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How DNA could store all the world's data

Andy Extance
2016 Nature  
Bacterial DNA~ kg WEIGHT OF DNA NEEDED TO STORE WORLD'S DATA Data density (bits per cm 3 ) 0.01-0.04 100 >10 10 16 <100 >100 10 19 <10 -10 Hard disk 3,000- 5,000 >10  ...  Using standard sequencing methods, there was no way to retrieve any one piece of data without retrieving all the data: every DNA string had to be read.  ... 
doi:10.1038/537022a pmid:27582204 fatcat:jaz37vdxo5gd7knfhdwdsuwboy

Rebooting the Molecular Computer

Mark Peplow
2016 ACS Central Science  
Bits can be stored at such a high density that one kilogram of DNA could meet the world's entire storage needs, Zhirnov estimates.  ...  Although that is half the size of the human genome, data-storing DNA is built in short strands that are easier to synthesize.  ... 
doi:10.1021/acscentsci.6b00376 pmid:28058274 pmcid:PMC5200923 fatcat:lpdw6f6fnzbsbo3kwsmtjer7ue

Understanding Marine Microbes, the Driving Engines of the Ocean

Anna Kopf, Julia Schnetzer, Frank Oliver Glöckner
2016 Frontiers for Young Minds  
HOW DOES NGS HELP SCIENTISTS TO UNDERSTAND MARINE MICROBES? All the information about a microbe, or any kind of cell, exists in the cell's DNA.  ...  Here, all the samples are processed and data analysis is coordinated.  ...  I am currently managing the Ocean Sampling Day (OSD) project, which is a global mega-sequencing campaign to characterize the microbial diversity of the world's oceans. Julia Schnetzer  ... 
doi:10.3389/frym.2016.00001 fatcat:cfyeb7qsn5cw7oabkdtgocggwy

How much information is there in the "information society"?

Martin Hilbert
2012 Significance  
We know our brave new world is being transformed by data. But how much more of it is there than before? Martin Hilbert explores, and finds huge untapped capacity to process information.  ...  Social scientists from all disciplines have been relentless in pointing out that this has led us from the industrial to the information society, whereas information moved into the center of social, economic  ...  In 2007, the DNA in the 60 trillion cells of one single human body stores more information than all of our technological devices together (in both cases information is highly redundant).  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1740-9713.2012.00584.x fatcat:e4dknvrydvdmjhyoidhcfx2piy

Giant gene banks take on disease

Erika Check Hayden
2014 Nature  
MORE stores of DNA samples and data have been produced by the increasing pace of genetic sequencing.  ...  arly last year, three researchers set out to create one genetic data set to rule them all.  ... 
doi:10.1038/514282a pmid:25318499 fatcat:evjf6m5txrc55bdxhbob7svqlq

Informed Consent in Genomics and Genetic Research

Amy L. McGuire, Laura M. Beskow
2010 Annual review of genomics and human genetics (Print)  
How specimens and data are collected and stored, for how long, by whom, and for what purposes varies tremendously.  ...  Often, cell lines are made so that the specimens can be studied indefinitely, and resulting DNA data are made broadly available for secondary analysis through publicly accessible or restricted databases  ...  Acknowledgments This paper was supported in part by grants from the NIH-ELSI Program (1R01HG004333 and 1R01HG004853) and from the NIH CTSA (Clinical and Translational Science Award) to Duke University  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-genom-082509-141711 pmid:20477535 pmcid:PMC3216676 fatcat:6ogi67s55fdlrohqbytxc75e5i

Encoding scheme for data storage and retrieval on DNA computers

Dolly Sharma, Ranjit Kumar, Mayuri Gupta, Tanisha Saxena
2020 IET Nanobiotechnology  
In the randomised simulation setup, it was observed that the proposed algorithm was able to correctly retrieve the stored data in our experiments about 94% of the time.  ...  In the situation, where redundancy was increased to 1, the authors were able to retrieve all the information correctly in the proposed experiments.  ...  In storing a string of size n, when we increased the redundancy to 1*n and further to 1.75*n in our experiments, we were able to correctly retrieve all the data stored.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-nbt.2020.0157 pmid:33010141 pmcid:PMC8676155 fatcat:lsvccl7w7zchtjqii6fggjukya

Newborn DNA Storage Raises Serious Privacy Concerns

Jeremy Gruber
2015 The Winnover  
A laptop was stolen containing personal information of participants in the world's largest stem cell bank, the Cord Blood Registry; New Zealand's national DNA database investigated a staff member's inappropriate  ...  The biological sciences are now charter members of the Big Data Club.  ... 
doi:10.15200/winn.142767.71061 fatcat:nhzcvkyl6zbl5hgkwe7phag5zq

Where Is the Balance of Justice?

