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How Many Cases Do You Need? Assessing and Predicting Case-Base Coverage [chapter]

David Leake, Mark Wilson
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Consequently, the ability to assess the current level of case-base coverage and to predict the incremental benefit of adding cases could play an important role in guiding the case acquisition process.  ...  It then compares alternative methods for assessing case-base coverage, including a new Monte-Carlo method for prediction early in case-base growth.  ...  Acknowledgments This work is based on work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. OCI-0721674 and by a grant from the Data to Insight Center of Indiana University.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-23291-6_9 fatcat:3no2jv5mvnbdtdjvoe7vt6wnee

Testing Artificial Intelligence by Customers' Needs

Thomas Fehlmann, Eberhard Kranich
2019 Athens Journal of Sciences  
How can it be tested? The answer is surprisingly simple: consider the system's goals.  ...  The principles of AI are quite old; most of them originate from the early times of computer science and had been discussed in the seventies and the eighties.  ...  The matrix looks familiar; tester uses it to assess coverage of code by tests. However, without proper test metrics you cannot assess a test coverage matrix for its quality.  ... 
doi:10.30958/ajs.6-4-3 fatcat:i37id36ozzg43i3gtqdpslrs3m

Research needs in forecasting

J. Scott Armstrong
1988 International Journal of Forecasting  
Research should enable us to do a better job of forecasting. How strong is the demand for research on forecasting?  ...  Suggestions are made as to what research is needed and how it should be conducted. Keywords: Acceptance of forecasts, Forecasting audit, Legal aspects, Survey of forecasters.  ...  To date, only a few cases have been of direct relevance to forecasters. They imply that if you do not have a contract to provide forecasts, you are unlikely to be held liable.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0169-2070(88)90111-2 fatcat:qi2sdtybvjhnhk3jc6ogehpe24

Reflection on Disruptions: Managing the City in Need, Saving the City in Need [chapter]

Ali Cheshmehzangi
2020 The City in Need  
We know by now how cities are affected, how they need to be prepared, and in which ways they have to react to disruptive disease outbreak events.  ...  In the many examples of scholarly work on the anatomy of the city, focused mostly on how cities operate and function (Ascher 2007; Lamorgese and Petrella 2016; Renner 2018), there are a few that look into  ...  What should you do if you feel unwell?  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-15-5487-2_5 fatcat:tos2la4lcrfj3ou4qizh3hhda4

D1.2: Stakeholders and user group needs

Jean-Baptiste Coger, Laurent Bonic, Annie Bracquemond
2020 Zenodo  
In order to identify and collect the needs of stakeholders and user groups, a series of interviews and surveys carried out on the following topics: Use cases and Scenarios, Safety Assessment, Testing,  ...  This deliverable "Stakeholders and user group needs" is presenting the results of the work carried out during the task 1.2.  ...  If (15) yes ➔ What types of tests do you conduct/How do you test? HEADSTART D.1.2.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4577584 fatcat:7hyz6xwzfzb6hoiqjxx3r324se

Do We Need Improved Code Quality Metrics? [article]

Tushar Sharma, Diomidis Spinellis
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We show that the present set of LCOM algorithms do poorly w.r.t. these cases.  ...  We evaluate existing LCOM algorithms qualitatively and quantitatively to observe how closely they represent the concept of cohesion.  ...  How often do you observe that some of the metrics are inaccurate in certain cases?  ... 
arXiv:2012.12324v1 fatcat:a7zwdvysuvetbosen5wc6gkldy

Big data need big theory too

Peter V. Coveney, Edward R. Dougherty, Roger R. Highfield
2016 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
Subject Areas: computer modelling and simulation, bioinformatics, computational biology  ...  by Los Alamos National Laboratory entitled 'Data science and optimal learning for materials discovery and design', along with ensuing discussions with participants.  ...  This article has benefitted from talks under the same title given by P.V.C. at the Solvay Workshop in Brussels, Belgium, on 20 April 2016 and in Santa Fe, New Mexico, on 17 May 2016 at a meeting organized  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsta.2016.0153 pmid:27698035 pmcid:PMC5052735 fatcat:oiwlxutowjhvroxjpukvdkpzj4

Predicting Future Staffing Needs at Teaching Hospitals

Christine C. Mitchell
2007 Archives of Surgery  
Objective: To develop a model to predict future staffing for the surgery service at a teaching hospital. Setting: Tertiary hospital.  ...  growth; and efficiency savings.  ...  The model also predicted how many, what type, and when additional personnel would need to be hired, based on local conditions of salaries and work hours (data not presented).  ... 
doi:10.1001/archsurg.142.4.329 pmid:17438166 fatcat:2gfwflqrzfevha7a523wgybpwi

