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How features resolve syntactic ambiguity

Bozena H. Dostert, Frederick B. Thompson
1971 Proceedings of the 1971 international ACM SIGIR conference on Information storage and retrieval - SIGIR '71  
The device which w e have e m p l o y e d to control syntactic ambiguity is features.  ...  The primary role of our features is the ordering of the hierarchical organization of syntactic constituents with the aim of controlling syntactic ambiguity.  ... 
doi:10.1145/511285.511289 dblp:conf/sigir/DostertT71 fatcat:2vcoymwi7barjhg6dizivobwzi

A Computational Model of Human Preferences for Pronoun Resolution

Olga Seminck, Pascal Amsili
2017 Proceedings of the Student Research Workshop at the 15th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
Factors influencing pronoun resolution are represented as features weighted by their relative importance. The importance the model gives to the preferences is in line with psycholinguistic studies.  ...  John According to the Parallel Function Strategy, an ambiguous pronoun is resolved to the antecedent candidate that has the same syntactic function (Smyth, 1994) .  ...  Indeed, when doing the implementation of the model, many questions about how the features should be implemented arose.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/e17-4006 dblp:conf/eacl/SeminckA17 fatcat:cb43xx6zz5bjvnrgsjrfudblam

Text Matters but Speech Influences: A Computational Analysis of Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution [article]

Won Ik Cho, Jeonghwa Cho, Woo Hyun Kang, Nam Soo Kim
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Analyzing how human beings resolve syntactic ambiguity has long been an issue of interest in the field of linguistics.  ...  In this regard, we address the task with attentive recurrent neural networks that exploit acoustic and textual features simultaneously and reveal how the modalities interact with each other to derive sentence  ...  Thus, we concluded that introducing prosodic information is indispensable for resolving syntactic ambiguity, as depicted in Figure 1 .  ... 
arXiv:1910.09275v3 fatcat:hv53kekik5fdribmzmavm4m4ay

Page 24 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 15, Issue 1 [page]

1989 Computational Linguistics  
One of the most noticeable features of a syntactic 24 graph is that ambiguities are explicit, and can be easily detected by semantic routines that may use further knowledge to resolve them.  ...  The following property explains how syntactically ambiguous points can be easily determined in a syntactic graph.  ... 

Analysing speech and co-speech gesture in constraint-based grammars

Katya Alahverdzhieva, Alex Lascarides
2010 Proceedings of the International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar  
This relation serves to resolve the incomplete meaning that is revealed by gestural form alone.  ...  The way this syntactic ambiguity is resolved depends on the context of use and resolving this ambiguity in form is logically co-dependent with resolving its interpretation in context: "I saw her duck,  ...  How this relation resolves is a matter of commonsense-reasoning.  ... 
doi:10.21248/hpsg.2010.1 fatcat:4lpttwhfifclrjc4l3jebgj4k4

A New Approach to Tagging in Indian Languages

Kavi Narayana Murthy, Srinivasu Badugu
2013 Research in Computing Science  
and disambiguate many cases of tag ambiguities too.  ...  not only morpho-syntactic information but also some aspects of lexical and semantic information that is necessary or useful for syntactic parsing.  ...  The examples below show how morphology can resolve the noun-verb ambiguity. In the case of derivations, note how our tags depict the complete flow of category changes.  ... 
doi:10.13053/rcs-70-1-4 fatcat:luv4ap4nwzh6njx2pruhvd73by

Three studies of grammar-based surface-syntactic parsing of unrestricted English text. A summary and orientation [article]

Atro Voutilainen (Research Unit for Computational Linguistics, University of Helsinki)
1994 arXiv   pre-print
Experiments with heuristics addresses the question of how to resolve those ambiguities that survive the morphological disambiguator.  ...  remaining ambiguities.  ...  Then the nite-state parser was applied for resolving these syntactic ambiguities (and, as a side e ect, the remaining morphological ambiguities).  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9406039v1 fatcat:whf2efy56vcr7i253uqinu6xaa

Differential age effects on lexical ambiguity resolution mechanisms

Chia-Lin Lee, Kara D. Federmeier
2010 Psychophysiology  
Multiple neurocognitive subsystems are involved in resolving lexical ambiguity under different circumstances.  ...  We examined how processing in these subsystems changes with normal aging by comparing ERP responses to homographs and unambiguous words completing congruent sentences (with both semantic and syntactic  ...  disparity in the brain activity elicited by sentence-final ambiguous words when semantic support for resolving the ambiguity is lacking.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2010.01158.x pmid:21175671 pmcid:PMC3107384 fatcat:nkdejcc4bjdjvne74fhlynest4

