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Known and unknown requirements in healthcare

Alistair Sutcliffe, Pete Sawyer, Gemma Stringer, Samuel Couth, Laura J. E. Brown, Ann Gledson, Christopher Bull, Paul Rayson, John Keane, Xiao-jun Zeng, Iracema Leroi
2018 Requirements Engineering  
We report experience in requirements elicitation of domain knowledge from experts in clinical and cognitive neurosciences.  ...  A Delphi-style process consisting of workshops with experts followed by a questionnaire was adopted.  ...  Acknowledgements The work described in this paper is funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) in the UK, within the Software Architecture for Mental health Self-management  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00766-018-0301-6 fatcat:vxqitlvdybcfffrjif4p36xpu4

Known unknowns: indirect energy effects of information and communication technology

Nathaniel C Horner, Arman Shehabi, Inês L Azevedo
2016 Environmental Research Letters  
We review the literature on the indirect energy effect of ICT found via Google Scholar, our own research, and input from other researchers in the field.  ...  pathway toward urban sustainability Matt Cox, Marilyn A Brown and Xiaojing Sun Abstract Background.  ...  An abbreviated version of these findings have been published as Chapter 5 of Shehabi et al (2016) , a federally sponsored report on U.S. data center energy use.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/10/103001 fatcat:uklskn6rrbgb3ce4scao7e7x7e

Climate change and variability: a review of what is known and ought to be known for Uganda

Francis Wasswa Nsubuga, Hannes Rautenbach
2018 International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management  
The purpose of this study is to review what has been documented, thus it gives an overview of what is known and seeks to explain the implications of a changing climate, hence what ought to be known to  ...  The impacts of severe weather and climate trends and variability have been documented substantially in the past 20-30 years. Most studies indicated a rainfall decline.  ...  There is a need to establish the cessation and onset of rainfall changes so that we can determine the effects that may arise.  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijccsm-04-2017-0090 fatcat:2knw5tdmtnagvot5huv2v52gee

How Smart is your Tourism? Designing a Maturity Model for Lesser-Known Mountain Resorts

Emmanuel Fragniere, Dominique Fumeaux, Michael Fux, Sandra Grezes, Alain Imboden
2020 Zenodo  
In this research, we are looking at small, lesser-known Swiss mountain destinations for which going ""smart"" is currently challenging.  ...  In this article, we present a new tool for diagnosing ""smart"" maturity which, thanks to information and communication technologies, enables us to focus above all on the weak links that significantly  ...  Moreover, traditional tourism destinations are predictable and controllable with linear dynamics, which brings about a known cause-effect relationship.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4026195 fatcat:hfpv36bos5bopayynvqn4bozim

Towards a working list of all known plant species

E. N. Lughadha
2004 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
We examine the challenges that still remain to be addressed if the botanical community is to achieve its ambitious objective of delivering a working list of all known plant species by 2010.  ...  A complete listing of the world's known plant species has long been considered desirable but has remained an elusive target for generations of botanists.  ...  The first of these targets is the production of A widely accessible list of known plant species, as a step towards a complete world flora.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2003.1446 pmid:15253353 pmcid:PMC1693359 fatcat:dldugltosfhazdrt5qjyksds3a

An author is known by the context she keeps: significance of network motifs in scientific collaborations

Tanmoy Chakraborty, Niloy Ganguly, Animesh Mukherjee
2015 Social Network Analysis and Mining  
Thus this empirical study sets the foundation principles of a recommendation system that would forecast how long lasting and productive a given collaboration could be in future.  ...  In particular, we propose two fundamental goodness measures of such a group represented by a motif-productivity and longevity.  ...  be helpful for new researchers to gain ideas on (i) how to build effective collaborations, (ii) which collaborations they should maintain, (iii) what is the dynamics that could lead to an effective collaborations  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13278-015-0255-3 fatcat:tnno5lbj5vabncsggqvxxslpku

Known structure, unknown function: An inquiry-based undergraduate biochemistry laboratory course

Cynthia Gray, Carol W. Price, Christopher T. Lee, Alison H. Dewald, Matthew A. Cline, Charles E. McAnany, Linda Columbus, Cameron Mura
2015 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education  
We have developed a year-long undergraduate biochemistry laboratory curriculum wherein students determine, via experiment and computation, the function of a protein of known three-dimensional structure  ...  However, an instructional laboratory course that is inquiry- and research-based could simultaneously impart scientific knowledge and foster a student's research expertise and confidence.  ...  The authors thank the JCSG for providing clones for many of the POIs investigated by BioLEd students in recent years, and they thank Jennifer Doudna (UC Berkeley) for helpful discussion about a year-long  ... 
doi:10.1002/bmb.20873 pmid:26148241 pmcid:PMC4758391 fatcat:zalg2nh5ovbifl5jz6li42fv64

Gamifying education: what is known, what is believed and what remains uncertain: a critical review

Christo Dichev, Darina Dicheva
2017 International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education  
and how they have been obtained.  ...  To improve our understanding and offer a more realistic picture of the progress of gamification in education, consistent with the presented evidence, we examine both the outcomes reported in the papers  ...  Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Received: 2 November 2016 Accepted: 2 November 2016  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41239-017-0042-5 fatcat:kixfpfz37vaznguagra7py2hlm