Addressing the Growing Need for Algorithmic Transparency

Hugh J. Watson, Conner Nations
2019 Communications of the Association for Information Systems  
We also speculate about how personal data and algorithms may be used in the future and suggest research opportunities.  ...  Today, many organizations use personal data and algorithms for ads, recommendations, and decisions.  ...  where you are going • Ads from Instagram based on how you use your phone's microphone • Researching sickness symptoms and then seeing advertisements for specialists • Google Photos' ability to pull up  ... 
doi:10.17705/1cais.04526 fatcat:qqbi7fioxzdxtkkdqjqpfxbn4m

The Need for Insurers to Change

Dean O'Hare
1994 Geneva papers on risk and insurance. Issues and practice  
Against this backdrop, the opportunity to step back and examine the major trends at work in our industry and what we need to do to address them is welcomed.  ...  Few barriers remain to the movement of money, information and ideas across borders, and these are the three currencies in which we do business.  ...  We have done an excellent job of developing new products, coverages and packages of coverages, which we have taken to our customers and told them, "you need this".  ... 
doi:10.1057/gpp.1994.23 fatcat:pnajzhfytjgfhjavj5szktl33y

Opinion versus evidence for the need to move away from animal testing

Thomas Hartung
2017 ALTEX: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation  
and hold the first Summary Science is based on facts and their discourse.  ...  Together, they prompt a need to engineer a new paradigm to ensure the safety of patients and consumers, new products and therapies.  ...  Acknowledgement The author would like to thank Drs Malcolm MacLeod and Ulrich Dirnagl, as well as two anonymous reviewers, for their comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.14573/altex.1703291 pmid:28407174 fatcat:kpjmzmq265hezovgokfrgy23r4

Second opinion needed: communicating uncertainty in medical machine learning

Benjamin Kompa, Jasper Snoek, Andrew L. Beam
2021 npj Digital Medicine  
In this article, we provide an overview of different approaches to uncertainty quantification and abstention for machine learning and highlight how these techniques could improve the safety and reliability  ...  However, the quantification and communication of uncertainty for individual predictions is often neglected even though uncertainty estimates could lead to more principled decision-making and enable machine  ...  They assessed many models including post-hoc calibration of predictions, ensembles, Dropout, and variational methods on multiple classification datasets.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41746-020-00367-3 pmid:33402680 fatcat:5hiwi44lwfh4fabrtv3ofjh6ai

Teacher Background and Student Needs

Peter Rondinone
1991 Journal of Basic Writing  
In any case, it's a good sign, because it involves real writing and making students write and there is some evidence that when you change your assessment to a writing-based assessment, more writing is  ...  Have you ever noticed that you can find lots of articles on assessment and evaluation, but how many articles have you read or seen published on grading-on the actual giving of grades? Not very many.  ...  grammar-based ESL instructional sequence.  ... 
doi:10.37514/jbw-j.1991.10.1.05 fatcat:xrmdu3ddhfeitfb5skbiqcggnm

Higher Education Condition Of India Is Worrying – Need Attention

Dr. S. Sundararajan
2017 Zenodo  
based education and follow-up of developed economies phenomenon-based learning system.  ...  observational study covers engendering technological excellence in higher education through India's education system, crisis in India's higher education, our countries management education system failure, India needs  ...  Case studies and group projects At management schools, you deal with case studies. It's a way of encouraging an entrepreneur to think strategically and hone his problem solving abilities.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.322623 fatcat:ogn3z337off3jbcsass4gdoaxa

Bridging the Information Gap: Mapping Data Sets on Information Needs in the Preparedness and Response Phase [chapter]

Marc Jan Christiaan van den Homberg, Robert Monné, Marco René Spruit
2018 Technologies for Development  
Acknowledgements This research was supported by Cordaid as part of the People Centered Interactive Risk and Information Gateway project and TNO offered internship support to Robert Monné.  ...  The authors gratefully acknowledge Marlou Geurts, MA, the program leader from Cordaid for her invaluable support and our interviewees who made so generously time available for providing us with their insights  ...  The cluster Damage and needs scored highest in terms of amount of times mentioned in all interviews and in terms of in how many interviews it was mentioned.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-91068-0_18 fatcat:sngddxhmnfeatnjipgg6h77hr4
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