Syntactic and semantic transfer with f-structures

Michael Dorna, Anette Frank, Josef van Genabith, Martin C. Emele
1998 Proceedings of the 36th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
of ambiguity preserving transfer, complex cases of syntactic structural mismatches as well as on modularity and reusability.  ...  We present two approaches for syntactic and semantic transfer based on LFG f-structures and compare the results with existing co-description and restriction operator based approaches, focusing on aspects  ...  Instead, we concentrate on complex cases where a source language ambiguity needs to be resolved in target language. Embedded Head-Switching The syntactic transfer rules (2) are supplemented by (5).  ... 
doi:10.3115/980845.980903 dblp:conf/acl/DornaFGE98 fatcat:3jm2gqjpqzdnpknqtfd2622ik4

Uniform Representations for Syntax-Semantics Arbitration [article]

Kavi Mahesh, Kurt P. Eiselt
1994 arXiv   pre-print
Further evidence from studies of error recovery and delayed decisions points toward an arbitration mechanism for combining syntactic and semantic information in resolving ambiguities.  ...  commitments as early as possible at a local ambiguity.  ...  and semantic information to resolve ambiguities.  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9408018v1 fatcat:lrwvxdbxd5cedgnphku3gykcyu

Automatic parsing of parental verbal input

Kenji Sagae, Brian MacWhinney, Alon Lavie
2004 Behavoir research methods, instruments & computers  
To achieve this level, we had to construct a particular processing sequence that minimizes problems caused by the coverage/ ambiguity tradeoff in parser design.  ...  To evaluate theoretical proposals regarding the course of child language acquisition, researchers often need to rely on the processing of large numbers of syntactically parsed utterances, both from children  ...  Even though a more suitable grammar is a first step toward managing ambiguity, it is not a complete solution to the problem, and further techniques to resolve syntactic ambiguity are needed.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03195557 pmid:15190707 pmcid:PMC1880885 fatcat:p5254tma3ng6bijm4jusxtlinu

Adding semantic and syntactic predicates to LL(k): pred-LL(k) [chapter]

Terence J. Parr, Russell W. Quong
1994 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Semantic predicates indicate the semantic validity of applying a production; syntactic predicates are grammar fragments that describe a syntactic context that must be satisfied before application of an  ...  In this paper, we introduce a new LL(k) parser strategy, pred-LL(k), that uses semantic or syntactic predicates to recognize language constructs when normal deterministic LL(k) parsing breaks down.  ...  Syntactic Predicates We saw in previous sections how disambiguating semantic predicates can be used to resolve many syntactic ambiguities.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-57877-3_18 fatcat:7ktmzykm3fgozhu3s6no5d45ru

A Survey of Lexical Functional Grammar in the Arabic Contex

Said A. Salloum,et al.
2016 International Journal of Computing and Network Technology  
Moreover, this study addresses the efforts that LFG played in resolving various NLP issues.  ...  The developed parser uses syntactic constraints to minimize the ambiguity of parsing through using some features in lexical semantic that is mainly utilized to solve the structure of ambiguous sentences  ...  [18] has worked on resolving ambiguity for Arabic, however, this study has focused on limited categories of ambiguity and examined the system performance on small datasets.  ... 
doi:10.12785/ijcnt/040304 fatcat:i2fwlhpyxfdgrgycks33vwvg3i

INTRODUCTION: DISTRIBUTION OF NOMINAL ELEMENTS ACROSS CATEGORIES AND THEIR INTERPRETATION

SAKUMI INOKUMA
2013 English Linguistics  
These efforts of resolving the "horizontal" ambiguities have also led us to the consideration of "vertical" aspects of syntactic categories.  ...  By analyzing the loss of syntactic features on a lexical item as (one case of) a grammaticalization process, the author shows us how syntactic analyses can be connected with studies of historical change  ... 
doi:10.9793/elsj.30.1_216 fatcat:uovc2h3scbdyjnn5mofhzd3chq

Wave-ering: An ERP study of syntactic and semantic context effects on ambiguity resolution for noun/verb homographs

Chia-lin Lee, Kara D. Federmeier
2009 Journal of Memory and Language  
One central feature of language is that a single spelling or pronunciation is oftentimes associated with multiple senses.  ...  Experiment 1 embedded NV-homographs and matched unambiguous words in contexts that provided only syntactic cues or both syntactic and semantic constraints.  ...  Most of the large body of research on semantic ambiguity resolution has focused on meaning selection within a particular syntactic category (usually nouns) -for example, on how people determine whether  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2009.08.003 pmid:20161361 pmcid:PMC2777696 fatcat:zvoeolrzqrftvam5462vnbhvji
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