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Towards Automatic Detection of Misinformation in Online Medical Videos [article]

Rui Hou, Verónica Pérez-Rosas, Stacy Loeb, Rada Mihalcea
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Previous studies have however shown that more than half of the health-related videos on platforms such as YouTube contain misleading information and biases.  ...  Hence, it is crucial to build computational tools that can help evaluate the quality of these videos so that users can obtain accurate information to help inform their decisions.  ...  RELATED WORK There have been several efforts to understand the informative value of medical information obtained from search engines and social media platforms versus potential misinformation.  ... 
arXiv:1909.01543v1 fatcat:yklqgy6qrrfvdhohgp7yjdsd2e

Characterizing COVID-19 Misinformation Communities Using a Novel Twitter Dataset [article]

Shahan Ali Memon, Kathleen M. Carley
2020 arXiv   pre-print
, and (ii) informed users or users who are actively spreading true information, or calling out misinformation.  ...  Finally, our sociolinguistic analyses suggest that COVID-19 informed users tend to use more narratives than misinformed users.  ...  False information has hampered proper communication, and affected the decision-making process [BE + 20] . This makes debunking of false information vitally important.  ... 
arXiv:2008.00791v4 fatcat:tnkqurl5ajem3pas4bam7exiue

Factors Associated with Cancer Message Believability: a Mixed Methods Study on Simulated Facebook Posts

Neha Trivedi, Mark Lowry, Anna Gaysynsky, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
2021 Journal of Cancer Education  
The ability to share and obtain health information on social media (SM) places higher burden on individuals to evaluate the believability of such health messages given the growing nature of misinformation  ...  Public health and health communication efforts should focus on addressing myths and misinformation found on SM.  ...  of Health, or the National Cancer Institute.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13187-021-02054-7 pmid:34145508 fatcat:m35v73g44vdqvp5ampgatj5x3e

Manuscript Impact of the Early COVID-19 Pandemic on Burn Care: A Multi-National Study

Ananya Vasudevan, Hannah M Bailey, Alan Sager, Lewis E Kazis
2022 Journal of Burn Care & Research  
The spread of misinformation through social and traditional media has contributed to the varied responses to COVID-19. This compounded problems in health care delivery.  ...  Detailed interviews, conducted in the twelve nations reveal that the COVID-19 pandemic greatly affected the delivery of acute and rehabilitation services for burn patients.  ...  One study found that selected web searches provided inaccurate or incomplete medical information about burn care. 56 vestigators used several search engines to look up "first aid for burns" and evaluated  ... 
doi:10.1093/jbcr/irac076 pmid:35661890 pmcid:PMC9214119 fatcat:3haj4qnbfvcglibrrcfhn24vcq

Misinformation in Germany During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Christina Leuker, Lukas Maximilian Eggeling, Nadine Fleischhut, John Gubernath, Ksenija Gumenik, Shahar Hechtlinger, Anastasia Kozyreva, Larissa Samaan, Ralph Hertwig
2022 European Journal of Health Communication  
In a cross-sectional survey of residents of Germany, we investigated the perceived prevalence of misinformation, the strategies people reported using to discern between true and false information, and  ...  Third, belief in misinformation was associated with support for the far-right AfD party; reliance on tabloids, neighbours and social media for information; lower levels of education; and migration background  ...  How citizens consume and evaluate information is a key factor in the spread of misinformation.  ... 
doi:10.47368/ejhc.2022.202 fatcat:7cthmhyc6ra4tldrunnlzy2u7e

Learning from Each Other—A Bibliometric Review of Research on Information Disorders

Ramona Bran, Laurentiu Tiru, Gabriela Grosseck, Carmen Holotescu, Laura Malita
2021 Sustainability  
Interest in research connected to information disorders has grown considerably in recent years. The phrase "information disorders" refers to three different notions: dis-, mis-, and malinformation.  ...  It is difficult to pin down this new and dynamic phenomenon of informational disruption and to assess its impact on society.  ...  How much does fake news and disinformation affect our daily existence? What news has the biggest impact and in what way? How serious is the problem of ID, of informational pathologies?  ... 
doi:10.3390/su131810094 fatcat:lm5zyu4cpzenhib7bv6q6d6you

Analysing the Effect of Recommendation Algorithms on the Amplification of Misinformation [article]

Miriam Fernández and Alejandro Bellogín and Iván Cantador
2021 arXiv   pre-print
However, it is still unclear how these algorithms really propagate misinformation, e.g., it has not been shown which particular recommendation approaches are more prone to suggest misinforming items, or  ...  A set of guidelines on how to adapt these algorithms is provided based on such analysis and a comprehensive review of the research literature.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been co-funded by H2020 Co-Inform (ID:770302) and HERoS (ID:101003606) projects and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (project reference: PID2019-108965GB-I00  ... 
arXiv:2103.14748v1 fatcat:x3xbvwajdjbojpyzfd34gngq2m

Saving Lives and Changing Minds with Twitter in Disasters and Pandemics: A Literature Review