Gisella Clementini, Michele Cignoni, Rodrigo Contreras Ramos, Luciana Federici, Vincenzo Ripepi, Marcella Marconi, Monica Tosi, Ilaria Musella
2012 Astrophysical Journal  
We have detected 14 variable stars in the galaxy.  ...  We present results from the first combined study of variable stars and star formation history (SFH) of the Milky Way (MW) "ultra-faint" dwarf (UFD) galaxy Leo T, based on F606W and F814W multi-epoch archive  ...  We warmly thank P. Montegriffo for the development and maintenance of the VARFIND and GRATIS software.  ... 
doi:10.1088/0004-637x/756/2/108 fatcat:fep57sufzbh53fs56o2zbxshrm


B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, F. Acernese, R. Adhikari, P. Ajith, B. Allen, G. Allen, M. Alshourbagy, R. S. Amin, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, F. Antonucci (+667 others)
2010 Astrophysical Journal  
We present a search for gravitational waves from 116 known millisecond and young pulsars using data from the fifth science run of the LIGO detectors.  ...  J1913+1011 and J1952+3252 we are only a factor of a few above the spin-down limit.  ...  of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector, and the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica  ... 
doi:10.1088/0004-637x/713/1/671 fatcat:z7mriehdqvb2jftz3oqhwrgjbm

Deep-Sea Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea: The Known, the Unknown, and the Unknowable

Roberto Danovaro, Joan Batista Company, Cinzia Corinaldesi, Gianfranco D'Onghia, Bella Galil, Cristina Gambi, Andrew J. Gooday, Nikolaos Lampadariou, Gian Marco Luna, Caterina Morigi, Karine Olu, Paraskevi Polymenakou (+6 others)
2010 PLoS ONE  
All of the biodiversity components, except Bacteria and Archaea, displayed a decreasing pattern with increasing water depth, but to a different extent for each component.  ...  The Mediterranean basin has been proposed as a hot spot of terrestrial and coastal marine biodiversity but has been supposed to be impoverished of deep-sea species richness.  ...  Analysis of the known: How many species in the deep Mediterranean Sea?  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011832 pmid:20689848 pmcid:PMC2914020 fatcat:n37vtd7h2fer7fxarpwqyw6iue

Iterative Sustainability Impact Assessment: When to propose?

Birgit Penzenstadler, Stefanie Betz, Letícia Duboc, Norbert Seyff, Ian Brooks, Jari Porras, Shola Oyedeji, Colin C. Venters
Abstract: In this paper, we propose when and how to perform sustainability assessment during software product and service inception, development, and evolution.  ...  We wrap up by advocating for a legal regulation supporting the actual implementation of sustainability assessments alike with how they are required in civil engineering.  ...  The business has good understanding of its context, some effects are known and a few have been successfully dealt with.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14370587.v1 fatcat:wljicz6gzbewfbr62j32jvea2e

Software Product Line Engineering for Long-Lived, Sustainable Systems [chapter]

Robyn Lutz, David Weiss, Sandeep Krishnan, Jingwei Yang
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We describe how four categories of change in a LSS can be usefully handled as variabilities in a software product line. We illustrate our argument with examples of changes from the Voyager spacecraft.  ...  The solution we propose is to adopt software product-line engineering (SPLE) techniques for use in single, critical systems with requirements for sustainability.  ...  We next describe how the handling of both anticipated and unanticipated change can be improved by the use of software product line engineering techniques.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-15579-6_31 fatcat:2nomjgkiqffanhtjydvn5sn6yu

Sustainable Security & Safety: Challenges and Opportunities

Andrew Paverd, Marcus Völp, Ferdinand Brasser, Matthias Schunter, N. Asokan, Ahmad-Reza Sadeghi, Paulo Esteves-Veríssimo, Andreas Steininger, Thorsten Holz, Michael Wagner
2019 Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems  
Whereas most systems today are constructed within the constraints of foreseeable technology advancements, we argue that long term, i.e., sustainable security & safety, requires anticipating the unforeseeable  ...  In this paper, we set out our vision for sustainable security & safety.  ...  Even if the full vision of sustainable security & safety is not fully achieved, any advances in this direction could have a significant impact on the design of future system.  ... 
doi:10.4230/oasics.certs.2019.4 dblp:conf/ecrts/PaverdVBSASVSH19 fatcat:63ky6ogya5fjlh5biblbty6xby

Evidence-based software production

James Kirby, David M. Weiss, Robyn R. Lutz
2010 Proceedings of the FSE/SDP workshop on Future of software engineering research - FoSER '10  
[T]he science of software development must be a focus of Federal NIT R&D.  ...  Achieving the deeper understanding needed to transform software production requires collecting and using evidence on a large scale. This paper proposes some steps toward that outcome.  ...  We acknowledge NSF grants 0541163 and 0916275, and support from ONR and DDR&E/S&T/IS.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1882362.1882403 dblp:conf/sigsoft/KirbyWL10 fatcat:5gsqpaarwjhybkdjj75qds4fxu
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