Ananda M. Chakrabarty
2011 BioScience  
The United Kingdom has the world's largest DNA database (the UK National DNA Database) and has fewer homicide cases (1.5 for every 100,000 people) than the United States (5.7 for every 100,000 people).  ...  The quality of the process of DNA analysis is also questioned, and poor work habits and a lack of technical skills, quality control, and accuracy in the interpretation of DNA data are noted.  ... 
doi:10.1525/bio.2011.61.10.18 fatcat:bnogtszm3jbvhhc6pfrhrh6tiu

The plan to mine the world's research papers

Priyanka Pulla
2019 Nature  
THE POWER OF DATA MINING The JNU data store could sweep aside barriers that still deter scientists from using software to analyse research, says Max Häussler, a bioinformatics researcher at the University  ...  A data store in India could open up vast swathes of science for easy computerized analysis. purposes are currently allowed in.  ...  CLARIFICATION The News Feature 'The plan to mine the world's research papers' (Nature 571, 316-318; 2019) used the term 'fair use' inappropriately -the term isn't relevant under Indian law.  ... 
doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02142-1 fatcat:6gk3x4mwrfbgzbynusbbq7v3na

Privacy Laws, Non-Fungible Tokens, and Genomics

Daniel Uribe
2020 The Journal of British Blockchain Association  
The CCPA and GDPR laws impose several restrictions on the storing, accessing, processing and transferring of personal data.  ...  The technical features of NFT, distributed storage and wallets to trace and govern genomic (DNA) data sets will allow data donors to establish digital ownership and control in line with privacy laws using  ...  We would also like to acknowledge, in no specific order, the help and guidance shared by the following individuals:  ... 
doi:10.31585/jbba-3-2-(5)2020 fatcat:nprp5byvfzehjosfxov3yrsewy

The World's Technological Capacity to Store, Communicate, and Compute Information

M. Hilbert, P. Lopez
2011 Science  
The world's capacity for bidirectional telecommunication grew at 28% per year, closely followed by the increase in globally stored information (23%).  ...  We estimate the world's technological capacity to store, communicate, and compute information, tracking 60 analog and digital technologies during the period from 1986 to 2007.  ...  The 2.4*10 21 bits stored by humanity in all of its technological devices in 2007 is approaching order of magnitude of the roughly 10 23 bits stored in the DNA of a human adult (37), but it is still minuscule  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.1200970 pmid:21310967 fatcat:62h2rfy4abdidg5zurhbth72zu

The "crisis of noosphere" as a limiting factor to achieve the point of technological singularity [article]

Rafael Lahoz-Beltra
2014 arXiv   pre-print
We propose that this point may be reached when Internet data centers are based on "computer machines" to be more effective in terms of power consumption than current ones.  ...  One of the most significant developments in the history of human being is the invention of a way of keeping records of human knowledge, thoughts and ideas.  ...  The US is home to one third of the world's data -here's who's storing it. http://qz.com/104868/the-us-is-home-to-one-third-of-the-worldsdata-heres-whos-storing-it/ Enzymes are proteins that catalyzes  ... 
arXiv:1405.3378v1 fatcat:2uvev5ytm5fhvatzm3l6rd3h2a

Robots with Biological Brain

Ochin ., Jugnu Gaur
2011 Journal of computer science and systems biology  
Moreover, people have observed at DNA and believed that it ought to be potential to use DNA to store non -biological data.  ...  The optimism is that this artificial DNA might have a choice of applications in the physical world, from the said DNA computing proposals, along with expending DNA to store data, to use it in nanotech  ... 
doi:10.4172/jcsb.1000074 fatcat:t6vqeukegbh6tggery3dqb4lrm

A bloody boon for conservation

Ewen Callaway
2012 Nature  
All rights reserved  ...  The plummeting cost of DNA sequencing makes leech surveys cheap, and DNA from hundreds of the animals could be combined and analysed in a single experiment.  ... 
doi:10.1038/484424a pmid:22538576 fatcat:ogymr6qtb5gyplxwb7a7j2gjny
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