Hamed Seddighi, Ibrahim Salmani, Saeideh Seddighi
2020 Journalism and Media  
Therefore, various groups such as politicians, government, nongovernmental organizations, aid workers and the health system can use this information to plan and implement interventions.  ...  Preventing the spread of misinformation is one of the most important issues in times of disaster, especially pandemics.  ...  There have been intense debates about publishing misinformation on Twitter or the impact of Twitter on obtaining health information.  ... 
doi:10.3390/journalmedia1010005 fatcat:rvscj7wwknaytjkxxhsvbogcwq

The Visual Vaccine Debate on Twitter: A Social Network Analysis

Elena Milani, Emma Weitkamp, Peter Webb
2020 Media and Communication  
Activists and parents could potentially be considered as alternative but trustworthy sources of information enabling them to disseminate misinformation about vaccinations.  ...  Pro- and anti-vaccination users use social media outlets, such as Twitter, to join conversations about vaccines, disseminate information or misinformation about immunization, and advocate in favour or  ...  This could be particularly problematic, as parents using social media to search for vaccine information may place more trust in them than in health professionals (Freed, Clark, Butchart, Singer, & Davis  ... 
doi:10.17645/mac.v8i2.2847 fatcat:lah3ehoiujhjldaz3eninohafq

How Online Crowds Influence the Way Individual Consumers Answer Health Questions

T.M.Y. Kwok, E. Coiera, A.Y.S. Lau
2011 Applied Clinical Informatics  
Conclusion: This study provides empirical evidence that crowd influence, in the form of online social feedback, affects the way consumers answer health questions.  ...  Two hundred and twenty-seven undergraduate students were recruited to use an online search engine to answer six health questions.  ...  The search engine used in the study was developed with support from NHMRC project grant 300435 and the NHMRC development grant 300591.  ... 
doi:10.4338/aci-2011-01-ra-0006 pmid:23616869 pmcid:PMC3631918 fatcat:uxaa6btcafgx5gu3bjm3mhjttm

Dealing with digital misinformation: a polarised context of narratives and tribes

Fabiana Zollo
2019 EFSA Journal  
To shade light on the phenomenon, we present a collection of works investigating how information gets consumed and shapes communities on Facebook.  ...  Moreover, despite the increasing quantity of contents, quality may be poor, making the environment particularly florid for misinformation spreading.  ...  At the same time, smartphone reach for news is significant, and might affect the way we consume information (and the time that we devote to processing it).  ... 
doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2019.e170720 pmid:32626457 pmcid:PMC7015504 fatcat:xyc5rgnzfnannddgh6u6nugcla

Partisan public health: how does political ideology influence support for COVID-19 related misinformation?

Nicholas Francis Havey
2020 Journal of Computational Social Science  
Pandemic related misinformation has previously been associated with decreased adherence to public health recommendations and adverse health effects and evidence from the current pandemic indicates that  ...  This study suggests that the political and informational polarization further facilitated by social media platforms such as Twitter may have dire consequences for public health.  ...  that is causing people to reject public health information [53] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42001-020-00089-2 pmid:33163686 pmcid:PMC7604541 fatcat:etq3rfegcfa3favghuf6dop6fy

Infodemics on Youtube: Reliability of Content and Echo Chambers on COVID-19 [article]

Niccolò Di Marco, Matteo Cinelli, Walter Quattrociocchi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The world health organization (WHO) coined the term infodemics to identify the information overabundance during an epidemic.  ...  Social media radically changed how information is consumed and reported. Moreover, social networks elicited a disintermediated access to an unprecedented amount of content.  ...  We need to understand how people seek or avoid information and how those decisions affect their behavior [3] when the news cycle -dominated by the disinter-mediated diffusion of content -significantly  ... 
arXiv:2106.08684v1 fatcat:2r42vtmfevagvlcpulih5xduf4

The impact of COVID-19 among Black women: evaluating perspectives and sources of information

Rasheeta Chandler, Dominique Guillaume, Andrea G. Parker, Amber Mack, Jill Hamilton, Jemea Dorsey, Natalie D. Hernandez
2020 Ethnicity and Health  
Given this data, there is a need to explore where and how Black women are obtaining information that pertains to COVID-19, along with the impacts that COVID-19 may be having on their daily lives.  ...  We conducted interviews with 15 Black women who are clients at a community-based family service center to assess their understanding of COVID-19, determine how they were obtaining COVID-19 information,  ...  Misinformation about the novel coronavirus has proliferated, particularly in regard to the populations the virus affects, how it is transmitted, treatments (including home remedies), and vaccinations  ... 
doi:10.1080/13557858.2020.1841120 pmid:33153287 pmcid:PMC8542278 fatcat:utn4dyaxtbh7xi4nhplxgtchbu

Misinformation, Perceptions Towards COVID-19 and Willingness to be Vaccinated: A Population-Based Survey in Yemen [article]

Ahmed Naoras Bitar, Mohammed Zawiah, Fahmi Y. Al-Ashwal, Mohammed Kubas, Ramzi Mukred Saeed, Rami Abduljabbar, Ammar Ali Saleh Jaber, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Amer Hayat Khan
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Conclusion The study revealed that the acceptance rate to take a vaccine was suboptimal and significantly affected by gender, misinformation, cost, and income.  ...  Simultaneously, rumors and misinformation about COVID-19 were and still widely spreading.  ...  (p <0.05) with being informed (lower level of misinformation) ( Table 4 ).  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.02.25.432838 fatcat:ynhwpmkedffetj6tmyovp5q4lu
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