to this proposal, e.g., "smart contracts" are necessary to address the evolution of AI that will be too fast for human monitoring and intervention  ...  A set of logically distinct conceptual components is proposed that are necessary and sufficient to (1) ensure various AGI scenarios will not harm humanity, and (2) robustly align AGI and human values and  ...  The Need for Simulation of Control and Value Alignment Considerable effort has gone into analyzing how to design, formulate, and validate computer programs that do what they were designed to do; the general  ... 
doi:10.3390/bdcc3030040 fatcat:jgexq3tvfvhizpsfahckgwsbfy

BZKP: Blockchain-based zero-knowledge proof model for enhancing healthcare security in Bahrain IoT smart cities and COVID-19 risk mitigation

Hasan Al-Aswad, Wael M. El-Medany, Chitra Balakrishna, Nedal Ababneh, Kevin Curran
2021 Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences  
The proposed model is developed to provide a robust and scalable architecture for data sharing, which protects the privacy of sensitive data while maintaining high availability.  ...  This paper introduces Blockchain-based Zero-Knowledge Proof (BZKP) model, which is an IoT-based patient-centric model that fuses a zero-knowledge proof solution to be developed for protecting patient's  ...  the two parties without the need for a third party.  ... 
doi:10.1080/25765299.2020.1870812 fatcat:njn5c3xuxbcftefcyajznd3fda

Recent Advances in Blockchain and Artificial Intelligence Integration: Feasibility Analysis, Research Issues, Applications, Challenges, and Future Work

Zhonghua Zhang, Xifei Song, Lei Liu, Jie Yin, Yu Wang, Dapeng Lan, Neeraj Kumar
2021 Security and Communication Networks  
Blockchain constructs a distributed point-to-point system, which is a secure and verifiable mechanism for decentralized transaction validation and is widely used in financial economy, Internet of Things  ...  Blockchain makes artificial intelligence more autonomous and credible, and artificial intelligence can prompt blockchain toward intelligence.  ...  Hybrid Architecture Combining On-Chain and Off-Chain Storage.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/9991535 fatcat:wsklb4ycojcoxkoagvnxuhlkza

Safe Artificial General Intelligence via Distributed Ledger Technology [article]

Kristen W. Carlson
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Smart contracts based on DLT are necessary to address evolution of AI that will be too fast for human monitoring and intervention.  ...  vulnerability or failure and replace them or shut them down remotely and/or automatically, and to separate and balance key AGI components via decentralized apps (dApps).  ...  to satisfy human needs.  ... 
arXiv:1902.03689v2 fatcat:zzshnvqhprddnmov5qx7w4mcpy

Blockchain for genomics and healthcare: a literature review, current status, classification and open issues

Beyhan Adanur Dedeturk, Ahmet Soran, Burcu Bakir-Gungor
2021 PeerJ  
In this respect, for the accurate analysis of -omics data and EHR, there is a need to establish secure and robust pipelines that take the ethical aspects into consideration, regulate privacy and ownership  ...  These days, blockchain technology has picked up significant attention in diverse fields, including genomics, since it offers a new solution for these problems from a different perspective.  ...  In this respect, very few studies evaluate how much blockchain technology needs in health systems in terms of performance. Other existing studies make comparisons of other methods used.  ... 
doi:10.7717/peerj.12130 pmid:34703661 pmcid:PMC8487622 fatcat:cow6hvd4hvbvfgkdwn752xsxim

Mobility, Citizens, Innovation and Technology in Digital and Smart Cities

Thays A. Oliveira, Yuri B. Gabrich, Helena Ramalhinho, Miquel Oliver, Miri W. Cohen, Luiz S. S. Ochi, Serigne Gueye, Fábio Protti, Alysson A. A. Pinto, Diógenes V. M. V. M. Ferreira, Igor M. M. Coelho, Vitor N. N. Coelho
2020 Future Internet  
This also study comments about different combinatorial optimization problems that might be useful and important for an efficient evolution of our cities.  ...  Decentralized technologies, such as blockchain, are been extensively investigated by the industry, however, its widespread adoption in cities is still desirable.  ...  At the same time, hybrid/electric vehicles can be idle for a fraction of the time.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi12020022 fatcat:latpab7kmjagtp7olzxfalutny

A Vademecum on Blockchain Technologies: When, Which and How

Marianna Belotti, Nikola Bozic, Guy Pujolle, Stefano Secci
2019 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
for a vademecum guiding designers toward the right decision about when to adopt blockchain or not, which kind of blockchain better meets use-case requirements, and how to use it.  ...  Blockchain is a technology making the shared registry concept from distributed systems a reality for a number of application domains, from the cryptocurrency one to potentially any industrial system requiring  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Eric Gressier-Soudan for his valuable feedback on the article as well the anonymous Reviewers for the constructive comments that significantly improved the  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2019.2928178 fatcat:isvs2zswl5hzfady4pjv63bkqq

Consensus Algorithms for Highly Efficient, Decentralized, and Secure Blockchains

Diego I. ESTEVEZ
2020 OLYMPIADS IN INFORMATICS  
After reading this paper, students should be able to build their own implementation of a blockchain and start doing research into this technology.  ...  This paper is part of a broader effort to make these concepts more accessible and help develop an environment where students can grow and be part of this technological revolution.  ...  Using a hybrid protocol that combines DPoS and PoW could be a very promising option for applications that still need security and scalability.  ... 
doi:10.15388/ioi.2020.04 fatcat:4rwl3qozqfdhxgi7ppp5zhneia
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